Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2083
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Kurt Emel - - 2009
Airway remodeling can be assessed using high-resolution computerized tomography (HRCT) scanning of both parenchymal-and airway abnormalities in patients with asthma. The aim of this study was to examine structural changes in large and small airways of asthmatic patients using HRCT to determine if remodeling changes had occurred after prolonged use ...
Furgał M - - 2009
The aim of the study was to assess links between family relationships and severity of dyspnea identified in asthmatic adults. A total of 131 consecutive, non-selected patients with asthma participated in the study: 88 women (67.18%) and 43 men (32.82%). The mean age of the studied patients was 49.87 years, ...
Ryan Nicole M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Laryngeal symptoms are increasingly recognized to occur in chronic persistent cough and may result from the sensory hyperresponsiveness that characterizes this condition. Apart from cough, the motor consequences of sensory activation have not been well described in chronic persistent cough. The efficacy of speech pathology treatment for chronic cough ...
Khalid Imran - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A 20% change in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV(1)) during methacholine challenge testing (MCT) is a reliable marker of asthma. When the FEV(1) decrease is < 20%, there is controversy whether other changes in flows and conductance may be useful. We conducted this study to determine whether ...
Tedeschi A - - 2009
Chronic urticaria is now considered as an autoimmune disorder due to histamine-releasing autoantibodies in 40-50% of cases. These histamine releasing-autoantibodies directed against the high affinity IgE receptor or against IgE can be detected in vivo by autologous serum skin test (ASST) or in vitro by a functional assay employing basophils. ...
Beg Mohammed F S - - 2009
The objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) is elevated in nonsmoking subjects with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and compare it with the results in patients with asthma and a control population. Cross-sectional study. Pulmonology Clinic at a University ...
Weseler Antje R - - 2009
Recently, we identified several flavonoids as inhibitors of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1 in vitro and in vivo. PARP-1 is recognized as coactivator of nuclear factor-kappaB and plays a role in the pathophysiology of diseases with low-grade systemic inflammation, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and type 2 ...
Malik Javid Ahmad - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Anticholinergic premedication is commonly used during flexible bronchoscopy, although the benefits are unproven and potential risks exist. METHODS: We studied 1,000 patients undergoing diagnostic flexible bronchoscopy to investigate the efficacy and safety of atropine and glycopyrrolate. Patients received atropine (0.01 mg/kg; n = 339), glycopyrrolate (0.005 mg/kg; n = ...
Vagaggini Barbara - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of success for an 8week pulmonary rehabilitation programme (PRP) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Sixty patients were stratified in subgroups according to baseline findings: airway obstruction (FEV(1) >/= or <50% pred), pulmonary hyperinflation (TLC > or <or=120% pred), BMI value (BMI > ...
Ardehali Mojtaba Mohammadi - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Considering the different clinical aspects of polyps in asthmatic and nonasthmatic patients, we aimed to explore their histopathological characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-five asthmatic patients and 25 nonasthmatic patients with polypoid chronic rhinosinusitis (29 male, 21 female; mean age 41.3 +/- 13.27; range 15-78 years) were enrolled in the ...
Moore Rosemary - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hyperoxia has been shown to reduce resting ventilation, hyperinflation and dyspnoea in patients with severely hypoxaemic COPD. This study assessed the effects of hyperoxia on these resting measures in patients with COPD of varying disease severity and characterized those patients who responded. METHODS: Measurements of dyspnoea (Borg ...
Antonelli Incalzi Raffaele - - 2009
We studied 54 patients with hypoxemic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The Mini Mental State Examination and the Mental Deterioration Battery were used for neuropsychological assessment. Heart rate variability (HRV) was assessed based on 24-h Holter ECG recording. Mann-Whitney test was used to compare HRV parameters of patients performing normally ...
Pearlman Aaron N - - 2009
The effect of comorbid conditions such as asthma and atopy on the severity of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and the presence of nasal polyps (NPs) remains an area of investigation. We sought to elucidate the relationship among these entities. The study population included 106 consecutive patients who were referred to a ...
Sartorelli Cristina F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate spontaneous release of superoxide anion by peripheral blood granulocytes of atopic patients with uncontrolled asthma undergoing glucocorticoid therapy and of healthy subjects. METHODS: We studied 32 patients, aged 6 to 18 (mean 12.04), and 29 healthy subjects as a comparative group. Patients were grouped according to the ...
Shrestha B - - 2009
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the most common medical problem in Nepal. Echocardiography based cardiac evaluation in COPD is rare in Nepal. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the echocardiography based cardiac function in consecutively admitted COPD patients (507) in medical wards of Nepal Medical College Teaching ...
Solak Ozlem - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) in AS patients. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with AS were included in the study. The demographic data, spinal mobility measures and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) scores were recorded for each patient. All participants underwent one night of ...
Evans R A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether the benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) apply equally to patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) with different levels of starting disability. We have therefore investigated the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation stratified by the MRC dyspnoea scale in patients with COPD. METHODS: This is ...
Sverzellati Nicola - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of airway malacia and its relationship with ancillary morphologic features in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A retrospective review was performed of a consecutive series of patients with COPD who were imaged with inspiratory and dynamic expiratory multidetector ...
Rovina Nikoletta - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that interleukin (IL)-18 levels in induced sputum are reduced in asthmatic and healthy smokers. However, in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, recent data show an overproduction in the lungs and increased serum levels of IL-18, suggesting that IL-18 may be involved in the pathogenesis ...
Kubota Masaru - - 2009
Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a forced oscillation technique that enables pulmonary functional studies to be performed without requiring strenuous maneuvers. IOS assesses different components of respiratory impedance. The aim of this study was to compare the inspiratory and expiratory IOS parameters in COPD patients. IOS and spirometry were performed in ...
Matsuoka Hirofumi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sensitization to Trichophyton, a major dermatophyte, has been associated with asthma. Whether such sensitization is generally associated with the severity of asthma, like other molds such as Alternaria, is unknown. METHODS: We compared 258 patients with asthma, which was classified by severity as mild (n = 123), moderate (101), ...
Selva-O'Callaghan Albert - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of obstructive sleep apnea in patients with inflammatory myopathy. An observational and prospective study was performed on a cohort of adult patients with inflammatory myopathy followed at a specialized outpatient clinic. Sixteen consecutive adult patients were evaluated by the Epworth ...
Papaioannou Andriana I - - 2009
COPD is a diverse disease entity with multiple dimensions that uniquely define the patient's performance, morbidity and mortality. FEV(1) is both the traditional metric used to define the progression of COPD as well as the strongest spirometric predictor of mortality in COPD patients. However, besides pulmonary functional abnormalities, COPD is ...
Kristan S S - - 2009
Airway angiogenesis may be an important part of structural remodelling in the pathogenesis of asthma. The development of asthma is frequently preceded by rhinitis. We sought to determine whether the levels of angiogenesis-related factors are elevated in airways of patients with rhinitis or controlled asthma. We analysed the induced sputum ...
Karakış, Gülden Paşaoğlu
Aim: Nowadays, there are still some difficulty to distinguish smoker asthmatic patients and COPD. Differentiation of these disorders is very important as their treatment choices are different. The aim of this study is to investigate the presence of auscultation together with pulmonary function test (PFT) findings and the power of ...
Gross Roxann Diez - - 2009
RATIONALE: During deglutition, a strongly preferred exhale-swallow-exhale pattern has been shown in healthy adults. Disruption of this pattern can provoke prandial aspiration. Impaired coordination of breathing and swallowing has been measured in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) during the exacerbated state, but no reports describe the coordination of ...
Korsgaard J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Long-acting-beta-agonists and inhaled corticosteroids are widely used in patients with obstructive lung disease. We determined the occurrence of potential side effects to inhaled steroids and long-acting-beta-agonists in an open post-marketing observational study. METHODS: A total of 158 adult patients treated with long-acting-beta-agonists and inhaled steroids because of asthma or ...
Puente-Maestu L - - 2009
Several cellular and molecular alterations have been described in skeletal and respiratory muscles of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but information on potential abnormalities of mitochondrial function is scarce. The aim of the present study was to investigate mitochondrial function in the vastus lateralis (VL) and external intercostalis ...
Kjensli A - - 2009
Bone mineral density decreases with advancing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) severity, but it is not known whether this is reflected in higher fracture rates. The present authors wanted to compare the prevalence of vertebral deformities in COPD patients with those in a population-based reference group to determine whether the ...
Veiga Juliana - - 2009
The within-breath analysis of respiratory mechanics by the monofrequency Forced Oscillation Technique (mFOT) is of great interest in both physiopathology studies and the diagnosis of respiratory diseases. However, there are limited data on the use of this technique in the analysis of asthma. This study evaluates within-breath mechanics of asthmatic ...
Fernández Alejandra - - 2009
We have shown that expiratory flows increase when expirations are rapidly interrupted in stable asthmatic patients. We hypothesized that a similar increase could be obtained in patients with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma treated in the Emergency Room. A total of 30 asthmatic patients were randomly allocated into two groups, ...
Boni Enrico - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Lower peak expiratory flow (PEF) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) have been consistently found after slow inspiration with end-inspiratory pause (EIP). OBJECTIVES: It was the aim of this study to establish the respective influence of the speed of preceding inspiration (SPI) and EIP on the parameters ...
Hira H S - - 2009
To identify the patients of bronchial asthma (suspected or proven), not responding to optimal therapy, for the presence of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) and to compare the diagnostic ability of flow volume (FV) loop and impulse oscillometry (IOS). Fifty one patients of suspected/proven bronchial asthma not responding to optimal therapy ...
Denden Sabri - - 2009
AATD is one of the most common inherited disorders in the World. However, it is generally accepted that AATD in North African populations is not a risk factor for lung and/or liver disease, based on a number of small studies. We therefore planned a screening study for detection of AATD ...
Riario-Sforza Gian Galeazzo - - 2009
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is recognized as an evidence-based treatment in improving dyspnea and quality of life in patients with COPD. We evaluated the number needed to treat (NNT) to achieve an increase in physical capacity, as defined by a significant improvement in the six-minute walk test (6MWT) in patients with ...
Ishiura Y - - 2009
Cyclooxygenase (COX) is an enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to prostanoids. There are two isoforms of COX, namely COX-1 and COX-2. COX-2 is highly inducible by several stimuli and is associated with inflammation. Recent studies have shown that COX-2 is upregulated in the airway epithelium of patients with asthma but ...
Hillas Georgios - - 2009
Recently, there has been widespread interest in the use of non-invasive methods for the assessment of airway inflammation in a variety of lung diseases including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Sputum induction is a semi-invasive technique the value of which is not restricted to sputum cell counts, as inflammatory mediators ...
Daousi C - - 2009
Thyrotropin (TSH)-secreting pituitary adenomas (TSHomas) are rare tumours. It has been suggested that thyroid surgery or radioiodine treatment should not be considered in patients with such tumours as these treatments may facilitate rapid tumour expansion. We studied the effects of thyroid ablative treatment on tumour size and thyroid status in ...
von Haehling Stephan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha), severity of pulmonary disease and nutritional depletion in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains unclear. We aimed to clarify the role of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a potential stimulus of cytokine production and the role of these cytokines in the alteration of body ...
Schneider Antonius - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of spirometry for the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma in patients suspected of suffering from an obstructive airway disease (OAD) in primary care. METHODS: Cross sectional diagnostic study of 219 adult patients attending 10 general practices for ...
Sinha Sanjeev - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To investigate changes in the cerebral metabolism of nondiabetic and normolipidaemic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using localised in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS), and to correlate these with the severity of disease. METHODS: Twenty-eight symptomatic COPD patients and 19 healthy controls underwent 1H MRS ...
Kaufmann M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is high ( approximately 7.4-18%) in the general population, but less than half are diagnosed. Several studies have shown FEV(6) as a good surrogate marker for forced vital capacity (FVC) to detect airflow limitations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this ...
Koczulla Rembert - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Analysis of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a non-invasive method for studying the acidity (pH) of airway secretions in patients with inflammatory lung diseases. AIM: To assess the reproducibility of EBC pH for two commercially available devices (portable RTube and non-portable ECoScreen) in healthy controls, patients with asthma or ...
Gunduz Huseyin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, functional and structural changes of the respiratory system greatly influence cardiovascular autonomic functions. Determining autonomic balance may be important in understanding the pathophysiology of COPD and useful clinically in the treatment of COPD patients. Heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate turbulence ...
Sarlabous Leonardo L Dept. ESAII, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Institut de Bioenginyeria de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain. - - 2009
The study of mechanomyographic (MMG) signals of respiratory muscles is a promising technique in order to evaluate the respiratory muscular effort. In this work MMG signals from left and right hemidiaphragm (MMGl and MMGr, respectively) acquired during a respiratory protocol have been analyzed. The acquisition of both MMG signals was ...
Lainscak Mitja - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Like chronic heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an enormous public health problem in industrialized countries. Our aim was to determine the prevalence and clinical impact of COPD among patients hospitalized for heart failure in a community hospital serving a population of 125,000 people. METHODS: Between 2001 ...
Barranco P - - 2009
We investigated the usefulness of the bronchial challenge (BC) with lysine-acetylsalicylate (L-ASA) in the diagnosis of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) using a protocol that combined both the oral challenge (OC) and the BC tests. Adult asthmatic patients with suspected AERD who underwent BC with L-ASA were included in the study. ...
Dalby Chris - - 2009
Airway absorption and bioavailability of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) may be influenced by differences in pharmacokinetic properties such as lipophilicity and patient characteristics such as lung function. This study aimed to further investigate and clarify the distribution of budesonide and fluticasone in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by ...
G??rek Dilekta??li Asli - - 2009
Malnutrition is an important problem in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It still remains unclear whether malnutrition contributes to poor pulmonary function through a loss of respiratory muscle mass, or if advanced disease and hypoxemia are the causes of weight loss and malnutrition in COPD patients. This study ...
Saunamäki Tiia - - 2009
AIMS: To clarify whether patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) have executive dysfunction, to identify the domains of executive function affected and to establish the severity of any dysfunction. METHODS: A full-night polysomnography and a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment focusing on executive functions were conducted on 40 newly diagnosed OSAS ...
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