Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1572
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Kantarjian Hagop M - - 2002
Twenty-eight adults with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) that had relapsed after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) received imatinib mesylate (400-1000 mg/d). Disease was in chronic phase in 5 patients, accelerated in 15, and blastic in 8 (7 medullary, 1 extramedullary); median time from transplantation to relapse was 9 months (range, ...
Kaneda Kinuyo - - 2002
The new World Health Organization (WHO) classification of hematologic malignancies has incorporated t(8;21) myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) according to the French-American-British classification into the category of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21)(q22;q22), while our knowledge about clinicopathological features of t(8;21) oligoblastic leukemia is still limited. We present our experience with 12 ...
Marin David - - 2002
The new Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib (imatinib mesylate, STI571) is very effective in the treatment of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). It induces complete hematologic control in >90% of patients with CML in chronic phase and preliminary data suggest that the incidence of complete cytogenetic remission may exceed ...
O'Dwyer Michael E - - 2002
In chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), the development of chromosomal abnormalities in addition to the Philadelphia chromosome (clonal evolution) is considered by many to be a feature of accelerated phase (AP). Imatinib mesylate (STI571), a selective inhibitor of the Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase, has significant activity in AP CML. As clonal evolution ...
Uzunel Mehmet - - 2003
The kinetics of minimal residual disease (MRD) and chimerism were studied in 15 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) receiving nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation (NST) and in 10 patients receiving conventional stem cell transplantation (CST). All NST patients showed T-cell mixed chimerism (MC) while granulocyte and B-cell MC occurred in ...
Apperley Jane F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A small proportion of patients with chronic myeloproliferative diseases have constitutive activation of the gene for platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta (PDGFRB), which encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase. The gene is located on chromosome 5q33, and the activation is usually caused by a t(5;12)(q33;p13) translocation associated with an ETV6-PDGFRB ...
de la Rubia Javier - - 2002
Forty-five patients with high-risk myeloid malignancies (32 acute myeloid leukemia and 13 high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes) were treated with fludarabine, cytarabine, idarubicin, and G-CSF (FLAG-IDA). Twenty-four (53%) patients achieved complete remission (CR), and five (11%) partial remission. Infection predominantly with pulmonary involvement was the most common regimen-related toxicity. Mucositis (15 patients) ...
Bernasconi Paolo - - 2002
One-third of patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) may progress to multiple myeloma (MM) and may develop a long arm deletion of chromosome 13 (13q-). As the incidence of 13q-, time of development and prognostic impact in MGUS patients is still under debate, we decided to perform serial ...
Tsimberidou Apostolia-Maria - - 2002
PURPOSE: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is an important effector and regulatory cytokine involved in the pathophysiology of hematologic malignancies, including hairy cell leukemia (HCL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), agnogenic myeloid metaplasia (AMM) and Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative disorders (MPD). We conducted a pilot study to assess the safety of the soluble TNF ...
Cohen A D - - 2002
Gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) (Mylotarg, CMA-676) is a novel chemotherapeutic agent consisting of an anti-CD33 monoclonal antibody linked to calicheamicin, and is associated with a 30% response rate in patients with CD33-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first relapse. GO therapy has a 20% incidence of grade 3 or 4 hepatotoxicity, ...
Altès Albert - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this work was to decrease the incidence of relapse after autologous stem cell transplantation with a "double purging" procedure. METHODS: We used a "positive" (CD34) and "negative" (CD19) double selection method to improve the efficacy of "single purging" of hematopoietic harvests in poor-prognosis lymphoproliferative disorders. ...
Dror Yigal - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is characterized by varying degrees of marrow failure. Retrospective studies suggested a high propensity for malignant myeloid transformation into myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The study's aims were to determine the cellular and molecular characteristics as well as the clinical course of malignant ...
Lopes Luiz Fernando - - 2002
Brazil is a wide country with huge contrasts. Its peculiarities can highlight environmental factors that could influence the frequencies of different cancers. The standard treatment and results achieved from several different areas of the country may not be found in others. The establishment of a national cooperative group has the ...
Thiede Christian - - 2002
Constitutive activation of the FLT3 receptor tyrosine kinase, either by internal tandem duplication (ITD) of the juxtamembrane region or by point mutations in the second tyrosine kinase domain (TKD), has been described in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). We analyzed the prevalence and the potential prognostic impact of FLT3 ...
Lin Liang-In - - 2002
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) were demonstrated to have important implications in the progression and invasiveness of many malignant disorders. In contrast, the biological significance of these molecules in human leukaemias is not clear. We determined the levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 in the ...
Kraemer D - - 2002
According to the classification of the World Health Organization, the designation myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disorder, unclassifiable may be applied to cases that have clinical, laboratory, and morphologic features that support a diagnosis of a myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) as well as a myeloproliferative disorder (MPD), but that do not meet the criteria for ...
Sato Yuko - - 2002
Chromosome bands 1p36 and 3p21 are known to be recurring breakpoints in therapy-related (t-) leukemia. We identified a recurring translocation, t(1;3)(p36;p21), in eight patients with various hematologic malignancies: three patients with ALL, one with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in accelerated phase (AP), two with MDS, and two with AML(M3). Five ...
Tefferi Ayalew - - 2002
In a phase 2 study, 23 patients with myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia were treated with imatinib mesylate at a constant dose of 400 mg/d. Treatment was held in 16 patients (70%), after 1 to 12 weeks, because of side effects (neutropenia, 6 patients; musculoskeletal pain, 5 patients; thrombocytosis, 4 patients; ...
O'Brien Stephen G - - 2002
We report the transient response of a patient with the ETV6-ABL fusion gene to imatinib mesylate (STI571). A 38-year-old man was referred with an erroneous diagnosis of Philadelphia-positive chronic myeloid leukemia in blastic transformation for treatment with the ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor, STI571. Further investigation indicated that the patient in ...
Mavrogianni Despina - - 2002
Polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) are chronic myeloproliferative diseases that carry intrinsically the potential for leukemic transformation. The aims of this study were (1) to detect involvement of N- and K-ras mutations in codons 12 and 13 in the pathogenesis of the chronic and blastic phases of PV ...
Bloomfield Clara D - - 2002
Among 511 patients with therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome or acute leukemia (t-MDS/t-AL) and balanced chromosome aberrations, 162 (32%) had translocations involving 11q23. The recurring translocation partners were 9p22 (48%), 19p13.3 (11%), 19p13.1 (10%), 4q21 (9%), 6q27 (6%), 1p32 (2%), 16p13.1 (2%), 10p13 (1%), and 17q25 (1%); in 9%, the translocations were ...
Ramos Fernando - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Apoptosis is thought to play a key pathogenic role in myelodysplastic syndrome. The aim of our study was to determine whether apoptotic index, p53 and bcl-2 levels correlate with the clinical consequences of ineffective hematopoiesis; namely, the development of cytopenia and the shortened survival of patients with ...
Andersen Mette K - - 2002
The Workshop identified 48 unselected patients with therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukemia (t-MDS/t-AML) and inv(16), and 41 patients with t(15;17) after chemotherapy (CT) and/or radiotherapy (RT) for a malignant or nonmalignant disease. The primary diseases were: breast cancer, 33 patients; lymphomas, 24 patients; various other solid tumors, 30 ...
Chang K L - - 2002
Although myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) are generally thought to be diseases of elderly patients, younger patients also have rarely been diagnosed with MDS. This is a report of the clinical, morphologic and cytogenetic features of 52 cases of primary MDS occurring in adults under the age of 50 years. Cases secondary ...
Block AnneMarie W - - 2002
Seventy-seven patients were identified with Rare recurring (excluding 11q23, 21q22, inv(16), and t(15;17)) chromosome abnormalities among 511 patients with treatment-related myelodysplastic syndromes and acute leukemia accepted from centers in the United States, Europe, and Japan. The abnormality subsets included 3q21q26 (17 patients), 11p15 (17 patients), t(9;22)(q34;q11) (10 patients), 12p13 (9 ...
Tripathi Anil K - - 2002
Leukocytes ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity was measured in normal individuals and in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase (CML-CP) as well as in accelerated phase (CML-AP), with an aim to examine the role of ODC activity in prognostic evaluation of CML patients. Our results showed that ODC ...
Thornley Ian - - 2002
Haemopoietic dysfunction, ranging from single-lineage cytopenia to severe aplasia and/or myelodysplasia (MDS), is prominent in Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS). To assess haemopoietic stem cell proliferation in SDS, we compared leucocyte telomere length in 12 patients with SDS to that of 41 controls, using an in-gel hybridization technique. SDS patients had an ...
Oral E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine the frequency of underlying hematological disorders as the cause of acute adolescent menorrhagia. METHODS: The records of 25 patients that were hospitalized with acute adolescent menorrhagia in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Cerrahpaşa Medical School of Istanbul University between 1988 ...
DiRaimondo Francesco - - 2002
BACKGROUND: CD23 antigen is a cell surface protein considered important in the differentiation of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) from other lymphoid leukemias. METHODS: To better clarify CD23 role as a diagnostic tool, the authors retrospectively evaluated clinical and laboratory features of 372 patients who were referred to M.D. Anderson Cancer ...
Verstovsek Srdan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The Tie-1 tyrosine kinase receptor and its thus far unidentified ligand appear to play a distinct role in the regulatory pathways of early hematopoiesis and angiogenesis. Because vascularity is increased in the bone marrow of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), the authors evaluated the clinical significance of Tie-1 ...
Shivakumar S - - 2002
The presence of t(15;17) or PML-RAR alpha fusion transcript is the diagnostic hallmark of patients with acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL). Cytogenetic (CG), fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) are mainly the techniques used for detecting this abnormality. The objective of this study was to compare ...
Otazú Ivone B - - 2002
Serial assays of qualitative (multiplex and nested) and quantitative PCR were carried out for detecting and estimating the level of BCR-ABL transcripts in 39 CML patients following bone marrow transplantation. Seven of these patients, who received donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs) following to relapse, were also monitored. Quantitative estimates of BCR-ABL ...
Köksal Aydin - - 2002
A 41-year-old woman, Philadelphia positive chronic myeloid leukemia patient, had progressive decline in hemoglobin levels. She had been receiving interferon alpha treatment for five years. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia was diagnosed. Subsequent bone marrow examination revealed translocation t(7;14). She was placed on prednisone treatment. The patient responded to prednisone as treatment ...
Marisavljević D - - 2002
Biological and clinical significance of growth pattern of hematopoietic progenitors were investigated in 117 patients with primary myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) at referral. Abnormal (i.e., "leukemic" or absent) growth of GM colonies (CFU-GM) and GM clusters was found in 47% of patients with "advanced" MDS (RAEB, RAEB-t, and CMML) and in ...
Lloveras Elisabet - - 2002
Monoclonal gammopathies of undetermined significance (MGUS) are characterized by the presence of a monoclonal protein in serum in quite asymptomatic patients. Ten to 33% of MGUS patients eventually will develop overt multiple myeloma, but no single laboratory test exists that can predict changes toward a malignant evolution. The aim of ...
Tsutsumi Y - - 2002
We analyzed mixed chimerism (MC) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) using a capillary electrophoresis system with four kinds of fluorescence-labeled primers for microsatellites (D3S1359, D6S89, ACTBP2, HGH). The sensitivities of all microsatellites were at least 3%. The present method is sufficiently rapid: only 3-4 h are needed to perform ...
Tóthová E - - 2002
Several prospective randomized studies have shown that the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia with interferon alpha (IFNalpha) prolongs the survival by comparison with conventional chemotherapy. However, long-term treatment with Interferon alpha can produce or exacerbate immune-mediated complications (IMC). The purpose of this study was to analyze the experience with IMC ...
Nowacki Przemysław - - 2002
The aim of this work was to examine whether the risk of death i.a. due to haemorrhage into the central nervous system (CNS) is higher during some phases of acute myeloblastic leukaemia (AML), lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), and the blastic phase of chronic myelogenous leukaemia (BP) when two important risk factors ...
Zach O - - 2002
To investigate the prognostic value of tumour cells in peripheral blood (pB) of breast cancer (BC) patients, pB samples from 143 patients with benign lesions of the breast and from 467 BC patients were tested via a nested RT-PCR assay for mammaglobin mRNA. No sample from patients with benign lesions ...
Sendi Halima Sennana - - 2002
This paper presents the results of a cytogenetic analysis in 139 Tunisian patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML), including 27 children aged 1-15 years and 112 adults. Mean age was 32 (range 1-75) and the M/F ratio was 1.43. Of our patients, 45% had apparently normal karyotypes. Acquired ...
le Coutre Philipp - - 2002
The tyrosine kinase activity of the BCR/ABL fusion protein is required for the transformation in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia. The tyrosine kinase inhibitor STI571 inhibits the BCR/ABL and ABL kinase activity and consequently inhibits growth of BCR/ABL-positive cells. However, resistance to STI571 has been demonstrated in Ph+ cell lines ...
Tóth P - - 2002
Idiopathic myelofibrosis is a myeloproliferative disease with poor prognosis and without sufficient therapy. Acute leukemic transformation occurs in 15% of patients. The authors report the case of a 63 year old myelofibrotic patient treated with splenectomy. During the clinical course they observed unusually prominent and persistent erythroblastosis in the peripherial ...
Kristinsson Sigurdur Yngvi - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder. Previous epidemiological studies have mainly focused on cases derived from single institutions or from localized cancer registries. This is the first study in which all cases diagnosed nationwide over a long period of time in a well defined population ...
Constança Britto
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was compared with xenodiagnosis performed 20 years after trypanocidal chemotherapy to investigate parasite clearance. Eighty-five seropositive individuals for Chagas disease presenting a positive xenodiagnosis were treated with specific drugs; 37 in the acute phase and 48 in the chronic phase. Fifteen chronic assymptomatic patients received a ...
Papadaki H A - - 2002
It has been suggested that some cases of nonimmune chronic idiopathic neutropenia of adults (NI-CINA) may be considered preleukemic disorders. This paper describes two patients with NI-CINA who developed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) 34 and 64 months, respectively, following NI-CINA diagnosis. Patient 1 presented erythema nodosum and patient 2 polyarthritis ...
Rigolin G M - - 2001
At diagnosis, approximately half of myelodysplastic (MDS) patients presents a normal karyotype by conventional cytogenetic analysis (CCA). Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) is more sensitive than CCA allowing for the detection of minor clones and of submicroscopic lesions. We have analyzed by FISH 101 MDS patients with normal karyotype for ...
Mattsson J - - 2001
We report the clinical outcome and results of chimaerism analysis in various cell lineages of 30 patients given non-myeloablative conditioning, followed by allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). The commonest diagnoses were chronic myelogenous leukaemia (n = 11) and solid tumours (n = 11). Twenty-one patients received SCT from human leucocyte ...
Park K U - - 2001
Granulocytic sarcoma is considered to be rare and its frequent occurrence is associated with specific genetic changes such as t(8;21). To investigate an association between MLL (mixed lineage leukemia or myeloid-lymphoid leukemia) rearrangement and granulocytic sarcoma, we applied fluorescence in situ hybridization for detection of the 11q23/MLL rearrangements on the ...
Massenkeil G - - 2001
Bone mineral density (BMD) and biochemical markers of bone metabolism were analyzed in 67 adults with ALL (n = 27), AML (n = 14), MDS (n = 6) and CML (n = 20) before and after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). Median age was 36 years (17-56). Twenty-six out of ...
Ohyashiki K - - 2001
The category 'refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation (RAEBt)' consists of two sub-sets; one group is categorized based on the percentage of blasts in the marrow (> or =20%) and other is based on the percentage of blasts in the peripheral blood (> or =5%). We separated RAEBt patients ...
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