Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1027
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Lazzeri Chiara - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Electrophysiological abnormalities underlying the increased arrhythmogenicity of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are still under investigation. The aim of this study was to assess non-invasively the electrophysiologic alterations in two different types of LVH, METHODS: Multiparametric non-invasive ECG analysis (R-R interval, QRS and QT intervals, QT dispersion, T-wave complexity, activation-recovery ...
Ohwada Rina - - 2005
Ampulla cardiomyopathy is named after the echocardiographic abnormalities occurring in this condition, characterized by extensive akinesis (ballooning ) of the apical region with hypercontraction of the basal segment of the ventricle. We describe 3 young female anorexia nervosa patients showing evidence of this cardiac complication after hypoglycemia. One case was ...
Mörner Stellan - - 2005
In this study, we evaluate cardiac autonomic function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) by assessing heart rate variability (HRV), comparing a short-term laboratory method with an ambulatory (24-h) method, in patients with and without beta-blockade. Reduced HRV is a risk factor for adverse events in some cardiac diseases, but is not ...
Madias John E - - 2005
Increased ECG QRS duration (QRSd) in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) or heart failure (HF) is a well-known phenomenon. The QRSd is not a static ECG measurement but shows fluctuations, and its recent inclusion among the parameters used in referring patients for implantable cardioverter/defibrillators (ICDs) or cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) ...
Ashwath Mahi Lakshmi - - 2005
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a spongiform encephalopathy affecting 1 individual per million population per year. We report on a previously healthy 43-year-old patient who presented with the simultaneous onset of a movement disorder, encephalopathy, cognitive decline, and dilated cardiomyopathy, and was found to have spongiform encephalopathy on brain biopsy. Although her ...
Kytö Ville - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although enteroviruses and adenoviruses are considered to be the leading causes of the usually mild clinical myocarditis, little is known about the etiology of severe or fatal myocarditis. METHODS: We collected all available clinical records and myocardial autopsy samples for patients who had myocarditis recorded as the underlying cause ...
Ralph-Edwards Anthony - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In November 1998, our center began offering alcohol ablation as an alternative to surgical myectomy for patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Patients with concomitant lesions were referred for surgical intervention, and the others were offered either treatment option. We sought to review the early outcomes for both protocols. METHODS: ...
Roche Frédéric - - 2005
We postulated that dynamic alterations in QT interval adaptation could characterize patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and could be restored after weight gain. To assess ventricular repolarization features, we evaluated the QT dynamicity along RR intervals from 24-hour electrocardiographic data of patients with AN before and after refeeding. Ten young ...
Garbor F. Matos
Percutaneous Transluminal Alcohol Septal Ablation (PTSA) of the hypertrophied septum for patients with Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is an effective and safe endovascular non-surgical therapeutic intervention. We report a detailed analysis of Electrocardiographic (ECG) changes associated with PTSA immediately and a mean of 164 days after the procedure in 25 ...
1Ali Tame
It is known that in patients with ischemic heart disease, QT dispersion (QTd) predicts ventricular arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death and that major coronary risk factors such as smoking, diabetes mellitus, hypertension increase QTd. It is not clear whether, in coronary artery disease, QTd increases because of ischemia or co-existence ...
Mizumaki Koichi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: QT interval is influenced by preceding R-R intervals and autonomic nervous tone. Changes in QT intervals during vasovagal reflex might reflect autonomic modulation of ventricular repolarization; however, this issue has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate dynamic response of QT interval to transient changes in R-R ...
Madias John E - - 2005
Patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) responding to diuresis reveal marked augmentation of the QRS complexes (AUG-QRS) in their electrocardiograms (ECGs). Recently, such change in the ECG has been observed in patients with anasarca (AN) of varying etiology commensurate with partial alleviation of the volume overload; similar ECG change has ...
Scalvini S - - 2005
We investigated a home-based intervention based on telecardiology in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Two hundred and thirty CHF patients, aged 59 years (SD 9), in stable condition and with optimized therapy were enrolled. The programme consisted of trans-telephonic follow-up and electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring followed by visits from a ...
Navarcikova S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in QRST integral maps in patients with ARVC. BACKGROUND: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a progressive disorder of predominantly right ventricle characterized with arrhythmic events possibly leading to sudden cardiac death. QRST integral maps reflect local disparities of ventricular ...
Hiasa Go - - 2005
We describe three elderly patients with Brugada-type electrocardiographic abnormalities unmasked by a high plasma concentration of the Class IC antiarrhythmic drug pilsicainide, caused by renal dysfunction. The electrocardiograms showed right bundle branch block pattern and ST segment elevation in the precordial leads in patients 1 and 2, and a polymorphic ...
Scalvini S - - 2005
Palpitation is a common symptom that sometimes results from a substantial cardiac arrhythmia. We compared the diagnostic yield of trans-telephonic event monitors with those of Holter monitoring in patients with intermittent palpitations. In all, 310 patients were randomly assigned to receive an event recorder or 24-hour Holter monitoring. Event recorders ...
Grimm Wolfram - - 2005
This study examined the relation between heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and subsequent major arrhythmic events (MAE), defined as sustained VT, VF or sudden death, in 263 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) in sinus rhythm. The predefined measure of HRV was the standard deviation of all ...
Madias John E - - 2005
Since research is concentrated to a large extent on patients with left bundle branch block, we aimed at evaluating the hypothesis that measurements of certain intervals and other characteristics of the ECG may change over time in patients with right bundle branch block (RBBB), and to design a model, which ...
Bilchick Kenneth - - 2004
The investigators sought to test whether certain long QT syndrome (LQTS) mutations are associated with increased repolarization lability and whether repolarization lability (quantified by the QT variability index [QTVI]) is increased in patients with LQTS compared with controls. In 32 genotyped patients with LQTS type 1 (LQT1), 32 genotyped patients ...
Viskin Sami - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if patients with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF) have shorter QT intervals than comparable healthy controls. BACKGROUND: The upper limit of the normal QT is well defined. Less is known about the lower limit of the normal QT. Patients with the recently ...
Qin Jian Xin - - 2004
Real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography was performed in 10 patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) before and after myectomy and in 6 controls. The exact location of systolic anterior motion of the mitral leaflet was shown in all patients with HC with a predominant involvement of the medial portion in 4 patients ...
Pyne Clifford C - - 2004
The management of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is becoming more complicated. With the advent of new therapies and surgical techniques, the likelihood that patients will make a full recovery improves. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death for adults in the United States, and with continually increasing ...
Scaglia Fernando - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to elucidate the frequency of major clinical manifestations in children with mitochondrial disease and establish their clinical course, prognosis, and rates of survival depending on their clinical features. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the medical records of 400 patients who were ...
Kesek Milos - - 2004
There is a need for markers reflecting the increased risk in patients with conduction disturbances. Conduction disturbances presumably cause inhomogeneous repolarization that may create an arrhythmogenic substrate. In patients with normal conduction, parameters derived from principal components analysis (PCA) of the T wave contain prognostic information. The nondipolar PCA components ...
Nasir Khurram - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to systematically study diagnostic and prognostic electrocardiographic (ECG) characteristics of arrhythmogenic right ventricle dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C). METHODS AND RESULTS: The patient population included 50 patients with ARVD/C (27 males, 23 females; mean age 38+/-15 years). We also analyzed the ECG of 50 age- and ...
Takimoto Yoshiyuki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders are thought to be risk factors for cardiac sudden death secondary to arrhythmia. Results in previous studies on QT interval and QT dispersion, markers of fatal arrhythmia, have been inconsistent. METHODS: We prospectively examined 179 female eating disorder patients, being over 18 years old and diagnosed according ...
Shafik A - - 2004
Corpora cavernosa (CC) evoke electric waves that appear to be of diagnostic significance in evaluation of erectile dysfunction (ED). We investigated the hypothesis that electrocavernosography (ECG) exhibits different patterns in the various types of ED: neurogenic, vasculogenic, and psychogenic. Electrocavernosography was performed in the flaccid phase in 16 neurogenic, 28 ...
Chimenti Cristina - - 2004
Fabry disease (FD) has been recognized as the cause of left ventricular hypertrophy in 6% of men with late-onset hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Although FD is considered a recessive X-linked disorder, affected women are increasingly reported. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of FD in female patients ...
Maule Simona - - 2004
BACKGROUND: QT interval prolongation increases the risk of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death in diabetic autonomic neuropathy and ischemic heart disease. In end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the effects of hemodialysis on QT interval are diverse and the influence of autonomic neuropathy has yet to be clearly defined. METHODS: Sixty-nine ERSD ...
Yanagi Sadamitsu - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death commonly occurs in young patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM); however, their heart rate variability (HRV) and blood pressure (BP) response to daily life activities is not well known. METHODS AND RESULTS: HRV and ambulatory BP monitoring were performed in 20 patients (age range: 7-21 years) and ...
Senen Kubilay - - 2004
P-wave dispersion (PWD) has been reported to be associated with inhomogeneous and discontinuous propagation of sinus impulses. In the present study, we aimed to investigate PWD in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. The study population consisted of 72 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and 72 healthy control subjects. Left atrial diameter, left ...
Engel Gregory - - 2004
Among the most compelling challenges facing cardiologists today is identification of which patients are at highest risk for sudden death. Automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators are now indicated in many of these patients, yet the role of noninvasive risk stratification in classifying patients at high risk is not well defined. The purpose ...
Guideri F - - 2004
Rett syndrome is a severe neurological developmental disorder. In this syndrome, the high incidence of sudden death is correlated with an alteration of ventricular repolarization. The purpose of this study was to evaluate plasmatic levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) in Rett patients with prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval in ...
Lev D - - 2004
To determine the clinical manifestations and interfamilial variability of patients diagnosed with a mitochondrial cardiomyopathy, we reviewed the charts of 14 patients with cardiomyopathy out of 59 patients with mitochondrial disorders who attended the mitochondrial disease clinic at Wolfson Medical Center from 1996 to 2001. All patients underwent a metabolic ...
Dhawan Sumeesh - - 2004
A 63-year-old male with a prior history of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura was admitted with sudden onset of syncope. He denied chest pain. His initial blood chemistries were consistent with acute relapse of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura as indicated by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. The patient had evidence of myocardial injury ...
Fiorina Paolo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: ECG identification of apical myocardial infarction (MI) is controversial and lacks of accuracy. Our aim was to investigate the sensitivity of different proposed ECG criteria in the presence of apical perfusion defects assessed with SPECT analysis. METHODS: One hundred twenty-four (98 M, 26 F) out of 1500 patients with ...
Akalin F - - 2004
AIM: Breath-holding spells are common in infancy and early childhood, and patients are frequently referred to paediatric cardiology clinics for exclusion of heart disease. Recent data reveal subsequent development of epilepsy and neurocardiogenic syncope. Autonomic dysregulation and increased vagal stimulation leading to cardiac arrest and cerebral ischaemia is considered as ...
Vashist Aseem - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic (ECG) changes during adenosine myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) correlate with severe coronary artery disease and the presence of collaterals. However, the significance of these changes during adenosine MPI in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) on baseline electrocardiogram is less well understood. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether ECG changes ...
Viotti R J - - 2004
To establish the usefulness of echocardiography for the clinical classification of patients with Chagas disease and to determine the predictors of mortality and clinical events. 849 patients with chronic Chagas disease with a mean follow up of 9.9 years were studied. On admission, ECG, chest radiograph, and two dimensional echocardiogram ...
Dogan A - - 2004
We investigated prognostic importance of electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in ischaemic stroke patients without primary heart disease because of the limited evidence. This study consisted of 162 patients (92 male, age 64 +/- 14 years) with first ischaemic stroke presenting to hospital during 18 months. One-month mortality was analysed by means ...
Tentolouris Costas - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are important mediators of immune response, associated with endothelial dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) or heart failure. We compared endothelial function and levels of IL-6 and TNF-alpha between patients with ischemic heart failure, dilated ...
Banno Katsuhisa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing may adversely affect heart function, and thereby contribute to the progression of heart failure. A study was undertaken in patients with idiopathic cardiomyopathy to document the characteristics of sleep-disordered breathing. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-five patients with a diagnosis of idiopathic cardiomyopathy, comprising 20 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy ...
Fesmire Francis M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Vectorcardiographic (VCG) measurements of ST-vector magnitude (VM) and QRS-vector difference (VD) have been demonstrated to be independent predictors of adverse outcome (AO) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in emergency department (ED) chest pain patients with absence of bundle branch block or left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) on the initial 12-lead ...
Cuomo Sergio - - 2004
We sought to determine QT variability pattern in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and its relationship with the risk of syncope. QT interval variability was assessed from 24-hour Holter monitoring in 10 HCM patients with history of syncope, 10 HCM patients without history of syncope, and 10 healthy subjects. QT ...
Ahn Joon - - 2004
The Brugadas have made a significant contribution to medicine. Their discovery of a new clinical syndrome and ECG abnormalities has created a great deal of interest and has opened Pandora's box. Here, we discuss some worrisome thoughts about the condition. We stress the need for improved diagnostic criteria and treatment ...
Deshmukh Pramod M - - 2004
Despite incessant tachycardia, not all patients develop tachycardia-mediated cardiomyopathy. The cardiac renin-angiotensin system may be involved in cardiac remodelling and fibrosis. The level of angiotension-converting enzyme (ACE) in the serum is associated with a 287 bp insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism in intron 16 of the ACE gene. The DD genotype ...
Mahrholdt Heiko - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Myocarditis can occasionally lead to sudden death and may progress to dilated cardiomyopathy in up to 10% of patients. Because the initial onset is difficult to recognize clinically and the diagnostic tools available are unsatisfactory, new strategies to diagnose myocarditis are needed. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cardiovascular MR imaging (CMR) ...
Frassati Dominique - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To confirm the hypothesis that psychotropic drugs, especially neuroleptics, lithium, and antidepressants, are implicated as a cause of unexpected sudden death in psychiatric patients because of their cardiotoxicity, especially when hidden cardiac lesions are present. METHOD: We performed a full pathological examination of 14 psychiatric patients who unexpectedly and ...
Di Pasquale Pietro - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Patients with a negative troponin (TnT) result showed 1.4% mortality during a mean follow-up of 9-10 weeks. Mortality was greater in patients with an evidence of ischemic ECG changes and a negative TnT test (1.6-4.4%). Few studies have examined the efficacy of echocardiography (2DE) in patients with chest pain. ...
Hisamatsu Kenichi - - 2004
We attempted to determine the usefulness of body surface mapping (BSM) for differentiating patients with Brugada syndrome (BS) from patients with asymptomatic Brugada syndrome (ABS). Electrocardiograms (ECG) and BSM were recorded in 7 patients with BS and 35 patients with ABS. Following the administration of Ic antiarrhythmic drugs, BSM was ...
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