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Results 451 - 500 of 1378
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Robinson C M - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics of a series of patients presenting with benign trigeminal sensory neuropathy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the clinical and pathologic characteristics of 23 patients presenting with facial numbness of unknown etiology. RESULTS: Patients presented ...
Takahashi Y - - 2003
Ataxic sensory neuronopathy with Sjögren's syndrome is a devastating neurologic complication for which there is no established treatment. IV immunoglobulin (IVIG) was given to five patients with severe disabilities for an average of 12 years. Four patients showed remarkable improvement, two of whom responded after the first course. The authors ...
Kärppä Mikko - - 2003
Peripheral neuropathy is one of the clinical manifestations of the MELAS (mitochondrial encephalopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes) syndrome, but its frequency and phenotypic variability have not been properly characterised. We therefore studied the clinical and electrophysiological features of peripheral neuropathy in 32 patients with the 3243A > G ...
Kacker Ashutosh - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Graves' orbitopathy can produce proptosis, compressive optic neuropathy, and extraocular motility abnormalities; symptoms result from an increase in orbital volume due to expansion of intraorbital fat, with or without extraocular muscle involvement. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a chart review of patients who underwent orbital decompression to treat Graves' orbitopathy. ...
Said Gérard - - 2003
Besides the common distal symmetrical sensory-motor polyneuropathy (DSP) that is often associated with autonomic dysfunction, diabetic patients may develop multifocal sensory-motor deficits (MDN) secondary to roots, plexus and nerve trunk involvement. Nerve ischaemia has been suggested as a common mechanism for the different patterns of diabetic neuropathies, yet the important ...
Pan Chun-Liang - - 2003
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is traditionally considered to be a large-fibre neuropathy. However, the presence of hypo-aesthesia, dysaesthesia and dysautonomia in GBS patients raises the possibility that small-diameter sensory and autonomic nerves may also be affected. To investigate small-fibre neuropathy in GBS, we performed a skin biopsy from the distal leg ...
Setzen Michael - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The study goal was to evaluate the association among laryngopharyngeal sensory deficits, pharyngeal motor function, and the prevalence of aspiration with thin liquids. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted a prospective study of 204 consecutive patients undergoing flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing with sensory testing and an assessment of ...
Tsambaos D - - 2003
A 57-year-old female patient with widespread chronic plaque psoriasis and a 32-year-old male patient with severe oral lichen planus are reported, who developed sensory symptoms in the extremities 3 and 4 months after the onset of oral acitretin therapy, respectively. Both patients showed clinical and electrophysiological evidence of a sensory ...
Redaelli de Zinis Luca O - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The pathophysiology and treatment of facial nerve paralysis associated with acute otitis media are still under debate. The objective of this study was to review treatment strategies and extent of recovery in adult patients with the aim of defining a standard treatment protocol for this rare pathologic condition. STUDY ...
Kunihiro Takanobu - - 2003
To clarify the factors contributing to patient satisfaction with facial movement after the classic hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis, we examined 46 such patients who consented to an interview and video-recording. No correlation was seen between the physician's evaluation of returned function (according to Yanagihara's 40-point scale and the grading system of ...
Mukherjee Subhash Chandra - - 2003
Large number of people from 9 out of 18 districts of West Bengal, India are endemically exposed to arsenic contaminated groundwater due to drinking of tubewell water containing arsenic level above World Health Organization's maximum permissible limit of 50 microg/L. From our ongoing studies on neurological involvement in patients of ...
Lauria Giuseppe - - 2003
We examined 29 patients with chronic progressive ganglionopathy of different etiology. Neurophysiological abnormalities were dominated by a widespread decrease in sensory nerve action potential amplitudes, which involved both upper and lower limb nerves, even in patients with asymmetrical or patchy clinical presentation. This impairment of sensory nerve conduction, reflecting a ...
A CHIT SAZ; Isfahan ...
Sometimes before signs of lung tumor, peripheral nerve involvement with sensory neuropathy tell us about lung cancer. This sensory neuropathy often accompany with oat cell carcinoma of lung. The initial symptoms are numbness or paresthesic in a limb and over a period of days or weeks symptoms became bilateral and ...
Galanos J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Anticipating the prospect of specific treatment, we studied a large group of Australians with Fabry's disease. AIMS: We aimed to: (i) document the clinical features of Fabry's disease in Australian patients, (ii) test the hypothesis that clinical features vary with specific mutation and blood group and (iii) assess small-fibre ...
Bleustein C B - - 2002
These studies were intended to explore the relationship between autonomic neuropathy and erectile dysfunction (ED). Sensory thresholds reflecting the integrity of both large diameter, myelinated neurons (ie pressure, touch, vibration) and small diameter axons (ie hot and cold thermal sensation) were determined on the penis and finger. Data were compared ...
Takegoshi Hideki - - 2002
PURPOSE: To ascertain the location of the facial nerve in patients with microtia by using thin-section computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thin-section CT was performed in 66 ears of patients with microtia (unilateral, n = 12; bilateral, n = 34) and mandibulofacial dysostosis (MFD, n = 20). Findings were ...
Cappelen-Smith Cecilia - - 2002
The clinical and neurophysiological features of multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) indicate selective involvement of motor axons, but pathological abnormalities in sensory axons suggest a more widespread disease process. The present study was undertaken to determine whether the focal abnormalities are associated with widespread subclinical abnormalities in motor axons. Threshold tracking ...
Stojadinovic Alexander - - 2002
To analyze voice function before and after thyroidectomy for patients with normal preoperative voice using a standardized multidimensional voice assessment protocol. The natural history of post-thyroidectomy voice disturbances for patients with preserved laryngeal nerve function has not been systematically studied and characterized with the intent of using the data for ...
Andrews Tricia R TR Mayo Medical School, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2002
To determine the value of subcutaneous fat aspiration in patients with sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients undergoing subcutaneous fat aspiration for suspected amyloidosis from January 1, 1994, through December 31,1999. We classified patients undergoing subcutaneous fat aspiration due to peripheral neuropathy into 2 ...
Plante-Bordeneuve Violaine - - 2002
Dejerine-Sottas disease (DSD) was originally described as a hypertrophic polyneuropathy characterized by onset in infancy or early childhood in patients born to unaffected parents. The clinical features included distal sensory changes with ataxia; pes cavus, at times with kyphoscoliosis; motor deficit and atrophy predominating in the distal lower limbs and ...
Priori A - - 2002
The strength-duration function is a classic measure of neural excitability. When studied on peripheral motor axons it reflects the intrinsic nodal membrane properties, and its time-constant (tau(SD) or chronaxie) predominantly depends on non-voltage-gated, rest Na(+) inward conductances. We assessed the strength-duration curve of ulnar motor axons in 22 nerves of ...
Oshima Y - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Several serum antibodies against gangliosides are diagnostically important, particularly in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS), and multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN). Although hyperreflexia is an atypical symptom in these disorders, it has been found in some patients with GBS, MFS, and MMN. The aim of the study was ...
Thömke Frank - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Small brainstem infarctions are increasingly recognized as a cause of isolated ocular motor and vestibular nerve palsies in diabetic and/or hypertensive patients. This raises the question whether there are also isolated 7(th) nerve palsies due to pontine infarctions in patients with such risk factors for the development of cerebrovascular ...
Lyu Rong-Kuo - - 2002
Quantitative cardiovascular autonomic function tests (AFTs) and sympathetic skin response (SSR) were performed in 12 patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). Parasympathetic autonomic function was examined by Valsalva ratio and R-R interval variation during rest and deep breathing. Sympathetic autonomic function was evaluated by blood pressure responses to sustained ...
Chiang M-C - - 2002
The authors evaluated epidermal nerve density (END) and thermal thresholds in 18 patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). END of patients with CIDP were lower than those of controls (4.5 +/- 2.9 vs 10.5 +/- 3.9 fibers/mm, p < 0.001). Reduced END were associated with autonomic symptoms. Thermal thresholds ...
Paulson Henry L - - 2002
X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX) is a hereditary demyelinating neuropathy caused by mutations in the connexin 32 (Cx32) gene. Cx32 is widely expressed in brain and peripheral nerve, yet clinical manifestations of CMTX mainly arise from peripheral neuropathy. We have evaluated two male patients with CMTX who on separate occasions developed ...
Peters George B GB - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the causes and prognosis of sixth nerve palsies in patients who are 20 to 50 years of age. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: All patients aged 20 to 50 years with a nontraumatic sixth nerve palsy seen in a neuro-ophthalmic practice from 1994 to 2000. INTERVENTION: ...
Bickel A - - 2002
To improve sensitivity of the analysis of axon reflex flare reaction, the authors used a laser Doppler scanner and analyzed flare intensity and size induced by histamine iontophoresis simultaneously at the foot and thigh in patients with small-fiber neuropathy (n = 10) and controls (n = 9). Flare size, but ...
Osoegawa Manabu - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study subclinical involvement of the peripheral nerves in myelitis with hyperIgEaemia and mite antigen-specific IgE (atopic myelitis: AM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out a nerve conduction study of the median, ulnar, tibial, and sural nerves in 21 patients with AM and in 28 patients with clinically definite ...
Forssell Heli - - 2002
Our preliminary observations on a small group of burning mouth syndrome (BMS) patients indicated a change in the non-nociceptive, tactile sensory function in BMS and provided evidence for the hypothesis of a neuropathic etiology of BMS. In the present clinical study on a group of 52 BMS patients, we used ...
Viswanathan V - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of Tip-therm, a temperature discriminator, in making an early diagnosis of distal symmetrical polyneuropathy in diabetic patients and to compare its effectiveness with the Semmes-Weinstein monofilament and biothesiometry, which are established methods of diagnosing neuropathy in diabetic patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From the diabetic subjects ...
Alvarez-Arenal A - - 2002
A crossed-design experimental study has been made involving simple blind paired data and random assignment to treatment, with the aim of evaluating the action of an occlusal splint with transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) upon the manifestations of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in patients with bruxism. The prevalence of TMD in ...
Goldstein David S - - 2002
We report the case of a patient with chronic autonomic failure who had evidence of decreased postganglionic traffic to intact sympathetic nerve terminals. The patient complained mainly of decreased salivation, constipation, dry skin, and orthostatic intolerance. There was no evidence of central neurodegeneration. Autonomic function testing showed orthostatic hypotension without ...
Yamashita Toshihiko - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: Peripheral sensory functions in patients with radiculopathy resulting from lumbar disc herniation and in control individuals were analyzed using current perception threshold testing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the severity of sensory disturbance quantitatively in patients with lumbar radiculopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Subjective evaluation of the severity of sensory ...
Mursch Kay - - 2002
Trigeminal evoked potentials (TEPs) and sensory deficits in eighty-three patients admitted for first surgical treatment of facial pain were retrospectively analysed. Thirty-seven patients suffered from trigeminal neuralgia (TN), 10 from symptomatic TN (sTN), and 36 from atypical facial pain (AFP). Eighteen percent of the TN patients reported sensory deficits on ...
Sanders Scott K - - 2002
PURPOSE: To better define the long-term prognosis in patients with a vasculopathic sixth nerve palsy (6NP), specifically addressing the degree of recovery and incidence of recurrent similar episodes. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: An outpatient neuroophthalmic practice. STUDY POPULATION: Patients with one or more vascular risk ...
Hattori Naoki - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) are commonly characterized by systemic necrotizing vasculitis and frequent occurrence of axonal neuropathy. We investigated whether the neuropathy in these 2 diseases reveals differences in clinicopathologic features and predicts survival and functional outcome. METHODS: We compared 30 patients with CSS associated neuropathy ...
Chow Lawrence C K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of electroneurography (ENOG) as a prognostic indicator in Bell's Palsy for Chinese patients in Hong Kong. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral outpatient center. PATIENTS: Sixty-three consecutive patients with a diagnosis of Bell's Palsy in Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong, from January 1995 to ...
Deysine M - - 2002
Groin pain may be produced by a true hernia, trauma to the groin structures or peripheral nerve, or root compression at various levels. Approximately 4,000 patients underwent inguinal herniorrhaphy (group A). An additional 134 patients complaining of groin pain and exhibiting no evidence of primary or recurrent hernia fell into ...
Kvestad Ellen - - 2002
To estimate the occurrence of otogenic facial palsy, we performed a retrospective case record study of all patients hospitalized for otogenic facial palsy in the period 1989 to 1999 at Ullevål University Hospital, which is the only referral hospital for patients with otologic sequelae in Oslo. The facial palsy was ...
Hoitsma E - - 2002
Some patients with sarcoidosis have unexplained pain and dysaesthesia. We did quantitative sensory testing in 31 sarcoidosis patients with pain or autonomic dysfunction. 25 patients had reduced warmth sensitivity, cold sensitivity, or both. Intraepidermal nerve fibre density (IENFD) was measured in punch biopsy skin samples in seven consecutive patients. All ...
Macleod M-A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Sensory symptoms are a prominent feature of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), occurring at an early stage of the illness. They are persistent and can be troublesome. Here, they are described in detail and a possible anatomical basis is discussed. METHODS: The first 50 cases of vCJD confirmed by the ...
Taieb Sarah - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Regimens combining oxaliplatin with fluorouracil and folinic acid are standard therapeutic options for patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma. Oxaliplatin has a good safety profile, although it is responsible for dose-limiting neurotoxicity typically consisting of two distinct clusters of symptoms. Cold-induced distal paresthesiae occur during or shortly after infusion in ...
Tsai Stella Chin-Shaw - - 2002
The demographics of parotid neoplasms in different populations have been reported by various centres. In this investigation, we reviewed retrospectively all the in-patient and out-patient charts and records of 108 patients who were diagnosed with parotid neoplasms and received parotidectomies in our department from 1 January 1993 to 15 April ...
Saperstein David S. - - 2002
Vitamin B12, or cobalamin (Cbl), deficiency can produce a number of neurologic complications, including myelopathy, peripheral neuropathy, optic neuropathy, and dementia. The myelopathy, combined systems disease, is probably the most well known manifestation, and is usually readily recognized. The frequency with which peripheral neuropathy is the sole presenting feature of ...
Zeuner Kirsten E - - 2002
Some patients with focal hand dystonia have impaired sensory perception. Abnormal sensory processing may lead to problems with fine motor control. For patients with focal hand dystonia who demonstrate sensory dysfunction, sensory training may reverse sensory impairment and dystonic symptoms. We studied the efficacy of learning to read braille as ...
McCormick William E - - 2002
Two patients sought treatment for symptoms of bulbar motor dysfunction and the marked emotional lability that characterizes pseudobulbar palsy (PBP). Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed large petroclival masses with severe compression and displacement of the brainstem. A suboccipital craniectomy with a transpetrosal, transtentorial approach to the tumor was performed in ...
Felice Kevin J - - 2002
Multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) is a chronic, immune-mediate, peripheral myelinopathy. Inherent in its name, MMN implies involvement of two or more motor nerves. We report three patients with weakness and partial motor conduction block restricted to a single nerve and localized to sites that are not at risk for entrapment ...
Pogrel M Anthony - - 2002
PURPOSE: The goal was to evaluate the experience of one surgical unit during a 5-year period in the evaluation and management of patients with injuries of the inferior alveolar and lingual nerve with particular reference to indications for and results of microneurosurgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study includes all patients ...
Güler Nihal Fatma - - 2002
In this work, a microcontroller-based EMG designed and tested on 40 patients. When the patients are in rest, the fast Fourier transform (FFT) analysis was applied to EMG signals recorded from right leg peroneal region. The histograms are constructed from the results of the FFT analysis. The analysis results shows ...
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