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Results 201 - 250 of 1518
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Yano Hiroyuki - - 2011
We report a case of an 82-year-old woman with senile dementia who was hospitalized at a specialist dementia hospital for 10 months. She had swelling of the left shoulder joint, subcutaneous hematoma in the left upper arm, and anemia was noted on blood examination. Her serum hemoglobin level was lower ...
Grzegorzewska Alicja E - - 2011
The objective of the present work was to assess bone mineral density (BMD) and its predictors in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, to check the history of those patients 4 years after the assessment, and to relate thoses outcome to BMD. We used dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure BMD in 26 ...
Saran Khalid Al - - 2011
Introduction: The quality of care provided to dialysis patients is under increasing scrutiny and systematic measurements of clinical performance, relying on indicators such as levels of Kt/V, hemoglobin, and serum albumin, have been implemented. Methods: In this retrospective study we revised clinical and laboratory data of 146 chronic hemodialysis (HD) ...
Camafort M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to address the controversy over the influence of intensive glucose control on the risk for cardiovascular events in patients with Type 2 diabetes. FRENA is an ongoing registry of stable outpatients with symptomatic coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease or peripheral artery disease. We compared ...
Ishida Masaru - - 2011
Objective Premature discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy (APT) increases the risk of thrombosis in patients who have undergone placement of a drug-eluting stent for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The goal of the present study was to identify predictors of patients who would prematurely discontinue APT following stent implantation. Methods One-hundred and ...
Lohiya Ghan-Shyam - - 2011
A 20-year-old nonverbal patient with profound developmental disabilities was treated with intravenous piperacillin-tazobactam for respiratory infection. After 8 days, he became afebrile with normal pulmonary status, but his pulse remained inexplicably rapid (114/minute). Investigations revealed severe normochromic normocytic hemolytic anemia (hemoglobin: 40 g/L, reticulocytes: 9.4%, nucleated erythrocytes: 5%). While being hospitalized, ...
Quintana Joel Omar Jáquez - - 2011
It has been suggested that DM may reduce survival of patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). Nevertheless only few prospective studies assessing the impact of DM on mortality of cirrhotic patients have been published, none in compensated LC. (i) to study the impact of DM on mortality and (ii) to identify ...
Nguyen Timothy V - - 2011
Patients treated with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) to a hemoglobin (Hb) level >12.0 g/dl have increased risk of multiple complications, including death. The optimal Hb target for ESA use has not been established. We hypothesized that reducing the target Hb would prevent levels >12 g/dl and lead to significant cost savings. ...
Baldanzi Gabriel - - 2011
To determine whether kidney disease and hemolysis are associated with bone mass density in a population of adult Brazilian patients with sickle cell disease. Bone involvement is a frequent clinical manifestation of sickle cell disease, and it has multiple causes; however, there are few consistent clinical associations between bone involvement ...
Tennankore Karthik K - - 2011
Macrocytosis occurs in chronic hemodialysis (CHD) patients; however, its significance is unknown. The purpose of this study was to establish the prevalence and distribution of macrocytosis, to identify its clinical associations and to determine if macrocytosis is associated with mortality in stable, chronic hemodialysis patients. We conducted a single-centre prospective ...
Gilg Julie J UK Renal Registry, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK. - - 2011
The UK Renal Association (RA) and National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) have published Clinical Practice Guidelines which include recommendations for management of anaemia in established renal failure. To determine the extent to which the guidelines for anaemia management are met in the UK. Quarterly data were obtained ...
Ma Wen-Ya - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Glycated albumin (GA) may contribute to diabetic nephropathy, but the clinical significance of GA in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unknown. METHODS: Patients were classified with the NKF/DOQI classification system as mild (stage I, II), moderate (stage III), or advanced CKD (stage IV). Those undergoing dialysis or ...
Prata T S - - 2011
To investigate factors associated with changes in optic nerve head (ONH) topography after acute intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Untreated POAG patients (IOP >21 mm Hg) were prospectively enrolled. Systemic and ocular information were collected, including central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal hysteresis (CH). ...
Baiomy Ahmed M Said - - 2010
The commonest opportunistic parasites causing morbidity and/or mortality in the immuno-compromised subjects are mainly the gastro-intestinal ones. This study clarified the prevalence of the opportunistic parasites among a group of immunocompromised patients selected from Al Azhar University Hospitals. One hundred immunocompromised patients (GI) were divided into GIa: 40 malignancy patients. ...
Morimoto Satoshi - - 2010
Hemodialysis techniques have improved remarkably in recent decades and the number of long-term survivors among patients with end-stage renal disease has increased. The mortality rate of hemodialysis patients has been reported to be low in Japan. However, the long-term survival rate of dialysis patients is still low: 23.6% for 15 ...
Laloux P - - 2010
The profile of recurrent ischemic strokes has not been much investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the therapeutic strategies recommended for secondary prevention after an ischemic stroke are implemented in the real world of clinical practice. All patients admitted for a recurrent ischemic stroke or TIA ...
Cho Soo-Jeong - - 2010
Although gastric cancer (GC) and duodenal ulcer (DU) are both strongly associated with Helicobacter pylori infection, a DU is negatively associated with the risk of GC. The aim of the study is to evaluate histologic risk factors for GC among patients with a DU. A total of 541 consecutive patients ...
Fortes Paulo Cezar - - 2010
The aim of this study is to assess the clinical care pattern and to compare the lipid and glycemic profile in a group of diabetic patients undergoing both hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) and to correlate these data using biomarkers of cardiovascular risk. The first phase consisted in performing ...
Mao Shanying - - 2011
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is a demyelinating disorder, which is associated most commonly with the rapid correction of hyponatraemia and other abrupt changes in physiological osmotic conditions. This includes the treatment of hyperosmolar hyperglycaemia in diabetes mellitus (DM) sufferers. Herein, we report a case of CPM in a 55-y-old patient ...
Oh Se Won - - 2011
The relationship between glycated haemoglobin and the incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with diabetes remains uncertain, especially in those with decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The aim of this study was to assess the appropriate HbA(1c) level for diabetics for minimizing the incidence of ESRD and all-cause ...
Takenaka Tsuneo - - 2011
Aim. Height is an important determinant of augmentation index (AI) that anticipates cardiovascular prognosis. There is a scanty of the data whether short height predicts survival in patients with end-stage renal diseases, a high risk population. Methods. Fifty two hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy receiving hemodialysis and 52 ...
Zavattaro Elisa - - 2010
Buruli Ulcer (BU) is a severe cutaneous and subcutaneous disease due to Mycobacterium ulcerans infection, mainly distributed in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical areas. The role of T helper (TH) cytokines in the development and clinical course of the disease has been previously studied by investigating the in vitro immune response ...
Körber Andreas - - 2011
Background: The etiology of chronic leg ulcers is heterogenous and they exhibit quite different healing rates depending on the underlying cause. Although the prevalence and incidence of chronic leg ulcers appear to be increasing, data on these patients in Germany are lacking. Patients and Methods: Altogether 100 German wound care ...
Kaviani Mohammad J - - 2010
The prevalence of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB) has undergone a change after implementation of eradication therapy for Helicobacter pylori in peptic ulcers effective prevention of esophageal variceal bleeding and eventually, progressive use of low dose aspirin and other nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). To evaluate this subject, we performed a ...
Amjad Nasser N Department of Surgery, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25710, Pahang, Malaysia. - - 2010
To study the presence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) virulence factors and clinical outcome in H. pylori infected patients. A prospective analysis of ninety nine H. pylori-positive patients who underwent endoscopy in our Endoscopy suite were included in this study. DNA was isolated from antral biopsy samples and the presence ...
Tan Joo-Huang - - 2010
Polymorphisms in the central major histocompatibility complex (MHC) are associated with several immunopathologic and inflammatory diseases, including chronic venous leg ulcers (CVLU). Because of strong linkage disequilibrium, identification of loci affecting disease susceptibility must be based on comparisons between haplotypes. Here we examine the association of conserved tumor necrosis factor ...
Imagawa Shinobu - - 2010
Few reports have described the cancer prevalence of peptic ulcer patients with long-term follow-up studies. We have conducted a long-term retrospective cohort study of Japanese peptic ulcer patients and evaluated the risk factors for the occurrence of gastric cancer (GCa). A total of 136 patients diagnosed with peptic ulcers from ...
Shiotani Akiko - - 2011
We have previously shown that co-treatment of angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) blocker (ARB) or angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor seem to reduce peptic ulcer among patients taking low dose aspirin. It is reported that a series of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) gene polymorphisms significantly influence the rate of the gene ...
Marchi-Cappelletti Rita - - 2010
Individuals with hypertension, dyslipidemia or diabetes are at a higher risk to suffer cardiovascular disease than other people; while impaired fibrin structure/function may contribute to further raise the cardiovascular risk in the former. The purpose of this work was to study the fibrin network and fibrin degradation properties in hypertensive ...
Hafner Jürg - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To better define the diagnosis and treatment of Martorell hypertensive ischemic leg ulcer (HYTILU) and to compare Martorell HYTILU with calciphylaxis (calcific uremic arteriolopathy) and nonuremic forms of calciphylaxis. DESIGN: Retrospective study from 1999 through 2007. SETTING: Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: Of 330 ...
Poanta Laura - - 2010
Recent findings indicate that symptomatic heart disease in patients with diabetes mellitus predicts poor prognosis, but cardiac involvement may occur before clinical manifestation. Diastolic dysfunction may be the first stage of diabetic cardiomyopathy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiovascular function in patients with DM in early ...
Obermayer Alfred - - 2010
Mapping of venous reflux routes associated with medially or laterally located venous leg ulcers and their source of origin. This prospective report presents the results of duplex investigations performed in consecutive leg ulcer patients, all with venous reflux, in a time period over 2 years. A total of 169 patients ...
Morillas Pedro - - 2010
Age and arterial hypertension are two of the main factors associated with atrial fibrillation and an increased risk of embolism. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of atrial fibrillation and the extent of antithrombotic use in hypertensive patients aged ≥65 years in the Spanish region of ...
Lee Kwang Jae - - 2010
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a heterogeneous disorder associated with diverse pathophysiologic mechanisms. Studies have shown duodenal implications in the pathophysiology of FD. Duodenal hypersensitivity to acid, increased duodenal acid exposure, and abnormal responses to duodenal lipids or released cholecystokinin have been observed in patients with FD. Moreover, there is evidence ...
Gururatsakul Montri - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) usually manifests as either dyspepsia or less commonly with complications such as bleeding. Patients with bleeding ulcers are often asymptomatic until the bleeding occurs. A lack of dyspeptic symptoms might be explained by impaired visceral sensory function. The aim of this study was ...
Futagami Seiji - - 2010
Recent studies have shown that postinfectious functional dyspepsia (FD) symptoms may persist after elimination of gastrointestinal (GI) infection as well as postinfectious irritable bowel syndrome accompanying colonic inflammation. However, it is unclear whether intestinal chronic inflammation can contribute to clinical symptoms of certain FD patients such as postinfectious FD. To ...
Ruangsetakit C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the threshold of transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcPO(2)) values in predicting ulcer healing in patients with critical limb ischaemia in a prospective study. METHOD: 50 patients suffering from critical limb ischaemia with chronic ischemic ulcers or gangrenous toes were enrolled in this study between January and December 2008. ...
Okada Kazuhisa K Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Hiratsuka City Hospital, 1-19-1, Nanbara, Hiratsuka 254-0066, - - 2010
To clarify the gender differences about the clinical features and risk factors of low-dose aspirin (LDA) (81-100 mg daily)-associated peptic ulcer in Japanese patients. There were 453 patients under treatment with LDA (298 males, 155 females) who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy at the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology of Hiratsuka City Hospital ...
Bouguen G - - 2010
Efficacy of infliximab in treating ulcerative proctitis remains unknown. To evaluate the clinical, biological and endoscopic efficacy of infliximab therapy in refractory proctitis. The charts of 420 patients treated with infliximab for ulcerative colitis were reviewed. Thirteen patients were treated with infliximab for refractory ulcerative proctitis in six referral centres ...
- - 2010
Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are common causes of peptic ulcer disease. Patients infected with Helicobacter pylori who take aspirin or another NSAID have an especially high risk. Drugs that have been tried for prevention of ulcers in patients taking NSAIDs including H2-receptor antagonists, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), ...
Walker M M - - 2010
Allergy and functional gastrointestinal disorders have been associated with eosinophilia in duodenal mucosa. To assess the prevalence of eosinophilia in duodenal biopsies of patients attending for oesophogastroduodenoscopy and delineate associated clinical conditions. A total of 155 patients (mean age 55 years, 59% women) with normal duodenal biopsies were randomly selected ...
Ndip Agbor - - 2010
To evaluate the prevalence of lower-limb complications in a multiracial cohort of patients with diabetes receiving dialysis. This work was a cross-sectional study of lower-limb complications in dialysis-treated patients with diabetes in the U.K. and U.S. We studied 466 patients (139 U.K.; 327 U.S.). The prevalence of lower-limb complications was ...
Ishii Manabu - - 2010
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a subcategory of the functional gastrointestinal disorders according to the Rome III classification of functional gastroduodenal disorders. FD is characterized by the presence of symptoms that are believed to be associated with gastroduodenal lesions, particularly epigastric pain or burning, postprandial fullness, or early satiation, without the ...
Taniyama Matsuo - - 2010
Glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GADAs) are one of the markers of islet cell autoimmunity and are sometimes present before the onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D). GADA can be present in Graves' patients without diabetes; however, the outcome of GADA-positive Graves' patients is not fully understood, and the predictive value ...
Shanmugam Victoria K - - 2010
Nondigital lower extremity ulcers are a difficult to treat complication of scleroderma, and a significant cause of morbidity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of nondigital lower extremity ulcers in scleroderma and describe the associations with autoantibodies and genetic prothrombotic states. A cohort of 249 consecutive ...
Seitz Cornelia S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease which may present with extra-articular symptoms, including cutaneous manifestations. Ulcerated rheumatoid nodules, necrotic vasculitic lesions and pyoderma gangrenosum are fairly characteristic and well-recognized causes of skin ulcers in RA. However, most RA patients develop leg ulcers due to other pathophysiological factors ...
Galluccio Felice - - 2010
Digital ulcers are a very frequent complication of systemic sclerosis affecting about half of the SSc patients, and about 75% of the affected patients have their first DU episode within 5 years from their first non-Raynaud symptom. The lack of adequate classification criteria as well as the lack of knowledge ...
Chen Yung-Tai - - 2010
Compared to the general population, patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have increased peptic ulcer and upper GI bleeding complication rates. However, the risk factors for peptic ulcer among ESRD patients are unknown. In this retrospective study, we enrolled 827 incident dialysis patients and diagnosed peptic ulcer on the basis ...
Thomsen Stine B - - 2010
Low grade inflammation is of pathogenic importance in atherosclerosis and in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Matrix GLA protein (MGP), an inhibitor of medial calcification of arteries, is increased in patients with atherosclerosis. In the present study levels of markers of calcification (MGP) and ...
O'Hare J L JL Department of Vascular Surgery, Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, Great Western Road, Gloucester, - - 2010
To assess whether routine use of foam sclerotherapy, in addition to four-layer compression bandaging, could speed up the healing of venous ulcers. Randomised controlled trial involving patients recruited from a nurse-led leg ulcer clinic. A total of 315 new patients were assessed, and eleven patients were identified from follow-up clinics. ...
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