Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1572
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Valet G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study concerned the pretherapeutic identification of high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients by data pattern analysis from flow cytometric immunophenotype, cytogenetic, and clinical data. METHODS: Sixty-seven parameters of AML patients at diagnosis were classified for predictive information by algorithmic data sieving using iteratively self optimizing ...
Teofili L - - 2003
We evaluated the methylation status of p15 gene in a series of 65 patients with newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) receiving homogeneous treatment. Moreover, in 32 of them, the methylation status of p15 gene was correlated to the p15 m-RNA expression. In total, 31 patients had no p15 methylation ...
Strupp Corinna - - 2003
The category of "refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation" (RAEB-T) has been abandoned in the new WHO-classification of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The majority of patients previously belonging to this category are now classified as acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). In the FAB-classification, patients had been assigned to the RAEB-T category ...
Hui C H - - 2003
Imatinib mesylate (Glivec) is a selective inhibitor of bcr-abl tyrosine kinase, the product of the Philadelphia chromosome, which is the hallmark of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). With imatinib, complete cytogenetic response (CCR) can be achieved in over 70% of newly diagnosed patients with CML. However, the optimal long-term management of ...
Ikegaya Satoshi - - 2003
A 69-year-old man with relapsed acute lymphoid leukemia was treated with adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisolone. During this chemotherapy, the patient developed sepsis and meningitis. Although many kinds of antimicrobial drugs, including imipenem, meropenem, amphotericin-B, and gamma-globulin were administered, the patient died of respiratory failure. A positive result for Enterococcus faecalis ...
Baltaci Volkan - - 2003
AIMS, BACKGROUND AND STUDY DESIGN: Few studies have investigated the karyotypes of colorectal carcinomas with emphasis on the correlation between cytogenetic findings and clinicopathologic features. The aim of our study involving 20 colorectal adenocarcinomas was to determine their genomic alterations at the chromosomal level by correlating the cytogenetic findings with ...
Giles Francis J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Increased bone marrow angiogenesis and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels are of adverse prognostic significance in patients with myeloproliferative disorders (MPD), including agnogenic myeloid metaplasia (AMM), chronic myeloid leukemia in blastic phase (CML-BP), and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). VEGF is a soluble, circulating, angiogenic molecule that acts through ...
Mohamed Anwar N - - 2003
PURPOSE AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The acquisition of secondary chromosomal aberrations in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) karyotype signifies clonal evolution associated with disease progression to accelerated/blastic phase. Therefore, these aberrations are of clinical and biological importance. We identified 58 cases with secondary abnormalities in addition to ...
Shimamoto Takashi - - 2003
The myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) comprise a heterogeneous group of clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders, while, immunological abnormalities are frequently observed in patients with MDS. Several reports revealed that about 10% of MDS patients have clinical autoimmune disorders like skin vasculitis, rheumatic disease, or autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Furthermore, serological immunological abnormalities ...
Rosti Gianantonio - - 2003
In the management of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), cytogenetic response (CgR) has been recognized as an important prognostic factor and is used in predicting patient outcome. Imatinib (Gleevec) (formerly STI571), a potent inhibitor of BCR-ABL, is very effective in inducing CgRs in chronic-phase CML patients, even in late chronic-phase patients ...
Deininger Michael W N - - 2003
With the introduction of imatinib (Gleevec) (formerly STI571) for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), the various diagnostic methods used to monitor patients must be re-evaluated. Conventional cytogenetics has been the established method for follow-up of patients treated with interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha), and the prognostic value of major and complete ...
Sashida Goro - - 2003
The existence of isolated cytopenia in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) has been described, however, the exact clinico-hematologic features of such MDS patients are still obscure. The aim of this study was to provide additive clinico-hematologic information on MDS patients with isolated thrombocytopenia in comparison with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). We searched ...
Hughes Tim - - 2003
The tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) (formerly STI571) has proven to be an effective and safe new therapy for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). It has induced short-term hematologic control in many patients with advanced-phase CML, with some patients achieving durable responses. In chronic-phase patients it induces significantly ...
Wells Denise A - - 2003
Marrow cells of myeloid lineage from 115 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) were characterized by multidimensional flow cytometry and compared with findings in 104 patients with various disorders and 25 healthy donors. Based on phenotypic and scatter characteristics, a flow cytometric scoring system (FCSS) was developed that allowed for a ...
Choi Eun Hwa - - 2003
Chronic disseminated candidiasis (CDC) is a form of Candida species infection observed primarily in patients with acute leukemia. To investigate possible genetic factors associated with CDC, we conducted a pilot study of 40 patients with both leukemia and CDC and 50 control patients with leukemia only. A common haplotype of ...
Szatrowski Ted P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Anti-B4-blocked ricin is an immunotoxin comprised of an anti-CD19 murine monoclonal antibody (B4) conjugated to blocked ricin, which has cytotoxic activity in patients with lymphoid malignancies. METHODS: Adults with untreated acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were treated with a previously developed and tested chemotherapeutic regimen. Patients with CD19 positive ALL ...
Leal E - - 2003
Bone marrow (BM) is accepted as the tissue of choice for the detection of monoclonal populations in leukemias and lymphomas; however, obtaining BM can be painful and traumatic for the patients. Although it is possible to detect clonality in peripheral blood (PB) samples, there are no reports comparing the results ...
Au W Y - - 2003
Seventeen patients with therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukaemia (t-MDS/AML) were examined for aberrant p15 gene methylation by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. Ten patients (58%) showed p15 methylation, which was significantly related to monosomy/deletion of chromosome 7q, but not to antecedent chemotherapy, blast count, leukaemic evolution or survival. In three of ...
Marktel Sarah - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The acquisition of additional cytogenetic changes (clonal evolution, CE) during treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with imatinib mesylate is currently regarded as an index of increasing resistance to imatinib. Therefore, to investigate whether CE as an isolated event increases the risk of disease progression during imatinib ...
O'Dwyer M E - - 2003
Imatinib mesylate, an Abl-specific kinase inhibitor, produces sustained complete hematologic responses (CHR) and major cytogenetic responses (MCR) in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients, but long-term outcomes in these patients are not yet known. This article reports the identification of clonal abnormalities in cells lacking detectable Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome/BCR-ABL rearrangements from ...
Steegmann J L - - 2003
Interferon-alpha is the frontline therapy of the majority of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients who are not eligible for bone marrow transplantation. Many patients are treated for long periods, and there is concern about the long-term immune effects of its use. Autoimmune disorders in patients treated with IFN-alpha may be ...
Shvidel Lev - - 2003
We report eight new patients with de novo acute basophilic leukaemia (ABL) diagnosed by electron microscopy (EM) in 184 patients with poorly differentiated AML who were selected for ultrastructural analysis between the years 1989 and 2002. Morphology by light microscopy, cytochemistry, immunophenotyping and cytogenetics did not enable an accurate diagnosis ...
Wu Kai-Da - - 2003
We have investigated the significance of telomerase activity (TA) and telomere length (TL) in multiple myeloma (MM). The analyses were undertaken on CD138+ MM cells isolated from the marrow of 183 patients either at diagnosis or in relapse. There was heterogeneity in telomerase expression; 36% of the patients had TA ...
Aliff Timothy B - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary aspergillosis and other invasive fungal infections (IFIs) commonly complicate the management of patients with acute leukemia. Standard amphotericin-based therapies may be ineffective for many patients and the available salvage agents (itraconazole and caspofungin) are reported to possess only moderate activity against resistant infections. Laboratory evidence suggests a synergistic ...
Azoulay Elie - - 2003
Acute respiratory failure revealing acute monocytic leukemia is rare. We report 20 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with three remarkable features: (1) rapidly progressive respiratory distress revealing acute leukemia, (2) monocytic leukemia, and (3) respiratory status deterioration after chemotherapy initiation. The median age was 50 years (17-72 ...
Zhang Bin - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the levels of IL-18 in the bone marrow of both normal subjects and patients with hematological diseases and to determine the possible significance of IL-18 in pathogenesis of some hematological malignancies. METHODS: The IL-18 mRNA levels in the bone marrow of 140 patients with hematological diseases and ...
Feldman E - - 2003
HuM195 is a humanized, unconjugated, anti-CD33 monoclonal antibody. Fifty adult patients with relapsed or refractory AML were randomized to receive HuM195 at a dose of 12 or 36 mg/m(2) by intravenous infusion over 4 h on days 1-4 and 15-18. Patients with stable or responding disease received two additional cycles ...
Verburgh E - - 2003
PURPOSE: The most recent and powerful prognostic instrument established for myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is the International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS), which is primarily based on medullary blast cell count, number of cytopenias, and cytogenetics. Although this prognostic system has substantial predictive power in MDS, further refinement is necessary, especially as ...
Cortes Jorge - - 2003
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) typically runs a biphasic or triphasic course, with diagnoses usually made in the chronic phase (CP). Without effective treatment, patients eventually progress to a blastic phase (BP), frequently through an intermediate or accelerated phase (AP). Because the definition of AP varies among studies, comparisons of outcome ...
Vosková D - - 2003
The aim of this study was to evaluate the heterogeneity of immunophenotype features in acute leukemia patients and to detect the presence of leukemia-associated immunophenotypes. We prospectively investigated the phenotype of blast cells from 44 adult acute leukemia patients using a large panel of monoclonal antibodies by multiparametric flow cytometry. ...
Nakagawa Yasunori - - 2003
Stratification of patients with multiple myeloma according to clinical severity was attempted by chromosomal analysis of 180 bone marrow specimens from 79 patients. The 79 patients were hospitalized and treated between 1994 and 1999. Abnormalities of chromosome 1 were detected at the initial medical examination in 8 (10%) of the ...
Moreno Isabel - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cytogenetics is the most important prognostic factor in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, a high proportion of patients show normal or intermediate-risk karyotypes. In these patients, other determinants could help to identify those with a higher risk of relapse. Recently, internal tandem duplications (ITD) and D835 mutations ...
Miyazaki Yasushi - - 2003
Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with trilineage dysplasia (AML/TLD) is de novo AML recognized by the morphological dysplasia of three mature cell lines in the presence of leukaemic blasts. We studied the karyotypes of AML/TLD of patients with de novo AML, except for those with the French-American-British classification M3, who were ...
Arrigoni Paolo - - 2003
We evaluated the incidence of FLT3/internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutation in childhood acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) diagnosed over 15 years. FLT3/ITD was found in 10 of 45 (22.2%) non-acute promyelocytic leukaemia (non-APL) patients. The 5-year event-free survival of non-APL patients was higher in FLT3/ITD-negative versus -positive patients (48.9%, SE 8.9, ...
Glassman Armand B - - 2003
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship of t(11;16)(q23;p13) to the type of myeloproliferative disorder noted by hematopathology. Previously, t(11;16) has been reported in fewer than 20 patients, all with the diagnosis of therapy-related (secondary) acute myelogenous leukemia (sAML) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Putative involved genes are ...
Breccia Massimo - - 2003
Extramedullary relapse occurs infrequently in acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) but has been increasingly reported after the advent of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) treatment, probably as a consequence of improved patient survival. We describe our single centre experience of six APL patients who had disease localization in the central nervous system ...
Dedic Karel - - 2003
Autopsy study from 21 patients with hairy cell leukemia was performed. All patients had the expected widespread involvement of the hematopoietic system. Leukemic infiltration of lymph nodes was detected in 12 cases. Liver involvement was present in 19 patients, leukemic infiltration ranged from focal portal and sinusoidal infiltration to massive ...
Choi Jong Weon - - 2003
Erythropoietic activities and immature reticulocyte production were investigated in a total of 157 patients (81 men, 76 women, median age = 42 yr, range = 23 to 65 yr) with acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL, n = 31), acute myeloid leukemia (AML, n = 39), or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL, n = ...
Egyed Miklós - - 2003
The cytogenetic responses during the first chronic phase of 11 patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) treated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) + interferon (IFN) were compared with those of 9 other CML patients treated with IFN alone. Metaphase and interphase cytogenetics and a semi-quantitative polymerase chain reaction were used ...
Emura Iwao - - 2003
This study was designed to evaluate the percentage of apoptotic cells (apoptotic index [AI]) in peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow (BM) as a predictive indicator of BM failure in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. PB from 42 patients with primary MDS at diagnosis and BM aspirates from 22 of these ...
Shimazaki Chihiro - - 2003
Feto-maternal microchimerism suggests that immunologic tolerance exists between mother and fetus. Based on this hypothesis, we performed haploidentical stem cell transplantation (SCT) without T-cell depletion (TCD) in 5 patients with advanced hematologic malignancies. HLA incompatibilities for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) direction included 3-loci mismatches in 4 patients, and 2-loci mismatches in ...
Ustun Celalettin - - 2002
Type B lactic acidosis is rare among patients with malignant diseases. To date only one case report has documented lactic acidosis occurring in a patient with multiple myeloma (MM). Our patient, a 55-year-old black man, was diagnosed with stage IIIA immunoglobulin G-kappa (IgG-kappa) MM in September 1995. He was found ...
van Deventer Hendrik W - - 2002
We studied 28 patients with accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) who were enrolled on the Novartis expanded access study 114. Diagnosis of accelerated phase CML was based on karyotypic evolution (n = 9) and hematologic criteria (n = 18). All patients were begun on 600 mg/day of imatinib mesylate. ...
Cortes Jorge - - 2003
We investigated the clinical activity of the farnesyl transferase inhibitor R115777 in 22 patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in chronic, accelerated, or blastic phase and in 8 patients with myelofibrosis (MF) and 10 patients with multiple myeloma (MM). R115777 was administered at 600 mg orally twice daily for 4 ...
Lange Thoralf - - 2003
Imatinib induces remissions in approximately 30% of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in myeloid blast crisis (M-BC). Because most patients eventually relapse, allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) in remission offers the best chance for cure. Remission induction with imatinib alone would seem ideal because it is less toxic than ...
Teofili Luciana - - 2002
PURPOSE: To examine the utility of polycythemia rubra vera-1 (PRV-1)-specific reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to discriminate essential thrombocythemia (ET) and polycythemia vera (PV) from secondary thrombocytosis (ST) or secondary erythrocytosis (SE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the expression of PRV-1 in granulocytes isolated from 37 patients with ET, ...
Keats Jonathan J - - 2003
This study analyzed the frequency and clinical significance of t(4;14)(p16;q32) in multiple myeloma (MM) among 208 patients with MM and 52 patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS); diagnosed between 1994 and 2001. Patients with the translocation were identified using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to detect hybrid immunoglobulin ...
Bernasconi P - - 2002
ET is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder rarely evolving into AML, sometimes preceded by a myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Such transformations mostly occur in patients treated with radiophosphorous ((32)P) or alkylating agents, especially busulfan. Recently, concern has also arisen about the long-term safety of hydroxyurea (HU). Pipobroman (PI), a well tolerated and ...
Wendelbo Øystein - - 2002
Early immune reconstitution after intensive chemotherapy for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) occurs after 2-4 weeks of cytopenia, but T cell reconstitute is usually completed after several months. Interleukin-7 (IL-7) is a T cell growth factor involved in the late immune reconstitution, but its function during the early period of cytopenia ...
Balatzenko G - - 2002
Purpose: To test the multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) gene expression in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients using the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in order to assess the application of the method for routine screening. Materials and methods: 39 AML patients (mean age 43.9-/+18.2 years) and 10 healthy volunteers ...
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