Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1572
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Barresi G M - - 2000
The occurrence of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in patients previously diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is rare. In most cases, AML develops after treatment of CLL and is thought to be therapy related; unfavorable karyotypes are often evident. Herein, we report a patient with a long-standing history of CLL ...
Swolin B - - 2000
Chromosomal aberrations in hematopoietic cells are common in malignant hematological disorders and have also been reported in some patients with mastocytosis. In this study, 34 patients with either urticaria pigmentosa or systemic mastocytosis were investigated by cytogenetic analysis of bone marrow cells. A follow-up investigation was performed in 22 patients. ...
de Faria J R - - 2000
CONTEXT: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a clonal lymphoproliferative disorder, characterized by B lymphocytic proliferation. CLL is the most frequent adult leukemia in Western countries, accounting for 25 to 30% of all white leukemic patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical and staging characteristics in prognosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. DESIGN: Evaluation ...
Kühr T - - 2000
The efficacy of continuous oral cytarabine ocfosfate (YNK01) (300 mg/day) in combination with interferon alpha (IFNalpha, 5x10(6) IU/day) was evaluated in patients with advanced chronic myelogenous leukemia, who previously failed to respond to IFNalpha-based therapies. Dose escalations up to 900 mg YNK01 were allowed in patients who failed to respond. ...
De Moerloose B B Department of Paediatrics, Ghent University Hospital, - - 2000
P-glycoprotein, a pump located in the plasma cell membrane, extrudes several clinically important drugs from the cell, and hence causes multidrug resistance. Reversing clinical drug resistance is possible by using agents that inhibit the activity of P-glycoprotein. We describe the results of sequential flow cytometric determinations of P-glycoprotein expression and ...
Hochhaus A - - 2000
The degree of tumor load reduction after therapy is an important prognostic factor for patients with CML. Conventional metaphase analysis has been considered to be the 'gold standard' for evaluating patient response to treatment but this technique normally requires bone marrow aspiration and is therefore invasive. The frequency of cytogenetic ...
Hernández-Boluda J C - - 2000
Isochromosome 17q [i(17q)] is frequently observed in the blast crisis (BC) of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). It has been suggested that this chromosome abnormality is associated with special hematological characteristics of the BC, but the information on this subject is scarce. The clinical, hematological and cytogenetic features of patients with ...
Janssen J J - - 2000
We collected peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) in 19 early chronic phase CML patients following each of two consecutive cycles of intensive chemotherapy (CT) to evaluate whether an additional cycle of CT would increase Philadelphia (Ph)-negativity of the PBSC harvest. Autologous SCT (autoSCT) was performed if a major cytogenetic response ...
Martinelli G - - 2000
PURPOSE: To assess the clinical relevance of minimal residual disease (MRD) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), 50 patients were monitored while they were in complete clinical remission (CCR) after autologous or allogeneic stem-cell transplantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Stringent molecular monitoring using clonal markers based on rearranged immunoglobulin heavy-chain genes ...
Mundle S D - - 2000
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) have previously been reported to show competitively high rates of apoptosis and proliferation in the bone marrow (BM). Using a double-labelling technique in the present study, we demonstrated that a significantly high number of S-phase cells were simultaneously apoptotic (signal antonymy; SA) in MDS (mean +/- s.e.m. ...
Felice M S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The association between t(8;21) and granulocytic sarcoma (GS) is well known, but to the authors' knowledge the prognostic significance of GS in these patients has not been defined clearly. METHODS: Between January 1990 and July 1999 174 children with acute myeloid leukemia were admitted to the study institution. Translocation ...
Le Gouill S - - 2000
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on peripheral-blood specimens to evaluate the cytogenetic response to treatment in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a first attempt, we analyzed 62 bone marrow specimens using interphase FISH and compared the results with those ...
Praphanphoj V - - 2000
Blepharophimosis, ptosis, epicanthus inversus syndrome type I (BPES; OMIM 110100) is an autosomal dominant disorder affecting craniofacial development and ovarian function. We have identified a patient with BPES who carried a de novo reciprocal translocation [46, XX,t(3;21)(q23;q22.1)]. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis at band 3q23 using probes derived from BAC ...
Gaziev D - - 2000
Twenty-nine patients with thalassemia and a median age of 6 years (range 1.1-33 years) were given a BMT from an alternative donor. Six of the 29 donors were HLA-phenotypically identical and two were mismatched relatives, 13 were mismatched siblings and eight were mismatched parents. Six patients received no antigen (relatives), ...
Formánková R - - 2000
In the prospective study, we examined hematopoietic mixed chimerism (using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of variable number of tandem repeat-VNTR sequences) and minimal residual disease (MRD) status (using qualitative and in the case of positivity quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for the BCR/ABL fusion mRNA) in serial peripheral ...
Kreitman R J - - 2000
PURPOSE: To evaluate the toxicity, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, and antitumor activity of anti-Tac(Fv)-PE38 (LMB-2), an anti-CD25 recombinant immunotoxin that contains an antibody Fv fragment fused to truncated Pseudomonas exotoxin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with CD25(+) hematologic malignancies for whom standard and salvage therapies failed were treated with LMB-2 at dose levels ...
Rossi G - - 2000
The biological and clinical importance of cytogenetic analysis in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is being increasingly recognized. Recently, cytogenetic similarities were noted between elderly de novo AML and secondary AML, suggesting common etiopathogenetic mechanisms. In the present study we analyzed the cytogenetic similarities between patients ...
Martinelli G - - 2000
We measured using a competitive quantitative polymerase chain reaction-capillary electrophoresis (PCR-CE)-based assay, the levels of bcr-abl transcripts in 44 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) after interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) therapy, who achieved a major (10 patients, MCR group) or complete (34 patients, CCR group) cytogenetic response. All 34 CCR patients had ...
Wong I H - - 2000
We prospectively analyzed p15 and p16 promoter methylation patterns using methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in patients with adult and childhood acute leukemias and studied the association of methylation patterns with chromosomal abnormalities and prognostic variables. In nearly all French-American-British leukemia subtypes, we found p15 methylation in bone marrow or ...
Kaushansky K - - 2000
Several hematopoietic growth factors have been shown to affect megakaryocyte development, and two, interleukin (IL)-11 and thrombopoietin (TPO) are presently being evaluated for use in patients with thrombocytopenia. In two studies patients who required one or more platelet transfusions during their first course of chemotherapy were found to require fewer ...
Estey E H - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients with AML, RAEB-t, or RAEB and abnormalities involving chromosomes 5 and/or 7 (-5, -7) generally, but not always, have poorer prognoses than patients with a normal karyotype. Our objective was to see whether the occasional relatively favorable outcome in -5/-7 patients is a random event or, ...
Mitterbauer M - - 2000
Identification of the inversion 16 in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is of great practical value since these patients have a relatively favorable prognosis, especially when treated with high-dose cytarabine. We compared the results of cytogenetic analysis and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for core binding factor (CBF) beta/myosin ...
Nakazawa N - - 2000
The immunoglobulin (Ig) genes are frequently involved in chromosomal rearrangements with a wide variety of partner loci in multiple myeloma (MM). However, several partner chromosomes have not been detected by conventional cytogenetic methods; for example, 4p16.3 (FGFR3), 6p25.3 (IRF4), and 16q23 (c-maf). To clarify the incidence of t(4;14)(p16.3;q32.3) in primary ...
Park H J - - 2000
The chromosomal translocation t(12;21) (p12;q22) which results in the TEL-AML1 fusion gene is the most frequent genetic rearrangement in childhood B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The rearrangement in this locus, however, is only rarely observed by routine karyotypic analysis. We established a nested-reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (nested-RT-PCR) technique for the ...
Simon M - - 2000
Twelve patients with large plaque parapsoriasis (LPP) were investigated for the presence of predominant T-cell clones, analyzing the T-cell receptor (TCR) gamma-chain gene. The diagnostic and prognostic significance of TCR gene rearrangement status was assessed by a correlation with the long-term clinical follow-up. Six out of 12 patients showed a ...
Kaleem Z - - 2000
We present the clinicopathologic findings and survival data on 10 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and a rare t(8;14)(q11.2;q32). There were five male and five female patients, nine Caucasians and one Black, aged 4-17 (median 10.9) years. Three had Down syndrome. Eight (80%) patients had a white blood cell ...
Mattsson J - - 2000
Following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT), we studied the presence of donor and recipient derived cells within the CD19+ B cell fraction, in patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The chimeric status of the six patients studied was further investigated with minimal residual disease (MRD) detection, by sequencing ...
Heerema N A - - 2000
We have compared outcome for 167 (9.0%) children with a del(6q) and 1713 (91%) children without a del(6q) treated on Children's Cancer Group (CCG) risk-adjusted treatment protocols for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Thirty-three patients had a del(6q) as the sole aberration; 22 patients had a del(6q) only as a secondary ...
Chinnappan D - - 2000
Cytogenetics investigations, mostly from peripheral blood, were carried out in 30 children with CML. Amongst a sample of 30 patients, 18 had chronic myeloid leukemia of adult variety (ACML), while the remaining 12 children had the juvenile type of chronic myeloid leukemia (JCML). Sixteen (88.9%) out of the 18 patients ...
García Vela J A - - 2000
The present study was designed to analyse the proportion of ALL patients in which the phenotypic detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) is feasible, based on the presence of aberrant phenotypes: lineage infidelity, asynchronous expression, overexpression and ectopic phenotype. For this purpose we have prospectively investigated the phenotype of blast ...
Díez-Martín J L - - 2000
The usefulness of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis to detect minimal residual disease (MRD) in autologous bone marrow and peripheral blood stem-cell harvests has been tested in three patients with hematologic malignancies. Conventional cytogenetics and FISH were used to characterize the leukemic clones identifying the specific chromosomal abnormalities (monosomy ...
Rodriguez J - - 2000
Our objective was to investigate the prognostic significance of serum beta-2 microglobulin (B2M) levels among patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). All patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive early chronic phase CML (i.e., within 1 year of diagnosis) treated with IFN alpha-based therapy at the M. D. Anderson Cancer Center between 1980 ...
Schnell R - - 2000
The anti-CD25 immunotoxin RFT5.dgA was constructed by coupling the monoclonal antibody RFT5 via a sterically hindered disulfide linker to deglycosylated ricin A-chain and was administered to patients with relapsed Hodgkin's lymphoma in four bolus infusions over 7 days (day 1, 3, 5 and 7). The maximum tolerated dose in these ...
Pearson Thomas C. - - 2000
This review focuses on polycythemia vera (PV)-its diagnosis, cellular and genetic pathology, and management. In Section I, Dr. Pearson, with Drs. Messinezy and Westwood, reviews the diagnostic challenge of the investigation of patients with a raised hematocrit. The suggested approach divides patients on their red cell mass (RCM) results into ...
Bangerter M - - 2000
Granulocytic sarcoma (GS) occurs in patients with chronic myeloproliferative disorders as well as in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). These tumorous masses can occur anywhere in the body and have to be differentiated from lymphoma, carcinoma or infectious processes. We report the results of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in ...
Radich J P - - 2000
Modern chemotherapy can place most patients with acute leukemia into remission. Unfortunately, many of these patients will subsequently relapse. The study of minimal residual disease focuses on the detection of patients destined to relapse despite appearing to be in clinical remission. In addition, the research has demonstrated that some patients ...
Tallman M S - - 2000
We examined the incidence, clinical course, and outcome of patients with newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) who developed the retinoic acid syndrome (RAS) treated on the Intergroup Protocol 0129, which prospectively evaluated the role of alltrans retinoic acid (ATRA) alone during induction and as maintenance therapy. Forty-four of 167 ...
Hochhaus A - - 2000
A substantial minority of patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) achieve a complete response (CR) to treatment with interferon-alpha (IFN), defined as the disappearance of Philadelphia chromosome-positive metaphases. Currently it is unclear how long IFN treatment should be continued for such patients. We used a competitive reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction ...
Milionis H J - - 1999
Disturbances of acid-base balance and electrolyte abnormalities are commonly seen in patients with acute leukemia. Our study aimed at illuminating the probable pathogenetic mechanisms responsible for these disturbances in patients with acute leukemia admitted to our hospital. We studied 66 patients (24 men and 44 women) aged between 17 and ...
Ravandi F - - 1999
We investigated the significance of p185BCR/ABL expression in patients with chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) in relation to disease features, therapy and outcome. Results of Western blot analysis for 1384 patients referred with a diagnosis of CML to our institution from 1989 to 1997 were reviewed. Clinical characteristics, results of cytogenetic ...
Chojnowski K - - 1999
Coagulation disorders are often the reason for fatal bleeding in acute promyelocytic leukemia. Their occurrence as well as pathogenesis and prognostic significance in other subtypes of acute myelogenous leukemia and acute lymphoblastic leukemia is less known. Tests were carried out in 70 patients including 49 with AML and 21 with ...
Kreitman R J - - 1999
We report major responses in 4 of 4 patients with hairy cell leukemia (HCL) who have recently been treated on a phase I trial with the recombinant immunotoxin LMB-2. The immunotoxin, designed to target CD25(+) malignancies, is composed of the Fv portion of the anti-Tac (anti-CD25) antibody, fused to a ...
Sacchi S - - 1999
Preclinical data have shown that all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) with interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) can exert significant suppressive effects on Philadelphia-chromosome (Ph)-positive cells. The aim of this study combining IFN-alpha, low-dose cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) and ATRA was to increase the proportion of patients achieving a major cytogenetic response, in comparison with a ...
Rowe J M - - 1999
Unmanipulated autologous bone marrow transplant (ABMT) offers patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) a long-term survival of 10%, at best. Immunotherapy has a role in the myeloid leukemias, and there is increasing evidence that of all hematopoietic neoplasms, CML may be the most susceptible to immune regulation. Roquinimex is known ...
Fonseca R - - 1999
The most common chromosomal translocation in multiple myeloma (MM) is t(11;14)(q13;q32). Here, we describe the clinical characteristics of patients with MM who have this translocation. We have identified 24 patients at our institution who had t(11;14)(q13;q32) as determined by standard cytogenetic analysis (CC). Seven patients had the translocation detected at ...
Huang S Y - - 1999
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with minimal differentiation was usually referred to as acute undifferentiated leukemia in the past. With the help of immunophenotyping, this subtype of leukemia was shown to express myeloid antigens on the blasts and was designated AML-M0 by FAB Cooperative Study Group in 1991. Among the 423 ...
Heerema N A - - 1999
Cytogenetic abnormalities of chromosome arm 9p occur frequently in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We analyzed 201 such cases (11%) in 1,839 children with newly diagnosed ALL treated between 1989 and 1995 on risk-adjusted protocols of the Children's Cancer Group (CCG). The majority of patients (131; 65%) with a ...
Starostik P - - 1999
Although chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia in adults, little is known about the molecular abnormalities underlying it and their prognostic significance. Using a battery of six microsatellite markers from 13q12.3-14.3 between BRACA2 gene and the Rb gene, we assayed loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in 78 CLL ...
Chan G C - - 1999
Three pediatric patients with refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts (RARS) are presented. Bone marrow aspirates were examined using Romanowsky and Prussian blue iron stains in all three patients, and electron microscopic analysis was performed in one patient. All three patients had cytogenetic analysis of the bone marrow. Other studies included ...
Takeuchi M - - 1999
CD44 is an adhesion molecule expressed on a variety of cells, and its level correlates with the metastatic potential of malignant tumors. Serum concentrations of soluble CD44 (sCD44) are elevated in various cancers. The purpose of this study was to measure the serum concentrations of CD44 in pediatric patients with ...
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