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Tripathi Anil Kumar - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The functional definition of aplastic anemia (AA) is the failure of hematopoietic stem cells to proliferate. The aim of the present study was to analyze the S-phase fraction (SPF) (proliferative activity) in patients with AA at diagnosis to explore its relationship with disease characteristics and its value in discriminating ...
Fehniger Todd A - - 2009
Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) frequently fail chemotherapy due to refractory disease, relapse, or toxicity. Among older AML patients (age > 60 years), there are few long-term survivors. Lenalidomide is a candidate for study in AML based on its clinical activity in a related disorder, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), with ...
Teuffel Oliver - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated that patients with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting with mild anemia at diagnosis have an increased risk of poor outcome compared to patients with more severe anemia. However, it has not been reported whether there is any correlation between degree of anemia and leukemia subtype. ...
Mantadakis Elpis - - 2008
The authors report a case of intraspinal mass associated with recurrence of B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia in an adolescent male who presented with numb chin syndrome at initial diagnosis of the leukemia. The patient developed sensory changes, later on motor weakness, and eventually paraplegia. An emergent MRI scan showed an ...
Zwitserloot Annelies M - - 2008
Disseminated aspergillosis in immunocompromised patients has a mortality rate of almost 100%. Despite the development of new antifungal agents, the outcome of disseminated aspergillosis has only improved slightly, particular in patients with central nervous system (CNS) involvement. The use of combination antifungal therapy might improve the dismal outcome of disseminated ...
Sun Xuemei - - 2009
Assay of phosphotyrosine levels using flow cytometry has been used to identify patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia positive for the Bcr-Abl fusion gene. We hypothesized that clinical monitoring could identify treatment response through reductions in intragranulocyte phosphotyrosine. Initially, we studied cell lines FDC-P1 and HL60 (Bcr-Abl-negative) and FDrv210 and K562 ...
Bittencourt H - - 2008
Imatinib mesylate (IM) is now first-line treatment for CML. To study the results of treatment with IM after IFN failure/intolerance versus allogeneic BMT (allo-BMT), we retrospectively analyzed 264 patients treated for CML in first chronic phase in three different institutions. Over a 6-year period (2001-2006), 174 patients received IM after ...
Arico Maurizio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The presenting features and treatment outcome of 120 patients with Down syndrome (DS) and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were compared with 6237 non-DS patients treated in the same years. METHODS: We reviewed the database of 6 consecutive Italian Association of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (AIEOP)-ALL trials conducted between ...
Lavin Viviana A - - 2008
Noonan syndrome (NS) patients are at increased risk for developing juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML), an aggressive clonal disorder of aberrant cell proliferation. Many NS patients exhibit spontaneously remitting monocytosis and transient myeloproliferation. The distinction between bone marrow hyperproliferation due to germline mutation and leukemia resulting from clonal transformation can be ...
Maurillo Luca - - 2008
PURPOSE: Despite the identification of several baseline prognostic indicators, the outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is generally heterogeneous. The effects of autologous (AuSCT) or allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (SCT) are still under evaluation. Minimal residual disease (MRD) states may be essential for assigning patients to therapy-dependent risk categories. ...
Tallman Martin S - - 2008
Ten percent to 15% of adults in the United States with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are diagnosed with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) each year, which amounts to approximately 1,200 newly diagnosed patients. In almost all APL patients, the retinoic acid receptor-alpha (RARalpha) gene on chromosome 17 is involved in a ...
Russo V - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between presence of orbital or ocular lesions and type and stage of leukemia and to investigate whether orbital and ocular lesions are significant in predicting leukemia prognosis. METHODS: The authors evaluated 180 patients with acute childhood leukemia. Lesions associated with leukemia may be classified as ...
Rassenti Laura Z - - 2008
Leukemia-cell expression of ZAP-70, CD38, or unmutated immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region genes (U-IGHV) each is associated with aggressive disease in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). To assess the relative strength of each marker, we defined thresholds for designating a case as positive for CD38 or ZAP-70 in a ...
Ghaffari S H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The progressive shortening of telomeres and the activation of telomerase have been considered to be one of the key mechanisms in cellular immortalization and tumor progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: About 300 sequential samples were collected from 40 patients during the course of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) disease. Telomerase activity ...
Verstovsek Srdan - - 2008
Molecular characterization of Philadelphia chromosome-negative (Ph-) chronic myeloproliferative disorders, such as systemic mastocytosis (SM), has provided a clear rationale for investigating novel targeted therapies. The tyrosine kinase (TK) inhibitor dasatinib is 325-fold more potent against Bcr-Abl TK than imatinib in vitro, significantly inhibiting wild-type KIT and platelet-derived growth factor receptor ...
Ahn J K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics of Behcet's disease (BD) associated with bone marrow failure (BMF), classified as conditions such as myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or aplastic anaemia (AA), in Korea. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made of 13 patients with BD associated with BMF ...
Santachiara Rita - - 2008
Imatinib mesylate is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor used as first line treatment in chronic myeloid leukemia and gastrointestinal stromal tumor patients. Although several in vitro and animal studies demonstrated that imatinib affects immune response, few immune alterations are described in humans. We retrospectively studied hematologic and immunological parameters in 72 ...
Capobianco Marco - - 2008
Acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) is one of the worst adverse events of mitoxantrone treatment, but the exact risk in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients is not yet known. We describe a case wherein the patient developed t-AML 11 months after mitoxantrone had been discontinued. The patient was treated by polychemotherapy and ...
Steinemann Doris - - 2008
In vivo response to initial therapy, as assessed by determination of minimal residual disease (MRD) after 5 and 12 weeks of treatment, has evolved as a strong prognostic factor in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated according to the BFM regime. Individual treatment response may be influenced by copy ...
Ebeid Emad - - 2008
Zeta-chain-associated protein (ZAP- 70) is a 70kD adaptor protein that acts quickly after T cell activation to propagate signal. The role of ZAP-70 in Tcell function is well established, and in the previous years, this molecule was considered to be T-cell specific. More recent data have documented a role of ...
Bhatla D - - 2008
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only potentially curative treatment for the BM dysfunction seen in patients with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS). Historically, these patients have fared poorly with intensive conditioning regimens with increased regimen-related toxicity especially involving the heart and lungs. We report our institutional experience with a ...
Porkka Kimmo - - 2008
Although imatinib, a BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is used to treat acute Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+)) leukemia, it does not prevent central nervous system (CNS) relapses resulting from poor drug penetration through the blood-brain barrier. Imatinib and dasa-tinib (a dual-specific SRC/BCR-ABL kinase inhibitor) were compared in a preclinical mouse model of ...
Mahjoubi Frouzandeh - - 2008
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Overexpression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) gene has been linked with resistance to chemotherapy in vitro, but little is known about its clinical impact on acute leukemia patients. Our aim was to investigate the possible association between MRP1 gene expression level and clinical outcomes among ...
Jallades Laurent - - 2008
We report the emergence of a chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) during the course of a JAK2V617F-positive chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis (CIMF) in the absence of any myelosuppressive treatment. Although a response to imatinib was observed, the underlying myelofibrosis persisted after treatment and hydroxyurea was finally added to control the persistent thrombocytosis. ...
Cilloni Daniela - - 2008
The Wilms' tumor gene WT1 is a reliable marker for minimal residual disease assessment in acute leukemia patients. The study was designed to demonstrate the potential use of WT1 to establish quality of remission in acute leukemia patients for early identification of patients at high risk of relapse. A prospective ...
Aref S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Endostatin is the C-terminal antiangiogenic fragment of the extracellular matrix protein collagen XVIII, and is generated by tumor-derived proteases. The levels and the prognostic relevance of serum endostatin in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patient are not fully clear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate serum levels ...
Ross D M - - 2008
Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is a molecularly defined disease. The BCR-ABL fusion occurs in all cases of classical CML and leukaemic cells express a constitutively activated BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase. Other fusion oncogenes involving tyrosine kinases, including ABL and PDGFRA/B, have been identified, and are associated with leukaemic syndromes that may ...
Trafalis Dimitrios T P - - 2008
Among various laboratory and clinical features megakaryocytopoiesis and platelet (PLT) counts have been previously insufficiently evaluated for their prognostic significance in acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML). We studied several clinical and laboratory features of 108 first diagnosed AML patients in relation with their prognosis. Patients with favourable prognostic features were excluded ...
Lee Je-Hwan - - 2008
The present study retrospectively analyzed clinicopathological and clinical data from 43 adult patients with biphenotypic acute leukemia (BAL) from 11 Korean institutes. The incidence of BAL was 2.1% among acute leukemias. In terms of immunophenotype, 31 patients had myeloid plus B-lymphoid (M + B), 10 had myeloid plus T-lymphoid (M ...
Borthakur Gautam - - 2008
Azacitidine and decitabine are the two hypomethylating agents approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The efficacy of one agent post-failure of the other is unknown. Fourteen patients with MDS post-azacitidine failure/lack of response/intolerance were treated with decitabine. Overall three patients ...
Swolin Birgitta - - 2008
A minor fraction of patients with polycythemia vera (PV) develop a terminal acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Analysis of the cytogenetic abnormalities during AML or MDS may help in understanding if this development is part of the natural course of the disease or induced by myelosuppressive therapy. ...
Vega-Ruiz Arturo - - 2008
The addition of imatinib to high-intensity chemotherapy has improved the outcome of patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, the possible long-term side effects of this combination are not yet known. Development of new clonal abnormalities in complete cytogenetic remission after treatment with imatinib has been reported ...
Yonekura K - - 2008
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) has proven effective in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) patients. To study the graft-versus-ATL (Gv-ATL) effects after allo-HSCT, we analyzed 21 ATL patients who had been treated at our hospital. Of these, 18 had acute-, 2 had lymphoma- and 1 had chronic-type ATL; at allo-HSCT, ...
Kuchinskaya Ekaterina - - 2008
A tiling path 33K BAC array was used to study 28 children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) who had normal or failed G-banded karyotypes. Twenty-two patients (79%) had a total of 135 copy number alterations (CNA) (69 gains and 66 losses); most of these patients showed CNA that were below ...
Hanson Curtis A - - 2008
We identified 18 patients with an isolated bone marrow clonal chromosomal abnormality, trisomy 15 (with or without -Y), who did not have any morphologic or clinical features of hematologic disease at initial examination. All but 1 patient was older than 65 years. Fourteen patients had underlying nonhematologic, chronic diseases. Four ...
Helbig Grzegorz - - 2008
Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is defined as chronic, unexplained hypereosinophilia with organ involvement. A subset of HES patients presents an interstitial deletion in chromosome 4q12, which leads to the expression of an imatinib-responsive fusion gene, FIP1L1-PDGFRA. These patients are diagnosed as chronic eosinophilic leukaemia (CEL). We treated seven CEL and HES ...
Wakui Moe - - 2008
We reviewed and categorized 638 of 809 patients who were registered in the Japan Adult Leukemia Study Group acute myeloid leukemia (AML)-97 protocol using morphological means. Patients with the M3 subtype were excluded from the study group. According to the WHO classification, 171 patients (26.8%) had AML with recurrent genetic ...
Tamai Hayato - - 2008
To clarify the clinical features of adult patients with acute leukemia (AL) with 11q23 abnormalities, we performed a retrospective analysis of data from 58 adult Japanese patients: 51 with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and 7 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The incidences according to fusion partners in AML were: t(9;11), ...
Klimek Virginia M - - 2008
PURPOSE: Epigenetic modulation of gene expression plays an important role in cancer, including leukemia. Furthermore, histone deacetylase inhibitors may induce the reexpression or repression of genes critical for normal hematopoiesis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the toxicity, pharmacokinetic profile, and selected pharmacodynamic properties of the histone deacetylase ...
Asgarian Omran Hossein - - 2008
Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) is a universal tumor-associated antigen (TAA) expressed in a variety of malignancies. High WT1 mRNA expression has been detected in the majority of acute leukemias and has been identified as a convenient marker for disease monitoring. The aim of this study was to evaluate WT1 ...
Ebert Benjamin L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Lenalidomide is an effective new agent for the treatment of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), an acquired hematopoietic disorder characterized by ineffective blood cell production and a predisposition to the development of leukemia. Patients with an interstitial deletion of Chromosome 5q have a high rate of response to lenalidomide, ...
Flohr T - - 2008
Detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) is the most sensitive method to evaluate treatment response and one of the strongest predictors of outcome in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The 10-year update on the I-BFM-SG MRD study 91 demonstrates stable results (event-free survival), that is, standard risk group (MRD-SR) 93%, ...
Tefferi Ayalew - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The current study identified patients with either essential thrombocythemia (ET) or polycythemia vera (PV) who have survived for at least 20 yr without the development of either acute myeloid leukemia/myelodysplastic syndrome (AML/MDS) or myelofibrosis (MF) and compared their presenting features with those in whom these complications occurred in the ...
Hamurcu Zuhal - - 2008
Structural chromosomal aberrations have been described in various types of human leukemia. The micronucleus technique provides a measure of both chromosome breakage and chromosome loss. The present study investigated micronucleus (MN) frequency in mitogen-stimulated peripheral blood lymphocytes from 20 newly diagnosed and untreated leukemia patients: 4 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia ...
Ahmed Mohammed Ibrahim Sayed - - 2008
To measure sCD44 and its expression in ALL children before and after induction of remission (day 28) and their relation to prognostic factors. Newly diagnosed 30 ALL pediatric patients were examined for sCD44 by ELISA and CD44 expression by flowcytometry and their levels after induction of remission. We correlated them ...
Jabbour Elias - - 2008
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is characterized by the formation of the Philadelphia chromosome and oncogenic signaling by the resulting Bcr-Abl fusion protein. Understanding the molecular basis of CML has led to the development of highly effective targeted therapies that block Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase activity. Imatinib, the current first-line therapy for ...
Zheng Jine - - 2008
New WHO classification has been widely applied in the diagnosis of leukemia. To elucidate the immunophenotype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and characterize the correlation among morphological, immunological, cytogenetic, and clinical features, we studied the bone marrow immunophenotypes of 180 AML patients in China by flow cytometry. The results showed ...
Sillaber C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is involved in the regulation of growth of neoplastic cells in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We treated six patients with imatinib-resistant CML in haematological relapse (leukocytes > 20,000 microL(-1)) with rapamycin at 2 mg per os ...
Ma Ming-Chun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hepatosplenic fungal infection is an important infectious complication in adult patients with acute leukemia. METHODS: From 2001 to 2004, 163 adult patients were diagnosed with acute leukemia at our center: 41 patients had acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 122 patients had acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Their charts were retrospectively ...
Martín-Ayuso Marta - - 2008
Objectives. The information currently available about dendritic cells (DCs) in patients with different types of monoclonal gammopathy (MG) is limited and frequently controversial. In the present study, we analyzed the ex vivo distribution as well as the phenotypic and functional characteristics of peripheral blood (PB) DCs from different types of ...
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