Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1572
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Asano Y - - 2001
Trials of immunosuppressive therapy have been reported in some case reports of hypoplastic myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). In this study, we gave immunosuppressive therapies to eight patients with normo- or hyperplastic MDS of refractory anemia subtype without karyotypic abnormalities and analyzed the HLA-DRB1 type or the presence of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria ...
Fujii M - - 2001
Amplification of CCND1 was studied in 23 tongue carcinoma patients by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using a paraffin embedded specimen. All the patients received complete resection of the primary site with or without neck dissection. CCND1 amplification was positive in 13 (56.5%) out of 23 cases. Correlations between CCND1 ...
Moreira I - - 2001
Oligoclonal B cell proliferation, as defined by the presence of more than one leukemic clone, has been detected in approximately 20% to 30% of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) using PCR or Southern blotting. An accurate assessment of these populations is required to avoid false negative measurements of minimal ...
Verstovsek S - - 2001
Human angiogenin is a potent inducer of angiogenesis. The association between angiogenin and cancer progression and poor outcome in solid tumours has been documented, but its significance in leukaemias has not been evaluated. We evaluated plasma angiogenin levels in 101 previously untreated patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) (59 patients) ...
Verstovsek S - - 2001
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a potent angiogenic factor. The aim of our study was to evaluate plasma HGF levels and their prognostic significance in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The sandwich enzyme immunoassay technique was used to quantify HGF in stored samples ...
Giagounidis A A - - 2001
Acute basophilic leukemia has recently been included into a revised classification of acute leukemias proposed by the WHO panel. Due to the rarity of the disease, consistent diagnostic criteria are lacking. We report on two cases of acute basophilic leukemia that occurred in our department during the last 10 yr. ...
Herishanu Y - - 2001
Polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocytosis (ET) are clonal chronic myeloproliferative disorders originating from a multipotent stem cell. Bone marrow examinations reveal chromosomal abnormalities in 15-43% of PV patients and 5% of ET patients, but no specific recurring abnormality has been found to date. We aimed to find cytogenetic aberrations ...
Giles F J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Mylotarg (Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, St. Davids, PA) is the brand name for a calicheamicin-conjugated humanized anti-CD33 monoclonal antibody (gemtuzumab ozogamicin, CMA-676) and has been approved recently for the treatment of a subset of elderly patients who have relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Mylotarg is associated with an incidence of approximately ...
Ohyashiki K - - 2001
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are characterized by cytopenias in the blood and dysplastic features in the hematopoietic cells. Although the impact of cytogenetic abnormalities is considerable for prognosis, the exact genetic mechanism of MDS remains undetermined. In this study we assessed cytogenetic changes, microsatellite alterations, and telomere dynamics in order to ...
Pedersen R K - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to analyse the distribution of cytogenetic aberrations in adult ALL in a population based material and compare the results with literature data. Forty-one patients were diagnosed during a 12-year period. The age varied between 14 and 82 (mean 37, median 32). Thirty-two patients ...
Kolte B - - 2001
Methotrexate is in widespread use as second-line therapy for rheumatoid arthritis. Treatment with methotrexate in this and other settings has not been associated with the development of therapy-related leukemias. Four patients with rheumatoid arthritis are reported who developed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) while receiving low dose weekly methotrexate therapy in ...
Verstovsek S - - 2001
The tyrosine kinase receptor Tie-1 has been shown to play a role in angiogenesis and hematopoiesis. We evaluated the level of expression and clinical significance of Tie-1 protein in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We used western blot analysis to confirm and radioimmunoassay to quantify Tie-1 protein ...
F ARJMANDI; Department of ...
troduction. Human T Iymphotropic virus type I (HTL V-I) was itroduced in 1980. It is suggested that HTL V-I may have the etiologic role in adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and spastic paralysis. This lymphoproliferative malignancy occures in the high endemic areas for HTLV-I (such as Japan, Caribbean, South America, parts ...
Nakanishi M - - 2001
PURPOSE: Genetic alterations, including microsatellite instability (MSI), are ultimate steps toward malignant process. To investigate MSI in A-bomb survivors, leukaemic cells were analysed from 13 acute myelocytic leukaemia patients with a history of radiation exposure and also in 12 de novo patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To assess the microsatellite changes, ...
Brümmendorf T H - - 2001
The telomere length in nucleated peripheral blood (PB) cells indirectly reflects the mitotic history of their precursors: the hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). The average length of telomeres in PB leukocytes can be measured using fluorescence in situ hybridization and flow cytometry (flow FISH). We previously used flow FISH to characterize ...
Kurzrock R - - 2001
To document the characteristics of patients with major breakpoint cluster region (M-bcr) rearrangement-negative chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). The hematopathologist, who was blinded to patients' molecular status, reviewed the referral bone marrows and peripheral-blood smears from 26 patients with Philadelphia (Ph) translocation-negative CML who lacked Bcr rearrangement (and other evidence of ...
Lillington D M - - 2001
PURPOSE: To assess whether pre-high-dose therapy (HDT)-related factors play a critical role in the development of therapy-related myelodysplasia (tMDS) or secondary acute myelogenous leukemia (sAML). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine of 230 patients with a primary diagnosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) developed tMDS/sAML after HDT comprising cyclophosphamide and total-body irradiation (TBI) ...
Hermann S - - 2001
Leukaemic patients with advanced disease and severe fungal infections as well as older patients with substantial co-morbidity are usually excluded from conventional allotransplantation because of increased morbidity and mortality. We approached allogeneic transplantation in four patients with a median age of 62 years (one chronic myeloid leukaemia in blast crisis, ...
Moorman A V - - 2001
A novel hierarchical cytogenetic classification for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has been developed. Patients with successful cytogenetics and a diagnosis of AML were categorized into four mutually exclusive karyotype groups: normal, translocation, deletion and trisomy. Patients with more than one chromosomal abnormality were classified using the hierarchy: established translocation>established deletion>established ...
Socié G - - 2001
Increasing numbers of patients are surviving after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT). Among these patients, a number of late complications have been described but few data on the risk factors of these long-term effects of SCT are available. We report the analysis on 105 adult patients, surviving free of ...
Wakasugi S - - 2001
To determine the potential of Tc-99m MIBI femoral marrow imaging for detecting minimal residual disease in acute leukemia, MIBI images of 68 patients with acute leukemia and 110 control patients were examined. MIBI accumulation was classified into three patterns: not detectable, mild accumulation, and clearly visualized accumulation. Clearly visualized accumulation ...
Amiel A - - 2001
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia in humans, with the major cytogenetic aberrations of trisomy 12 and deletion of 13q14. This study examined the influence of these aberrations on general gene replication. The study group included three subgroups: (1) 15 CLL patients, (2) 4 CLL patients with ...
Gambacorti-Passerini C - - 2001
STI571 (CGP57148B) is an inhibitor of BCR/ABL, the cause of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). A difference exists between CML patients in chronic phase, in which responses to STI571are durable, and patients in blast crisis, who generally experience only transient responses. Leukaemic cells from six CML patients from whom samples could ...
Doneda L - - 2001
Trisomy 12 and deletions of 13q14.2 and 14q32 are the most common chromosome abnormalities in patients with B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL), but whether specific chromosomal defects influence the course of B-CLL is still a matter of discussion. The aim of our study was to assess the possible correlation between cytogenetic ...
Shih L Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of X-chromosome inactivation patterns (XCIPs) is a useful tool in the diagnosis of clonal disorders. The human androgen receptor (HUMARA) locus is especially useful for clonality study. The present study was conducted 1) to determine the heterozygosity rate for HUMARA locus in Taiwanese women, 2) to determine the ...
Minden M D - - 2001
We recently reported that AML cells derived either from cell lines or from patients undergo apoptosis in response to lovastatin, an agent used extensively in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. The concentration of lovastatin required to achieve this in culture varies from patient to patient, however, the in vitro concentrations required ...
Giles F J - - 2001
PURPOSE: To investigate the toxicity profile, activity, and pharmacokinetics of a novel L-nucleoside analog, troxacitabine (BCH-4556), in patients with advanced leukemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with refractory or relapsed acute myeloid (AML) or lymphocytic (ALL) leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), or chronic myelogenous leukemia in blastic phase (CML-BP). Troxacitabine was given ...
Hjalmar V - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Trisomy 12 is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The aberration is readily detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). There are only a few reports in which FISH analyses have been used to study the expansion of the trisomy 12 ...
Gürman G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The effect of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) on hematologic malignancies is based on the graft-versus-malignancy effect. Obtaining this effect with reduced toxicity has been possible by non-myeloablative (NMA) alloHCT. Once mixed chimeric status, and host versus graft with graft versus host tolerance are achieved, further strengthening of chimerism ...
Tóthová E - - 2001
Drug resistance has become a major cause of the treatment failure in patients with acute leukemia. P-glycoprotein (P-gp), which is associated with multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype, has been reported to be an important predictor of the treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to analyze the value of P-gp ...
Giles F - - 2001
Irofulven (MGI 114, 6-hydroxymethylacylfulvene, HMAF) is a semisynthetic illudin analog with broad in vitro anti-neoplastic activity. In this leukemia phase I study, we investigated the toxicity profile and activity of Irofulven in patients with primary refractory or relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), or myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). ...
Saunthararajah Y - - 2001
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and T-cell large granular lymphocytic disease (T-LGL) are bone marrow failure disorders. Successful use of immunosuppressive agents to treat cytopenia in MDS and LGL suggests a common pathophysiology for the two conditions. Of 100 patients with initial diagnoses of either MDS or T-LGL referred to the National ...
Frassoni F - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Normal immature hematopoietic progenitors are relatively well preserved in most patients newly diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia, but tend to decline rapidly with time. Such exhaustion could reflect a suppressive effect of the Philadelphia positive clone expansion and/or be induced by Interferon-alpha treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of ...
Lyseng-Williamson K - - 2001
Imatinib inhibits the BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase created by the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph+) in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). Complete haematological responses were achieved in 88% of patients and major cytogenetic responses were detected in 49% of patients with chronic phase CML treated with oral imatinib 400 mg/day in a multicentre noncomparative ...
Ohnishi K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Recently, arsenic trioxide has increasingly been used for relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia. However, it is known to have several adverse effects, including acute cardiac toxicities. OBJECTIVE: To determine cardiac toxicities resulting from arsenic trioxide therapy in patients with relapsed or refractory acute promyelocytic leukemia. DESIGN: Phase II clinical prospective ...
Suzuki A - - 2000
We searched for trisomy 11 in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients using the Japan Adult Leukemia Study Group (JALSG) AML-92 and -95 databases to clarify the clinical and hematologic features of a rare numerical chromosome abnormality. Among the sequentially registered patients of JALSG AML-92 (655 patients) and JALSG AML-95 (531 ...
Germing U - - 2000
In 1982, the French-American-British (FAB) cooperative group proposed a classification of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) based on morphological features in blood and bone marrow, namely on medullary and peripheral blast count, Auer rods, ring sideroblasts and the number of monocytes in the peripheral blood. This classification has been used for numerous ...
Salama M - - 2000
Donor leukocyte infusion (DLI) has well-documented activity in CML, but the role of DLI in other diseases is less well defined. To evaluate the strategy in multiple myeloma (MM) we evaluated 25 MM patients from 15 centers who were treated with DLI. Patients with persistent or recurrent disease after allogeneic ...
Baron F - - 2000
The administration of cyclosporin A (CyA) after autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) induces a systemic autoimmune syndrome mimicking graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD). This syndrome, termed autologous GVHD has notable anti-tumour activity in animal studies. We intended to induce autologous GVHD with CyA in patients undergoing an autologous HSCT. We prospectively ...
Bolufer P - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The limited value of qualitative reverse transcription polymerase chain-reaction (RT-PCR) for monitoring chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients has prompted the development of quantitative assays. We have developed a quantitative real-time PCR (QC-PCR) method in the LightCycler, based on the use of fluorescently labeled probes (HybProbes), to estimate ...
Pantic M - - 2000
Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) show other chromosome aberrations in addition to t(15;17) but their influence on the clinical outcome is still unclear. We have cytogeneticaly analyzed 43 APL patients with t(15;17)(q22;q21), treated with all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) according to the recommendations of the European APL 91 Group. Additional chromosome ...
Stamatoullas A - - 2000
The t(14;18)(q32;q21) translocation is the most common translocation in B cell malignancies being found in 80% of follicular lymphomas and about 20% of diffuse large B cell lymphomas. Only rare cases of de novo acute B cell lymphoblastic leukemia with t(14;18) have been described. We describe five cases of this ...
Kantarjian H M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) and interferon (IFN)-alpha therapy have significantly improved the prognosis of patients with Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Both therapies may be suitable for younger patients. The authors reviewed current data to assist in prioritizing these modalities in an individual patient. METHODS: ...
Wang M L - - 2000
Symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) involvement in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or its variants is rare. We report two cases of CLL with leptomeningeal involvement. Patient one was an 81-year-old male who had CLL stage C (IV) at diagnosis and developed meningeal disease 29 months later. Patient 2 was a ...
Tiribelli M - - 2000
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder characterised by the absence of the Philadelphia (Ph+) chromosome. Recent studies have reported controversial results relating to BCR-ABL rearrangements in ET patients. We studied 44 Ph-negative ET patients with the RT-PCR technique at diagnosis or during the follow-up. None of them showed ...
Montillo M - - 2000
Elderly patients with untreated acute myeloid leukaemia (AML, n = 47) tested the feasibility of out-patient consolidation therapy and post-consolidation treatment (for patients aged < 71 years) with autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (APBSCT). Overall, 13 patients out of 24 (51%) who achieved complete remission (CR) were eligible for ...
Yoon S Y - - 2000
The objectives of this study were to expand on recent observations that have suggested decreased thrombopoietin receptor (c-Mpl) expression in megakaryocytes of patients with polycythemia vera (PV) and agnogenic myeloid metaplasia (AMM). We applied an immunoperoxidase method with anti-c-Mpl antibody to 55 bone marrow sections from previously untreated patients with ...
Shimazaki K - - 2000
The myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of disorders characterized by peripheral pancytopenia despite normo- or hypercellular bone marrow. This is thought to be as a result of the apoptosis of haematopoietic bone marrow cells resulting in ineffective haematopoiesis. To clarify the relationship between prognosis and apoptosis and/or cell proliferation ...
Pan L - - 2000
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) has potent antitumor activities. We examined whether IL-12 enhanced the cytotoxicity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) and decreased leukemia cells in 30 patients with leukemia or myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS): 12 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (five in complete remission (CR) and seven in non-CR); six chronic myeloid leukemia ...
Ramakers-van Woerden N L - - 2000
The t(12;21) translocation resulting in TEL/AML1 gene fusion is present in approximately 25% of patients with precursor B-lineage pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Studies suggest an association with a good prognosis; however, relapse can occur. We studied the relation between t(12;21), determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization or polymerase chain ...
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