Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1378
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Grosheva Maria - - 2007
The prognostic value of electromyography (EMG) and its significance to estimate facial function outcome after acute facial palsy is still unclear. We retrospectively analysed the EMG reports of 494 patients with acute facial palsy treated from 1995 to 2005 in a tertiary referral centre. Initial and final facial functions were ...
Yaman M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The cutaneous silent period (CSP), a sustained voluntary contraction following a painful stimulus applied over the appropriate dermatome produces a brief period of electrical silence, may be useful if the routine nerve conduction studies and needle electromyography are insufficient to diagnose entrapment neuropathies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To investigate whether ...
Pugdahl K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is defined as a disease of the motor neurones, although several studies indicate involvement of the sensory nervous system. AIM: To evaluate the sensory nerve conduction studies (NCS) in 88 patients with ALS as part of a European multicentre study. METHODS: Seven European clinical neurophysiologists ...
Chao Chi-Chao - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilia is frequently associated with peripheral neuropathy, and neuropathic pain is a major presentation. Little is known about the involvement of sensory nerve terminals and the vasculature in the skin of patients with eosinophilia. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the skin innervation and the pathological abnormalities of the cutaneous vasculature and ...
Nineb A - - 2007
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) often presents with paresthesias and dysesthesisas. We have investigated the prevalence and clinical features of RLS in a cohort of patients referred for clinical suspicion of peripheral neuropathy (PN). Sixty-four patients with sensory symptoms, and 101 age-matched controls were prospectively evaluated for RLS, PN and causes ...
Atasoy Huseyin Tugrul - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system involvement in Behçet disease (BD) has been well documented, but studies evaluating peripheral nervous system involvement are relatively uncommon. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the frequency and characteristics of peripheral nervous system involvement in BD. METHODS: Sixty-nine BD patients (36 women, 33 ...
Colli Benedicto Oscar - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory diseases stand out among sensory neuronopathies because, in their active phase, they can be treated with immunosuppressive agents. Immunosuppressive therapy may present severe adverse effects and requires previous inflammatory activity confirmation. Sensory neuronopathies are diagnosed based on clinical and EMG findings. Diagnostic confirmation and identification of inflammatory activity ...
Bremner F D - - 2007
To compare the pupil signs in patients with bilateral pupillotonia caused by Holmes-Adie syndrome or generalised peripheral neuropathy. Infrared video pupillographic techniques were used to measure a number of pupil variables in patients with Holmes-Adie syndrome, generalised neuropathy (various aetiologies) and healthy age-matched control subjects. Regardless of aetiology, the patients ...
Mujadzic Mirsad - - 2007
Because of overlapping symptoms, carpal tunnel syndrome is sometimes diagnosed and a more proximal site of compression may be missed. Incomplete relief following carpal tunnel surgery may be caused by the failure to identify the second site of compression. A retrospective review was performed on 61 patients who were diagnosed ...
Wax Mark K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the effect of positive neural margins on subsequent facial nerve function following facial nerve grafting. METHODS: In this retrospective review, 19 patients had sacrifice of their facial nerve with immediate facial nerve grafting, 8 had positive neural margins, and 11 had negative neural margins. Facial ...
Zanette Giampietro - - 2007
Patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) usually complain of pain and paresthesia in the hand or wrist, but pain proximally to the wrist has been frequently reported in this condition. This study was aimed at understanding which clinical features are associated with the presence of proximal pain (PP) in the ...
Wiegel Martin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The increasing popularity of continuous peripheral nerve blocks (CPNBs) warrants further study of their adverse effects and complications. METHODS: Anterior sciatic, femoral, and interscalene brachial plexus CPNBs were performed preoperatively using standardized catheter techniques in orthopedic patients prior to general or spinal anesthesia. Complications and adverse effects related to ...
Eurelings Marijke - - 2007
The occurrence and nature of cytogenetic aberrations in polyneuropathy associated with IgM monoclonal gammopathy was determined. Therefore, interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was applied in 22 patients with polyneuropathy associated with IgM monoclonal gammopathy, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay in 18 of these patients and genome-wide-array-based comparative genomic ...
Lo Steven E - - 2007
Geste antagonistes, or sensory tricks, are well described in focal dystonia affecting the neck, hand, and face. Improvement in dystonic movements is typically maintained while the trick is performed, but disappears when the geste ends. We investigated the phenomenological features of geste antagoniste maneuvers in 19 patients with idiopathic lower ...
Tackenberg B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic immune-mediated demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIP) represents a heterogeneous pool of motor, sensory, sensorimotor, symmetric, or asymmetric syndromes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate published diagnostic classifications and characterize predictors of treatment response. METHODS: One hundred two of 158 patients with a working diagnosis of CIP were included and clinically characterized because they ...
Chatrath Paul - - 2007
To determine the incidence and nature of facial asymmetry in patients referred for consideration of aesthetic rhinoplasty and to assess whether objective anthropometric facial measurements correlate with subjective perceptions of asymmetry. Two independent observers measured facial features, including midline to medial and lateral canthi, tragus, ala, and oral commissure distances, ...
Ueda Kazuki - - 2007
The cross-face nerve graft and the interpositional jump graft were performed simultaneously for 13 patients with facial paralysis. The period between the onset of paralysis and surgery ranged from 3 to 32 weeks. In nine patients, surgery was performed within 3 months of the onset of paralysis. The patients in ...
Hough Alan D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine if longitudinal excursion of the median nerve is reduced in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: University human movement laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen patients with CTS (8 men, 11 women; mean age, 57+/-15 y), and 37 healthy controls (8 men, 29 women; mean age, ...
Visser L H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common entrapment neuropathy. Electrodiagnostic testing (EMG) is used to confirm the diagnosis. It is not known what the diagnostic accuracy of high-resolution sonography is in comparison to EMG. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of both tests ...
Liu Fan - - 2007
Diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome remains clinical, despite many objective clinical and electrophysiologic tests. There is also a need to objectively assess the severity of involvement and the need for surgery, and to document response to treatment. The authors evaluated a hand-held strength-testing device for assessment of abductor pollicis brevis ...
Essick G K - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine whether impairment of sensory functions after trigeminal nerve injury differs in severity among patients who report qualitatively different altered sensations. Data were obtained from 184 patients. Before and at 1, 3 and 6 months after orthognathic surgery, patients were grouped as having ...
Taban Mehran - - 2007
PURPOSE: Cerebral venous hypertension with optic nerve edema has been reported in patients with peripheral arteriovenous hemodialysis shunts. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of optic nerve edema in patients with peripheral arteriovenous accesses and to evaluate the value of ophthalmic examination and surveillance in this study population. DESIGN: ...
Herweh C - - 2007
We studied the trigeminal nerve in seven healthy volunteers and six patients with trigeminal neuralgia using the diffusion tensor imaging derived parameter fractional anisotropy (FA). While controls did not show a difference between both sides, there was a reduction of FA in the affected nerve in three of six patients ...
Somay G - - 2007
With this study, it has been intended to evaluate the neuromuscular symptoms and findings observed in patients with the diagnoses of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. This study included 21 patients with hyperthyroidism, 19 patients with hypothyroidism and a control group comprised of 29 healthy persons. In the patient group with hypothyroidism, ...
Cox-Brinkman Josanne - - 2007
Facial dysmorphology is an important feature in several lysosomal storage disorders. Although in Fabry disease facial dysmorphism is not a prominent sign, minor facial abnormalities have been previously reported. By analysing three-dimensional images of faces, we quantified facial dysmorphology in a cohort of both male and female Fabry patients. Morphometric ...
Schramm Axel - - 2007
We evaluated the effect of different manipulations on the performance of a standardized counting task in 7 patients with idiopathic jaw-opening dystonia. Patients used a small stick as sensory stimulus. Following conditions were examined: stick placed between teeth and cheek (CHEEK), biting on stick (TEETH), voluntary jaw occlusion without stick ...
Spallone V - - 2007
This study investigated whether nondipping (defined as a day-night change in blood pressure (BP) <or=0%) could be assumed as a diagnostic index for autonomic neuropathy, and assessed its accuracy in discriminating between type I diabetic patients with and without autonomic neuropathy. In 87 type I diabetic patients with normal renal ...
Cattaneo Luigi - - 2007
To compare the clinical aspects of peripheral neuropathy associated with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) and microscopic polyangiitis (MP). Cohort study conducted in a single university hospital. Patients were included when a definite diagnosis of WG, CSS or MP was made according to the current classification criteria in our ...
Heldestad Victoria - - 2007
Transthyretin amyloid neuropathy of type 1 (Swedish-Portuguese type) is an autosomally inherited progressive disease with a Val30Met mutation, causing generalized sensory-motor polyneuropathy. Quantitative sensory testing (QST) quantifies thermal threshold changes in patients with manifest general polyneuropathy, but its applicability at an early clinical stage of a strict biochemically defined disease ...
Kokubun Norito - - 2007
Cranial neuropathy is clinically uncommon in patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), but there is little information on the neurophysiological examination of cranial nerve involvement. To determine the incidence of trigeminal and facial nerve involvement in patients with CIDP, the direct response of the orbicularis oculi muscle to percutaneous ...
Tomita Ryouichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To clarify the neurological function with respect to external anal sphincter (EAS) muscles in patients with or without soiling after low anterior resection (LAR) for lower rectal cancer, we examined the terminal motor latency in the pudendal motor nerves (PNTML). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients after LAR for lower ...
Gorson Kenneth C - - 2007
We studied the effect of rituximab in allowing a reduction in dose of intravenous immune globulin (IVIg) in six patients with IVIg-dependent, relapsing immune polyneuropathy. Rituximab (375 mg/m(2) intravenously each week for 4 weeks) was administered in a prospective, open-label design to two patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), ...
Souayah N - - 2007
PURPOSE: This paper describes an improved electrodiagnostic methodology for posterior antebrachial cutaneous nerve (PABC) neuropathy based on retrospective analysis. METHODS: Results of PABC nerve conduction studies in 14 control patients and 3 patients with left PABC neuropathy are included. Stimulation was performed 0.5 to 2.0 cm above the lateral epicondyle, ...
Latronico Nicola - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Critical illness myopathy and/or neuropathy (CRIMYNE) is frequent in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Although complete electrophysiological tests of peripheral nerves and muscles are essential to diagnose it, they are time-consuming, precluding extensive use in daily ICU practice. We evaluated whether a simplified electrophysiological investigation of only two nerves ...
Makeham Timothy P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the functional recovery in a cohort of patients with facial nerve paralysis (FNP) due to infective cause. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review based on patients identified from a prospectively maintained database of patients with FNP. The case notes of identified patients were reviewed. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: ...
Hammer Hilde Berner - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasonography (US) has shown increased cross-sectional area of the median nerve in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Knowledge of the normal distribution of the areas is a prerequisite to evaluate pathology. Presently, the distribution of cross-sectional areas of the median nerve was explored in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: ...
Akbulut Lale - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine the peripheral nerve involvement electrophysiologically in Behçet patients without clinically evident neurological signs and symptoms. Sixty-three patients who fulfilled the International Study Group Classification Criteria for Behçet's disease (BD) and 49 healthy control subjects were enrolled to the study. Conventional electrophysiological studies ...
Dabby Ron - - 2006
Heroin-related peripheral nervous injury has scarcely been reported, mostly as compressive neuropathy. Rarely, other types of peripheral nervous system (PNS) injury have been recognized, such as plexopathy, polyradiculopathy, mononeuropathy, and rhabdomyolysis. These complications are usually not related to local trauma, but the nature of nerve injury remains unknown. Immunologic mechanisms ...
Panagariya Ashok - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We are presenting 20 cases of the intriguing clinico-electromyographic entity, now considered a potassium channel disorder, Neuromyotonia. Our experience with the clinical manifestations, underlying abnormalities and response to various therapies is documented. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with diffuse pain or undulating muscle movements, with or without stiffness were sent ...
Sun Shibin - - 2006
OBJECT: The authors sought to assess the clinical effect of Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) for trigeminal schwannomas. METHODS: Between December 1994 and December 2003, 69 patients with trigeminal schwannomas underwent GKS, and 58 patients were followed up and reviewed at the Beijing Neurosurgical Institute. The mean target volume was 4.6 ...
Chang Chein-Wei - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a method of sensory nerve conduction study (NCS) for the medial calcaneal nerve (MCN) and confirm the medial calcaneal neuropathy in patients with plantar fasciitis (PF). METHODS: Twenty-six patients with clinical and ultrasonographic diagnosis of PF participated in the present study. An antidromic method for sensory NCS ...
Cutler Carolee M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Fibrous dysplasia (FD) of bone may occur solely as a skeletal condition or it may occur in association with extraskeletal manifestations, including growth hormone (GH) excess. Uncertainty exists as to the management of FD involving the optic nerves. In an effort to clarify management, the authors studied a large ...
Garcia M Lourdes - - 2006
To describe associated ocular, neurologic, and systemic findings in a population of children with optic nerve hypoplasia, a retrospective chart review of 100 patients with optic nerve hypoplasia for the presence of neurologic, radiologic, and endocrine abnormalities was performed. Neuroimaging and endocrine studies were obtained in 65 cases. Visual acuity ...
Khan Jaffar - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the prevalence, time of onset, and cause of neuromuscular dysfunction in patients with severe sepsis. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study in which participants with severe sepsis underwent weekly neurologic examinations and nerve conduction studies (NCSs) within 72 hours of developing severe sepsis until intensive care ...
Gøransson Lasse G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Some patients with systemic lupus erythematosus have selective loss of small-diameter nerve fibers, while larger nerve fibers are unaffected. OBJECTIVE: To determine intraepidermal nerve fiber densities in patients with different chronic inflammatory autoimmune diseases. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, and Haukeland University Hospital, Haukeland, Norway. PATIENTS: ...
Nalini A - - 2006
Madras motor neuron disease (MMND) and Madras motor neuron disease variant (MMNDV) have an unique geographic distribution with concentration of majority of cases in the southern states of India. They have the characteristic features of onset in young, weakness and wasting of the limbs, multiple cranial nerve palsies particularly involving ...
Nazliel B - - 2007
We performed sympathetic skin response (SSR) studies on 29 male patients diagnosed as chronic alcoholics according to DSM-IV criteria. The average age was 43 years and the mean duration of alcohol abuse was 21 years, with all patients having a history of alcohol abuse for a minimum of 4 years. ...
Turgut Burhan - - 2006
Peripheral neuropathy is frequently observed in B(12) deficiency. In spite of this, there is little knowledge about peripheral neuropathy in B(12) deficiency because the severity of clinical involvement of the central nervous system clearly outweighs signs and symptoms due to peripheral nervous system involvement. We primarily investigated peripheral neuropathy with ...
Gin H - - 2006
Two attitudes can be proposed, one consisting of making a diagnosis of neuropathy, the other seeking to grade the stage that it has reached in order to give a prognosis and above all determine the right way in which to educate the patient. In order to do this, it is ...
Sawaya Raja A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with thalassemia may complain of numbness and weakness of the lower extremities. The aim of the study was to document whether these patients suffer from a polyneuropathy and to determine any contributing factors for the development of neuropathy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined 30 patients with thalassemia major ...
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