Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1656
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Soto Yosdel - - 2009
The relationship between autoantibodies (autoAbs) to oxidized LDL (oxLDL) and coronary artery disease (CAD) remains controversial. IgM and IgG autoAbs to oxLDL and 1-palmitoyl-2 (5'-oxo-valeroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (POVPC), as well as the levels of non modified or modified ApoB-100 immune complexes (ICs), were measured in twenty patients undergoing clinically indicated coronary angiography, ...
Kramer Miranda C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Plaque disruption with superimposed thrombus is the predominant mechanism responsible for the onset of acute coronary syndromes. Studies have shown that plaque disruption and thrombotic occlusion are frequently separated in time. We established the histopathological characteristics of material aspirated during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a large consecutive ...
Schoos Mikkel - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) is expressed in eroded and ruptured atheromatous plaques, and circulating levels are elevated in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Our objective was to investigate release patterns of PAPP-A in ACS and whether they differ among different types of ACS. METHODS: In 40 patients, PAPP-A concentrations ...
Fukuda Yusuke - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the significance of urinary liver fatty acid-binding protein (U-L-FABP) monitoring during cardiac catheterization in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods The subjects included 27 consecutive patients with stable angina (SAP group) or acute coronary syndrome (ACS group) who had undergone successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and 12 ...
Jeevanantham Vinodh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Due to difficulties in diagnosing coronary ischemia in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB), identifying clinical characteristics that might help to predict coronary artery disease (CAD) is important. Our study aimed to identify clinical predictors of CAD among patients with and without LBBB who undergo myocardial perfusion imaging ...
Chow Benjamin J W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTA), given its high negative predictive value, is a potential gatekeeper for invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Before CTA can be further accepted into clinical practice, its impact on healthcare resources needs to be better understood. We sought to determine the clinical impact of CTA on ...
Taggart Peter - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Mental stress can significantly affect ventricular repolarization, which could potentially trigger arrhythmias. We compared the effect of mental stress on repolarization indexed by the amplitude and area of the T wave in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and healthy subjects. METHODS: Fourteen healthy controls (11 M, mean age ...
Sappati Biyyani Raja Shekhar R - - 2009
Chronic inflammation with the presence of excess serum acute-phase proteins, cytokines and cell adhesion molecules is increasingly being implicated in atherosclerosis. The association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and coronary artery disease (CAD) is unstudied. This is a preliminary, thesis-generating cross-sectional study aimed at evaluating the presence of traditional atherosclerotic ...
Füth Reiner - - 2009
The development of diastolic dysfunction (DDF) is multifactorial. Possible mechanisms include metabolic disturbances, myocardial fibrosis, chronic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. Recognizing early stages of DDF may help to identify patients at risk of developing symptomatic DDF. Therefore, biomarkers reflecting pathophysiological changes within the myocardium were investigated in patients with DDF. ...
Jax Thomas W - - 2009
Thrombosis is regarded to be a key factor in the development of acute coronary syndromes in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We hypothesize, that hemostatic and rheological risk factors may be of major relevance for the incidence and the risk stratification of these patients. In 243 patients with coronary ...
Marano Riccardo - - 2009
This was a prospective, multicenter study designed to evaluate the utility of MDCT in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients scheduled for elective coronary angiography (CA) using different MDCT systems from different manufacturers. Twenty national sites prospectively enrolled 367 patients between July 2004 and June 2006. Computed ...
Lamendola Priscilla - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous follow-up studies of patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX) reported good prognosis. However, some recent reports challenged this finding by showing appreciable mortality rates in patients with angina and normal coronary arteries admitted for acute coronary syndromes. METHODS: We performed clinical follow-up of 155 patients (mean age 58.9+/-10 ...
Ishibashi Yuki - - 2009
Recently, sleep disordered breathing (SDB) has gained attention in the field of cardiology. Until now, no study describing the relationship between acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and SDB has been carried out in Japan. Among ACS patients admitted to our hospital, 44 patients (mean age 60.6+/-13.5 years) who received a portable ...
Schirmer Stephan H - - 2009
Monocytes and T-cells play an important role in the development of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD). Transcriptome analysis of circulating mononuclear cells from carefully matched atherosclerotic and control patients will potentially provide insights into the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis and supply biomarkers for diagnostic purposes. From patients undergoing coronary angiography because ...
Maeng Michael - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to evaluate angiographic late luminal loss after the implantation of sirolimus-eluting Cypher stents and paclitaxel-eluting Taxus stents in patients with diabetes. The study was a Danish multicenter, open-label, randomized trial. One hundred fifty-three patients with diabetes with coronary artery disease were randomized to ...
Masuzawa Akihiro - - 2009
Patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) have an increased risk of death from coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of revascularization strategies (sirolimus-eluting stent [SES] and coronary artery bypass surgery [CABG]) in patients with DR according to the stage of retinopathy: ...
Ulus Taner - - 2008
In acute coronary syndromes (ACS), oxidation and inflammation have very important roles and in-vitro studies have demonstrated that gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) participates in such oxidative and inflammatory reactions. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of baseline serum GGT activity on the development of major adverse cardiac event (MACE) in ...
Sen Nihat - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) activity, an enzyme responsible for the extracellular catabolism of antioxidant glutathione, may directly take part in atherogenesis and evolve as a potential biochemical risk indicator of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. An important characteristic of coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is the fact that in 85% of ...
Yesil Murat - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The effect of coronary revascularization on disappearance of the severe conduction disturbances is still unclear. HYPOTHESIS: We sought to determine whether revascularization may induce recovery of sinus rhythm in patients with significant coronary artery disease and complete atrioventricular block (AVB). METHODS: Fifty-three patients who had third-degree AVB and significant ...
Wu I-Wen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: High body mass index (BMI) is an established risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) in the general population. This relationship is less clear in CAD patients with different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) because many complications of CKD can cause malnutrition and low BMI. We studied the ...
Lin Ming-Tai - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with a history of Kawasaki disease (KD), have been found to have pericoronary and myocardial fibrosis. Serum biomarkers of fibrosis may be sensitive indices for detection of these late cardiac complications in KD patients. METHODS: We studied a cohort of 60 adolescents and young adults comprising 10 KD ...
Tamer Gulden S - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori (HP) in patients with coronary atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndromes. We enrolled 152 patients (group I, 73 patients with acute coronary syndrome; group II, 79 patients with chronic stable angina) and 22 control subjects. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent ...
Simova Iana - - 2008
Flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and intima-media thickness (IMT) are noninvasive methods for patient evaluation. In this study we aimed to estimate the correlation between FMD and IMT in patients with different degree of coronary artery disease (CAD) development, and to explore their prognostic significance for the presence of angiographically significant coronary ...
Garcia-Rubira Juan C - - 2008
AIMS: The distortion of the terminal portion of the QRS has been related to adverse outcome in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS: We studied the relationship of this electrocardiographic pattern with the angiographic findings in patients treated with percutaneous revascularization for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. We included 349 ...
Alper Ahmet Taha - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an important complication of metabolic syndrome (MS). We investigated the possible relationship between NAFLD and angiographical severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with MS. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study included 80 patients (35 men, 45 women; mean age 63+/-10 years; range ...
Lekakis John - - 2008
A metabolic syndrome associated with atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease has been described in HIV-positive individuals. In the present study we investigated whether HIV-positive individuals and CAD (coronary artery disease) patients have similarities in their vascular function and structure. In a case-control study, we compared measurements of carotid artery IMT (intima-media ...
Devcich Daniel A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Coronary angiography is a commonly used diagnostic test for ischemic heart disease. Little is known, however, about how undergoing the procedure impacts on the ways in which individuals perceive their illness. We sought to explore patients' reactions to an angiogram in terms of changes in symptom appraisal, perceived consequences ...
Sassa Shigenori - - 2008
Cardiovascular disease is the most frequent cause of death and disability for diabetic patients, and patients with diabetes are more likely to have silent ischemia. Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) allows non-invasive assessment of coronary artery stenosis and plaque properties. In this study, we investigated whether 64-slice MDCT can non-invasively identify ...
Pundziute Gabija - - 2008
AIMS: Atherosclerotic plaque characteristics play an important role in the development of coronary events. We investigated coronary plaque characteristics on multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) and virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH IVUS) in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty patients (25 ...
Diamond Joseph A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Normal or near normal myocardial perfusion stress imaging (MPI) suggests the absence of life-threatening coronary artery disease (CAD). Nevertheless, there are instances where severe left main or three-vessel CAD may be present despite no significant perfusion abnormalities on MPI. METHODS: Review of Tl-201 or Tc-99m sestamibi MPI over a ...
Akcay Ahmet - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Isolated single coronary artery (SCA) is an extremely rare congenital coronary anomaly. Some subgroups of SCA can lead to angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction or even sudden death in the absence of atherosclerosis. Young patients, especially, have the risk of serious clinical events, but middle-aged-to elderly patients have a ...
Dobesh Paul P - - 2008
PURPOSE: Considerations in selecting antithrombotic and antiplatelet therapy for patients with non-ST-segment elevation (NSTE) acute coronary syndrome (ACS), including patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), are discussed, and case studies are used to illustrate. SUMMARY: Patients with NSTE ACS for whom a conservative treatment strategy is selected should receive enoxaparin, ...
Naples Robin M - - 2008
The spectrum of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) includes several clinical complexes that frequently cause critical instability in affected patients. This article focuses on several critical care aspects of these unstable ACS patients. The management of cardiogenic shock can be particularly challenging because the mechanical defects are varied in cause, severity, ...
Kocaman Sinan Altan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a clinical entity characterized by localized or diffuse dilatation of more than or equal to 1.5 times that of the normal adjacent segments of vessels. Although the etiopathogenesis is not clearly understood, some studies have shown that CAE may be a form of atherosclerosis ...
Takakuwa Kevin M - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine whether coronary computed tomographic (CT) angiography "triple rule-out" evaluation of emergency department (ED) patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can help identify a subset of patients who can be discharged without adverse clinical outcomes within 30 days. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This protocol was ...
Ishikawa Yuh - - 2008
Several reports suggest that a chronic inflammatory process plays a key role in coronary artery plaque instability and subsequent occlusive thrombosis. In a previous study, we found that TLR4 (Toll-like receptor 4) mediates the synthesis of cytokines in circulating monocytes of patients with AMI (acute myocardial infarction); however, it remains ...
Alqaisi Fadi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Abnormal stress myocardial perfusion imaging studies (SMPI) with angiographically insignificant coronary artery disease (ICAD) have often been labeled "false positive" scans. We evaluated the prognostic predictors and outcomes in an unselected patient population having abnormal SMPI and ICAD (study group) over a 24 month period of follow-up. METHODS: Retrospective ...
Akram Kamran - - 2009
BACKGROUND: CAC has been used to predict obstructive CAD on invasive coronary angiography. However, it is unknown how the prevalence of obstructive CAD in patients with zero CAC is influenced by the presence or absence of chest pain. METHODS: 210 consecutive patients referred for CAC and CorCTA were included in ...
Liu Dong-Ming - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence show that OX40 ligand (OX40L), also known as tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 4 (TNFSF4), plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We investigated whether expression levels of soluble OX40L in serum and of membrane OX40L on platelets were related to serum concentrations of matrix ...
Yoshida Kazuyo - - 2008
Although vasospastic angina (VSA) is usually controlled by medications, refractory or lethal cases are occasionally encountered. We performed bilateral endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) in 5 male patients with refractory VSA. Prior to ETS, stellate ganglion blockade was performed in 4 patients to reduce VSA attacks and to confirm the effect ...
Liu Wenwei - - 2009
Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is a pro-atherogenic cytokine associated with the occurrence of various cardiac complications. The IL-18 gene has a functional -137 G/C polymorphism (rs187238) in the promoter region. Using the ligase detection reaction-polymerase chain reaction, we genotyped a cohort of patients in Chinese Han population in Xiangfan region. Case ...
Harinstein M E - - 2008
Patients with obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) are at increased risk of poor outcomes. The accuracy of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) to detect obstructive CAD is not well established in this population. We retrospectively identified patients with end-stage liver disease who underwent both DSE and ...
White Harvey D - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Troponins are a cornerstone for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction, assessment of risk and prognosis, and determination of antithrombotic and a revascularization strategy in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Newer assays with higher precision for detection of troponin levels are about to enter clinical practice. The present ...
Chang Anna Marie - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Small studies have shown that a negative computed tomography coronary angiogram (CTA) in low-risk chest pain patients predicts a low rate of 30-day adverse events. The authors hypothesized that an immediate CTA strategy would be as effective but less costly than alternative strategies for evaluation of patients with potential ...
Prasad Abhiram - - 2008
The indications for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) continue to evolve because of the steady improvement in technology, broadened patient and lesion selection criteria, and new evidence from clinical trials. Recently, the role of PCI in patients with chronic stable angina has received considerable scrutiny and has been the subject of ...
Brennan J Matthew - - 2008
Despite advances in preventive therapy, acute coronary syndromes (ACS) remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Patient risk varies widely along a spectrum from unstable angina to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs) and can be estimated using risk prediction algorithms. Estimated risk is useful to select therapeutic options ranging ...
Celik Turgay - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Grade 3 ischemia (G3I) is defined as ST elevation with distortion of the terminal portion of the QRS (emergence of the J point > 50% of the R wave in leads with qR configuration, or disappearance of the S wave in leads with an Rs configuration). Patients with G3I ...
Raghavan Ramya - - 2008
South Asians (SAs) have a higher prevalence of coronary artery disease than Caucasians. The long-term prognosis following acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in SA compared with non-SA patients is unclear. To compare the long-term adverse cardiovascular outcomes between SA and non-SA patients who have ACS. A case-control study of 65 consecutive ...
Moon Jae-Youn - - 2008
This study was designed as a multicenter, randomized, open-label study to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of Clotinab. We expected to obtain same results as with ReoPro in improving ischemic cardiac complications in high-risk patients who were about to undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients of 19-80 years of age ...
Parizadeh Seyyed Mohammad Reza - - 2009
This study investigated the relationship between serum selenium (Se) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) levels and the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) among Iranian patients. Three groups were compared: patients undergoing angiography with angiographically defined CAD, individuals with a normal angiogram, and apparently healthy controls with no evidence of overt ...
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