Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1656
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Jha Hem Chandra - - 2009
Our aim was to investigate the relationship between the serologic status concerning Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cp), Helicobacter pylori (Hp), Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patient's first degree relatives, which remain an unrevealed issue in literature. We studied 192 CAD patients (pts), 140 CAD-patient ...
Chechi Tania - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare clinical and angiographic outcomes between patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) due to stent thrombosis (ST) and de novo coronary thrombosis. BACKGROUND: There are limited data for procedural and mid-term outcomes of patients with ST presenting with STEMI. ...
Henneman Maureen M - - 2008
AIMS: To assess the prevalence of a normal multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and to relate these observations to clinical presentation and pre-test likelihood of CAD. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 340 consecutive patients (182 men, 55 +/- 12 years) without a history ...
Gholamrezanezhad Ali - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: It has been postulated that if patients fail to achieve their age-predicted target heart rate (THR: 85% of predicted maximal HR), the electrocardiographic changes following exercise treadmill test (ETT) and also scintigraphic results of this stress protocol for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) are unreliable. We decided to assess the ...
Yang Jen-Lin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study compared the effect of 5 recumbent positions on cardiac autonomic nervous modulation in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Spectral heart rate variability analysis was performed on 33 CAD patients and 17 patients with patent coronary arteries in random order in 5 positions; namely, ...
Nøjgaard Camilla - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: YKL-40 is secreted by macrophages, including those in atherosclerotic plaques, neutrophils, and vascular smooth muscle cells. Circulating YKL-40 is elevated in patients with inflammation and increased tissue remodeling. The aim was to examine the sequential changes in serum YKL-40 in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), with and without ...
Takami Yoshiyuki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The conclusions remain controversial about whether the sternal blood flow is preserved or diminished after internal thoracic artery (ITA) harvesting for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), especially in diabetic patients. We investigated the blood supply of the chest wall noninvasively using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) immediately after CABG. METHODS: The ...
Sentürk Tunay - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate serum paraoxonase/arylesterase activities in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and their correlations with the severity and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Three groups of patients were investigated: 89 patients with ACS, 54 patients with normal coronary angiograms (no-CAD group), and ...
Maiolo C - - 2008
AIM: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) has a high occurrence in patients with coronary artery disease. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationships between the overnight oxygen desaturation index (ODI) and metabolic and anthropometric parameters in a sample of patients who underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). METHODS: ...
Alber H F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are well-established predictors for future cardiovascular events, little information is available regarding their correlation with the prevalence and severity of angiographically evaluated coronary artery disease (CAD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five thousand six hundred forty-one consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography for ...
Gravning Jørgen - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prognostic importance of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) elevation after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in different clinical settings. DESIGN: The study includes 238 patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and 194 patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP). The composite end point of death or hospitalization due ...
Wolak Arik - - 2008
Attenuation correction (AC) for myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) had not been evaluated separately in women despite specific considerations in this group because of breast photon attenuation. We aimed to evaluate the performance of AC in women by using automated quantitative analysis of MPS to avoid any bias. METHODS: Consecutive female ...
Rizza Stefano - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Total adiponectin is emerging as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, but the role of adiponectin isoforms in coronary artery disease (CAD) is still unknown. We investigated the role of adiponectin isoforms with respect to the severity of coronary disease and to the presence of undiagnosed ...
Sahin Mehmet - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Inflammation has been reported as an important component of vascular aneurysm formation, as found in obstructive vascular disorder. Neopterin is produced by activated macrophages and is thought to represent a marker of immune activation and macrophage activity. The plasma neopterin levels were investigated in coronary artery ectasia (CAE) patients ...
Beddoes Lenore - - 2008
AIM: The study's purpose was to describe patients' experiences of minimal conscious sedation during diagnostic and interventional cardiology procedures. METHODS: Over a 6-week period, 119 consecutive patients (10% of annual throughput) from a major metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia, were interviewed using a modified version of the American Pain Society ...
Selnes Ola A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The choice of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) as an intervention for coronary artery disease has been clouded by concerns about postoperative cognitive decline. Long-term cognitive decline after CABG has been reported, but without appropriate control subjects, it is not known whether this decline is specific to CABG or ...
Hagerman Inger - - 2008
Background unstable coronary disease is a stressful situation and environmental influences may increase stress mechanisms important for the cardiovascular status. Aim to evaluate acoustic influence on patients with coronary artery disease and to test if the effects of poor sound absorption on work environment affects quality of care and medical ...
Schubert Stephan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) in patients who have undergone heart transplantation leads to graft dysfunction and is still the major concern for long-term survival. Evaluation of coronary flow velocity reserve (CFR) has been established for diagnosis of CAV. Systemic application of adenosine vs intracoronary testing for CFR has been ...
Thomas Deepak - - 2008
The American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association, and the European Society of Cardiology published updated guidelines in 2007 for patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome. In this article, we review the recommendations for antiplatelet therapy and supporting data, highlight new changes, and describe differences between the European and ...
Scholte Arthur J H A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We sought to assess prospectively the evidence for silent coronary artery disease (CAD) in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus by stress single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging, coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring, and multislice computed tomographic (MSCT) coronary angiography. METHODS: One hundred asymptomatic patients (aged ...
Polonsky Tamar S - - 2008
Combination therapy for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is often indicated as a significant number of patients receiving 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor (statin) therapy continue to have high residual risk. Combination drug therapy is also indicated for patients at high risk, including those with combined hyperlipidemia and dyslipidemia ...
Khurma Vandana - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is associated with vasculopathy and endothelial cell injury, which could potentially increase the risk of coronary atherosclerosis. Multidetector computed tomography, a noninvasive procedure, generates a coronary calcium score (CCS) as a marker for coronary atherosclerosis. Serum proinflammatory high-density lipoprotein (piHDL) is a potential novel marker of ...
Krenning Boudewijn J - - 2008
AIMS: Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) allows quick volumetric scanning of the left ventricle (LV). We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced stress RT3DE for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) in comparison with coronary arteriography as the reference technique. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-five consecutive patients (age 59 +/- 10, ...
Kubala Lukas - - 2008
Plasma and serum levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO), a redox-active hemoprotein released by polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) upon activation, is now recognized as a powerful prognostic determinant of myocardial infarction in patients suffering acute coronary syndromes. However, there is limited information on whether systemic MPO levels are also elevated and of discriminating ...
Nishibe A - - 2008
8-Iso-prostaglandin F(2)(alpha) (8-iso-PGF(2)(alpha)), a representative isoprostane, is a reliable biomarker for enhanced oxidant stress in vivo. Its urinary excretion has been proposed as a risk marker in patients with coronary heart disease. Isoprostane content has not yet been well elucidated so far in human coronary plaques. The aim of this ...
Chen Chun-Yen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The contribution of triglycerides (TG) to the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) in hypertensive patients remained unclear. METHODS: Consecutive 821 (aged 64.5+/-11.5 years, 482 males) hypertensive patients undergoing coronary angiography were included. The relationship of TG levels (<150 vs. > or =150 mg/dl) to the extent of CAD ...
Anselmino Matteo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD) have a poor prognosis. Underutilization and reduced efficacy of evidence-based medications (EBM) or revascularization are among suggested explanations. This report compares the impact of EBM and revascularization on mortality and cardiovascular events (CVE=mortality, myocardial infarction or stroke) in CAD ...
Husmann Lars - - 2008
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA) in groups of patients with low, intermediate, and high risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this study; written informed consent ...
Habib Syed Shahid - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory biomarker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is an independent predictor of future cardiovascular events and it predicts risk of incident hypertension and diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine the serum levels of the circulating acute-phase reactant high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) in Saudi patients with chronic stable ...
Iakobishvili Zaza - - 2008
Background: There are few reports regarding acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in patients with prosthetic heart valves (PHV), mostly attributing the ACS to a PHV-derived coronary embolus. Objective: To characterize a case-series of ACS patients with PHV. Methods: All patients in our institution with previous PHV surgery and ACS during 1996-2005 ...
Melloni Chiara - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to compare formulae for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS) patients. BACKGROUND: Assessment of GFR is important for antithrombotic dose adjustment in NSTE ACS patients. METHODS: We assessed estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) with Cockcroft-Gault (C-G) and Modification of ...
Iijima Raisuke - - 2008
The ISAR-REACT 2 trial was designed to assess the effect of abciximab in patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention after a 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of abciximab on clinical and angiographic restenosis after coronary stenting ...
McDonald Michael A - - 2008
AIMS: Patients in ASSENT-4 PCI undergoing tenecteplase-facilitated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) had more adverse events than those undergoing primary PCI. We analysed this to gain further insights. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 549 patients with facilitated PCI and 541 undergoing primary PCI were characterized according to the extent of ...
Tuccillo Bernardino - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of multiple cardiovascular risk factors on coronary flow reserve (CFR) in a large patient population with acute chest pain referred for coronary angiography. METHODS: Three hundred and ninety-four consecutive patients (mean age 59 +/- 10 years) were enrolled in the study. Blood flow velocity was ...
Dodd Jonathan D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of 64-slice coronary multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in the assessment of congenital coronary artery fistula (CCAF). METHODS: Two readers prospectively evaluated the 64-slice coronary MDCT appearances of CCAF in 10 patients (5 men and 5 women; mean age, 58.6 years; range, 19-82 years). Fistula origin, ...
Inami Shigenobu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Multiple angioscopic yellow plaques are associated with diffuse atherosclerotic plaque, and may be prevalent in patients with myocardial infarction (MI), so in the present study the yellow plaques in the coronary arteries of patients with MI was evaluated using quantitative colorimetry, and compared with those of patients with stable ...
Wiedemar Lina - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We estimated the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and identified predictors of self-rated PTSD symptoms in patients post-myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: We recruited 400 patients (mean age 60 +/- 12 years, 79% were men) with a previous acute index MI who were referred to a tertiary cardiology clinic. ...
Pirat Bahar - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular events. Coronary flow reserve (CFR), as determined by transthoracic echocardiography, is an indicator of microvascular function. In this study, we sought to determine whether CFR is impaired in patients with MetS without clinical coronary heart disease. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with ...
Yamauchi Takao - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The lack of any randomized controlled trials demonstrating a beneficial effect of nitrates for the secondary prevention of coronary artery disease leads to a negative recommendation in current practice guidelines. The aim of the present study was to examine the efficacy of nitrate therapy for the treatment of acute ...
Chew Derek P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although the use of clopidogrel in patients "unlikely" to require coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is recommended in current guidelines of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) management, an important minority of patients require CABG. We assessed the ability to predict need for CABG from demographics known at the time of ...
Sheth Tej - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is unclear if computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTA), an evolving technique for the evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD), can identify patients with high-risk coronary anatomy. METHODS: Among patients referred for invasive angiography at Hamilton Health Sciences (Hamilton, Ontario, Canada), those with an intermediate pretest probability (25%-60% likelihood ...
Palazzuoli Alberto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To analyse osteoprotegerin (OPG), and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), in relation to clinical presentation and to coronary atherosclerosis diffusion. OPG has been found in several tissues, including the cardiovascular system, BNP is selectively produced by myocardial cells. METHODS: 178 ...
Lee Michael S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) in orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. BACKGROUND: Accelerated transplant coronary artery disease occurs in 50% of patients at 5 years and is the major cause of ...
Ugurlu S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of clinical cardiovascular disease in middle-aged patients with Behcet's syndrome (BS) compared with gender-matched non-BS subjects. METHODS: The prevalence of angina, myocardial infarction (MI), doctor diagnosed ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and intermittent claudication were sought by the Rose Angina Questionnaire in 225 (141 M/84 F) ...
Sorajja Dan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with coronary risk factors, but it is unknown if OSA is associated with development of coronary disease. We evaluated the association between OSA and the presence of subclinical coronary disease assessed by coronary artery calcification (CAC). METHODS: Consecutive patients with no history of ...
Ozkan O - - 2008
This study aimed to determine the expected treatment benefits from the patient's perspective before and after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Descriptive study. The sample consisted of 60 patients that underwent PTCA in the cardiology department of a university hospital in Bolu province in Turkey. The patients were interviewed one ...
Cemin Roberto - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Although cardiovascular syndrome X was described many years ago, its causes are still unclear. Many studies have addressed the autonomic function, whereas others have investigated the coronary reserve. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations between parasympathetic dysfunction and coronary flow reserve deficiency. BASIC METHODS: Eleven ...
Rassoul F - - 2008
Numerous studies have identified hyperhomocysteinemia as an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Furthermore, influences of polymorphysim of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) on homocysteine levels are documented. However, the relationship between severity of CAD and polymorphism of MTHFR has not been systematically evaluated. The present study was undertaken to ...
Bartuś Stanisław - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The coexistence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) and multilevel atherosclerosis increases death and stroke rates in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Due to many comorbidities these patients are often treated conservatively without revascularisation. AIM: To investigate whether complex percutaneous cardiovascular interventions for CAD and PAD may improve prognosis ...
Orbe Josune - - 2008
Atherosclerosis is the most common pathophysiologic substrate of coronary artery disease (CAD). Whereas plaque progression and arterial remodeling are critical components in chronic CAD, intracoronary thrombosis over plaque disruption is causally related to acute CAD. It was the objective of this study to investigate the differences between prior acute CAD ...
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