Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1390
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Sun Shibin - - 2006
OBJECT: The authors sought to assess the clinical effect of Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) for trigeminal schwannomas. METHODS: Between December 1994 and December 2003, 69 patients with trigeminal schwannomas underwent GKS, and 58 patients were followed up and reviewed at the Beijing Neurosurgical Institute. The mean target volume was 4.6 ...
Chang Chein-Wei - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a method of sensory nerve conduction study (NCS) for the medial calcaneal nerve (MCN) and confirm the medial calcaneal neuropathy in patients with plantar fasciitis (PF). METHODS: Twenty-six patients with clinical and ultrasonographic diagnosis of PF participated in the present study. An antidromic method for sensory NCS ...
Cutler Carolee M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Fibrous dysplasia (FD) of bone may occur solely as a skeletal condition or it may occur in association with extraskeletal manifestations, including growth hormone (GH) excess. Uncertainty exists as to the management of FD involving the optic nerves. In an effort to clarify management, the authors studied a large ...
Garcia M Lourdes - - 2006
To describe associated ocular, neurologic, and systemic findings in a population of children with optic nerve hypoplasia, a retrospective chart review of 100 patients with optic nerve hypoplasia for the presence of neurologic, radiologic, and endocrine abnormalities was performed. Neuroimaging and endocrine studies were obtained in 65 cases. Visual acuity ...
Khan Jaffar - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the prevalence, time of onset, and cause of neuromuscular dysfunction in patients with severe sepsis. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study in which participants with severe sepsis underwent weekly neurologic examinations and nerve conduction studies (NCSs) within 72 hours of developing severe sepsis until intensive care ...
Gøransson Lasse G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Some patients with systemic lupus erythematosus have selective loss of small-diameter nerve fibers, while larger nerve fibers are unaffected. OBJECTIVE: To determine intraepidermal nerve fiber densities in patients with different chronic inflammatory autoimmune diseases. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, and Haukeland University Hospital, Haukeland, Norway. PATIENTS: ...
Nalini A - - 2006
Madras motor neuron disease (MMND) and Madras motor neuron disease variant (MMNDV) have an unique geographic distribution with concentration of majority of cases in the southern states of India. They have the characteristic features of onset in young, weakness and wasting of the limbs, multiple cranial nerve palsies particularly involving ...
Nazliel B - - 2007
We performed sympathetic skin response (SSR) studies on 29 male patients diagnosed as chronic alcoholics according to DSM-IV criteria. The average age was 43 years and the mean duration of alcohol abuse was 21 years, with all patients having a history of alcohol abuse for a minimum of 4 years. ...
Turgut Burhan - - 2006
Peripheral neuropathy is frequently observed in B(12) deficiency. In spite of this, there is little knowledge about peripheral neuropathy in B(12) deficiency because the severity of clinical involvement of the central nervous system clearly outweighs signs and symptoms due to peripheral nervous system involvement. We primarily investigated peripheral neuropathy with ...
Gin H - - 2006
Two attitudes can be proposed, one consisting of making a diagnosis of neuropathy, the other seeking to grade the stage that it has reached in order to give a prognosis and above all determine the right way in which to educate the patient. In order to do this, it is ...
Sawaya Raja A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with thalassemia may complain of numbness and weakness of the lower extremities. The aim of the study was to document whether these patients suffer from a polyneuropathy and to determine any contributing factors for the development of neuropathy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined 30 patients with thalassemia major ...
Rajabally Y A - - 2006
We describe the clinical presentation, progression and electrodiagnostic features of three patients with a mild form of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). The unusually mild but also variable clinical picture was a cause of diagnostic uncertainty in all, but CIDP was eventually confirmed by extensive electrophysiological studies in each case, ...
Schelhaas H Jurgen - - 2006
The discovery of the gene for Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) has not only broadened the FRDA phenotype, but has also identified patients with early-onset cerebellar ataxia who resemble FRDA clinically but who do not carry a mutation in the frataxin gene. In order to identify subgroups that may represent a uniform ...
De Sousa E A - - 2006
Clinical, laboratory and electrodiagnostic (EDX) characteristics of 62 patients with sensory neuropathy with abnormal skin biopsies were reviewed. Reduced epidermal nerve fibre density (ENFD) was seen in 71% and morphological changes with normal ENFD were seen in 29% of the patients. Patients with small fibre sensory neuropathy may have associated ...
Siddiqi Zaeem A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may slow the progression of Krabbe disease (KD) if performed early in the disease. The authors' studies indicate that more than 90% of patients with KD have severe abnormalities in peripheral nerve conduction. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of HSCT on nerve conduction in ...
Siddiqi Zaeem A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Krabbe disease (KD) is associated with marked central and peripheral demyelination and nerve conduction studies (NCS) typically show a mixed sensorimotor demyelinating peripheral neuropathy (PN). OBJECTIVES: To further characterize the PN in a large cohort of patients with KD and to assess the diagnostic sensitivity of NCS in this ...
Hadjivassiliou M - - 2006
To prospectively study the clinical, neurophysiological and neuropathological characteristics of axonal neuropathies associated with positive antigliadin antibodies and the prevalence of such neuropathies in a cohort of patients with sporadic axonal neuropathy. Prospective screening (using antigliadin, antiendomysium and tissue transglutaminase antibodies) of patients with peripheral neuropathy attending a neurology clinic. ...
Mallon William J - - 2006
We studied a prospective, consecutive series of 8 patients presenting with massive rotator cuff tears (>5 cm. in maximum dimension), all associated with severe retraction and fatty infiltration of the supraspinatus muscle on magnetic resonance imaging studies. All 8 patients had suprascapular neuropathy shown by electromyography (EMG) findings of denervation ...
Amin Milan R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive motor neuron disease of unknown cause. Mortality in the population is frequently due to aspiration pneumonia. Although typically considered to be a disorder limited to motor neuron involvement, some investigators have indicated that decreased sensory function in ALS patients additionally contributes to ...
Bastian Robert W RW Loyola University Medical Center, and Bastian Voice Institute, 3010 Highland Parkway, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA. - - 2006
To describe our experience with chronic sensory neuropathic cough and its response to amitriptyline in a first group of patients. A prospective cohort of patients is described in detail. Each was referred to an academic laryngological practice after extensive prior negative workup for cough and failure to respond to various ...
Richardson Paul G - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine the frequency, characteristics, and reversibility of peripheral neuropathy from bortezomib treatment of advanced multiple myeloma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Peripheral neuropathy was assessed in two phase II studies in 256 patients with relapsed and/or refractory myeloma treated with bortezomib 1.0 or 1.3 mg/m2 intravenous bolus on days 1, ...
Bremner F - - 2006
To detect and characterise the pattern and extent of pupil abnormalities in patients with generalised autonomic failure. A consecutive series of 150 patients referred for investigation of symptomatic generalised autonomic failure underwent pupil investigations. Infra-red video pupillography was used to measure resting pupil diameters in light and dark, the light ...
Sena Chubert Bernardo Castro De - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Chronic neuritis (CN) is still a major problem in leprosy and is difficult to manage in patients who do not respond well to prednisone. In this study we (i) evaluate the efficacy of cyclosporine A (CyA) in controlling CN patients, and (ii) analyse the presence of anti-NGF antibodies in ...
Stubblefield M D - - 2006
AIMS: Bortezomib (Velcade), a novel proteasome inhibitor, has shown promise in the treatment of malignancies, including multiple myeloma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Several studies have identified neuropathy as a potentially dose-limiting side effect of treatment with bortezomib. We report the clinical and electrodiagnostic data from four patients who developed signs and ...
Moller Anette T - - 2006
Fabry disease is a rare X-linked lysosomal storage disorder. The mutations result in a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-galactosidase A causing accumulation of glycosphingolipids in the vascular endothelial cells and many other tissues. Given the X-linked inheritance, male patients are severely affected. Recently, attention has been drawn to female ...
Nogajski Joseph H - - 2006
The present study was undertaken to quantitate the incidence and clinical patterns of peripheral nerve dysfunction distal to the level of injury in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Through retrospective analysis, SCI patients were identified after referral for neurophysiologic investigation of new neuropathic symptoms. In total, peripheral nerve or ...
Lang Philip M - - 2006
Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) may develop a broad range of peripheral nerve dysfunctions including pain and sensory deficiencies due to chronic ischemia mostly involving the lower limbs. To investigate the degree of sensory abnormalities in such patients quantitative sensory testing (QST) might be a useful tool. Forty-five patients ...
Lopate Glenn - - 2006
Peripheral neuropathy is common in patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS), but its precise prevalence is unknown. Most prior studies were conducted at neurology or rheumatology specialty clinics and likely selected for a more severely affected population. We evaluated 22 SS patients and 10 controls for evidence of neuropathy in an ...
Gladman Marc A - - 2006
Rectal hyposensitivity (RH) relates to a diminished perception of rectal distension that is diagnosed during anorectal physiologic investigation. There have been few direct studies of this physiologic abnormality, and its contribution to the development of functional bowel disorders has been relatively neglected. However, it appears to be common in patients ...
Costa Luciana A - - 2006
To test a simplified protocol to screen type 2 diabetic patients (DM2) for distal polyneuropathy (DPN), 80 outpatients and 45 controls answered a symptom questionnaire, underwent a directed examination (pin-prick, tuning fork, monofilament, ankle jerk, cold spatula and walking on heels), autonomic tests, and an electroneurophysiological study (EMG). Symptoms were ...
Schwemmer U - - 2006
Interscalene plexus blocks are an important part of the peri-operative treatment in shoulder surgery. The nerve stimulation technique uses external landmarks for the definition of the injection site. Patient obesity is, therefore, one causative factor for a reduced success rate of the blockade. AIM: This study investigated whether there are ...
Echaniz-Laguna Andoni - - 2006
We report three patients with a syndrome that fulfilled clinical and laboratory criteria for definite chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) who failed immunosuppressive treatment and eventually developed progressive amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Mean disease duration was 23 months (13-38) before death. Two patients had a family history of ALS without ...
Bosch Martina M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of optic nerve sheath meningiomas (ONSMs) in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). METHODS: An observational retrospective case series of 30 consecutive patients with NF2 referred to an academic ophthalmology unit from November 1, 1991, through August 31, 2003. Twenty-six patients were followed up for ...
Cosi V - - 2006
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune acute peripheral neuropathy. Frequently a flu-like episode or a gastroenteritis precede GBS, and the cross-reactivity between microbial and neural antigens partly explains the pathophysiology of the disease and the possible detection of antiganglioside antibodies. The weakness reaches its nadir in 2-4 weeks: the patients ...
Komine Norikuni - - 2006
Three patients on long-term hemodialysis therapy presented with sudden-onset isolated abducent nerve palsy. Two patients had ipsilateral eye pain. Computed tomographic scan or magnetic resonance imaging of the head did not reveal intracranial lesions responsible for the palsy. During the follow-up, the abducent nerve palsy of all three patients was ...
Hai Jian - - 2006
AIM: To explore the methods for achieving pain relief in patients with atypical trigeminal neuralgia (TN) using microvascular decompression (MVD). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Retrospective study of 26 patients treated during the years 2000 to 2004. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six patients in whom vascular compression of the trigeminal nerve was ...
Dabby Ron - - 2006
Small-fiber neuropathy is often idiopathic and commonly follows a chronic course. Treatment is often effective in treating the core symptom of pain, but it has no effect on the pathologic process. We describe four patients with acute small-fiber neuropathy who responded dramatically to steroid therapy. All patients had acute onset ...
Gorson K C - - 2006
To assess the frequency of additional causes of distal sensory polyneuropathy (DSP) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Retrospective review of patients with DM and DSP during a 5 year period. A quantitative sensory score (QSS) was determined at the initial evaluation and extensive laboratory and EMG studies were performed. ...
Leechavengvongs Somsak - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report the results of combined nerve transfer in C5 and C6 brachial plexus avulsion injury. METHODS: Fifteen patients had nerve transfers: spinal accessory nerve to the suprascapular nerve, a part of the ulnar nerve to the biceps motor branch, and the nerve to the long head of the ...
Løseth S - - 2006
Small diameter nerve fibre (SDNF) neuropathy is an axonal sensory neuropathy affecting unmyelinated (C) and thin myelinated (A-delta) fibres. We have evaluated 75 patients with symptoms and signs suggesting SDNF dysfunction with or without symptoms and signs of co-existing large diameter nerve fibre involvement. The patients were examined clinically and ...
Levine T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prevalence, clinical features, and laboratory characteristics of polyneuropathies in Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia (WM), a malignant bone marrow disorder with lymphocytes that produce monoclonal IgM. METHODS: We prospectively studied 119 patients with WM and 58 controls. Medical history was taken, and neurological examinations, electrodiagnostic tests, and ...
Garssen Marcel P J - - 2006
Many patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) suffer from excessive fatigue. To assess whether this fatigue might be related to changes in slow-conducting nerve fibers, we determined the conduction velocity distribution (CVD) in the median nerve. Thirteen fatigued but neurologically well-recovered GBS patients, 2 fatigued ...
Papanas N - - 2006
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the study was to assess a new steel ball-bearing test as a means of evaluating protective sensation in the diabetic foot. METHODS: Subjects were enrolled for this study as follows: (1) 39 patients (mean age 61.3+/-9.7 years) with neuropathy and prior neuropathic ulcer (Group A); (2) ...
Goldfarb Adina R - - 2006
PURPOSE: To correlate the electrodiagnostic and clinical features of patients with demyelinating abnormalities and neuropathy of otherwise unknown etiology. METHODS: We examined the records of patient with demyelinating abnormalities and no other cause for neuropathy that were evaluated in our electrophysiology laboratory over the course of a year, to correlate ...
Stamboulis Eleftherios - - 2006
Autonomic neuropathy, although common in Guillain-Barré syndrome, is considered rare in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) and has not been systematically investigated in that disorder. The present study was aimed at determining the prevalence of autonomic dysfunction and investigating the integrity of autonomic nervous system (ANS) reflexes in CIDP. We ...
Chen X K XK Dept. of Med. Imaging, Shantou Univ, China. - - 2006
To study motor cortex mapping in patients with mass lesions near primary motor and sensory cortices with BOLD-fMRI. 18 patients with mass lesions near primary motor and sensory cortices, and 8 healthy volunteers were investigated with fMRI using a 1.5 T GE Signa scanner. The specific task was repetitive selfpaced ...
Saito Takatoshi - - 2005
We describe here four male patients with long-term and poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus. They shared many common characteristic complications, such as severe autonomic neuropathy, proliferative retinopathy and normocytic normochromic anemia without progressive renal failure and macroangiopathy. They also showed normal levels of erythropoietin and reticulocyte, which was considered ...
Caliandro Pietro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To verify whether the distribution of paresthesias in patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is related to the degree of the neurophysiological involvement. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study and retrospectively evaluated 163 patients who referred to our electromyography lab and to which a clinical and electrophysiological diagnosis of ...
Sander Michael D - - 2005
PURPOSE: Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is an autosomal-dominant peripheral neuropathy that results from deletion of a 1.5-Megabase pair (Mb) segment of the short arm (p) of chromosome 17. Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies increases susceptibility of peripheral nerves to pressure and trauma and can ...
Ung T - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine whether patients with congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB) have electrophysiological evidence of optic nerve fibre mis-routing similar to that found in patients with ocular albinism (OA). METHOD: We recorded the Pattern Onset VEP using a protocol optimised to detect mis-routing of optic nerve fibres in older children ...
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