Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2070
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Ozben Beste - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The effect of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) has not been examined. The aim of this study was to assess the endothelial function of COPD patients during acute exacerbations. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 30 consecutive patients (8 women, 22 ...
Maneechotesuwan Kittipong - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although much is known about the fact that IgE-mediated allergic inflammatory response contributes to airway inflammation, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and asthma severity, little is known about the degree of IgE response in allergic asthmatics during treatment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the amount of total serum IgE among allergic asthmatic patients with ...
Li Qianqian - - 2010
Abnormalities of frontal white matter (WM) have been found in some children with ADHD. The purpose of this study was to explore the changes in WM in child patients with ADHD by DTI, which detects changes in WM microstructure based on properties of diffusion. We also expect to investigate the ...
Esteban Cristóbal - - 2010
Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) is used to diagnose and establish a prognosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Using multi-dimensional scores improves this predictive capacity.Two instruments, the BODE-index (Body mass index, Obstruction, Dyspnea, Exercise capacity) and the HADO-score (Health, Activity, Dyspnea, Obstruction), were compared in the prediction ...
Miravitlles Marc - - 2010
Bacterial colonisation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) contributes to airway inflammation and modulates exacerbations. We assessed risk factors for bacterial colonisation in COPD. Patients with stable COPD consecutively recruited over 1 year gave consent to provide a sputum sample for microbiologic analysis. Bronchial colonisation by potentially pathogenic microorganisms (PPMs) ...
Hallgren Oskar - - 2010
Airway remodeling in COPD includes reorganization of the extracellular matrix. Proteoglycans play a crucial role in this process as regulators of the integrity of the extracellular matrix. Altered proteoglycan immunostaining has been demonstrated in COPD lungs and this has been suggested to contribute to the pathogenesis. The major cell type ...
Dima Efrossini - - 2010
despite a number of important differences in the pathogenesis, course, and prognosis, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have many features in common. Furthermore, smoking induces considerable overlap in pathogenesis and clinical features between these conditions. This study aimed to reveal what inflammatory patterns prevail in clinically established diagnosis ...
Lopez-Campos José Luis - - 2010
It has been recently shown that the original BODE index has a high degree of correlation with two modified BODE indexes using maximal oxygen uptake expressed either as mL/min/kg (mBODE) or as the percentage predicted (mBODE%). In this study we investigated the agreement between the two modified BODE indexes (mBODE ...
Zietkowski Ziemowit - - 2010
Airway eosinophilia is considered a central event in the pathogenesis of asthma. Eotaxin plays a key role in selective eosinophil accumulation in the airways and, subsequently, their activation and degranulation. The study was undertaken to evaluate eotaxin-1 levels in the exhaled breath condensate (EBC) of asthmatics with different degrees of ...
Minas Markos - - 2010
Body composition is an important parameter for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) whereas the association between asthma and obesity is not fully understood. The impact of severe refractory asthma (SRA) on fat free mass (FFM) has not been investigated. 213 subjects (70 healthy smokers, 71 COPD patients and ...
Attaran Davood - - 2010
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the main late complications of sulfur mustard poisoning. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6 in war veterans with pulmonary complications of sulfur mustard poisoning and their correlation with severity of airways disease. Fifty consecutive patients ...
Woodcock Ashley A University Hospital of South Manchester, Southmoor Road, Manchester, UK. - - 2010
Chronic cough is common, blights patients' lives and is hard to treat. Chronic cough patients demonstrate high objective cough rates and as a group have increased cough reflex sensitivity. However, conventional cough challenge techniques show substantial overlap with normal subjects. This suggests that other important mechanisms have yet to be ...
Key Angela L AL Respiratory Department, Aintree University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, University Hospital Aintree, Longmoor Lane Liverpool, L9 7AL, UK. - - 2010
Cough is a common presenting symptom in patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). This study measured cough rates in IPF patients and investigated the association between cough and measures of health related quality of life and subjective cough assessments. In addition, IPF cough rates were related to measures of physiological ...
Kuo Yung-Bin - - 2010
The etiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains unclear. A mechanism involving the autoimmune reaction in the pathogenesis of COPD has been proposed but not confirmed. The aim of this study was to investigate whether serum autoantibodies against pulmonary cellular proteins are present in COPD patients and to identify ...
Vidal Melo Marcos F - - 2010
Although it is known that structural and functional changes in the pulmonary vasculature and parenchyma occur in the progress of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), information is limited on early regional perfusion (Q(r)) alterations. We studied 6 patients with mild or moderate COPD and 9 healthy subjects (6 young and ...
Watelet J B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The epidemiological, pathophysiological and clinical links between upper and lower airways are nowadays clearly demonstrated. Most of asthmatics are suffering from rhinitis while up to 40% of rhinitic patients have asthma. Asthmatics and COPD patients are also prone to develop concomitant chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). This study aimed to determine ...
Kikowatz A - - 2009
Over the last few years, differential ion mobility spectroscopy (DMS) has become an important tool in medical research. There are attempts to find markers for specific diseases in exhaled air, using this technology as a non-invasive early diagnosis. In the present research, exhaled air from 78 patients with known diagnosis ...
Delage Antoine - - 2010
Hemoptysis is a common presenting symptom and cause of hospitalization in the department of respiratory diseases. In a number of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) presenting with this symptom, investigations fail to reveal a precise etiology. Little data are available regarding characteristics and outcome of COPD patients presenting ...
Górska K - - 2009
Despite a number of important differences in the pathogenesis, course and prognosis of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), these two entities also have common features with airway inflammation being one of them. Airway remodeling is a characteristic feature of asthma, but data on the bronchial wall thickening in ...
Holownia A - - 2009
Immunophilin FKBP51 assists polypeptide folding, participates in glucocorticoid actions and may play a role in glucocorticoid resistance. FKBP51 is altered in patients with asthma, but its role in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) characterized by dysregulation of several pro/antiinflammatory genes is less clear. We assessed changes in nuclear/cytosolic FKBP51 protein ...
Parsons Jonathan P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is the abnormal adduction of the vocal cords during inspiration causing extrathoracic airway obstruction. VCD has been described as a confounder of severe asthma. The influence of VCD among less severe asthmatics has not been previously defined. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of ...
Parietti-Winkler C?cile - - 2009
Despite the close location of polyps with the Eustachian tube, association between nasal polyposis (NP) and otitis media with effusion (OME) has not been described in the literature. Our retrospective case-control study aimed at assessing the relative risk to develop OME when NP is associated to factors such as asthma, ...
Undas Anetta - - 2009
Increased risk of thrombotic events occurs in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Elevated fibrinogen and C-reactive protein (CRP), being common in COPD, are associated with formation of dense fibrin clots resistant to lysis. Statins have been found to display anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic effects. We investigated fibrin clot properties in COPD ...
Ortiz Jose Luis - - 2010
The effect of chronic cigarette smoke on pulmonary artery (PA) tension has been studied extensively; nevertheless, the direct effect of cigarette smoke is poorly understood. We investigated the direct effect of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on PA tension in non-smokers, smokers, and COPD patients in vitro. PA samples from 35 ...
Vogelmeier C - - 2009
The time delay between the start of respiratory symptoms and the correct diagnosis of alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is often 6 to 8 years. Most patients are misdiagnosed as having COPD or asthma. Recent estimates suggest that only 15 % of patients have already been identified. The PiZZ genotype leads to ...
Han M K - - 2010
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exhibits airflow obstruction that is not fully reversible. The importance of bronchoreversibility remains controversial. We hypothesised that an emphysematous phenotype of COPD would be associated with decreased bronchoreversibility. 544 patients randomised to the medical arm of the National Emphysema Treatment Trial formed the study group. ...
Molnar Miklos Zsolt - - 2010
We assessed the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and its clinical correlates in a large sample of patients who received a kidney transplant (Tx). We also compared the prevalence of the disorder between dialysis patients who were on the waiting list for a Tx (WL) and Tx patients. This ...
Van Berkel J J B N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an inflammatory condition characterized by oxidative stress and the formation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) secreted via the lungs. We recently developed a methodological approach able to identify profiles of VOCs in breath unique for patient groups. Here we applied this recently developed ...
Seymour J M - - 2010
Quadriceps strength relates to exercise capacity and prognosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We wanted to quantify the prevalence of quadriceps weakness in COPD and hypothesised that it would not be restricted to patients with severe airflow obstruction or dyspnoea. Predicted quadriceps strength was calculated using a regression equation ...
Huertas Alice - - 2010
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients have reduced circulating hemopoietic progenitors. We hypothesized that severity of COPD parallels the decrease in progenitors and that the reduction in body mass index (BMI) could be associated with more severe bone marrow dysfunction. We studied 39 patients with moderate to very severe COPD ...
Aggarwal S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Inflammation of the airways in asthma is associated with the production of cysteinyl leukotrienes (cysLT), prostaglandin (PG)E(2), 8-isoprostane, nitric oxide and other mediators. However, the relationship between asthma severity or eosinophilic inflammation and the concentrations of mediators in sputum is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess sputum PGE(2), cysLT, 8-isoprostane and ...
Takeda Naoya - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acute irritant-induced asthma (IrIa) or reactive airways dysfunction syndrome is caused by exposure to a high concentration of an agent. The long-term pathologic consequences of IrIa remain thus far unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate the chronic airway inflammation and remodeling that occur in association ...
Cho Do-Yeon - - 2009
Proton (H+) secretion and the HVCN1 H+ channel are part of the innate host defense mechanism of the airways. The objective of this study was to determine H+ secretion in asthmatic and nonasthmatic patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in freshly excised human sinonasal tissue. Nasal or sinus mucosa from subjects ...
Kosciuch J - - 2009
Airway remodeling in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) results in thickening of bronchial walls and may affect lung function. In the present study we set out to evaluate the relationship between small airway wall thickness and the lung function parameters in patients with asthma and COPD. The study ...
Bernstein Jonathan A - - 2009
RATIONALE: To determine the general utility of clinical (Asthma Control Test) and physiologic (forced expiratory volume in the first second of exhalation [FEV(1)] and fractionated exhaled nitric oxide level [FeNO]) parameters for characterizing asthma patients. METHODS: Two cross-sectional independent studies simultaneously enrolled 100 patients in the US and 109 patients ...
Almagro P - - 2010
RATIONALE: Patients hospitalized for a COPD exacerbation are usually of advanced age, with functional deterioration, and suffering an increased number of associated conditions, but little is known about gender differences. Our hypothesis is that the frequency and type of comorbidities differ in male and female COPD patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Papaioannou Andriana I - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the impact of HRCT-confirmed emphysema on biomarkers evaluating airway and systemic inflammation in COPD patients. Forty-nine consecutive male COPD outpatients with stable COPD were divided in two groups according to the presence or absence of emphysema on HRCT. Patients underwent pulmonary function ...
Lin Sheng-Hsiang - - 2009
The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) uses the post-bronchodilator spirometry for diagnosis and severity staging. We evaluated differences in the severity classification of COPD, based on pre- and post-bronchodilator spirometry. From 2000 to 2004, 207 COPD patients who underwent spirometry ...
Majumdar Sumit R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Patients with COPD are at risk for osteoporosis-related vertebral compression fractures (VCF) which predispose to more fractures and worsening pulmonary function. Our objectives were to: 1 document VCF prevalence in COPD patients; and 2 determine the independent correlates of VCF. METHODS: From 2004-2006, we prospectively recruited consecutive consenting COPD ...
Bor Serhat - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: It is speculated that the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) might increase with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of GERD in patients with asthma and COPD in an area representative of developing countries. ...
Schermer Tjard - - 2009
PURPOSE: To establish situations in which family physicians (FPs) consider pulse oximetry a valuable addition to their clinical patient assessment; to explore pulse oximetry results (SpO(2)) when used by FPs in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); to explore associations between SpO(2) and other markers of COPD severity. METHODS: ...
Pedrosa María - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Bronchial hyperresponsiveness is usually measured by bronchial challenge with direct (e.g. methacholine) and indirect (e.g. adenosine) agonists. A prospective, randomized, crossover, single-blind study was performed to compare both methods in the first diagnosis of asthma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven patients, in which asthma was suspected, were selected (21 male, ...
Palikhe N S - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: CRTH2 is expressed on the surface of eosinophils and has been shown to mediate PGD2-induced eosinophil migration in vitro. Eosinophilic infiltration in the upper and lower airways is the key feature of asthma. Considering the fact that eosinophil infiltration is prominent in the upper and lower airways of aspirin ...
Machado D - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is a widespread medical imaging method for the study of thoracic diseases. In asthma it is very useful particularly when it is difficult to achieve an effective control of disease, and in severe deterioration. AIM: It was intended to evaluate the imaging changes by HRCT ...
Montaudon Michel - - 2009
PURPOSE: To analyze and compare computed tomographic (CT) bronchial measurements in patients with asthma and healthy subjects and to correlate bronchial morphometric parameters with functional data and immunohistologic markers of airway remodeling and inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board; patient informed consent ...
Terada Kunihiko - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether an abnormal swallowing reflex affects COPD exacerbations. This study investigated the prevalence of abnormal swallowing reflexes and its relationship with COPD exacerbation prospectively. We also clarified its association with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and airway bacterial colonization. METHODS: Swallowing reflex and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) ...
Cho D-Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Proton (H) secretion and the HVCN1 H channel are part of the innate host defense mechanism of the airways. The objective of this studywas to determine H secretion in asthmatic and nonasthmatic patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in freshly excised human sinonasal tissue.METHODS: Nasal or sinus mucosa from subjects ...
Holst H - - 2010
Patients with multiple chemical sensitivity and eczema patients with airway symptoms elicited by odorous chemicals have enhanced cough reflex to capsaicin when applying the tidal breathing method. The aims of the present study were to test whether the capsaicin induced cough reflex was enhanced when applying the single breath inhalation ...
Terada Kunihiko - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The causes of exacerbations in COPD patients are poorly understood. This study examined the association between cough-reflex sensitivity in patients with stable COPD and the frequency of subsequent exacerbations. METHODS: The sampling frame for cases and controls for this study was patients attending a hospital outpatient clinic. ...
Vlachaki Eleni M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary surfactant protein A (SP-A) is a lectin, with multiple functions that contribute to innate host defense and the regulation of the inflammatory process in the lung. In normal conditions, SP-A seems to protect against the effects of smoking. However, studies in smokers with or without COPD are limited. ...
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