Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1390
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Ozge Cengiz - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between neuropathy and increased morbidity in patients with COPD is clear, but few studies have assessed cranial neuropathies, especially optic nerve involvement, in COPD patients. We evaluated peripheral involvement of the optic nerve and determined factors influencing this condition in patients with severe COPD. METHODOLOGY: Twenty-eight patients, ...
Bademkiran Fikret - - 2005
Groin pain in the lower abdomen but including the ilioinguinal region is frequent after inguinal hernia operations, but the integrity of the nerves in this region, including the genitofemoral nerve (GFN), has not been investigated. We studied GFN motor conduction time to the cremasteric muscle (CM), the CM electromyogram (EMG), ...
Abboud Lucien - - 2005
Diaphragmatic weakness in Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease may be more common than generally acknowledged. Recognizing diaphragmatic weakness in a patient with CMT is important since recognition of this process may help explain the symptoms of breathlessness and orthopnea, as well as the development of hypercarbia. Although most patients with CMT have ...
Jääskeläinen Satu K - - 2005
This study investigated the utility of neurophysiologic examination and thermal quantitative sensory testing (QST) in the diagnosis of trigeminal neuropathy and neuropathic pain. Fifty-eight patients (14 men), 34 with sensory deficit within the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and 24 within the lingual nerve (LN) distribution, were included. Twenty-six patients (45%) ...
Shukla Garima - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Small fiber neuropathy is a common neurological disorder, often missed or ignored by physicians, since examination and routine nerve conduction studies are usually normal in this condition. Many methods including quantitative thermal sensory testing are currently being used for early detection of this condition, so as to enable timely ...
Brannagan Thomas H TH - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) is increasingly recognized in North America and is associated with a peripheral neuropathy. OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical characteristics and skin biopsy results in patients with CD and small-fiber neuropathy symptoms. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Academic peripheral neuropathy clinic. PATIENTS: Eight patients with CD and neuropathy ...
Trujillo-Hernández Benjamín - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To explore the frequency of F-wave and H-reflex alterations in recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and to determine if the alterations are dependent on the levels of glycemia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 50 asymptomatic patients, with a mean age of 45.4 +/- 9.8 ...
Besson Marie - - 2005
Tactile allodynia is a common, troublesome feature of neuropathic pain. Allodynia has been proposed to involve abnormal Abeta-afferent coupling in the dorsal horn resulting in C-fibre activation and increased skin blood flow (SBF). Thus, changes in SBF could provide an objective measure of allodynia. We searched for this mechanism in ...
Kalita J - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In view of paucity of comprehensive evaluation about dengue infection producing quadriplegia, we report the clinical, laboratory and neurophysiological studies in these patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seven out of 16 patients with dengue infection presented with quadriplegia and they were subjected to a detailed clinical history and ...
Ghosh A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Multifocal motor neuropathy with conduction block (MMN) can be mistaken for motor neurone disease or other lower motor neurone syndromes, but is treatable with intravenous immunoglobulin (IvIg). Formal electrophysiological criteria for conduction block (CB) are so stringent that substantial numbers of patients may miss out on appropriate treatment. METHODS: ...
Murphy Marjorie A - - 2005
Amiodarone is one of the most effective antiarrhythmic drugs currently available. Although a subject of intense controversy, a causal link between amiodarone and optic neuropathy has never been firmly established. Indications for treatment with amiodarone are outlined, and features of the optic neuropathy in patients on amiodarone are compared with ...
Boukhris Sami - - 2005
Fatigue has been shown to be more frequent than previously thought in immune-mediated polyneuropathies. However, fatigue has not been reported as the main cause of referral in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) patients. Between January 2001 and December 2003, we investigated 11 patients referred for fatigue, for which we established ...
Ekstein Dana - - 2005
Peripheral neuropathy has been reported as a side effect of interferon alpha, but not with interferon beta (IFNbeta) treatment. The authors assessed six patients with multiple sclerosis who developed polyneuropathy, or had exacerbation of previously subclinical neuropathy, during treatment with IFNbeta. In five patients the neuropathy improved after discontinuation of ...
Wiley William B - - 2005
A consecutive group of 73 patients (77 calcaneal fractures) treated with open reduction and internal fixation through a smile-shaped lateral approach to the hindfoot were reviewed retrospectively. Inclusion criteria were a closed displaced intra-articular fracture of the calcaneus, no compartment syndrome, and adequate followup. Followup ranged from 4 months to ...
Sari Ramazan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between C peptide and micro- and macrovascular complications is poorly known in type-2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of the study was to evaluatethe relationship between serum C-peptide level and chronic complications in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three-hundred-eighteen patients (138 male, 180 female) with ...
Krishnan Arun V - - 2005
The pathophysiology of oxaliplatin-induced neurotoxicity remains unclear, although in vitro studies suggest involvement of voltage-gated Na+ channels. In the present study, clinical assessment was combined with nerve conduction studies (NCS) and nerve excitability studies in 16 patients after completion of oxaliplatin therapy. Chronic neuropathic symptoms persisted in 50% of patients. ...
Puri V - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to evaluate the clinical and electrophysiological profile of vitamin B12 deficiency syndrome and whether a correlation exists between the disease process and the various electrophysiological parameters. METHODS: 40 patients with vitamin B12 deficiency neurological syndromes with low serum vitamin B12 and high homocysteine levels ...
Li Shi-Ting - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the operative outcomes and mechanisms of microvascular decompression in treating typical and atypical trigeminal neuralgia. METHODS: A group of 45 patients with typical trigeminal neuralgia and 17 patients with atypical trigeminal neuralgia treated by micro-vascular decompression from 2000 to 2002 were reviewed, including their clinical presentations, operative ...
McCulley T J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates, in patients with aniridia, the prevalence of optic nerve hypoplasia and its association with foveal hypoplasia. METHODS: The medical records of 56 patients with aniridia (31 female, 25 male, mean age 33 years, range 2-74 years) were retrospectively evaluated for optic nerve and foveal hypoplasia. The ...
Siddiqui Asma Hina - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of various MRI findings in patients with lumbar spondylosis and determine their association with symptoms of patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Radiology Department,The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January to December, 2002. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 120 ...
Güler Nihal Fatma - - 2005
In this study, the fast Fourier transform (FFT) analysis was applied to EMG signals recorded from ulnar nerves of 59 patients to interpret data. The data of the patients were diagnosed by the neurologists as 19 patients were normal, 20 patients had neuropathy and 20 patients had myopathy. The amount ...
Levy Yair - - 2005
Peripheral neuropathy is a prominent feature of the systemic and secondary vasculitides. Usually, it responds to corticosteroids therapy, but in certain cases it may resist corticosteroid or immunosuppressive treatment, or both. The objective of this study is to present case reports of patients who exhibited various inflammatory diseases, accompanied with ...
Quan Dianna - - 2005
Two patients with multiple sclerosis developed symptomatic chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy with massive spinal or cranial nerve hypertrophy revealed by neuroimaging. Sural nerve biopsy in one showed only moderate demyelination, axonal loss, and onion-bulb formation, illustrating dichotomy between severe proximal and milder distal nerve involvement. Patients with coexistent central and ...
Kouyoumdjian João Aris - - 2005
In this study we compared the effect of temperature variation (> or = 32 degrees C to < or = 27 degrees C) on latency differences median to ulnar (ringdiff), median to radial (thumbdiff), palmar median to ulnar (palmdiff) and the sum of three, the combined sensory index (CSI), in ...
Greenwood M - - 2005
The inferior alveolar nerve is sometimes injured during mandibular surgery, resulting in altered sensibility. Incomplete recovery may be the result of nerve entrapment by scar tissue. Twelve patients underwent external neurolysis of the inferior alveolar nerve following prolonged sensory impairment secondary to mandibular surgery. The mean time to external neurolysis ...
Csurhes Peter A - - 2005
This study was performed to determine whether increased ganglioside-specific T cell reactivity can be detected in the peripheral blood of patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). T cell responsiveness to the gangliosides GM1, GM3, GD1a, GD1b, GD3, GT1b, GQ1b and sulphatide was assessed in peripheral ...
Sicurelli Francesco - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leucoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a hereditary cerebral microangiopathy associated with mutations in the Notch 3 gene. The clinical phenotype is characterized by cerebral impairment even though typical microvascular changes are diffuse. OBJECTIVE: To assess peripheral neuropathy in patients with CADASIL. PATIENTS AND ...
Kim Jong S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features, MRI findings, and the pathogenesis of the pure midbrain infarction. METHODS: Forty patients with infarcts limited to the midbrain were studied. MRI and angiography (mostly MR angiography) were performed in all patients. RESULTS: Clinical manifestations included gait ataxia in 27 (68%) patients, dysarthria in ...
Donadio V - - 2005
Generalised anhidrosis (GA) shows a uniform clinical picture whether the pathogenesis involves intrinsic abnormalities of sweat glands or postganglionic sympathetic cholinergic nerve dysfunction. We describe two patients who presented intolerance to heat and anhidrosis. In the first patient, symptoms started at 33 years of age, and were associated with absent ...
Laundre Bryan J - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The role of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in neurosurgical planning and follow-up is currently being defined and needs clinical validation. To that end, we sought correlations between preoperative and postoperative DTI and clinical motor deficits in patients with space-occupying lesions involving the corticospinal tract (CST). METHODS: DTI ...
Gibbons C H - - 2005
Coeliac disease is associated with numerous neurological manifestations including cerebellar ataxia, myelopathy, myopathy, and peripheral neuropathy. This report describes four patients who presented subacutely with presyncope and postural nausea. All four patients had biopsy proven coeliac disease with dysautonomia present on autonomic evaluation. These four patients comprised 2.4% of patients ...
Said Gérard - - 2005
We report on four patients with severe polyneuropathy associated with intestinal pseudoobstruction (MNGIE). Three patients presented characteristic supranuclear ophthalmoplegia, and hyperdense signals on T2 weighted cerebral MRI and dystrophic mitochondria in Schwann cells and in endothelial cells in nerve biopsy specimens. Two of these patients had a Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) presentation. ...
Ammendola Angelo - - 2005
A retrospective study was performed on 27 patients with hepatitis C (HCV)-related mixed cryoglobulinemia (purpura, arthralgia, hepatitis, glomerulonephritis, peripheral neuropathy) to assess peripheral nerve involvement during follow-up of up to 8 years. All patients had the same degree of organ/system involvement initially and were clinically evaluated at least annually. All ...
Krohel Gregory B - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report two patients who experienced improved drinking ability as well as facial appearance with contralateral injection of botulinum toxin. DESIGN: Retrospective case reports. METHODS: Two patients were treated with botulinum toxin contralateral to the VIIth nerve palsy to improve drinking ability as well as facial asymmetry. RESULTS: Botulinum ...
Uzun Nurten - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical, demographic, and electromyographic (EMG) characteristics of 12 earthquake victims in the pediatric age group and to compare the findings with those of the adult group. Following the 1999 Marmara earthquake, 75 subjects with suspected peripheral nerve injury were referred to ...
Loewenthal Neta - - 2005
Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type IV (HSAN IV) is caused by mutations in the tyrosin kinase A (TrkA) gene, encoding for the high-affinity receptor of nerve growth factor (NGF). The NGF-TrkA system is expressed in many endocrine glands. We hypothesized that HSAN IV represents a natural model for impaired ...
Nardin Rachel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ulnar neuropathy can cause pain, weakness, and sensory changes in the hand and can result in functional impairment. Patients with end-stage renal disease receiving hemodialysis may be predisposed to ulnar neuropathy by factors such as arm positioning during hemodialysis, underlying polyneuropathy, and upper extremity vascular access. OBJECTIVE: To determine ...
Cooperberg Matthew R - - 2005
Neuromodulation for pelvic floor dysfunction has evolved from central sacral stimulation, a relatively invasive, experimental procedure, to percutaneous peripheral neurostimulation, which is both minimally invasive and well-tolerated by patients. Multiple series have now reported consistent positive results for varied manifestations of pelvic floor dysfunction. Future applications will involve an implantable ...
Azuelos A - - 2005
We present 30 cases of femoral nerve entrapment (1999-2003, age range 35-65 yrs), in 13 patients with diagnosis of idiopathic compression and 7 patients of neurovascular conflict. The compression, in the other 10 patients, was iatrogenic: 3 patients following cardiac catheterization for balloon valvotomy, 2 patients following intra-abdominal vascular surgery ...
Goldfarb Adina R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the IgM monoclonal gammopathies the neuropathy associated with polyclonal IgM gammopathy has not been well characterized. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the neuropathy in patients with elevated serum IgM. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Academically based neuropathy center. PATIENTS: 45 patients with elevated quantitative immunoglobulin M were identified. MAIN ...
Marciniak Christina - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe motor and functional recovery in 4 patients with acute flaccid paralysis associated with West Nile virus (WNV) infection. DESIGN: A case series describing patient clinical features at admission to rehabilitation through 6-month follow-up. SETTING: Academic acute free-standing inpatient rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The patients (3 men, 1 woman; ...
Whitaker Charles H - - 2004
A Martin-Gruber anastomosis (MGA) commonly results in an abnormal decline in amplitude across the forearm segment when ulnar motor nerve conduction studies are performed. A recent report described a proximal MGA resembling partial conduction block in a patient with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE). As a result, we screened ...
Ravaglia Sabrina - - 2004
Because autonomic neuropathy (AN) is not routinely assessed in chronic alcoholism, its features and relationship with other disease parameters remain undefined. The very existence of true alcohol-related autonomic dysfunction, in the absence of alcoholic hepatopathy, is even controversial. We aimed this study at evaluating the frequency and pattern of AN ...
Benatar Michael - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There is controversy regarding whether, and how frequently, other cranial nerve deficits accompany Bell's palsy. We sought to determine prospectively the presence of signs indicating an associated cranial neuropathy in patients with Bell's palsy. METHODS: All subjects presenting to an emergency department with Bell's palsy over a 2-year period ...
McDermott Raymond S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cranial nerve lesions due to metastases from prostate carcinoma to the skull base are an uncommon yet clinically significant finding. METHODS: The authors report the clinical features, treatment, and outcomes for 15 patients who presented with cranial nerve palsies complicating metastatic prostate carcinoma. Patient charts identified from a Fox ...
Dada Mohammed Atiq - - 2004
Response to therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) was evaluated in patients diagnosed with Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS). Our aim was to assess response to TPE in patients who had failed treatment with intravenous immune globulin (IVIg). We conducted a retrospective chart review of 10 patients with the diagnosis of Guillain-Barré Syndrome who ...
Lyu Rong-Kuo - - 2004
Three patients with acute multiple cranial neuropathy following benign infectious disease are reported. Complete or partial ophthalmoplegia, as well as facial and bulbar dysfunction, were noted in all. Cranial nerve involvement was bilateral. Other neurological deficits included sensory loss in two patients and transiently reduced tendon reflexes in the left ...
Stamboulis E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of peripheral neuropathy in patients with beta-thalassaemia. METHODS: Thirty six patients with a mean age of 29.2+/-8.2 years and 17 healthy controls with a mean age of 27.6+/-9.1 were included in this study. Measurements included the neuropathy symptoms score ...
Bartels R H M A - - 2004
Outcome studies of revision surgical treatment for recurrent or persistent neuropathy of the ulnar nerve at the elbow are relatively rare and none involves patient self-assessment. In this study of 40 patients (41 elbows), a clear discrepancy is shown between clinical assessment and the patient's own view. From clinical assessment, ...
Kumar Bhushan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pure neuritic leprosy (PNL) constitutes a significant proportion of all cases in India, however, this form of disease has not been fully recognized and investigated and there is little information in the existing literature. OBJECTIVE: To study the epidemiological characteristics of PNL in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective ...
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