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Results 151 - 200 of 1661
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Turker Yasin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Increased procoagulant activity and/or impaired fibrinolysis contribute to the development and organization of thrombus, subsequently resulting in complete or incomplete obstruction in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). We investigated the relationship between culprit lesion severity and thrombotic and fibrinolytic parameters in patients who had non-ST elevation ACS (NSTE-ACS). METHODS: This ...
Hage Camilla - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and hyperglycemia are at an increased mortality risk. A rapidly obtained optimized glycemic control without inducing hypoglycemia is important. We evaluated the accuracy of a microdialysis catheter (CMA 64 IView, CMA Microdialysis AB, Solna, Sweden) to monitor glucose levels in patients in the ...
Fouad Hanan H - - 2010
We determined the serum levels of soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) in patients with chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Patients with unstable angina (UA) and myocardial infarction (MI) showed significantly higher levels (P < .001) of sCD40L compared with patients with stable angina (SA) and controls; ...
Devendra Ganesh P - - 2010
We assessed the role of fibrinogen levels on angiographic progression and long-term survival among 111 patients with coronary disease enrolled in the Armed Forces Regression Study (AFREGS). Baseline fibrinogen levels and quantitative coronary angiography were performed initially and at 30 months. Progression or nonregression of coronary disease was more prevalent ...
Kohro Takahide - - 2010
Beta-blockers are underprescribed for coronary artery disease (CAD) patients in Japan. Considering the vast amount of evidence showing their benefits in this group of patients, the aim of the present study was to investigate the use of beta-blockers in a large cohort of CAD patients. The 13,812 patients with angiographically ...
Breland Unni M - - 2010
Patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRDs) have a higher morbidity and mortality from accelerated atherosclerosis than the general population. We hypothesized that patients with the combination of IRD and coronary artery disease (CAD) would have a certain inflammatory phenotype compared with CAD patients without this comorbidity. Four groups of patients ...
Hoekstra Menno - - 2010
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs are being used in the oncology field to characterize tumors and predict the survival of cancer patients. Here, we explored the potential of microRNAs as biomarkers for coronary artery disease (CAD) and acute coronary syndromes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using real-time PCR-based profiling, we determined the microRNA signature of ...
Tziakas Dimitrios N - - 2011
A new mechanism for clinical instability in coronary artery disease (CAD) has been proposed where erythrocytes could play an active role in atherosclerotic plaque growth and rupture. Clinical studies showed increased total cholesterol levels in the membrane of circulating erythrocytes (CEM) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients compared to patients ...
Shantha Ghanshyam Palamaner Subash - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) has been increasing in India, and so is the population of elderly patients with hypertension. In the predominantly resource-poor setting prevailing in India, this study is an effort to analyze the accuracy of retinal changes in predicting CAD among a cohort of ...
Nathan Steven D - - 2010
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive disease with a poor prognosis for which there is no effective medical therapy. An awareness of comorbidities that are treatable and might impact outcomes in these patients is therefore very important. We sought to determine the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in ...
Chen Huan-qin - - 2010
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a clinical syndrome caused by acute myocardial ischemia and a severe stage of coronary atherosclerosis heart disease. The aim of this study was to clarify whether ramipril was a therapeutic agent against monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), interleukin 18 (IL-18), and interleukin 10 (IL-10) in ...
Aydinalp Alp - - 2010
There are conflicting data in the literature about the clinical significance of aspirin resistance. We aimed to prospectively evaluate the prevalence of biochemical aspirin resistance in patients on aspirin therapy who were admitted to the emergency clinic with chest pain. We also aimed to evaluate the relation between acute coronary ...
Pai Rish K - - 2010
We have recently shown that a study population of patients with at least 1 sessile serrated adenoma (SSA) are 4 times more likely to harbor synchronous serrated polyps [SSAs, traditional serrated adenomas (TSAs) and right sided hyperplastic polyps] than a unselected population of patients. However, 35% of the polyps in ...
Lim Hong Euy - - 2010
Although increased serum uric acid (SUA) concentrations are commonly encountered in patients with risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD), the clinical value of SUA has not been established. The study group comprised 687 consecutive patients with suspected CAD who had undergone coronary angiography. CAD was defined as stenosis > ...
Hamid Sulieman - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Serial electrocardiographic and biomarker data are used to rule out acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in emergency department (ED) patients with chest pain. These do not identify coronary artery disease (CAD). Functional tests are often used but have limitations. Multislice computed tomography coronary angiography (MSCT-CA) is evolving rapidly, raising the ...
Kiyosue Arihiro - - 2010
The relationship between renal dysfunction and the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) was examined. The severity of CAD in 572 patients was graded according to the number of stenotic coronary arteries, and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was monitored for 3 years. Patients were stratified into 3 eGFR ...
Korybalska Katarzyna - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and has been proposed as a biomarker for patients with cardiovascular disease. METHODS: To assess its clinical usefulness, serum MCP-1 concentrations were measured in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI) at admission, immediately after percutaneous coronary ...
Miura Mitsutoshi - - 2010
High plasma level of von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a marker of future cardiovascular events in patients at high risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to examine the changes and the prognostic value of plasma VWF-cleaving protease (ADAMTS13) levels in patients with CAD. Plasma ...
Osmancik Pavel - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Critically-ill patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) often present with insufficient gastroduodenal motility, liver hypoperfusion, and higher levels of circulating catecholamines. All of these factors can lead to reduced efficacy of clopidogrel, which is only available as a p.o. medication. The aim of the study was to compare ...
Yong Hwan Seok - - 2010
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) may play an important role for developing an unfavorable cardiovascular risk profile. However, it has not been investigated if EAT is associated with coronary atherosclerosis in non-obese patients. We aimed to evaluate whether EAT is related to coronary atherosclerosis in non-obese patients. Among the consecutive patients ...
Nomura Yuichi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) presenting with only fever and cervical lymphadenopathy at admission. STUDY DESIGN: The laboratory and clinical findings of patients with definite KD presenting with only fever and cervical lymphadenopathy at admission (KDiL) were compared with those of all other patients ...
Aktoz Tevfik - - 2010
The plasma concentration of asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA), an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, has been linked to endothelial dysfunction. We investigated the relation between plasma ADMA concentration and severity of erectile dysfunction (ED) and coronary artery disease (CAD). We measured plasma levels of ADMA in 92 male patients. Patients were ...
Yamamoto Masanori - - 2011
Although in-stent restenosis (ISR) after bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation is considered to be clinically benign, ISR is often associated with adverse complications, such as acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The frequency, type, and location of thrombi in ISR lesions and their clinical presentation have not yet been precisely validated. Thirty angiographic ...
Kralev S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Retinal microvascular changes predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality independent of classical risk factors. However, it is unclear which retinal changes characterize patients with established coronary artery disease (CAD), and in particular, with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The aim of the present preliminary study was to assess retinopathy in these ...
Vogiatzi Konstantina - - 2010
Interleukin-8 is a strong mediator of inflammation and has been implicated in the biochemical pathways involved in a wide range of inflammatory diseases including atherosclerosis. We investigated the potential influence of two common functional polymorphisms of the interleukin (IL)-8 gene: -251A/T and 781C/T on susceptibility to in stent restenosis (ISR) ...
Feuring M - - 2010
Previous investigations in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) revealed differences in thromboelastographic parameters indicating different states of coagulability. The aim of the present study was to investigate the coagulation status of patients with documented CAD and type II diabetes mellitus (DM) and non-diabetic patients with coronary artery disease with ...
Nowak Zbigniew - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The association between frequency, intensity and duration of physical activity and the risk of cardiovascular disease has been investigated in several studies. Out of many methods used for assessment of physical activity, a questionnaire seems to be a simple and affordable method of assessing the risk of coronary artery ...
Nitta Y - - 2010
Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) can prevent cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). This study looked retrospectively at the prognosis of CAD in hypertensive patients with CAD who had undergone a coronary angiograph, had been given a CCB (benidipine [n = 66], amlodipine [n = 45], or long-acting ...
de Jong F J - - 2010
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is characterised by a thrombotic, haemolytic microangiopathy leading to microvascular occlusion, haemolysis and ischaemic dysfunction of various organs including the brain. TTP may present with a variety of neurological symptoms, including headache, focal deficits, seizures and coma. The authors describe a 55-year-old man presenting with abdominal ...
Rizzello Vittoria - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and chronic stable angina represent extremes of the clinical spectrum of coronary artery disease (CAD). It is unknown whether genetic determinants affect the first clinical manifestation of CAD. We evaluated the role of the C(-260)T polymorphism in the promoter of the CD14-receptor gene, an important ...
Walter Thomas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Treatment with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) reduces the morbidity and mortality of coronary artery disease (CAD). In addition to their lipid-lowering actions, pleiotropic effects of statins have been demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess if atorvastatin therapy has an impact on haemostasis, fibrinolysis and ...
Koc Mevlut - - 2010
There is limited data regarding the clinical utility of cystatin C in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to determine the predictive value of cystatin C for the presence and severity of CAD and the association between this protein and other biochemical risk ...
Park Jin-Sun - - 2010
In a previous study, we demonstrated that the thickness of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), measured by echocardiography, was increased in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) and coronary artery disease (CAD). Several studies on obese patients, however, failed to demonstrate any relationship between EAT and CAD. We hypothesized that body mass ...
Katsaros Katharina M KM Department of Internal Medicine II, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2010
Our aim was to test whether serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 are associated with the development of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after implantation of drug-eluting stents (DES). With the introduction of DES coronary ISR could be reduced dramatically. However, it still plays a significant role, particularly after treatment ...
Wan Jing J Department of Cardiology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430071, - - 2010
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a ligand-activated transcription factor, which regulates gene expression of the key proteins involved in lipid metabolism, vascular inflammation, and proliferation. PPARgamma may contribute to attenuating atherogenesis and postangioplasty restenosis. PPARgamma C161-->T substitution is associated with a reduced risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). Whether ...
Solak Yalcin - - 2010
The most common cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease is cardiovascular. Coexistence of reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and erectile dysfunction (ED) may predate severe underlying coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of presence and severity of ...
Dongming Liu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence shows that costimulatory molecules of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily such as CD40/CD40 ligand and OX40/OX40 ligand have been implicated in atherosclerosis. We investigated whether the expression levels of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily members CD137 in serum and membrane-bound were related to acute coronary syndromes (ACS). ...
Ikejima Hideyuki - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that fractalkine (FKN or CX3CL1) and its cognate receptor, CX3CR1, play a role in atherogenesis, so the relationship between coronary plaque rupture, as observed by preintervention optical coherence tomography, and plasma levels of FKN and CX3CR1 was investigated in this study. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study ...
Senturk Tunay - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Growing evidence has indicated the potential clinical usefulness of measuring different forms of cytokeratin 18 in patient sera (M30 antigen for apoptosis and M65 antigen for necrosis) for distinguishing different forms of cell death. Preliminary data have reported altered levels of cytokeratin 18 fragments in patients with acute coronary ...
Nieman Koen - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the value of coronary calcium detection by computed tomography compared to computed tomographic angiography (CTA) and exercise testing to detect obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with stable chest pain. A total of 471 consecutive patients with new stable chest complaints ...
Selamet Tierney Elif Seda - - 2011
Coronary artery dilation (CAD) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction are recognized complications of Kawasaki Disease (KD). Diastolic function assessed by echocardiography in the KD patient population and its interrelationship to the KD course, systolic dysfunction, and CAD is less well characterized. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ...
Mechtouff L - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Poor blood pressure (BP) control is common amongst patients with symptomatic atherothrombotic disease. It is unclear whether BP control and management differ across atherothrombotic disease subtypes. METHODS: We analysed the baseline data of 44,984 patients with documented coronary artery disease (CAD) only (n = 30,414), cerebrovascular disease (CVD) only ...
Kilickesmez Kadriye Orta - - 2010
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the main cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We investigated whether CKD stage affected coronary lesion morphology in patients with established CAD. Coronary angiograms of 264 patients were evaluated. Chronic kidney disease was staged using the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ...
Borer Jeffrey S - - 2010
Ivabradine is a specific heart rate-lowering antianginal agent that was evaluated in a clinical development program involving approximately 3,000 patients with stable coronary artery disease, most with angina pectoris. We analyzed the pharmacokinetics, efficacy (evaluated by exercise tolerance testing), safety, and effects on glucose metabolism of ivabradine in patients with ...
Papademetriou Vasilios - - 2009
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have been extensively used for the treatment of patients with cardiovascular disease, but several concerns have been raised about their efficacy in African American (AA) patients with heart failure, hypertension, and left ventricular hypertrophy. In this study the authors assessed the effect of ACE inhibitors on ...
Yan JinChuan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether upregulation of OX40-OX40 ligand (OX40L) system is related to stability of coronary atherosclerotic plaque in patients with coronary heart diseases. METHODS: Thirty normal controls and 250 patients, including 80 with stable angina (SA), 110 with unstable angina (UA), and 60 with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), were ...
Topsakal Ramazan - - 2009
Microalbuminuria, considered a marker for systemic vascular disease, is a significant predictor of increased risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the general population. The relationship between microalbuminuria and cardiovascular disease is unknown. The aim of this study is to examine the association between microalbuminuria and coronary collateral vessel (CCV) ...
Kim Seung Ja - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There are relatively few studies reporting the frequency of false-positive computer-aided detection (CAD) marks and their reproducibility in normal cases. PURPOSE: To evaluate retrospectively the false-positive mark rate of a CAD system and the reproducibility of false-positive marks in two sets of negative digital mammograms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two ...
Heuclin Thérèse - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of Kawasaki disease (KD) in Northern France by using new American Heart Association (AHA) criteria. STUDY DESIGN: A 1-year prospective multicenter cohort study was performed in all pediatric departments. Patients <18 years old, who were admitted for prolonged but initially unexplained fever or suspected KD ...
Lehman Sam J - - 2009
We sought to describe the progression of coronary atherosclerotic plaque over time by computed tomography (CT) angiography stratified by plaque composition and its association with cardiovascular risk profiles. Data on the progression of atherosclerosis stratified by plaque composition with the use of noninvasive assessment by CT are limited and hampered ...
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