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Pineles Stacy L - - 2010
We report two patients, both with a history of gastric surgery, who presented with progressive optic neuropathy and myelopathy. The patients' symptoms were initially attributed to vitamin B12 deficiency and/or neuromyelitis optica; however, after the neurologic deficits continued to progress with the use of conventional treatments, further evaluation was initiated, ...
Yerdelen Deniz - - 2010
Axonal injury and/or demyelination commonly result in peripheral mononeuropathy, polyneuropathy or entrapment neuropathies in hypothyroidism. In this study, we aimed to measure the strength-duration time constants (SDTC) of motor and sensory fibres in patients with primary hypothyroidism before and after hormone replacement treatment. The motor and sensory SDTC and rheobase ...
Modi C S - - 2010
Median nerve motor fascicle compression in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome is usually characterised by reduced finger grip and pinch strength, loss of thumb abduction and opposition strength and thenar atrophy. The functional outcome in patients with advanced changes may be poor due to irreversible intraneural changes. The aim of ...
Tantry Thrivikrama Padur - - 2010
Peripheral nerve block (PNB) in anticoagulated patients is controversial and guidelines are not defined. We report two patients with severe cardiac valvular lesions, who underwent emergency surgeries for lower limb. Both the patients were on anticoagulants, warfarin and heparin in one and aspirin and clopidogrel in the other, with abnormal ...
Kano Hideyuki - - 2011
Object The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) when used for patients with intractable cluster headache (CH). Methods Four participating centers of the North American Gamma Knife Consortium identified 17 patients who underwent GKS for intractable CH between 1996 and 2008. The ...
Ruts L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to provide criteria that can help to distinguish between GBS-TRF and A-CIDP in the early phase of disease. BACKGROUND: The distinction between Guillain-Barr? syndrome (GBS) with fluctuations shortly after start of treatment (treatment-related fluctuations, or GBS-TRF) and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy with acute ...
van Dijk J P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A) is known as a demyelinating hereditary neuropathy. Secondary axonal dysfunction is the most important determinant of disease severity. In adult patients, clinical progression may be because of further axonal deterioration as was shown with compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitude reductions over time. The ...
Kim Byung-Jo - - 2010
We performed this study to evaluate whether or not the cutaneous silent period (CSP) is a useful metric to identify small-fiber neuropathy in diabetic patients. The CSP was measured from the abductor pollicis brevis muscle in 30 healthy controls and 110 diabetic patients, who in turn were divided into 3 ...
Kim Han-Joon - - 2010
In the cerebellopontine angle cistern, the nervus intermedius (NI) runs close to the motor division of the facial nerve (FN). A vascular loop compressing the FN in patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS) can thus also affect the NI. However, to our knowledge, taste has not been investigated in patients with ...
Barz Thomas - - 2010
Retrospective case-referent study. To assess whether the new sedimentation sign discriminates between nonspecific low back pain (LBP) and symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). In the diagnosis of LSS, radiologic findings do not always correlate with clinical symptoms, and additional diagnostic signs are needed. In patients without LSS, we observe the ...
Wouthuis S F - - 2010
Involvement of peripheral nerves and skeletal muscles has been reported in the course of hereditary haemochromatosis (HH) but a systematic study is lacking. However, patients with HH report symptoms suggesting a possible polyneuropathy or myopathy. In this study patients with DNA proven HH were recruited from a large general teaching ...
Kanai Masashi - - 2010
Although the risk of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy depends on cumulative oxaliplatin dose, susceptibility to this adverse event differs greatly among patients. In this study, we investigated the associations between oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy and the following polymorphisms: glutathione S-transferase pi (GSTP1) Ile(105)Val, and glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGXT) Pro(11)Leu and AGXT Ile(340)Met. Eighty-two Japanese patients ...
Bink Andrea - - 2010
Cranial nerve palsies are regularly observed in patients with arteriovenous fistulas of the cavernous sinus. The purpose of our study was to determine the long-term clinical outcome-with a special focus on extra-ocular muscular dysfunctions-in patients who had undergone endovascular treatment of a cavernous sinus fistula with detachable coils. Sixteen patients ...
Dingli D - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Patients with AL amyloidosis can benefit from high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Transplantation can be challenging due to fluid shifts, sepsis, and cardiac dysrhythmias. Amyloidosis may present with autonomic neuropathy (AN) that renders peritransplant care problematic. The purpose of this study was to determine the outcome ...
Bo?rio Delphine - - 2010
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) infusions may provide clinical benefits in multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). The short delay in the clinical response to IVIg therapy is not consistent with a process of remyelination or axonal regeneration. We assessed whether or not the efficacy of IVIg infusions ...
Siviero M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine somesthetic, olfactory, gustative and salivary abnormalities in patients with burning mouth syndrome (BMS), idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (ITN) and trigeminal postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients from each group (BMS, ITN, PHN) and 60 healthy controls were evaluated with a systematized quantitative approach of thermal (cold ...
Vekris Marios D - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic brachial plexus paralysis invariably involves the upper roots leading to paralysis of the shoulder region musculature. Early neurotisation of the suprascapular and the axillary nerve should be one of the priorities in plexus reconstruction in order to reanimate the shoulder. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1998 to 2007, 78 ...
Gemignani Franco - - 2010
We report the features of non-length dependent small fiber neuropathy (SFN) and compare them to those with distal length-dependent SFN. In a series of 224 consecutive neuropathy patients, we evaluated 44 patients with SFN diagnosed in the presence of both symptoms and signs. Eleven were classified as non-length dependent SFN. ...
Huang Chi-Ren - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the correlation between brainstem-auditory evoked potentials (BAEP) and nerve conduction (NC) studies in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the results from the subjects who received our neurological screening test including BAEP and NC studies. A DM group and a control group were applied. ...
Zyluk Andrzej - - 2010
The objective of this study was to assess sympathetic activity within the hand in patients with unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome. In 53 patients, 42 female (79%) and 11 male (21%), having a mean age of 56 years, with clinically and electrophysiologically confirmed unilateral CTS, the sympathetic skin response (SSR) and ...
Jones Lyell K LK - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and electrophysiologic features of an unselected population of patients diagnosed clinically or genetically with oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD), and to discern any association with a peripheral neuropathy. METHODS: Patients with a clinical or genetic diagnosis of OPMD were retrospectively identified and characterized in terms of ...
Antonacopoulou A G - - 2010
To assess the significance of the ITGB3 polymorphism at residue 33 (ITGB3 L33P) in the development of chronic oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (OXLIPN). Fifty-five patients with advanced colorectal cancer were genotyped, using allele-specific primers and sybr green in real-time PCR. Patients had received adjuvant oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. The severity of the OXLIPN ...
Santos M S F - - 2010
The involvement of the peripheral nervous system in diverse autoimmune diseases is well established. However, no appropriately designed studies have been performed in primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS)-related peripheral neuropathy. We aimed to investigate the occurrence of peripheral neuropathy in patients diagnosed with PAPS. Twenty-six consecutive patients with PAPS (Sapporo criteria) ...
Linden Vanessa van der - - 2010
The aim of the study was to analyze the epidemiologic, clinical, laboratory and development profile of Guillain-Barré syndrome series studied at the Child Institute, between 1989 and 2000. From the 61 patients that fulfilled the selection criteria, aged between 7 months and 13 years old, no sexual or seasonal variation ...
Paoloni Marco - - 2010
Cardiovascular diseases manifest similar age and sex distribution in the general population and have some commons risk factors with some neuropathies. The aim of this study is to verify whether standard nerve conduction studies show significant differences in a group of poststroke hemiplegic patients, when compared with a control group, ...
Dionne Annie - - 2010
Up to 16% of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) patients may present acutely. We performed a retrospective chart review on 30 acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) and 15 acute-onset CIDP (A-CIDP) patients looking for any clinical or electrophysiological parameters that might differentiate AIDP from acutely presenting CIDP. A-CIDP patients were ...
Chamberlain Jayne L - - 2010
Peripherin-IgG has been reported a pertinent autoantibody in non-obese type 1 diabetic (NOD) mice. However, it has not previously been recognized in any human disease. In blinded evaluation of serum for markers of neurological autoimmunity in a high-volume diagnostic laboratory, we incidentally identified 26 patients (61% female) with an IgG ...
França M C MC - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Autonomic dysfunction is a usual feature of several neurological conditions characterized by either extra-pyramidal and/or peripheral damage, such as those seen in Machado-Joseph disease (MJD). AIMS OF THE STUDY: We used clinical evaluation and sympathetic skin responses (SSR) to assess autonomic function in a large series of patients with ...
Hlubocky Ales - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients with lower extremity sensory symptoms and pain but without clinical or standard neurophysiological examination abnormalities may have a small fiber neuropathy. Skin biopsy with intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) assessment has been promoted as a diagnostic tool for such patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic utility of skin ...
Terzis Julia K - - 2010
Möbius syndrome is a disorder characterized by developmental impairment of cranial nerve VII, VI, often XII, and other cranial nerves. Facial reanimation in such patients restores the ability of some motion and of limited emotional expression. In one-fourth of these patients, hypoglossal involvement results in severe speech impairment due to ...
Nakatani Hiroaki - - 2010
The antidromic facial nerve response (AFNR) is recommended as a monitoring method to detect cases resulting in facial nerve degeneration within 1 week after onset in patients with Bell's palsy and Hunt syndrome. The purpose of this study was to establish criteria for the AFNR to predict the prognosis of ...
Aydin Atakan - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate surgical treatment and follow-up results of patients who presented to our department with sciatic nerve injuries. METHODS: The study included 13 patients (12 males, 1 female; mean age 23 years; range 11 to 35 years) who underwent surgical treatment for sciatic ...
Ashraf A R - - 2010
Peripheral neuropathy is one of the most frequently reported neurological extra-intestinal manifestations of the Crohn disease. Former studies have showed sympathetic neuropathy as early manifestation of CD by physical tests. The aim of this study is to examine sympathetic neuropathy in CD by using sympathetic skin response (SSR). We performed ...
Biegstraaten Marieke - - 2010
Fabry patients have symptoms and signs compatible with autonomic dysfunction. These symptoms and signs are considered to be due to impairment of the peripheral nervous system, but findings indicative of autonomic neuropathy in other diseases, such as orthostatic intolerance and male sexual dysfunction, are infrequently reported in Fabry disease. The ...
Yoshioka Shinji - - 2010
Complex clubfeet represent a subset of clubfeet with unique features. Their correction requires a modification of the Ponseti casting technique and good short term results have been reported. However, these clubfeet are very difficult to treat and there is a higher chance for potential complications. We reviewed the database of ...
Göktas Onder - - 2010
Despite the fact that Wegener's granulomatosis affects the nasal and paranasal cavities and the cranial nerves regularly, chemosensory impairments have not been reported. The objective of this study is to test the three chemosensory systems, olfaction, taste, and intranasal trigeminal function in Wegener disease patients. We tested olfactory, gustatory, and ...
Iijima Masahiro - - 2010
PURPOSE: Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by lack of pain and thermal sensation, anhidrosis, thermodysregulation, and mental retardation. Although nonnociceptive sensation, which is mediated by large-caliber myelinated Abeta fibers, is reported to be normal in CIPA patients, precise clinical assessments of ...
Bleckner Lisa L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ropivacaine is a long-acting local anesthetic used frequently for peripheral nerve blocks and continuous peripheral nerve block catheters. Combat trauma patients at Walter Reed Army Medical Center often receive continuous peripheral nerve block catheters as part of their pain regimen. These catheters remain in situ for several days to ...
Sahin Sevki - - 2009
Alterations in blink reflex excitability may occur in the contralateral side (CLS) and in the symptomatic side after peripheral facial palsy (PFP). In this study, the alterations of blink reflex in CLS were evaluated in cases with PFP who showed "three different types" of recovery. For this purpose, the R2 ...
Tavakoli Mitra - - 2009
Neuropathy is a cause of significant disability in patients with Fabry disease, yet its diagnosis is difficult. In this study we compared the novel noninvasive techniques of corneal confocal microscopy (CCM) to quantify small-fiber pathology, and non-contact corneal aesthesiometry (NCCA) to quantify loss of corneal sensation, with established tests of ...
Zambelis Th - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate small myelinated (Adelta) and unmyelinated (C) fiber function in patients with CMT1A and CMTX polyneuropathy. 17 CMT1A and 10 Cx32 polyneuropathy patients were investigated with warm and cold threshold to evaluate small myelinated (Adelta) an unmyelinated (C) somatic fiber function and with ...
Stager Sheila V - - 2010
PURPOSE: Differential diagnosis of patients over 64 years of age reporting hoarseness is challenging. Laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) was used to determine the status of the recurrent and superior laryngeal nerves. The authors hypothesized that individuals with hoarseness but normal LEMG would have measures similar to those of patients from previous ...
Lachance Daniel H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Between November, 2006, and May, 2008, a subacute neurological syndrome affected workers from two swine abattoirs in Minnesota and Indiana who had occupational exposure to aerosolised porcine brain. We aimed to describe the pathogenic and immunological characteristics of this illness. METHODS: All patients from two abattoirs who presented or ...
Kimura Akio - - 2010
We reviewed the clinical, electrophysiological an laboratory findings, plus the therapeutics and evolution of patients with motor-dominant Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) and compared them with those of other CIDP patients. Among 12 consecutive CIDP patients, we identified five patients with motor-dominant CIDP. The five patients with motor-dominant CIDP initially ...
Kimpinski K - - 2009
Autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy is characterized by impairment of multiple autonomic domains of which sudomotor function is among the most common. Many patients with this disorder have difficulties with thermoregulation and anhidrosis. Our objective was to characterize the distribution and severity of sudomotor dysfunction in this disorder. Sudomotor function was analyzed ...
Peñarrocha María - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to present a clinical series of patients with trigeminal neuropathy and their treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present a retrospective study of 15 cases of idiopathic trigeminal neuropathies, with unilateral involvement of 1 or more divisions of the trigeminal nerve. The clinical, radiologic, ...
Rahal Adriana - - 2009
Peripheral facial paralysis (PFP) usually affects the facial nerve in part or in whole on one side of the face. Most patients with acute PFP find it difficult to chew on the paralyzed side, especially due to compromised buccinator function. In addition, the sagging of the ipsilateral lip commissure tends ...
Campbell Chris A - - 2009
Sural nerve biopsy is a valuable tool for the diagnosis of neuropathic disorders. However, concerns of persisting pain and numbness resulting from traditional whole sural nerve biopsy have led to interfascicular dissection techniques with inconsistent benefits over whole nerve biopsy. In this study we describe a novel technique of atraumatic ...
Winge K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The role of electromyography (EMG) recorded from the external anal sphincter (EAS) in the diagnosis of atypical parkinsonian syndromes is a matter for continuous debate. Most studies addressing this issue are retrospective. METHODS: In this study, we prospectively investigated six patients with Parkinson's Disease (IPD), 14 patients with multiple ...
Purvin Valerie - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Optic perineuritis (OPN) is an inflammatory condition involving the optic nerve sheath because of a variety of causes. We describe three patients in whom OPN was secondary to Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) and compare the clinical findings in these cases with those of idiopathic OPN. METHODS: This is a retrospective ...
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