Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1391
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Vad Vijay B - - 2003
The purpose of this study is to define the prevalence of peripheral nerve injury associated with full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff presenting with shoulder muscle atrophy. Twenty-five patients with the diagnosis of full-thickness rotator cuff tear were included. Electrodiagnostic testing, including nerve conduction studies and needle examination, was performed ...
Turhanoğlu Ayşe Dicle - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To measure the motor performance of the flexor pollicis brevis, first dorsal interosseus, and flexor pollicis longus muscles using the parameters electromyographic muscle reaction time and movement time in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome during key turning function. METHOD: A total of 37 female patients with right hand pain ...
Wilmshurst Jo M - - 2003
Over a 33-year period, 260 patients (< 17 years of age; 119 males, 141 females) from New South Wales, Australia who had peripheral neuropathies confirmed by nerve biopsy, were studied. Of these, 50 infants presented with symptoms or signs of neuropathy under 1 year of age: including 24 patients with ...
Cohen Arnon D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Brachioradial pruritus (BRP) is a localized pruritus of the dorsolateral aspect of the arm. BRP is an enigmatic condition with a controversial cause; some authors consider BRP to be a photodermatosis whereas other authors attribute BRP to compression of cervical nerve roots. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the presence ...
Chin R L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory enteropathy resulting from sensitivity to ingested gluten. Neurologic complications are estimated to occur in 10% of affected patients, with ataxia and peripheral neuropathy being the most common problems. The incidence and clinical presentation of patients with CD-associated peripheral neuropathy have not previously ...
Ijichi Toshiharu - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report a series of Japanese patients with neuropathic symptoms following HCV infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with neuropathic symptoms and HCV infection were studied retrospectively (neuropathy group). We evaluated clinical and electrophysiologic findings. As a control group, we investigated prospectively 11 ...
Chaudhry Vinay - - 2003
Partial motor conduction block, an electrophysiological hallmark of demyelination, helps to identify acquired demyelinating neuropathies but its electrophysiological detection can be difficult. We report a technique that may be helpful in this regard. Twenty-five patients with partial motor conduction block secondary to acquired demyelinating polyneuropathy (ADP), 7 with amyotrophic lateral ...
Stone J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although the symptoms of unilateral "medically unexplained" or "functional" weakness and sensory disturbance present commonly to neurologists, little is known about their long term prognosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the long term outcome of functional weakness and sensory disturbance. PATIENTS: A previously assembled cohort of 60 patients seen as inpatients ...
Tekgul Hasan - - 2003
Previous reports have suggested that outcome is worse in the axonal compared with the demyelinating form of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). We performed a retrospective study of 23 children with electrophysiologically confirmed cases of predominant subtypes of GBS to investigate this issue. The patients were classified based on the electrodiagnostic features: ...
Luostarinen L - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: A body of evidence shows that coeliac disease is associated with protean manifestations outside the intestine, and neurological disorders are well recognised. However, it remains obscure whether there are signs of clinical or subclinical nervous system involvement even in patients adopting an adequate gluten free diet. The aim of ...
Haq Rizwan U - - 2003
This retrospective analysis was undertaken to determine whether a subset of diabetic patients with demyelinating polyneuropathy were similar to patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). Ten patients meeting the clinical criteria for idiopathic CIDP were compared to nine patients with diabetes and demyelinating polyneuropathy. The diabetic patients with demyelinating ...
Costantino Peter D - - 2003
To report a new technique for unilateral brow suspension for facial paralysis that is minimally invasive, limits supraciliary scar formation, does not require specialized endoscopic equipment or expertise, and has proved to be equal to direct brow suspension in durability and symmetry. Retrospective survey of a case series of 23 ...
Robinson C M - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics of a series of patients presenting with benign trigeminal sensory neuropathy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the clinical and pathologic characteristics of 23 patients presenting with facial numbness of unknown etiology. RESULTS: Patients presented ...
Takahashi Y - - 2003
Ataxic sensory neuronopathy with Sjögren's syndrome is a devastating neurologic complication for which there is no established treatment. IV immunoglobulin (IVIG) was given to five patients with severe disabilities for an average of 12 years. Four patients showed remarkable improvement, two of whom responded after the first course. The authors ...
Kärppä Mikko - - 2003
Peripheral neuropathy is one of the clinical manifestations of the MELAS (mitochondrial encephalopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes) syndrome, but its frequency and phenotypic variability have not been properly characterised. We therefore studied the clinical and electrophysiological features of peripheral neuropathy in 32 patients with the 3243A > G ...
Kacker Ashutosh - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Graves' orbitopathy can produce proptosis, compressive optic neuropathy, and extraocular motility abnormalities; symptoms result from an increase in orbital volume due to expansion of intraorbital fat, with or without extraocular muscle involvement. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a chart review of patients who underwent orbital decompression to treat Graves' orbitopathy. ...
Said Gérard - - 2003
Besides the common distal symmetrical sensory-motor polyneuropathy (DSP) that is often associated with autonomic dysfunction, diabetic patients may develop multifocal sensory-motor deficits (MDN) secondary to roots, plexus and nerve trunk involvement. Nerve ischaemia has been suggested as a common mechanism for the different patterns of diabetic neuropathies, yet the important ...
Pan Chun-Liang - - 2003
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is traditionally considered to be a large-fibre neuropathy. However, the presence of hypo-aesthesia, dysaesthesia and dysautonomia in GBS patients raises the possibility that small-diameter sensory and autonomic nerves may also be affected. To investigate small-fibre neuropathy in GBS, we performed a skin biopsy from the distal leg ...
Setzen Michael - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The study goal was to evaluate the association among laryngopharyngeal sensory deficits, pharyngeal motor function, and the prevalence of aspiration with thin liquids. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted a prospective study of 204 consecutive patients undergoing flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing with sensory testing and an assessment of ...
Tsambaos D - - 2003
A 57-year-old female patient with widespread chronic plaque psoriasis and a 32-year-old male patient with severe oral lichen planus are reported, who developed sensory symptoms in the extremities 3 and 4 months after the onset of oral acitretin therapy, respectively. Both patients showed clinical and electrophysiological evidence of a sensory ...
Redaelli de Zinis Luca O - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The pathophysiology and treatment of facial nerve paralysis associated with acute otitis media are still under debate. The objective of this study was to review treatment strategies and extent of recovery in adult patients with the aim of defining a standard treatment protocol for this rare pathologic condition. STUDY ...
Kunihiro Takanobu - - 2003
To clarify the factors contributing to patient satisfaction with facial movement after the classic hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis, we examined 46 such patients who consented to an interview and video-recording. No correlation was seen between the physician's evaluation of returned function (according to Yanagihara's 40-point scale and the grading system of ...
Mukherjee Subhash Chandra - - 2003
Large number of people from 9 out of 18 districts of West Bengal, India are endemically exposed to arsenic contaminated groundwater due to drinking of tubewell water containing arsenic level above World Health Organization's maximum permissible limit of 50 microg/L. From our ongoing studies on neurological involvement in patients of ...
Lauria Giuseppe - - 2003
We examined 29 patients with chronic progressive ganglionopathy of different etiology. Neurophysiological abnormalities were dominated by a widespread decrease in sensory nerve action potential amplitudes, which involved both upper and lower limb nerves, even in patients with asymmetrical or patchy clinical presentation. This impairment of sensory nerve conduction, reflecting a ...
A CHIT SAZ; Isfahan ...
Sometimes before signs of lung tumor, peripheral nerve involvement with sensory neuropathy tell us about lung cancer. This sensory neuropathy often accompany with oat cell carcinoma of lung. The initial symptoms are numbness or paresthesic in a limb and over a period of days or weeks symptoms became bilateral and ...
Galanos J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Anticipating the prospect of specific treatment, we studied a large group of Australians with Fabry's disease. AIMS: We aimed to: (i) document the clinical features of Fabry's disease in Australian patients, (ii) test the hypothesis that clinical features vary with specific mutation and blood group and (iii) assess small-fibre ...
Bleustein C B - - 2002
These studies were intended to explore the relationship between autonomic neuropathy and erectile dysfunction (ED). Sensory thresholds reflecting the integrity of both large diameter, myelinated neurons (ie pressure, touch, vibration) and small diameter axons (ie hot and cold thermal sensation) were determined on the penis and finger. Data were compared ...
Takegoshi Hideki - - 2002
PURPOSE: To ascertain the location of the facial nerve in patients with microtia by using thin-section computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thin-section CT was performed in 66 ears of patients with microtia (unilateral, n = 12; bilateral, n = 34) and mandibulofacial dysostosis (MFD, n = 20). Findings were ...
Cappelen-Smith Cecilia - - 2002
The clinical and neurophysiological features of multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) indicate selective involvement of motor axons, but pathological abnormalities in sensory axons suggest a more widespread disease process. The present study was undertaken to determine whether the focal abnormalities are associated with widespread subclinical abnormalities in motor axons. Threshold tracking ...
Stojadinovic Alexander - - 2002
To analyze voice function before and after thyroidectomy for patients with normal preoperative voice using a standardized multidimensional voice assessment protocol. The natural history of post-thyroidectomy voice disturbances for patients with preserved laryngeal nerve function has not been systematically studied and characterized with the intent of using the data for ...
Andrews Tricia R TR Mayo Medical School, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2002
To determine the value of subcutaneous fat aspiration in patients with sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients undergoing subcutaneous fat aspiration for suspected amyloidosis from January 1, 1994, through December 31,1999. We classified patients undergoing subcutaneous fat aspiration due to peripheral neuropathy into 2 ...
Plante-Bordeneuve Violaine - - 2002
Dejerine-Sottas disease (DSD) was originally described as a hypertrophic polyneuropathy characterized by onset in infancy or early childhood in patients born to unaffected parents. The clinical features included distal sensory changes with ataxia; pes cavus, at times with kyphoscoliosis; motor deficit and atrophy predominating in the distal lower limbs and ...
Priori A - - 2002
The strength-duration function is a classic measure of neural excitability. When studied on peripheral motor axons it reflects the intrinsic nodal membrane properties, and its time-constant (tau(SD) or chronaxie) predominantly depends on non-voltage-gated, rest Na(+) inward conductances. We assessed the strength-duration curve of ulnar motor axons in 22 nerves of ...
Oshima Y - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Several serum antibodies against gangliosides are diagnostically important, particularly in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS), and multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN). Although hyperreflexia is an atypical symptom in these disorders, it has been found in some patients with GBS, MFS, and MMN. The aim of the study was ...
Thömke Frank - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Small brainstem infarctions are increasingly recognized as a cause of isolated ocular motor and vestibular nerve palsies in diabetic and/or hypertensive patients. This raises the question whether there are also isolated 7(th) nerve palsies due to pontine infarctions in patients with such risk factors for the development of cerebrovascular ...
Lyu Rong-Kuo - - 2002
Quantitative cardiovascular autonomic function tests (AFTs) and sympathetic skin response (SSR) were performed in 12 patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). Parasympathetic autonomic function was examined by Valsalva ratio and R-R interval variation during rest and deep breathing. Sympathetic autonomic function was evaluated by blood pressure responses to sustained ...
Chiang M-C - - 2002
The authors evaluated epidermal nerve density (END) and thermal thresholds in 18 patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). END of patients with CIDP were lower than those of controls (4.5 +/- 2.9 vs 10.5 +/- 3.9 fibers/mm, p < 0.001). Reduced END were associated with autonomic symptoms. Thermal thresholds ...
Paulson Henry L - - 2002
X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX) is a hereditary demyelinating neuropathy caused by mutations in the connexin 32 (Cx32) gene. Cx32 is widely expressed in brain and peripheral nerve, yet clinical manifestations of CMTX mainly arise from peripheral neuropathy. We have evaluated two male patients with CMTX who on separate occasions developed ...
Peters George B GB - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the causes and prognosis of sixth nerve palsies in patients who are 20 to 50 years of age. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: All patients aged 20 to 50 years with a nontraumatic sixth nerve palsy seen in a neuro-ophthalmic practice from 1994 to 2000. INTERVENTION: ...
Bickel A - - 2002
To improve sensitivity of the analysis of axon reflex flare reaction, the authors used a laser Doppler scanner and analyzed flare intensity and size induced by histamine iontophoresis simultaneously at the foot and thigh in patients with small-fiber neuropathy (n = 10) and controls (n = 9). Flare size, but ...
Osoegawa Manabu - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study subclinical involvement of the peripheral nerves in myelitis with hyperIgEaemia and mite antigen-specific IgE (atopic myelitis: AM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out a nerve conduction study of the median, ulnar, tibial, and sural nerves in 21 patients with AM and in 28 patients with clinically definite ...
Forssell Heli - - 2002
Our preliminary observations on a small group of burning mouth syndrome (BMS) patients indicated a change in the non-nociceptive, tactile sensory function in BMS and provided evidence for the hypothesis of a neuropathic etiology of BMS. In the present clinical study on a group of 52 BMS patients, we used ...
Viswanathan V - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of Tip-therm, a temperature discriminator, in making an early diagnosis of distal symmetrical polyneuropathy in diabetic patients and to compare its effectiveness with the Semmes-Weinstein monofilament and biothesiometry, which are established methods of diagnosing neuropathy in diabetic patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From the diabetic subjects ...
Alvarez-Arenal A - - 2002
A crossed-design experimental study has been made involving simple blind paired data and random assignment to treatment, with the aim of evaluating the action of an occlusal splint with transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) upon the manifestations of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in patients with bruxism. The prevalence of TMD in ...
Goldstein David S - - 2002
We report the case of a patient with chronic autonomic failure who had evidence of decreased postganglionic traffic to intact sympathetic nerve terminals. The patient complained mainly of decreased salivation, constipation, dry skin, and orthostatic intolerance. There was no evidence of central neurodegeneration. Autonomic function testing showed orthostatic hypotension without ...
Yamashita Toshihiko - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: Peripheral sensory functions in patients with radiculopathy resulting from lumbar disc herniation and in control individuals were analyzed using current perception threshold testing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the severity of sensory disturbance quantitatively in patients with lumbar radiculopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Subjective evaluation of the severity of sensory ...
Mursch Kay - - 2002
Trigeminal evoked potentials (TEPs) and sensory deficits in eighty-three patients admitted for first surgical treatment of facial pain were retrospectively analysed. Thirty-seven patients suffered from trigeminal neuralgia (TN), 10 from symptomatic TN (sTN), and 36 from atypical facial pain (AFP). Eighteen percent of the TN patients reported sensory deficits on ...
Sanders Scott K - - 2002
PURPOSE: To better define the long-term prognosis in patients with a vasculopathic sixth nerve palsy (6NP), specifically addressing the degree of recovery and incidence of recurrent similar episodes. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: An outpatient neuroophthalmic practice. STUDY POPULATION: Patients with one or more vascular risk ...
Hattori Naoki - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) are commonly characterized by systemic necrotizing vasculitis and frequent occurrence of axonal neuropathy. We investigated whether the neuropathy in these 2 diseases reveals differences in clinicopathologic features and predicts survival and functional outcome. METHODS: We compared 30 patients with CSS associated neuropathy ...
Chow Lawrence C K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of electroneurography (ENOG) as a prognostic indicator in Bell's Palsy for Chinese patients in Hong Kong. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral outpatient center. PATIENTS: Sixty-three consecutive patients with a diagnosis of Bell's Palsy in Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong, from January 1995 to ...
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