Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1572
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LoSavio Andelka D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A 75-year-old female presented with a 1 month history of non-bloody diarrhea, associated with abdominal cramping and urgency. Her medical history was notable for chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, diagnosed 6 years previously and managed expectantly by monitoring the patient's complete blood count. Over several months, the patient's symptoms progressed, which ...
Litzow Mark R - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The treatment of patients with refractory or relapsed acute myeloid leukemia remains challenging. Management of these patients must take into account patient and leukemia-related factors in order to organize a comprehensive approach to treatment. Many new therapies are under study. RECENT FINDINGS: New molecular markers that represent ...
Asgarian Omran Hossein - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Immunophenotypic characterization of the leukemic cells has been widely used as a tool for diagnosis, classification, stratification and prognosis of leukaemia. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immunophenotypic subtype profiles of Iranian patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and its association to disease outcome. METHODS: In this study, a total of ...
Chemaly Roy F - - 2007
We reviewed the records of 33 patients with leukemia who experienced influenza during the period from October 2000 to March 2004. Three (38%) of the 8 patients who did not receive neuraminidase inhibitor therapy and none of the 25 patients who received it died of influenza pneumonia (P=.001). The use ...
Sherbenou D W - - 2007
Residual leukemia is demonstrable by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in most patients with chronic myeloid leukemia who obtain a complete cytogenetic response (CCR) to imatinib. In patients who relapse during imatinib therapy, a high rate of mutations in the kinase domain of BCR-ABL have been identified, but the mechanisms underlying ...
Yanada Masamitsu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Even after the introduction of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), early hemorrhagic death remains a major cause of remission induction failure for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). METHODS: To investigate severe hemorrhagic complications during remission induction therapy with respect to incidence, risk factors, and influence on outcome. Results were analyzed for ...
Nicolini Franck E - - 2007
Dasatinib is efficient in vitro against most of CML cells harboring ABL kinase domain mutations and induces high rates of response in imatinib-resistant CML patients. Here, we monitored the mutated BCR-ABL transcripts during the follow-up of 12 CML patients treated with dasatinib. We identified four groups of patients based on ...
Rickles Frederick R - - 2007
Bleeding and thrombosis are major risk factors for early death in patients with acute leukemia; chemotherapy increases the likelihood of both of these complications. Patients with acute leukemia often present with a hypercoagulable state or with evidence for chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation, even in the absence of active thrombosis and/or ...
Germing Ulrich - - 2007
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) belong to the most frequent bone marrow disorders with a median age about 70 years. The diagnosis of MDS relies on morphologic features of dysplasia of blood and marrow cytology and histology. Cytogenetic analyses of the marrow cells are mandatory in MDS. The assessment of the correct ...
de Oliveira Carlos Eduardo Coral - - 2007
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a malignant myeloproliferative disorder that originates from a pluripotent stem cell expressing the bcr-abl oncogene. It is characterized by an abnormal release of the expanded, malignant stem cell clone from the bone marrow into the circulation. The stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1) gene contains a ...
Tysarowski Andrzej - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of quantitative real-time PCR (RQ-PCR) for the monitoring of molecular remission in follicular lymphoma (FL) patients during long-term follow-up. RQ-PCR by the use of TaqMan detection system is a sensitive tool to monitor minimal residual disease (MRD) in FL through ...
Ruiz-Argüelles Guillermo J - - 2007
Two main techniques are being used for the detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute leukemia (AL): immunophenotypic analysis and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In this paper, we analyze the results of assessing MRD by means of flow cytometry (FC) in a group of 93 patients with AL who ...
Zhara Mohamed - - 2007
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a malignant disease of heampoitic stem cell resulting from clonal expansion of leukemic myeloid cells. Survivin is a recently identified member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family. The aim of the work is to analyze the expression of survivin in CML patient in chronic, ...
Cortes Jorge - - 2007
The prognosis for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in myeloid blast crisis (MBC) or lymphoid blast crisis (LBC) remains poor. Although imatinib can induce responses in a subset of these patients, resistance to the drug develops rapidly. Dasatinib is a novel, oral, multitargeted kinase inhibitor of BCR-ABL and SRC ...
Soverini Simona - - 2006
PURPOSE: ABL kinase domain mutations have been implicated in the resistance to the BCR-ABL inhibitor imatinib mesylate of Philadelphia-positive (Ph+) leukemia patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Using denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography and sequencing, we screened for ABL kinase domain mutations in 370 Ph+ patients with evidence of hematologic or cytogenetic resistance to ...
List Alan F - - 2006
Lenalidomide, an IMiD drug (a novel type of immunomodulating drug) was recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of transfusion-dependent anemia in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and interstitial deletions of chromosome 5q [del(5q)]. This review examines the clinical experience from the MDS-001 and MDS-003 ...
Ruiz-Argüelles Guillermo J - - 2006
Three patients with BCR/ABL+ chronic myelogenous leukemia were allografted, two with unrelated compatible placental blood and one from a human leukocyte antigen compatible sibling. The patients engrafted successfully, achieved mixed chimerism and all cleared the BCR/ABL fusion transcript. Despíte the fact that the three patients lost the chimerism, they have ...
Bee P C - - 2006
This study was done to assess the overall response rate of imatinib mesylate in local patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia. A total of 69 patients were recruited with male/female ratio of 7:3. Of the 69 patients; 35% were in the chronic phase, 41% were in the accelerated phase, 17% were ...
van der Holt Bronno - - 2007
Diagnostic cytogenetic abnormalities are considered important prognostic factors in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). However, the prognostic assessments have mainly been derived from patients with AML aged <60 years. Two recent studies of AML patients of 60 years and older proposed prognostic classifications with distinct discrepancies. To further study ...
Uckun Fatih M - - 2006
This study examined the ability of the semi-synthetic vinca alkaloid, Vinorelbine/Navelbine, to cause apoptotic death in freshly obtained primary leukaemia cells from 53 patients with haematological malignancies, including 22 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), 24 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), three patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia in blast ...
Ripollés Lorena - - 2006
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is the most common leukemia in the elderly population. Under conventional cytogenetic (CC) analysis, approximately 50% of CLL cases show clonal aberrations. Using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), the percentage of patients with abnormalities rises to almost 80%, the most frequent being 13q14, ATM, and ...
Lin Yulia - - 2006
There are increasing reports of Philadelphia-negative (Ph-negative) clonal hematopoiesis developing among patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treated with imatinib mesylate (IM). To establish the incidence and significance of these chromosomal abnormalities, we analyzed data on 141 consecutive patients with CML treated with IM at the British Columbia Cancer Agency ...
Athanasiadou Anastasia - - 2006
One-hundred-and-thirty typical, unselected CLL cases were studied by conventional cytogenetic analysis. Seventy-three patients (56.2%) had normal karyotype ('normal sub-group'), while 57/130 patients (43.8%) had abnormal karyotype. Twenty-two of 57 patients (38.6%) carried more than one abnormality. Six novel chromosomal abnormalities were detected in five patients: (i) t(3;13)(q14;q34); (ii) t(Y;11)(q12;q23), del(13)(q12q14); ...
Yilmaz M - - 2006
Coagulation and fibrinolytic abnormalities are common in patients with acute myeloblastic leukaemia (AML) like other forms of leukaemias. In this study, we investigated if total plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) activity, which is believed to increase in initial diagnosis and relapse in AML patients could be accepted as a relapse criterion ...
Gonçales Jr Fernando Lopes - - 2006
Combination therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin is considered the new standard therapy for naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of treatment with weight-based peginterferon alpha-2b (1.5 mg/kg per week) plus ribavirin (800-1,200 mg/day) for 48 weeks in naïve, relapser and non-responder (to previous ...
Ruiz-Argüelles Guillermo J - - 2006
A new mutation (V617F) affecting the JAK2 gene has been recently described as acquired in patients with myeloproliferative disorders and other myeloid malignancies. Using an amplification refractory mutation system, we investigated this mutation in 70 Mexican mestizo patients with hematological malignancies: 28 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 17 cases of ...
Mossafa H - - 2006
Out of 344 patients with newly diagnosed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), this study identified 16 patients presenting Burkitt-like cells (BLCs) after cytological and/or histological review. Conventional cytogenetic analysis showed at diagnosis complex chromosomal abnormalities in 13 cases and a normal karyotype in three cases. However, neither t(8;14)(q24;q32) nor the variants t(2;8)(p12;q24) ...
Liu Ling-Bo - - 2006
To compare the cytogenetic difference between M5a and M5b of acute monocytic leukemia and to study the correlation between karyotypes and clinical manifestations, a total of 58 cases of de novo adult AML M5 have been investigated. Chromosome metaphases of bone marrow cells were prepared by using direct method and ...
Buckstein Rena - - 2006
While cladribine is a highly effective therapy for patients with symptomatic hairy cell leukemia (HCL), up to 37% of patients ultimately relapse and incompletely responding patients relapse more frequently. Rituximab is a monoclonal antibody against CD20 that has been shown to be effective in patients with relapsed HCL. We present ...
Spanaki A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to investigate WT1 expression levels in childhood acute leukemia. Bone marrow from 14 children with acute leukemia at diagnosis and from 7 children with solid tumors without bone marrow involvement (control group) was studied. Five of the 14 patients (35.7%), expressed high levels of ...
Sen Rajeev - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the significance of finding myeloid metaplasia in splenic aspirates from patients presenting with mild to moderate firm splenomegaly, in the absence of characteristic peripheral blood findings, in diagnosing idiopathic myelofibrosis. STUDY DESIGN: Archival records pertaining to 14 patients diagnosed as having myeloid metaplasia on splenic aspirates performed ...
Miglino Maurizio - - 2006
The aim of this study was to elucidate the relationship between clonal and normal haematopoiesis in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Thirteen female patients who reached complete cytogenetic response (CCR) after Imatinib treatment were studied. Although all the study patients exhibited a polyclonal pattern of X inactivation, p210 BCR/ABL transcript remained ...
Hentschel N - - 2006
CD178 (Fas/APO-1 ligand) and CD137 ligand (CD137L) have previously been described in sera of patients with various malignancies and play an important role in the pathogenesis of various diseases. Recently, we demonstrated that low levels of soluble (s) CD137L and high levels of sCD178 correlate significantly with a long progression ...
Georgiou Georgios - - 2006
The incidence of FLT3 mutations (internal tandem duplication and Asp835) was investigated in bone marrow samples from 97 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome [(MDS); excluding cases with refractory anaemia with excess blasts in transformation] at the time of diagnosis and several time points thereafter. Three patients had FLT3 mutations at presentation. ...
La Starza R - - 2006
Fluorescence in situ hybridization and comparative genomic hybridization characterized 6p rearrangements in eight primary and in 10 secondary myeloid disorders (including one patient with Fanconi anemia) and found different molecular lesions in each group. In primary disorders, 6p abnormalities, isolated in six patients, were highly heterogeneous with different breakpoints along ...
Monfort Sandra - - 2006
Chromosomal rearrangements involving the telomeres are implied as a significant cause of idiopathic mental retardation. The most frequently used technique to detect these rearrangements was fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), an expensive and labor-intensive technique. One of the most promising alternative techniques is multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). Here, the ...
Wang Hua-Quan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of the burden of abnormal hematopoietic clone in the development of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). METHODS: The ratio of the bone marrow cells with abnormal chromosomes to the total counted bone marrow cells was regarded as the index of MDS clone burden. The disease severity related ...
Ishii Yuko - - 2006
Therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a major problem in long-term cancer survivors, therefore early detection and prevention of therapy-related secondary neoplasia is an important issue. We searched for therapy-related MDS and analyzed cytogenetic changes in 155 patients with multiple myeloma (MM) from a single institution. Of the total 155 MM ...
Ng Margaret H L - - 2006
We performed a retrospective analysis on the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) data of 53 consecutive Chinese patients with high-risk childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) diagnosed from 1989 to 2003. A significantly higher frequency of HLA-B67 in the male relapse group of patients [OR, 23.08; 95% CI, 5.31-100.36; p = 0.0042; ...
Carney Robert M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a risk factor for cardiac events in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is frequently comorbid with depression and is also a risk factor for cardiac events. Undetected OSAHS could help explain the increased risk associated with depression. METHODS: Medically stable patients ...
Syed Naveen Naz - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compile the clinical and haematological parameters of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and risk stratification according to Sokal score in our population. DESIGN: A descriptive analysis. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital, during the period from August 1997 to August 2005. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All ...
Arons Evgeny - - 2006
Cladribine induces long-term complete remission in hairy cell leukemia (HCL) patients but does not clear minimal residual disease (MRD) according to high-sensitivity PCR assays. To quantify MRD in patients after anti-CD22 recombinant immunotoxin BL22 and other agents, we used a relative quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) assay using a primer and probe, ...
Zwerdling Ted - - 2006
Docetaxel, which is an antitubulin agent, has demonstrable activity against murine and human tumors. The current study was designed to determine response rates to docetaxel in various strata of recurrent solid tumors of childhood and to assess toxicity in a group of patients who were assigned to receive it. Docetaxel ...
Wang Ying - - 2006
Cyclin E2 is present in solid tumors, while its expression and clinical value in acute leukemia is unknown. This study was aimed to investigate the expression of cyclin E2 and survivin gene in bone marrow cells from patients with acute leukemia and their relationship. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was ...
Khorashad J S - - 2006
The expansion of a leukemia clone bearing a Bcr-Abl kinase domain mutation is associated with acquired resistance to imatinib and may also predict disease progression in patients with Philadelphia-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Here we report results of pyrosequencing to quantitate the non-mutated and mutant alleles in 12 CML patients ...
Ooi Jun - - 2006
Although allogeneic stem cell transplantation from a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical related donor offers a potential cure for patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), a suitably matched related donor is unavailable for approximately two thirds of patients. Recently, umbilical cord blood from unrelated donors have been used as an alternative stem ...
Owaidah T M - - 2006
Biphenotypic acute leukemia (BAL) is a rare, difficult to diagnose entity. Its identification is important for risk stratification in acute leukemia (AL). The scoring proposal of the European Group for the Classification of Acute Leukemia (EGIL) is useful for this purpose, but its performance against objective benchmarks is unclear. Using ...
Avcu Ferit - - 2006
Adiponectin, an adipocyte-secreted hormone, is an important negative regulator in the immune system and hematopoiesis. In this study, we investigated the association of adiponectin levels with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and myeloproliferative diseases (MPDs). We measured adiponectin levels in 19 patients with CLL and 30 patients with MPD (chronic myelogenous ...
Wrzesień-Kuś A - - 2006
Patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) and/or BCR-ABL+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have extremely poor prognoses. Most of these patients have additional, heterogenous karyotype abnormalities, the majority of which have uncertain clinical significance. In this study we analyzed the clinical characteristics, karyotype abnormalities, and outcome of 77 patients with Ph+ and/or ...
Lee C-K - - 2006
To identify a correlation between metaphase cytogenetics and relapse after reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) allotransplant for patients with multiple myeloma, data on 60 patients (median age 52) who received grafts from a sibling (n = 49) or unrelated donor (n = 11) were analyzed. Fifty-three patients (88%) showed chromosomal abnormalities ...
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