Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1378
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Nishi Keiko - - 2011
We examined the associations of circulating levels of pentraxin 3 (PTX3), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and some other inflammatory mediators with cardiorenal syndrome. In advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients (estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1.73 m(2)), the values of area under the curve of PTX3, tumor necrosis factor α, ...
Bosco D - - 2011
Idiopathic peripheral facial nerve palsy or Bell's palsy (BP) is the most common cause of facial nerve palsy. To evaluate the role of glucose metabolism abnormalities in BP. We identified 148 patients with unilateral BP and 128 control subjects. In all we evaluated glucose level at fasting and after a ...
Ren L - - 2011
Early detection and timely intervention are important for improving contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) prognosis. Whether urinary N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase (NAG) is a useful marker for early detection of CIN was investigated in 590 patients undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography (CA) and/or therapeutic percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute coronary syndromes or stable angina, and ...
Englberger Lars - - 2011
The RIFLE (risk, injury, failure, loss of kidney function, and end-stage renal failure) classification for acute kidney injury (AKI) was recently modified by the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN). The two definition systems differ in several aspects, and it is not clearly determined which has the better clinical accuracy. In ...
Oner-Iyidogan Yildiz - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Inflammation and loss of appetite is the most common problem in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This comparative cross-sectional study aimed to characterize the changes in circulating levels of ghrelin, obestatin, leptin, all of which have an effect on food intake, and proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor ...
Bover Jordi - - 2011
Cinacalcet reduces intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), Ca and P serum levels in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). This Spanish, multicenter, observational, retrospective study collected data from SHPT dialysis patients 12 weeks before and up to 72 weeks after starting cinacalcet in clinical practice. Data from 428 patients with uncontrolled SHPT ...
Daher Elizabeth De Francesco - - 2010
Leptospirosis is the most important zoonosis in the world. Patients are typically young men. Several factors are involved in acute kidney injury (AKI) in leptospirosis, including direct nephrotoxic action of the leptospira, hyperbilirubinemia, rhabdomyolysis and hypovolemia. The major histological findings are acute interstitial nephritis and acute tubular necrosis. Leptospirosis-induced AKI ...
Venkatesan T - - 2010
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder that is characterized by recurrent episodes of intense vomiting. There are several postulated mechanisms involved in its pathogenesis and one potential explanation for this disorder may be linked to autonomic dysfunction. The aim of our study was to evaluate autonomic nerve ...
Fontseré Néstor - - 2010
Continuous ionic dialysance monitoring is a useful clinical tool to determine the dialysis dose in real time in each hemodialysis session. We followed up 49 patients for 16 months. Six patients with a Kt reduction of ≥20% in >3 consecutive hemodialysis sessions were identified. Fistulography demonstrated significant stenosis in all ...
Shim Hyun Joon - - 2011
Abstract Conclusions: Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) with multiple involvement of cranial nerves is more severe and intractable than RHS without such involvement. Objectives: Typically, RHS involves VII and VIII nerves and unilaterally, and RHS accompanied by multiple cranial neuropathy is very rare. We describe 11 patients who developed RHS with ...
Pogrel M A - - 2010
This study reports the signs and symptoms that are the features of trigeminal nerve injuries caused by local anaesthesia (LA). Thirty-three patients with nerve injury following LA were assessed. All data were analysed using the SPSS statistical programme and Microsoft Excel. Lingual nerve injury (LNI; n = 16) and inferior ...
Eisenhart Elizabeth - - 2010
Efforts to increase the number of functioning arteriovenous fistulas in chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 4 and 5 have been impacted by concerns about the risk for contrast-induced nephropathy during diagnostic and interventional procedures for poorly developed fistulas. We conducted a prospective observational study of low volume iodinated contrast administration ...
Renton T - - 2010
This study reports the signs and symptoms that are the features of trigeminal nerve injuries caused by local anaesthesia (LA). Thirty-three patients with nerve injury following LA were assessed. All data were analysed using the SPSS statistical programme and Microsoft Excel. Lingual nerve injury (LNI; n = 16) and inferior ...
Incecik Faruk - - 2011
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is one of the reasons of acute polyneuropathy causing severe morbidity and mortality. Forty-six patients with GBS were included in our study. Clinical, laboratory, electrophysiological and prognostic features of the patients were evaluated retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups. Group A consisted of children who attained ...
Chang Won Seok - - 2010
Hemifacial spasm is commonly caused by arterial compression of the facial nerve. Although vascular compression usually occurs at the facial nerve exit zone, in some cases, the facial nerve is compressed more distally. We analyzed the clinical outcome of microneurovascular decompression in patients with hemifacial spasm caused by either distal ...
Lee Ji Hwan - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors for severe thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) and compressive optic neuropathy in Korean patients. This study was a retrospective comparative case series. All TAO patients who were first seen at our institution between 2005 and 2009 and who had follow-up periods of ...
Matsuda M - - 2011
Background:  Involvement of visceral organs usually dominates the clinical picture of primary systemic AL amyloidosis, but some patients suffer from serious peripheral neuropathy. The aim of this study is to clinically and electrophysiologically investigate peripheral nerve involvement in AL amyloidosis patients. Patients and methods:  We reviewed clinical manifestations, electrophysiological findings ...
Choi Young Sik - - 2010
The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) is effective in the treatment of dysmenorrhea associated with adenomyosis. However, the mechanism of pain relief of LNG-IUS in patients with adenomyosis is unclear. We aimed to investigate the effects of LNG-IUS on the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) and its receptors, NGFR p75 ...
Hadjivassiliou M - - 2010
Gluten sensitivity can engender neurologic dysfunction, one of the two commonest presentations being peripheral neuropathy. The commonest type of neuropathy seen in the context of gluten sensitivity is sensorimotor axonal. We report 17 patients with sensory ganglionopathy associated with gluten sensitivity. This is a retrospective observational case series of 17 ...
Damasceno Alfredo - - 2011
Sensory neuronopathies (SN) represent a subgroup of peripheral nervous system disorders which are becoming increasingly recognized. Despite a few reports of autonomic dysfunction, this complication has not been fully appreciated. Autonomic function was quantified through tests of sympathetic and parasympathetic function (forming the Autonomic Tests Score, ATS), and through a ...
Tambe Katya - - 2010
To analyze the efficacy of intravenous methylprednisolone (IVMP) immunosuppression in the management of active thyroid eye disease (TED). This is a consecutive case series of 36 patients treated with 1 g of IVMP over 3 days, between January 2000 and January 2008. The indications for this treatment were moderate to ...
Alon Eran E - - 2010
Our objective was to review patients who presented to our medical center with a diagnosis of neurosarcoidosis affecting the vagus nerve and to present symptoms, progression, treatments, and outcome. We performed a chart review of patients who presented to our medical center in the past 10 years with a diagnosis ...
Fishman Ronald S - - 2010
Premature closure of one coronal skull suture produces a characteristic arching or relative elevation of the superior orbital rim on the involved side. This sign is associated with facial asymmetry, and both signs are usually the most conspicuous features in patients with mild unilateral coronal craniosynostosis. Photographs suggest that at ...
Tataroglu Cengiz - - 2010
In this article, 2 patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) are presented. These patients developed respiratory failure which could not be explained by any cardiac or pulmonary pathology. The first case had pure motor involvement and probable CIDP, and the second case had severe sensorial dysfunction and an ataxic ...
Krishnan Kartik G - - 2010
The functions of the human face are not only of esthetic significance but also extend into metaphoric nuances of psychology. The loss of function of one or both facial nerves has a remarkable impact on patients' lives. To retrospectively analyze the functional outcomes of microneurovascular facial reanimation using masseteric innervation. ...
Bandinelli F - - 2010
To investigate carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) with ultrasound (US) in asymptomatic SSc patients and to seek out the relationship between CTS and SSc clinical variables In 64 SSc patients (55 women and 9 men, mean age 57±14 years) and in 30 healthy controls, area (MNA), transverse (MNT) and anteroposterior (MNAP) ...
Stamboulis Elefterios - - 2010
The potential association between the severity of autonomic dysfunction and peripheral neuropathy has not been extensively investigated, with the few studies yielding inconsistent results. We evaluated the relationship between autonomic dysfunction and peripheral neuropathy in chronic hemodialysis patients in a cross-sectional study. Cardiovascular autonomic function was assessed in 42 consecutive ...
Straver Dirk C G - - 2011
Increased weakness during cold (cold paresis) was reported in single cases of multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN). This was unexpected because demyelination is a feature of MMN and symptoms of demyelination improve, rather than worsen, in cold. It was hypothesized that cold paresis in MMN does not reflect demyelination only, but ...
Tschernatsch M - - 2010
Anti-SOX1 antibodies have been described to be positive in patients with paraneoplastic Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome and, in a lower amount, in patients with anti-Hu positive paraneoplastic neurological syndromes, and with SCLC alone, respectively. We found 5/32 patients with paraneoplastic neuropathy and, surprisingly, 4/22 patients with neuropathy of unknown origin positive ...
Yang N C-C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) due to amyloidogenic transthyretin (TTR) is often associated with impairment of thermonociceptive functions. This study investigated skin innervation and its clinical significance in genetically defined FAP due to a hot-spot Ala97Ser TTR mutation (Ala97Ser). METHODS: Skin biopsies were performed on the distal leg of patients ...
Biegstraaten Marieke - - 2010
Type 1 Gaucher disease is currently categorized as non-neuronopathic, although recent studies suggest peripheral neurological manifestations. We report prevalence and incidence data for peripheral neuropathy and associated conditions from a multinational, prospective, longitudinal, observational cohort study in patients with type 1 Gaucher disease, either untreated or receiving enzyme replacement therapy. ...
Luan Xinghua - - 2010
Nonuniform pathologic changes in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy were previously reported only in adult humans. We analyzed the pathologic features of 12 children, aged 2-17 years, with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Six patients manifested a preceding illness. Five patients presented a chronic, monophasic course, and seven presented a relapsing-remitting course. ...
Rajabally Yusuf A - - 2010
The prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) is unknown in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). We prospectively studied 28 patients with CIDP. Prevalence of RLS in CIDP was ascertained by face-to-face interview using validated criteria and compared with that in 28 age- and gender-matched controls. Eleven (39.3%) CIDP patients were ...
Ross A H - - 2010
To report three cases of Nonarteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAAION) in patients with Addison's disease. We present a retrospective review of patients presenting with NAAION with underlying Addison's disease. Three eyes of two young patients presented with NAAION. Both patients had underlying Addison's disease with episodes of prolonged hypotension. ...
Schestatsky Pedro - - 2011
The authors examined the effects of thermal stimulation on electrodermal activity (EDA) in patients with primary palmar hyperhidrosis (PPH). The authors hypothesised that temperature changes may induce abnormal sudomotor reactions because of simultaneous activation of sudomotor centres through thermal and emotional pathways, and compared patients before and after thoracoscopic sympathectomy. ...
Rizzo Vincenzo - - 2010
Much evidence suggests that restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a disorder characterized by an unsuppressed response to sensory urges due to abnormalities in inhibitory pathways that specifically link sensory input and motor output. Therefore, in the present study, we tested sensory-motor integration in patients with RLS, measured by short latency ...
Hinterdorfer Philipp - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV), little is known about the segmental innervation in this condition. METHODS: The authors performed a prospective comparative clinical evaluation and an intraoperative electromyographic (EMG) investigation on patients with six lumbar vertebral bodies (6LVB) and on patients with five lumbar vertebrae ...
Zyluk A - - 2010
The objective of this study was to assess sympathetic activity within the hand in patients with unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome. In 53 patients, 42 female (79%) and 11 male (21%), having a mean age of 56 years, with clinically and electrophysiologically confirmed unilateral CTS, the sympathetic skin response (SSR) and ...
El-Salem Khalid - - 2010
The objective of this study is to investigate the frequency, magnitude, and nature of peripheral nerve dysfunction in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Consecutive CF patients above the age of 3 years were recruited from the pediatric gastroenterology clinic. Twenty-five patients, 14 boys and 11 girls, were included, with mean ...
Uluduz Derya - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate trigeminal nerve involvement in patients with peripheral facial palsy. In total, 25 patients with facial nerve palsy and 19 controls were tested by electrophysiological methods regarding their facial and trigeminal nerve functions within 1 month after disease onset. The presence of an ...
Pineles Stacy L - - 2010
We report two patients, both with a history of gastric surgery, who presented with progressive optic neuropathy and myelopathy. The patients' symptoms were initially attributed to vitamin B12 deficiency and/or neuromyelitis optica; however, after the neurologic deficits continued to progress with the use of conventional treatments, further evaluation was initiated, ...
Yerdelen Deniz - - 2010
Axonal injury and/or demyelination commonly result in peripheral mononeuropathy, polyneuropathy or entrapment neuropathies in hypothyroidism. In this study, we aimed to measure the strength-duration time constants (SDTC) of motor and sensory fibres in patients with primary hypothyroidism before and after hormone replacement treatment. The motor and sensory SDTC and rheobase ...
Modi C S - - 2010
Median nerve motor fascicle compression in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome is usually characterised by reduced finger grip and pinch strength, loss of thumb abduction and opposition strength and thenar atrophy. The functional outcome in patients with advanced changes may be poor due to irreversible intraneural changes. The aim of ...
Tantry Thrivikrama Padur - - 2010
Peripheral nerve block (PNB) in anticoagulated patients is controversial and guidelines are not defined. We report two patients with severe cardiac valvular lesions, who underwent emergency surgeries for lower limb. Both the patients were on anticoagulants, warfarin and heparin in one and aspirin and clopidogrel in the other, with abnormal ...
Kano Hideyuki - - 2011
Object The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) when used for patients with intractable cluster headache (CH). Methods Four participating centers of the North American Gamma Knife Consortium identified 17 patients who underwent GKS for intractable CH between 1996 and 2008. The ...
Ruts L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to provide criteria that can help to distinguish between GBS-TRF and A-CIDP in the early phase of disease. BACKGROUND: The distinction between Guillain-Barr? syndrome (GBS) with fluctuations shortly after start of treatment (treatment-related fluctuations, or GBS-TRF) and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy with acute ...
van Dijk J P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A) is known as a demyelinating hereditary neuropathy. Secondary axonal dysfunction is the most important determinant of disease severity. In adult patients, clinical progression may be because of further axonal deterioration as was shown with compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitude reductions over time. The ...
Kim Byung-Jo - - 2010
We performed this study to evaluate whether or not the cutaneous silent period (CSP) is a useful metric to identify small-fiber neuropathy in diabetic patients. The CSP was measured from the abductor pollicis brevis muscle in 30 healthy controls and 110 diabetic patients, who in turn were divided into 3 ...
Kim Han-Joon - - 2010
In the cerebellopontine angle cistern, the nervus intermedius (NI) runs close to the motor division of the facial nerve (FN). A vascular loop compressing the FN in patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS) can thus also affect the NI. However, to our knowledge, taste has not been investigated in patients with ...
Barz Thomas - - 2010
Retrospective case-referent study. To assess whether the new sedimentation sign discriminates between nonspecific low back pain (LBP) and symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). In the diagnosis of LSS, radiologic findings do not always correlate with clinical symptoms, and additional diagnostic signs are needed. In patients without LSS, we observe the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >