Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1572
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Ziegler Sophie - - 2005
The association between malignant disorders and occurrence of venous thromboembolism is well established. Patients with cancer and venous thromboembolism have adverse prognosis. No systematic study on the incidence and prognostic impact of venous thromboembolism in acute leukemia has been performed as yet. We retrospectively evaluated the incidence of symptomatic venous ...
Cermák Jaroslav - - 2005
A clonal origin of hematopoiesis was studied by investigation of X-chromosome inactivation patterns (XCIP) in isolated granulocyte, CD14(+) and CD3(+) subpopulations obtained from bone marrow and peripheral blood of 36 female patients with primary myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Clonality was assessed by PCR amplification of polymorphic short tandem repeats of the ...
Judson Ian - - 2005
Imatinib pharmacokinetics (PK) may be affected by a number of factors that are related to the disease being treated and to the response of that disease to imatinib. Patients in the phase I and phase II trials conducted by the EORTC in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) and other ...
Conte Enrico - - 2005
In this study, we investigated the expression of survivin (SVV) in 44 patients with typical Ph-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in different phases of the disease as well as in 20 matched healthy donors. We found a very high SVV expression in a predominant percentage of CML patients. We also ...
Tsutsumi Yutaka - - 2004
Interferon (IFN) is one of several drugs effective in treating multiple myeloma (MM), and propagermanium is an IFN inducer. We report on 10 MM patients who were treated with propagermanium at doses from 10 to 40 mg. Two patients achieved complete remission (CR), two patients achieved partial remission (PR), and ...
López-Holgado Natalia - - 2004
The present work analyzes the hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients using both an immunophenotypical and a functional approaches in order to know whether they are similar in patients with or without cytogenetic abnormalities. Among CD34+ HPC, the proportion of myeloid committed progenitors was higher in patients ...
Voskova Daniela - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Multiparameter flow cytometry is increasingly used to monitor minimal residual disease in patients with acute myeloid leukemia to identify leukemic cells by leukemia-associated aberrant immunophenotypes (LAIPs). Changes in LAIPs during the course of the disease may be a limitation for this approach. METHODS: We analyzed 49 patients at diagnosis ...
Hassan R - - 2004
The overall survival of patients with hairy cell leukemia (HCL) has significantly increased in recent years because of the development of effective treatments such as interferon alpha and purine analogs. Several reports have described an increased risk of secondary cancers, particularly solid tumors, in patients with HCL. We describe a ...
Kreft Andreas - - 2004
Transformation into acute leukemia is a rare event in essential thrombocythemia (ET). The blasts are usually of myeloid, rarely of megakaryoblastic differentiation. We present the case of a patient with pure erythroleukemia after a nearly 10-year course of ET, which was treated with hydroxyurea. The patient, a 58-year-old male, presented ...
Kimura Akiro - - 2004
We studied surface expression of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor (G-CSFR) on CD34++ progenitor cells of myelodysplastic patients. Late stages of disease showed a higher proportion of high or low G-CSFR expression than early stages. Most of the patients with the low expression had neutropenia. Neutropenia was relatively less present in ...
Robak Tadeusz - - 2004
Second malignancies are frequent complications in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Patients with this leukemia may develop large cell lymphoma (LCL) known as Richter's syndrome (RS). RS occurs in CLL patients of about 3% and may develop in a single lymph node or more often in a group of ...
Drummond Mark - - 2004
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is associated increased stem cell turnover. We have previously shown that short telomeres in chronic phase (CP) predict for early progression to blast phase (BP). Poor prognostic score patients may therefore exhibit increased telomere loss at diagnosis and/or a greater than normal rate of loss during ...
Füreder Wolfgang - - 2004
In this study we evaluated 103 patients suffering from acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who did not respond to induction chemotherapy and defined a sub-group of patients with highly refractory disease characterized by a persistence of more than 1 G/L blast cells in the peripheral blood between days 12 and 16 ...
Frankard J - - 2004
Reported here is a case of Bacillus cereus pneumonia that occurred in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The presentation was severe, essentially marked by respiratory distress and pleuritic chest pain. Classic empirical treatment initiated for febrile neutropenia did not cover this rare pathogen and appropriate therapy was therefore delayed. ...
DeAngelo Daniel J - - 2004
PURPOSE: Over the last several years, donor lymphocyte infusions have become the standard approach for patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) who relapse after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). Recent reports indicate that imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) can induce remissions in these patients as well. Less is known about the extent ...
Barragán Eva - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Wilms' tumor (WT1) gene is overexpressed in patients with most forms of acute leukemia. Several studies have reported the usefulness of quantitative assessment of WT1 expression as a molecular marker of minimal residual disease. However, the biological significance and the prognostic impact of WT1 overexpression in ...
Yaldiz Mehmet - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a benign neoplasm consisting of varying mixtures of smooth muscle, blood vessels and fat. Although, most of these tumors are easy to recognize, some may pose a diagnostic dilemma due to unusual histologic features. Recently, it was suggested that melanosome-associated protein (HMB-45) immunoreactivity may be used ...
Rytting Michael E - - 2004
We report two patients with Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in myeloid blastic phase that developed central nervous system disease while on imatinib mesylate therapy. Patient 1 presented with CML in myeloid blastic phase and responded to imatinib, cytarabine, and idarubicin-based treatment achieving complete cytogenetic remission in ...
Zhang Yan - - 2004
The term subacute myeloid leukemia is not present in most hematologic textbooks, but clinically the disease does exist. During the past 13 years, 34 patients with trisomy 8 (+8) and previous diagnoses of refractory anemia with excess blasts in myelodysplastic syndromes were followed and studied in our institute. None of ...
Song K W - - 2004
Seven of one hundred twenty-one patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treated with imatinib mesylate developed subdural hematomas. All had advanced disease and were treated initially at a dose of 600 mg per day. Three patients had thrombocytopenia (platelet < 10 x 10(9)/l), one had leukocytosis (white blood cell count ...
Alvarez Y - - 2004
The ETV6/RUNX1 rearrangement (also known as TEL/AML1) was evaluated in 39 children with B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who had a normal karyotype or lack of mitoses. Forty-one point six percent of patients with normal karyotypes and 66.6% of patients without mitoses presented with the ETV6/RUNX1 rearrangement. In addition to ...
Kearns William G - - 2004
Aneuploidy is frequently seen in leukemia and myelodysplasia (MDS) but was thought to be uncommon in aplastic anemia (AA). We examined marrow cells from 96 unselected patients with bone marrow failure syndromes to assess the frequency of undetected aneuploidy for chromosomes 7 and 8 by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) ...
Farag Sherif S - - 2004
Secondary cytogenetic abnormalities at diagnosis of Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) have been associated with an inferior outcome in reported series of largely chemotherapy-treated patients. To date, no study has specifically focused on the prognostic significance of secondary karyotypic abnormalities, detected at the time of diagnosis, in interferon ...
Amiel A - - 2004
Multiple myeloma represents a malignant proliferation of plasma cells derived from a single clone. It is well known that alkylating agents are capable of inducing myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myelocytic leukemias (AML). This risk of both diseases in patients with multiple myeloma has been estimated to be 10-20% after ...
Fern Lorna - - 2004
The molecular pathogenesis of therapy-related acute myeloid leukaemia/myelodysplastic syndrome (t-AML/MDS) remains uncertain. However, clonal haemopoiesis may develop following stem cell transplantation and precede the development of t-AML/MDS. Moreover, accelerated telomere shortening may be induced by replicative stress or oxidative damage, leading to genomic instability, and inactivating polymorphisms of the gene ...
Vadivelu Murali K - - 2004
We studied the distribution of ABO blood groups in Hodgkin's lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, acute myeloid leukaemia and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, in children up to the age of 12 years, in a hospital-based retrospective study. Blood group data were recorded from the case records of all the patients in a tertiary ...
Wang Guanjun - - 2004
The use of arsenic trioxide (As2O3, ATO) combined with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has recently been reported to induce remission in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). However, its efficiency remains inconclusive mainly due to the small number of the available cases. In this study, therefore, we present a clinical ...
Seiter Karen - - 2004
In our previous phase I study of temozolomide in patients with acute leukemia, temozolomide was well tolerated and demonstrated significant anti-leukemic activity. The maximum tolerated dose was 200 mg/m2/d for 7 days, repeated approximately every 5-6 weeks. In the current study, we evaluated the same dose of temozolomide in patients ...
Cortes Jorge - - 2004
Clonal evolution (CE) may be a marker of disease progression in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and is thought to reflect the genetic instability of the highly proliferative CML progenitors. The frequency of CE increases with advancing stage, rising from 30%in accelerated phase and up to 80% in blast crisis. Given ...
Fugazza G - - 2004
Imatinib mesylate determines a favorable clinical course in most Ph positive Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) patients in the chronic phase. Cytogenetic response is usually evaluated by analyzing 20-25 bone marrow metaphases using standard banding techniques. Since this methodology has very low sensitivity, we compared the results obtained by standard banding ...
Cortes Jorge - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Myelosuppression occurs in up to 50% of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who are treated with imatinib and > or = Grade 3 myelosuppression is reported in approximately 10% of patients. METHODS: The authors investigated the prognostic significance of anemia occurring during therapy with imatinib in patients with ...
Wendelbo Øystein - - 2004
T-cell-targeting immunotherapy is now considered in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Immunotherapy seems most effective for patients with a low AML cell burden, and a possible strategy is therefore to administer immunotherapy early after intensive chemotherapy when patients have a low leukemia cell burden and severe treatment-induced cytopenia. To further investigate ...
Bader Peter - - 2004
PURPOSE: We recently reported that children with acute leukemias who show increasing mixed chimerism (MC) after allogeneic stem-cell transplantation have a significantly enhanced risk of relapse. Here we present the results of a prospective multicenter study to investigate (1) whether relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) can be determined in ...
Fenk Roland - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) has helped to improve the treatment of patients with leukemia. At present MRD testing in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) is not applied as a standard diagnostic or prognostic method. DESIGN AND METHODS: Immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using ...
Crossman Lucy C - - 2004
Since its introduction 5 years ago, imatinib mesylate has shown remarkable efficacy in treating patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia. Here we shall review the clinical results seen with imatinib at all stages of the disease, current views on the best way to monitor patients' responses and potential ways of predicting ...
Wendelbo Øystein - - 2004
Proliferative T cell responses were compared for two patient groups with severe treatment-induced leukopenia (white blood cell counts < 0.5 x 10(9)/l): (i). multiple myeloma patients receiving high-dose melphalan and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation; (ii). patients receiving conventional intensive chemotherapy for acute leukemia or myelodysplasia. Although the majority ...
Li Tianyu - - 2004
We report on seven patients with myeloid diseases characterized by i(20q-) anomaly. Four patients were male and three were female, their median age was 57 years. The diagnosis at presentation was myelodysplastic syndrome in six patients, acute myeloid leukaemia in one patient. Four died but three survived and remain anaemic. ...
Mauro Michael J - - 2004
Imatinib mesylate therapy leads to major or complete cytogenetic response in the majority of patients with CML in the chronic phase. A subset of these patients also achieves remission at a molecular level. It is not known if such patients will require continuous therapy, or whether imatinib could be safely ...
Addeo Raffaele - - 2004
Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) represents approximately 40% of pediatric cancers, but molecular mechanisms involved in the therapeutic resistance of ALL are still unclear. The disregulation of cell cycle could be a mechanism of progression of leukemic blasts and glucocorticoids (GCs), the main pharmacological agent in the treatment of ALL, ...
Kuriakose Philip - - 2004
B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia is a relatively rare lymphoproliferative disorder. No specific cytogenetic abnormality has yet been associated with it. The most common translocation reported in patients with this disease is t(11;14)(q13;q32). We describe the case of a patient with B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia and a hitherto unreported genetic translocation (8;14)(q24;q32) as ...
Miyamura Takako - - 2004
Many studies have assessed the clinical significance of the detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute leukemia. Thus far, many studies have suggested that MRD detection to evaluate the response to chemotherapy is useful for predicting the prognosis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, few studies have reported ...
El-Zimaity Maha M T - - 2004
Five to 10 per cent of patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) have variant translocations involving chromosomes other than 9 and 22. We investigated the characteristics and outcome of patients with variant translocations treated with imatinib. Among 721 patients, 44 (6%) had variant translocations, involving one (n ...
George Rani E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We explored the association between neuroblastoma and congenital cardiovascular malformations (CCM), previously described in case reports. STUDY DESIGN: Echocardiogram and chart reviews of a series of 158 patients with neuroblastoma and a control group of 192 children with leukemia were performed. The proportion of patients with CCM in each ...
Rosenberg Philip S - - 2004
Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive condition associated with bone marrow failure (BMF) leading to death or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and solid tumors (STs). It is unclear which patients are most likely to develop each outcome. From a cohort of 144 North American patients ...
Au W Y - - 2004
We report a 19-year-old man with Ollier's disease with multiple orthopedic procedures performed for leg length discrepancy; who developed chronic myeloid leukemia presenting with intramuscular hematoma. His symptoms resolved with cytoreductive treatment by hydroxyurea. Cytogenetic and molecular investigations showed a complex Philadelphia translocation t(9;22;13) (q34;q11.2;q12), with predominance of ela2 BCR/ABL ...
Saikia T K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation remains the only modality of treatment that can eradicate a leukaemia clone in the majority of patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). However, the advent of the targeted molecule imatinib mesylate (formerly STI-571) against the bcr-abl chimeric protein ...
Blaheta H-J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The status of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) is an important prognostic factor in patients with cutaneous melanoma. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) has been used as a sensitive means of detecting tumour cells in SLNs. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether RT-PCR analysis of the SLN using both the central ...
Tallman Martin S - - 2004
PURPOSE: Acute monocytic leukemia is a distinct subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with characteristic biologic and clinical features. This study was designed to compare the outcome of patients with M5 to that of other subtypes of AML, and to identify differences in M5a and M5b. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We ...
Tiftik N - - 2004
The prognostic significance of immunophenotypical properties of leukaemic cells is well known. However, the biological and clinical significance of CD7 and CD56 antigen expression in acute leukaemias are not clearly established. In patients with acute leukaemias, we identified CD7 and CD56 expression and analysed their associations with markers expressed early ...
Mattiuzzi Gloria N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Systemic fungal infections remain the leading cause of mortality in patients with newly diagnosed acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The objective of the current study was to determine whether intravenous itraconazole (i.v. ITRA) reduced the incidence of probable/proven fungal infections in this group of patients, ...
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