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Results 401 - 450 of 1500
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Zhang Chen-Ou - - 2005
Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic bladder disorder, with symptoms including pelvic and or perineal pain, urinary frequency, and urgency. The etiology of IC is unknown, but sensitive and specific biomarkers have been described, including antiproliferative factor (APF), heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF), and epidermal growth factor (EGF). ...
Gamberini Maria R - - 2004
We report a preliminary clinical experience in the use of hydroxyurea (HU) for the treatment of leg ulcers in thalassaemia intermedia patients with associated endocrine complications. We administered HU 1 g/day to 6 adult patients with thalassaemia intermedia for 90 days. We observed an improvement (3 patients) or healing (3 ...
Korn J H - - 2004
Recurrent digital ulcers are a manifestation of vascular disease in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) and lead to pain, impaired function, and tissue loss. We investigated whether treatment with the endothelin receptor antagonist, bosentan, decreased the development of new digital ulcers in patients with SSc. This was a randomized, ...
Nakamura Tadashi T Internal Medicine and Rheumatology Section, Kumamoto Center for Arthritis and Rheumatology , 1-15-7 Kuhonji, Kumamoto 862-0976 , - - 2004
Abstract Autonomic neuropathy, although often reported to occur in patients with AL (amyloid of light chain of immunoglobulin) amyloidosis, is extremely rare in AA (amyloid A) amyloidosis. We describe a patient with AA amyloidosis secondary to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in whom autonomic neuropathy resulted in gustatory sweating during the end ...
Pica Roberta - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Studies aimed at establishing which characteristics of patients with ulcerative proctitis could be predictive of the extension of inflammation have failed to provide conclusive results. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic role of clinical and therapeutic parameters in patients with proctitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Case ...
Zullo Angelo - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Despite a similar Helicobacter pylori prevalence, peptic ulcer is more frequent in cirrhotic patients than in controls. We evaluated whether cirrhotic patients had an increased bacterial density and/or a higher prevalence of H. pylori cagA-positive strains than controls. METHODS: A total of 36 dyspeptic cirrhotic patients with ...
Kolk Helgi - - 2004
AIM: To investigate the structure of dyspeptic symptoms and determine the association between dyspeptic symptoms and endoscopic findings in patients referred for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy by family physicians in a country with a high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection. METHODS: Consecutive outpatients (n=172; median 36 years, range 18-75; 85 male; ...
Escoboza Patrícia Martins Luizari - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Adult-type hypolactasia (AH) is the most common form of disaccharidase deficiency in humans, with a prevalence that varies among ethnic groups. In Brazil, the few available studies suggest a high prevalence of this condition. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of AH in Brazilian patients ...
Al-Saadi Abdul M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalences of Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection in symptomatic, but endoscopically normal patients as well as in patients with endoscopically and histologically proven esophagitis, gastritis, duodenitis, duodenal ulcer, and gastric ulcer. METHODS: The study extended over the period November 1999 through ...
Cammarota Giovanni - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Upper endoscopy is not routinely performed to directly detect abnormalities of the duodenal villi. The reliability of the immersion technique for assessment of duodenal villi was evaluated in a series of patients with dyspepsia. METHODS: A total of 396 patients who were to undergo standard EGD for dyspeptic symptoms ...
Houwing Ronald - - 2004
Hip fracture patients have a high risk of pressure ulcers (PU). We followed 121 hip fracture patients for the development of pressure ulcers and evaluated a risk assessment tool for sensitivity and specificity. More than half of the patients presented with PU, mostly stage I. Risk factors for PU were ...
Kalavathy C Muniswamy - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features, microbiological features and treatment outcome of nine patients with Nocardia keratitis treated with topical trimethoprim- sulphamethoxazole drops. METHODS: Retrospective review of nine patients with culture-proven Nocardia keratitis. RESULTS: Nine patients with Nocardia keratitis were treated with topical trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole drops. The average duration of treatment ...
Sandhu Swairaj - - 2004
There is a perception amongst health care professional that patients under-report their smoking habits. The aim of this study was to validate self-reported smoking habits in patients who have been treated for an oral cancer using saliva cotinine. In a cross-sectional study100 consecutive patients attending a maxillofacial oncology clinic completed ...
Charles Carlos A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The association between pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) and arthritis is well established. We have observed a refractory population of patients with arthritis-associated PG (PGA). We, therefore, tested the hypothesis that differences exist in response to treatment in patients with PGA compared with patients with PG without arthritis. OBSERVATIONS: We performed ...
Dickerson Lori M - - 2004
When no organic cause for dyspepsia is found, the condition generally is considered to be functional, or idiopathic. Nonulcer dyspepsia can cause a variety of symptoms, including abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, and vomiting. Many patients with nonulcer dyspepsia have multiple somatic complaints, as well as symptoms of anxiety and depression. ...
Kumar Sunil - - 2004
It is believed that Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori) plays an important role in the causation of peptic ulcer. However, its role in duodenal ulcer perforation (DUP) has not been investigated extensively and the results are conflicting. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of H. pylori in ...
Thomopoulos K C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Non-bleeding visible vessel (NBVV) in patients with bleeding peptic ulcer is associated with a high risk of rebleeding. The aim of this study was to define factors associated with failure of endoscopic hemostasis and rebleeding in patients with NBVV. METHODS: Clinical and endoscopic parameters related to failure of endoscopic ...
Hadidy Azmy M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the precise radiologic findings in Wolfram syndrome (WFS) patients using objective techniques in order to better define the reference population for the clinical evaluation. METHODS: Sixteen patients (6 males and 10 females) with WFS found in 4 families were included in this study. Fourteen patients with WFS-2 ...
Connor H - - 2004
METHODS: In a retrospective study, 83 patients with diabetic neuropathic foot ulceration were classified into two groups: those with a higher rate of ulceration defined as >/=3.5 ulcers per foot per 10 years (group H) and those with a lower rate of <3.5 ulcers per foot per 10 years (group ...
Machet L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sensitization to topical treatments used in leg ulcers is common. Questioning and patch testing are used to identify causative drugs or dressings. OBJECTIVES: To study the current frequency of sensitization in our centre, to analyse previously published studies, and to compare sensitization in recent years with studies published before ...
Tollefson Travis T - - 2004
Nasal ulcerations have many causes. Ulcerations that are self-induced are difficult to diagnose and treat. Two rare conditions with self-induced nasal ulceration are trigeminal trophic syndrome (TTS) and factitious disorder (FD). Trigeminal trophic syndrome is characterized by trigeminal anesthesia, nasal alar ulceration, and facial paresthesia. Appearance of the nasal ulcer ...
Nicolatou-Galitis O - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the prevalence of oral lesions and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) including a protease inhibitor (PI). DESIGN: Prospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-five consecutive patients, attending an AIDS Unit, in Greece entered the study. Fourty-four patients were receiving PI- HAART, 14 patients were on ...
Scardina Giuseppe Alessandro - - 2004
Smoking habit is an important risk factor in oral diseases. In the last years, many studies tried to evaluate smoking effects on the microcirculation. It had never been used such a simple not invasive technique, like the video-capillaroscopic one. The aim of the research is to analyse "in vivo", the ...
Carucci Laura R - - 2004
The purpose of our investigation was to review the findings on barium studies in a series of eight patients with postbulbar duodenal ulcers in order to better characterize the clinical and radiographic features of these ulcers. Our experience suggests that ulcers in the postbulbar duodenum are considerably larger than those ...
Wildi Stephan M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Unsedated esophagoscopy with ultrathin endoscopes is a valuable screening modality for Barrett's esophagus, but the stomach and the duodenum cannot be examined completely with the smallest and best tolerated of these endoscopes. There are no data as to how often disease in the stomach and the duodenum would be ...
Mimidis Konstantinos - - 2004
Gastrocolic fistula is rarely described in the literature. It has been associated with a variety of diseases and recently with benign gastric ulcers related to the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs'). The present case represents the first report of gastrocolic fistula due to NSAIDs in a cirrhotic patient. This ...
Krawczyk Artur - - 2004
Background. Comparatively few reports have analyzed the biological factors influencing the course of distraction osteogenesis, such as the etiology and magnitude of shortening or the patient's age at surgery. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of selected biological factors on the course of bone regeneration in ...
Perng Chin-Lin - - 2004
AIM: Helicobacter pylori causes chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric cancer and MALT-lymphoma. Different genotypes of Helicobacter pylori are confirmed from diverse geographic areas. Its association with bleeding peptic ulcer remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the Helicobacter pylori vacA alleles, cagA and iceA in patients with ...
Prévot Ghislaine - - 2004
Buruli disease, caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, is the third most important mycobacterial disease in humans besides tuberculosis and leprosy. We have compared systemic and intralesional cytokine production in patients presenting with a nodular form and a necrotizing, ulcerative form of the disease. Gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) levels in response to whole ...
Dickey William - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There are various, well-documented, duodenal endoscopic markers caused by the villous atrophy of celiac disease. Another abnormality seen in association with villous atrophy, erosions in the second part of the duodenum, is described. To our knowledge, this finding has not been heretofore described in patients with celiac disease. METHODS: ...
Bosscha M I - - 2004
To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of topical polymyxin B, neomycin, and gramicidin for the treatment of suspected bacterial corneal ulceration at the Leiden University Medical Center. Patients with a diagnosis of a suspected bacterial corneal ulcer between April 1995 and February 2002 were retrospectively identified and reviewed; clinical ...
Köstler Erich - - 2003
Ulcerated necrobiosis lipoidica is one of the differential diagnoses in leg ulcers. The diagnosis is confirmed by histopathology. The authors report on a 68-year-old female patient with a history of chronic venous insufficiency who developed a chronic leg ulcer that did not respond to good ulcer care and compression bandaging. ...
Logan R M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The risk of post-extraction complications is higher in patients who are immunosuppressed compared to other patients with normal immune function. In addition, invasive dental procedures are more likely to have serious complications in these patients. This case report demonstrates an effective non-surgical procedure to treat an oro-antral fistula in ...
Neander K-D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effect of Cavilon No Sting Barrier Film (NSBF) (3M Healthcare) on erythema on the edges of highly exuding wounds in patients with venous stasis ulcers. METHOD: An intra-individual double-blind randomised test was performed on 239 patients. The two sides of each wound on each patient ...
Sun Edward C - - 2003
Patients with myelodysplasia have increased wound dehiscence and ulcer formation compared with the normal population. While neurologic deficits and resultant muscle imbalance are the presumed etiologies for these complications, no study has investigated the role of peripheral circulation in myelodysplasia. Eighty-two patients (ages 2-20) were prospectively recruited for this study, ...
Cheng Hsiu-Chi - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study aimed to evaluate whether administration of intravenous omeprazole has different rebleeding rates for peptic ulcer bleeding of patients with and without comorbid illness. METHODOLOGY: A total of 80 patients with peptic ulcer bleeding were enrolled after therapeutic endoscopy to achieve hemostasis. Each patient had received omeprazole 80 ...
Chang Full-Young - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It remains debatable if duodenal ulcer (DU) or Helicobacter pylori infection has a definite impact on human gastric emptying (GE). We explored the nature of water GE in active DU patients before and after ulcer healing and the influence of H. pylori eradication on GE. METHODS: A ...
Bale Sue - - 2003
Managing patients with venous ulceration who are unable to tolerate therapeutic compression bandaging is a challenging clinical problem. This study followed a group of 28 such patients who were treated with three layers of graduated Tubigrip as an alternative to therapeutic compression. It also investigated factors that influenced nurses in ...
Satta Rosanna - - 2003
We describe 2 patients with multiple myeloma who had horn-like filiform spicules in the follicular orifices of the face, particularly on the nowe, and multiple small ulcerations on the trunk. In the first patient, histopathologic study of a specimen from the nose showed follicular plugs of compact homogeneous eosinophilic material ...
- - 2003
Uninvestigated dyspepsia is very common, and it can be caused by peptic ulcer disease. However, just when patients should undergo expensive tests to determine the cause of their symptoms is not always clear-cut--particularly now that an OTC proton pump inhibitor (PPI) is available. Get some expert advice on what factors ...
Havanond Chittinad - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical presentation after corrosive ingestion. SETTING: A University Hospital. DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Corrosive ingestion patients were studied, from July 2000 to December 2002. Reasons for ingestion, symptoms, physical findings and routine investigations were recorded in a standard form. Data analysed using the ...
Limová Markéta - - 2003
Calcium alginate dressings facilitate the management of highly exudating wounds such as venous ulcers. To evaluate and compare the performance of two calcium alginate dressings in the management of venous ulcers, a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical study was conducted among 19 outpatients at two wound clinics in California. Ten patients ...
van der Meij Erik H - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The possible malignant transformation of oral lichen planus (OLP) is the subject of an ongoing and controversial discussion in the literature. The main criticism of studies on this subject relates to the lack of sufficient data to support the initial diagnosis of OLP in cases that finally developed into ...
Heikkinen M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia is often a long-lasting disorder that accounts for substantial healthcare costs. It has been classified into subgroups assuming that it can guide management of dyspepsia. AIM: To evaluate the clinical significance of subgrouping functional dyspepsia in a long-term perspective study. METHODS: Consecutive patients with dyspepsia identified by ...
Chavhan G E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A retrospective analysis of 28 cases of duodenal tuberculosis (TB) was done to evaluate radiological findings and their value in the diagnosis of the disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Upper gastrointestinal and small bowel series of 28 patients with duodenal tuberculosis were analysed for radiological findings. The diagnosis of duodenal ...
Helfand Arthur E - - 2003
Hyperkeratotic lesions in the older patient create pain and deformity, limit ambulation, and may predispose the patient to ulceration. These lesions have multiple etiologies, particularly in the older patient, including the normal physiological changes of aging, disease, deformity, changes in balance, shoe last incompatibilities, and inappropriate footwear. This article outlines ...
Iamaroon Anak - - 2003
Recurrent aphthous ulceration (RAU) is the most common lesion of the oral mucosa. Although many factors have been postulated as etiological factors for RAU, the role of Helicobacter pylori as a causative agent of RAU remains controversial. We therefore investigated the association of H. pylori and RAU by a highly ...
Khurram Muhammad - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy in terms of indications, diagnostic efficacy, and diseases diagnosed. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: DHQ Teaching Hospital, Rawalpindi, from March 1990 to December 2001. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent upper GI endoscopy in 12 years were included. ...
Auroux Jean - - 2003
Gastroduodenal ulcers and gastroduodenal erosions are particularly frequent in cirrhotic patients, but their precise cause is unclear. The aim of this study was to identify pathogenic factors associated with ulcers and erosions in patients with cirrhosis. We studied 64 consecutive patients with cirrhosis referred for gastroscopy. The severity of portal ...
Sotoudehmanesh R - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) may demonstrate a number of gastrointestinal lesions and suffer subsequent complications. Our aim was to investigate the endoscopic findings in these patients and identify the predisposing factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During a 1-year period (February 2000 to January 2001), we ...
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