Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1572
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Hsu Hui-Chi - - 2004
The major bcr-abl fusion gene is seen as a major marker of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, whether the bcr-abl transcript can be detected in patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) is still a matter of controversy. We detected the messenger RNA expression of the bcr-abl gene using reverse transcription-polymerase chain ...
Yanai Machi - - 2004
Heavy chain diseases (HCD) are monoclonal lymphoproliferative disorders of B-cells characterized by the synthesis of truncated heavy chains without associated light chains. In patients with mu-HCD, which is a very rare form of HCD, neoplastic cells produce immunoglobulin M heavy chain. The prognosis for patients with mu-HCD is poor, and ...
Lloveras Elisabet - - 2004
We report cytogenetic results in a series of 60 patients affected with multiple myeloma (MM) and plasma cell leukemia (PCL) and compare the results with those previously reported. In our series, a total of 41% of MM patients and 71% of PCL patients displayed chromosome abnormalities. To evaluate the clinical ...
Rabitsch Werner - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Allogeneic transplantation may offer a curative approach to multiple myeloma (MM). We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of patients with multiple myeloma undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation in the context of beta(2) microglobulin and chromosome 13q. METHODS: All 13 patients with MM, who were referred to our center for allogeneic ...
La Nasa Giorgio - - 2004
We report a 44-year-old patient with refractory acute myeloid leukemia who developed a rare form of disseminated cutaneous aspergillosis resulting from colonization in the deep reticular dermis of Aspergillus flavus. Diagnosis was based on cutaneous biopsy. Antifungal therapy was started with liposomal amphotericin B (L AmB). However, the lesions continued ...
Uzunel M - - 2004
After allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT), we evaluated the use of the Wilms' tumor gene (WT1) as a minimal residual disease (MRD) marker in 32 patients (28 chronic myeloid leukemia, three acute lymphoblastic leukemia and one acute myeloid leukemia). All patients expressed BCR-ABL and the kinetics of WT1 were compared ...
Tsabouri Sophia - - 2004
Glutathione sulfur transferases (GSTs) is a group of enzymes involved in the detoxification process of carcinogens and other substances. The genes encoding isoenzymes M1 and T1 are polymorphic in humans and the phenotypic absence of enzyme activity (null genotype) may have an effect on the risk of chronic lymphoblastic leukemia ...
Massenkeil Gero - - 2004
28 patients with high-risk acute lymphoblastic (ALL) or acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) underwent nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation (NST) from HLA-identical donors because of one or several contraindications against myeloablative conditioning. Out of 28 patients, nine (32%) had pulmonary or hepatosplenic infiltrates due to invasive fungal infections (IFI) before NST. Out ...
Enblad Gunilla - - 2004
Patients with peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTLs) have an extremely poor prognosis when relapsed or refractory to conventional chemotherapy. We have studied alemtuzumab, a humanized anti-CD52 monoclonal antibody, as therapy for patients with heavily pretreated and refractory PTL. Fourteen patients entered the study. All had clinical stage III or IV disease. ...
Branford S - - 2003
We analyzed molecular responses in 55 newly diagnosed chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients enrolled in a phase 3 study (the IRIS trial) comparing imatinib to interferon-alfa plus cytarabine (IFN+AraC). BCR-ABL/BCR% levels were measured by real-time quantitative RT-PCR and were significantly lower for the imatinib-treated patients at all time points ...
Cerretini Roxana - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Genomic aberrations can now be identified in approximately 80% of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) patients. In the present study, four new structural changes involving chromosomes 17 and 12 in CLL/SLL patients are described. METHODS: Five patients were selected for inclusion in the present report among a ...
Bernasconi P - - 2003
Conventional cytogenetics (CC) at clinical diagnosis shows a normal karyotype in 40-60% of de novo myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) might detect occult aberrations in these patients. Therefore, we have used FISH to check 57 MDS patients who were karyo-typically normal on CC. At clinical diagnosis, FISH ...
Hock Barry D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Levels of the soluble form of CD86 (sCD86) are elevated in a proportion of patients with leukemia. Although it is a potential modulator of antitumor responses, the significance of sCD86 in patients with hematologic malignancies is unknown. METHODS: The authors evaluated sCD86 levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in patients ...
Chena Christian - - 2003
We have evaluated genomic aberrations by conventional cytogenetics and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis in a series of 57 Argentinean B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) patients. The studies were performed on stimulated peripheral blood lymphocytes. FISH analysis for trisomy 12, 13q14 deletion, and monosomy of TP53 (also known as ...
Fazeny-Dörner Barbara - - 2003
To assess a potential common pattern of genetic alterations in chemotherapy-resistant tumors we analyzed four tumors from breast cancer patients (patients 1-4) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, by comparative genome hybridization (CGH) and conventional chromosome banding analysis. All patients showed structural aberrations involving chromosomes 1, 5, 11, 16, and 17. In CGH ...
Berer Andrea - - 2003
We analyzed in vitro growth characteristics of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) from 322 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in relation to cytogenetic abnormalities. Median colony growth was low in each of the cytogenetic changes associated with a favorable outcome. Most karyotypic abnormalities in the intermediate prognosis group were ...
Garg Mamta - - 2003
We have developed a sensitive, competitive, nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) titration assay that quantifies the number of Wilm's tumour (WT1) gene transcripts in bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB), coupled with a competitive RT-PCR protocol for the ABL gene as control. We studied BM/PB samples from ...
Kreuzer Karl-Anton - - 2003
In order to investigate the safety and efficacy of stem cell mobilization in chronic myeloid leukemia patients under imatinib therapy we treated 10 such patients with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. We observed that none of the patients developed progressive disease under this treatment. Instead, sufficient CD34+ apheresis could be performed in ...
Preiss Birgitte S - - 2003
During a 10-year period (1992-2001) in the region of Southern Denmark, 337 patients aged 15 years or older (range 16-93 years, median 67 years) were diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Cytogenetic analysis was carried out in 90%, of whom 53% had clonal chromosome aberrations. Some 24% and 31% had ...
Passamonti Francesco - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Flow cytometry enumeration of peripheral blood CD34-positive cells provides reliable measurements of circulating hematopoietic progenitors in humans. Since the absolute number of circulating CD34-positive cells has been previously found to be elevated in myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM), we prospectively studied the clinical utility of this parameter ...
Cortes Jorge - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Older age is a consistent poor prognostic factor in patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Whether this is related to an intrinsic worse disease biology or to inadequate drug delivery or excessive treatment-associated toxicity is unknown. The availability of imatinib mesylate, a selective, Bcr-Abl-targeted therapy that ...
Mattsson J - - 2003
We prospectively evaluated mixed chimerism (MC) in the T cell and myeloid lineages and its correlation to busulphan, single-dose total body irradiation (TBI) and fractionated TBI (fTBI) conditioning in 180 patients with haematological malignancies after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). In all patients receiving busulphan, the area under curve (AUC) ...
Iovino Christine Scura - - 2003
Approximately 11,000 Americans will be diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in 2003, and about 75% ultimately will die from the disease. Despite significant advances in understanding biologic, molecular, and cytogenetic aspects of this malignancy, several other areas remain poorly understood. During the 1990s, significant advances in the characterization of ...
Nielsen Iben - - 2003
Eighty-three patients with various chronic myeloproliferative disorders [polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocytosis (ET), idiopathic myelofibrosis (IMF)] were analyzed for the occurrence of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplasia (MDS) during treatment with hydroxyurea (HU) alone or HU following treatment with busulphan (BU). A total of 58 patients (29 PV, 14 ...
Kern Wolfgang - - 2003
Monitoring of minimal residual disease (MRD) becomes increasingly important in the risk-adapted management of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In selected patients with AML, multiparameter flow cytometry has shown accuracy and sensitivity in the quantification of MRD levels with independent prognostic impact. The applicability of this approach is superior ...
Okcu M Fatih - - 2003
We have previously reported that children with B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who remained in remission after successfully completing therapy had leukemia cells detectable by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (N Engl J Med 1997;336(5):317-23). These patients were treated by an institutional protocol (P89-04) that lacked the post-remission intensification features of ...
Borowitz M J - - 2003
Minimal residual disease (MRD) can be detected in the marrows of children undergoing chemotherapy either by flow cytometry or polymerase chain reaction. In this study, we used four-color flow cytometry to detect MRD in 1016 children undergoing therapy on Children's Oncology Group therapeutic protocols for precursor-B-cell ALL. Compliance was excellent, ...
Mazza P - - 2003
Hematological malignancies in Jehovah's Witnesses are often difficult to cure since these patients deny transfusions. By a retrospective analysis, we report the possibility of treating some tumors, mostly hematological, with either autologous or allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) without blood support. Eight patients were evaluated, including lymphoma (two patients), acute ...
Feldman Eric - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical and laboratory features of a cohort of patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) who developed Ph(-), trisomy 8(+) metaphases while on treatment with imatinib mesylate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Conventional cytogenetics and triple-color interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization were used to identify 5 of 310 studied patients ...
Lee Seok - - 2003
Fourteen adults with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) were studied to evaluate the role of imatinib prior to allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). Of these, 12 patients were in complete hematologic response (CHR), and 2 were refractory. Imatinib was administered as an interim schedule after each chemotherapy course. ...
Fiedler Walter - - 2003
Neoangiogenesis has been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Autocrine and paracrine secretion of angiogenic and hematopoietic growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and stem cell factor (SCF) in the bone marrow microenvironment may promote proliferation and survival of ...
Radin Arthur I - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In vitro and clinical data suggest a therapeutic role for alpha2 interferon (IFN) in the treatment of the chronic myeloproliferative disorders. Accordingly, a multiinstitutional, Phase II trial of IFN in patients with agnogenic myeloid metaplasia (AMM), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and polycythemia rubra vera (PRV) in the spent phase was ...
Roblot F - - 2003
Objectives. A retrospective multicentric study was conducted over a five-year period to evaluate the clinical and laboratory characteristics and outcome of patients with proven Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) complicating hematologic malignancies.Results. The study included 60 HIV-negative patients with 18 non-Hodgkin's malignant lymphoma (30%), 13 chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (21.7%), 10 acute ...
Jordan J-H - - 2003
BACKGROUND: An increase in colony-forming progenitor cells (CFU) is typically seen in myeloproliferative disorders (MPD). Systemic mastocytosis (SM) is a haemopoietic neoplasm involving myeloid progenitors similar to MPD. In the present study, we measured the levels of peripheral blood (pb) and bone marrow (bm) CFU in patients with different categories ...
Roodman Steve - - 2003
The authors present a series of three paediatric patients with trisomy 21 who developed significant bradycardia during inhalation induction with sevoflurane. All three were undergoing adenotonsillectomy. The possible association of such problems with trisomy 21 and treatment options are reviewed. Although the occurrence of bradycardia in these three patients may ...
Lee Dong Soon - - 2003
Fluorescence in situ hybridization for the BCR/ABL rearrangement in 138 bone marrow specimens from 59 Philadelphia(+) (Ph(+)) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patients, 35 Ph(+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients, and 57 Ph(-) ALL patients was used. Sixteen (27.1%) of the 59 CML patients had deletions of the residual ABL gene ...
Steudel Christine - - 2003
Partial tandem duplication (PTD) of the MLL gene and internal tandem duplication (ITD) of the juxtamembrane region of the FLT3 receptor tyrosine kinase gene have been described in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, preferentially in those with normal cytogenetics. These alterations have been associated with a poor prognosis. In our ...
Verstovsek Srdan - - 2003
Vascularity is increased in the bone marrow of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and high vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels correlate with worse survival. We analyzed the significance of VEGF-receptor 1 (VEGF-R1) and VEGF-R2 levels in bone marrow samples from 170 CML patients (137 chronic, 24 accelerated, and ...
Schoch Claudia - - 2003
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases with 11q23 abnormalities involving the MLL gene comprise one category of recurring genetic abnormalities in the WHO classification. In an unselected series of 1897 AML cases, 54 patients with an 11q23/MLL rearrangement were identified, resulting in an incidence of 2.8%. The incidence of AML with ...
Cimino Giuseppe - - 2003
To elucidate the biologic and clinical heterogeneity of adult pro-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (ie, terminal deoxynucletidyl-transferase-positive[TdT+], CD19+, CD10-, surface immunoglobulin-negative [SIg-]), we evaluated 66 patients enrolled in the Italian multicentric Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche dell'Adulto (GIMEMA) 0496 study between October 1996 and December 1999. The ALL1/AF4 fusion transcript, originating ...
Taguchi Akihiko - - 2003
Two cases of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) evolving from aplastic anemia are presented. The first case was diagnosed 18 years ago, and treatment with bolus methylprednisolone, prednisolone, and androgens resulted in partial hematological response. Severe pancytopenia recurred, and AML M0 by French-American-British classification developed. The second case was diagnosed 7 ...
Frater John L - - 2003
We evaluated bone marrow pathologic features and cytogenetic and molecular genetic status of 13 patients with interferon-resistant, chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), treated with imatinib mesylate (Gleevec). All had morphologic evidence of CML in the blood and bone marrow and were positive for bcr-abl by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, fluorescence ...
Cortes Jorge - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Imatinib mesylate is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of c-abl, bcr/abl, c-kit, and platelet-derived growth factor-receptor (PDGF-R). c-kit is expressed in most patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and PDGF has been implicated in the pathogenesis of myeloproliferative disorders (MPD). METHODS: The authors investigated the ...
Sayer H G - - 2003
We analyzed predictive factors for the outcome of 113 acute myeloid leukemia patients receiving reduced-intensity conditioning prior to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Patients were ineligible for conventional-intensity HSCT. Conditioning consisted of fludarabine and 50% of the conventional dose of busulfan (n=93) or total body irradiation (n=20). The source ...
Endo Chie - - 2003
BACKGROUND: It has recently been shown that t (12;21) (p13;q 22) is the most common molecular genetic abnormality in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We have analyzed this translocation in an attempt to evaluate its incidence and to monitor minimal residual disease (MRD) with t (12; 21) rearrangement by detection ...
Kern Wolfgang - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) by multiparameter flow cytometry is an emerging prognostic factor in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The present analysis aimed at improving the applicability of this approach to more patients with AML. DESIGN AND METHODS: Bone marrow samples from unselected patients ...
Tsimberidou Apostolia M - - 2003
PURPOSE: The tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib mesylate inhibits the function of the Bcr-Abl oncoprotein associated with Philadelphia-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Anagrelide suppresses megakaryocyte proliferation and differentiation. The objectives of this study were to investigate the feasibility and safety of imatinib mesylate and anagrelide combination therapy in patients with Ph-positive ...
Kardos Gabriela - - 2003
Primary myelodysplasia (MDS) without an increased number of blasts is a rare finding in childhood. We performed a retrospective analysis of 67 children with a diagnosis of primary MDS to determine the clinical and hematologic course of the disease. The median age at diagnosis was 8.3 years (range, 0.3-18.1 years). ...
Cilloni Daniela - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine whether pattern of WT1 gene expression is a useful marker for establishing prognosis and tracking disease progression in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a quantitative assessment of the WT1 transcript amount by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) in 173 samples (131 ...
Gatto Simona - - 2003
Prospective analysis of the importance of the plasma levels of beta-2 microglobulin (B2M) in 553 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) found that B2M is an independent prognostic variable for survival with weighted significance second only to the karyotype. The incorporation of the B2M covariate into risk assessment of MDS patients ...
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