Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2070
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Sartorelli Cristina F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate spontaneous release of superoxide anion by peripheral blood granulocytes of atopic patients with uncontrolled asthma undergoing glucocorticoid therapy and of healthy subjects. METHODS: We studied 32 patients, aged 6 to 18 (mean 12.04), and 29 healthy subjects as a comparative group. Patients were grouped according to the ...
Pearlman Aaron N - - 2009
The effect of comorbid conditions such as asthma and atopy on the severity of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and the presence of nasal polyps (NPs) remains an area of investigation. We sought to elucidate the relationship among these entities. The study population included 106 consecutive patients who were referred to a ...
Solak Ozlem - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) in AS patients. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with AS were included in the study. The demographic data, spinal mobility measures and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) scores were recorded for each patient. All participants underwent one night of ...
Evans R A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether the benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) apply equally to patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) with different levels of starting disability. We have therefore investigated the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation stratified by the MRC dyspnoea scale in patients with COPD. METHODS: This is ...
Sverzellati Nicola - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of airway malacia and its relationship with ancillary morphologic features in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A retrospective review was performed of a consecutive series of patients with COPD who were imaged with inspiratory and dynamic expiratory multidetector ...
Rovina Nikoletta - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that interleukin (IL)-18 levels in induced sputum are reduced in asthmatic and healthy smokers. However, in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, recent data show an overproduction in the lungs and increased serum levels of IL-18, suggesting that IL-18 may be involved in the pathogenesis ...
Kubota Masaru - - 2009
Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a forced oscillation technique that enables pulmonary functional studies to be performed without requiring strenuous maneuvers. IOS assesses different components of respiratory impedance. The aim of this study was to compare the inspiratory and expiratory IOS parameters in COPD patients. IOS and spirometry were performed in ...
Matsuoka Hirofumi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sensitization to Trichophyton, a major dermatophyte, has been associated with asthma. Whether such sensitization is generally associated with the severity of asthma, like other molds such as Alternaria, is unknown. METHODS: We compared 258 patients with asthma, which was classified by severity as mild (n = 123), moderate (101), ...
Selva-O'Callaghan Albert - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of obstructive sleep apnea in patients with inflammatory myopathy. An observational and prospective study was performed on a cohort of adult patients with inflammatory myopathy followed at a specialized outpatient clinic. Sixteen consecutive adult patients were evaluated by the Epworth ...
Papaioannou Andriana I - - 2009
COPD is a diverse disease entity with multiple dimensions that uniquely define the patient's performance, morbidity and mortality. FEV(1) is both the traditional metric used to define the progression of COPD as well as the strongest spirometric predictor of mortality in COPD patients. However, besides pulmonary functional abnormalities, COPD is ...
Kristan S S - - 2009
Airway angiogenesis may be an important part of structural remodelling in the pathogenesis of asthma. The development of asthma is frequently preceded by rhinitis. We sought to determine whether the levels of angiogenesis-related factors are elevated in airways of patients with rhinitis or controlled asthma. We analysed the induced sputum ...
Karakış, Gülden Paşaoğlu
Aim: Nowadays, there are still some difficulty to distinguish smoker asthmatic patients and COPD. Differentiation of these disorders is very important as their treatment choices are different. The aim of this study is to investigate the presence of auscultation together with pulmonary function test (PFT) findings and the power of ...
Gross Roxann Diez - - 2009
RATIONALE: During deglutition, a strongly preferred exhale-swallow-exhale pattern has been shown in healthy adults. Disruption of this pattern can provoke prandial aspiration. Impaired coordination of breathing and swallowing has been measured in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) during the exacerbated state, but no reports describe the coordination of ...
Korsgaard J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Long-acting-beta-agonists and inhaled corticosteroids are widely used in patients with obstructive lung disease. We determined the occurrence of potential side effects to inhaled steroids and long-acting-beta-agonists in an open post-marketing observational study. METHODS: A total of 158 adult patients treated with long-acting-beta-agonists and inhaled steroids because of asthma or ...
Kjensli A - - 2009
Bone mineral density decreases with advancing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) severity, but it is not known whether this is reflected in higher fracture rates. The present authors wanted to compare the prevalence of vertebral deformities in COPD patients with those in a population-based reference group to determine whether the ...
Puente-Maestu L - - 2009
Several cellular and molecular alterations have been described in skeletal and respiratory muscles of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but information on potential abnormalities of mitochondrial function is scarce. The aim of the present study was to investigate mitochondrial function in the vastus lateralis (VL) and external intercostalis ...
Daousi C - - 2009
Thyrotropin (TSH)-secreting pituitary adenomas (TSHomas) are rare tumours. It has been suggested that thyroid surgery or radioiodine treatment should not be considered in patients with such tumours as these treatments may facilitate rapid tumour expansion. We studied the effects of thyroid ablative treatment on tumour size and thyroid status in ...
Yanik Burcu - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The etiology of osteoporosis in asthma is complex as various factors contribute to its pathogenesis. The purpose of our study was to investigate the effects of obesity and inhaled steroids, as well as the severity and duration of asthma, on osteoporosis in postmenopausal asthma patients as compared to healthy ...
Koczulla Rembert - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Analysis of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a non-invasive method for studying the acidity (pH) of airway secretions in patients with inflammatory lung diseases. AIM: To assess the reproducibility of EBC pH for two commercially available devices (portable RTube and non-portable ECoScreen) in healthy controls, patients with asthma or ...
Lainscak Mitja - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Like chronic heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an enormous public health problem in industrialized countries. Our aim was to determine the prevalence and clinical impact of COPD among patients hospitalized for heart failure in a community hospital serving a population of 125,000 people. METHODS: Between 2001 ...
Cakmak Alpay - - 2009
Asthma is a disease where there is an accumulation of collagen in the reticular basal membrane of the airway leading to chronic inflammation. The enzyme prolidase plays an important role in the breakdown of collagen and the breakdown of intracellular protein especially in the final stage when peptides and dipeptides ...
Mazur Witold - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Markers of airway inflammation and oxidative stress have been mainly investigated in moderate/severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or during its exacerbation. They have not been compared in noninvasive specimens such as exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and induced sputum in healthy nonsymptomatic smokers or in those who have symptoms ...
von Haehling Stephan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha), severity of pulmonary disease and nutritional depletion in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains unclear. We aimed to clarify the role of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a potential stimulus of cytokine production and the role of these cytokines in the alteration of body ...
Wang Fei - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Induced sputum analysis has been widely used to assay airway inflammation. However, the mucolytic agent dithiothreitol (DTT) may affect the detection of some soluble mediators. OBJECTIVES: Our study was designed to investigate whether DTT affects the detection of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha and interleukin (IL)-10. ...
Kikuchi Shinya - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that eosinophils and neutrophils are simultaneously increased in the airways of some patients with chronic refractory asthma. The mechanisms by which neutrophils accumulate in the airways of asthmatics remain to be elucidated, however, chemoattractants for neutrophils such as CXC chemokines may affect either the accumulation or ...
Kaufmann M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is high ( approximately 7.4-18%) in the general population, but less than half are diagnosed. Several studies have shown FEV(6) as a good surrogate marker for forced vital capacity (FVC) to detect airflow limitations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this ...
Cartin-Ceba Rodrigo - - 2009
A 58-year-old nonsmoker female was referred for evaluation of chronic cough of 13 months duration. After an initial work-up, the patient was diagnosed to have chronic cough due to eosinophilic bronchitis. The diagnostic work-up for eosinophilic bronchitis and bronchial biopsy is discussed. Eosinophilic bronchitis is differentiated from asthma. In addition, ...
Shaker Saher Burhan - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The global initiative for COPD (GOLD) adopted the degree of airway obstruction as a measure of the severity of the disease. The objective of this study was to apply CT to assess the extent of emphysema in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and relate this ...
G??rek Dilekta??li Asli - - 2009
Malnutrition is an important problem in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It still remains unclear whether malnutrition contributes to poor pulmonary function through a loss of respiratory muscle mass, or if advanced disease and hypoxemia are the causes of weight loss and malnutrition in COPD patients. This study ...
Verhage Tewe L - - 2009
The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) serves as a guide to treat and manage different severity classes of patients with COPD. It was suggested that the five categories of FEV(1) % predicted (GOLD 0-4), can be applied for selecting different therapeutic approaches. However, validation of these selective ...
Sinha Sanjeev - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To investigate changes in the cerebral metabolism of nondiabetic and normolipidaemic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using localised in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS), and to correlate these with the severity of disease. METHODS: Twenty-eight symptomatic COPD patients and 19 healthy controls underwent 1H MRS ...
Matsumoto Hisako - - 2009
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding mechanistic and phenotypic differences between cough variant asthma (CVA), presenting with a chronic cough as the sole symptom that responds to bronchodilators, and classic asthma with wheezing during methacholine inhalation. Here we reported airway sensitivity, airway reactivity, and as the main concern, the appearance ...
Hacker Stefan - - 2009
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of death. Although the underlying pathomechanism remains poorly understood, COPD is accompanied by increased cellular stress and inflammation. We investigated serum contents of heat shock proteins (HSP 27, 60, 70, 90 alpha), 20S proteasomes, C-reactive protein (CRP), and interleukin-6 ...
Fernández Alejandra - - 2009
We have shown that expiratory flows increase when expirations are rapidly interrupted in stable asthmatic patients. We hypothesized that a similar increase could be obtained in patients with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma treated in the Emergency Room. A total of 30 asthmatic patients were randomly allocated into two groups, ...
Sarlabous Leonardo - - 2009
The study of mechanomyographic (MMG) signals of respiratory muscles is a promising technique in order to evaluate the respiratory muscular effort. In this work MMG signals from left and right hemidiaphragm (MMGl and MMGr, respectively) acquired during a respiratory protocol have been analyzed. The acquisition of both MMG signals was ...
Raef Hussein - - 2009
An unusual encounter of a thyroid storm, on two separate occasions, is reported in a patient with metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer following initially direct trauma to, and later tumour embolisation of, a metastatic skeletal lesion. Shortly after a fall, our patient presented with pain and swelling in the right shoulder, ...
Saunamäki Tiia - - 2009
AIMS: To clarify whether patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) have executive dysfunction, to identify the domains of executive function affected and to establish the severity of any dysfunction. METHODS: A full-night polysomnography and a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment focusing on executive functions were conducted on 40 newly diagnosed OSAS ...
Boni Enrico - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Lower peak expiratory flow (PEF) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) have been consistently found after slow inspiration with end-inspiratory pause (EIP). OBJECTIVES: It was the aim of this study to establish the respective influence of the speed of preceding inspiration (SPI) and EIP on the parameters ...
Hillas Georgios - - 2009
Recently, there has been widespread interest in the use of non-invasive methods for the assessment of airway inflammation in a variety of lung diseases including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Sputum induction is a semi-invasive technique the value of which is not restricted to sputum cell counts, as inflammatory mediators ...
Gunduz Huseyin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, functional and structural changes of the respiratory system greatly influence cardiovascular autonomic functions. Determining autonomic balance may be important in understanding the pathophysiology of COPD and useful clinically in the treatment of COPD patients. Heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate turbulence ...
Schneider Antonius - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of spirometry for the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma in patients suspected of suffering from an obstructive airway disease (OAD) in primary care. METHODS: Cross sectional diagnostic study of 219 adult patients attending 10 general practices for ...
Hira H S - - 2009
To identify the patients of bronchial asthma (suspected or proven), not responding to optimal therapy, for the presence of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) and to compare the diagnostic ability of flow volume (FV) loop and impulse oscillometry (IOS). Fifty one patients of suspected/proven bronchial asthma not responding to optimal therapy ...
Riario-Sforza Gian Galeazzo - - 2009
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is recognized as an evidence-based treatment in improving dyspnea and quality of life in patients with COPD. We evaluated the number needed to treat (NNT) to achieve an increase in physical capacity, as defined by a significant improvement in the six-minute walk test (6MWT) in patients with ...
Veiga Juliana - - 2009
The within-breath analysis of respiratory mechanics by the monofrequency Forced Oscillation Technique (mFOT) is of great interest in both physiopathology studies and the diagnosis of respiratory diseases. However, there are limited data on the use of this technique in the analysis of asthma. This study evaluates within-breath mechanics of asthmatic ...
Denden Sabri - - 2009
AATD is one of the most common inherited disorders in the World. However, it is generally accepted that AATD in North African populations is not a risk factor for lung and/or liver disease, based on a number of small studies. We therefore planned a screening study for detection of AATD ...
Makowska Joanna S - - 2009
SCF (stem cell factor) is a pleiotropic cytokine exerting its role at different stages of bone marrow development and affecting eosinophil activation, mast cells and basophil chemotaxis and survival. The aim of the study was to assess concentration of SCF and its soluble receptor c-kit (sc-kit) in peripheral blood of ...
van Gestel Yvette R B M - - 2009
Beta-blockers are frequently withheld in patients with cardiovascular disease who also have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) because of concerns that they might provoke bronchospasm and cause deterioration in health status. Although beta1-selective beta-blockers are associated with reduced mortality in COPD patients, their effects on health status are unknown. The ...
Dalby Chris - - 2009
Airway absorption and bioavailability of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) may be influenced by differences in pharmacokinetic properties such as lipophilicity and patient characteristics such as lung function. This study aimed to further investigate and clarify the distribution of budesonide and fluticasone in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by ...
Ishiura Y - - 2009
Cyclooxygenase (COX) is an enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to prostanoids. There are two isoforms of COX, namely COX-1 and COX-2. COX-2 is highly inducible by several stimuli and is associated with inflammation. Recent studies have shown that COX-2 is upregulated in the airway epithelium of patients with asthma but ...
Barranco P - - 2009
We investigated the usefulness of the bronchial challenge (BC) with lysine-acetylsalicylate (L-ASA) in the diagnosis of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) using a protocol that combined both the oral challenge (OC) and the BC tests. Adult asthmatic patients with suspected AERD who underwent BC with L-ASA were included in the study. ...
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