Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1021
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Lotze Ulrich - - 2004
Aside from enteroviruses and other viruses, e.g., adenoviruses, which are known to be associated with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC), a cardiac tropism is also attributed to parvovirus B19 (PVB19). The purpose of the present study was to determine the prevalence of enterovirus, adenovirus and PVB19 genomes in the myocardium of ...
Opadijo O G - - 2003
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is considered an independent risk factor even in the absence of systemic hypertension. Electrocardiographic (ECG) LVH with repolarisation changes has been found in some countries to carry more coronary risk than LVH alone. How far this observation is true among adult Nigerians is not known. We ...
Topuzoglu Gamze - - 2003
Trace elements are known to have a key role in myocardial metabolism. The accumulation (cobalt, arsenic, copper) or deficiency (selenium, zinc) of trace elements may be responsible for idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. We investigated the trace element concentrations (Cu, Zn, Mg) in sera from patients with dilated cardiomyopathy by atomic absorption ...
Papadopoulos Christodoulos E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Preinfarction angina (PA) consists a strong clinical correlate to ischemic preconditioning (PC) and seems to occur in a bimodal time course. The aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of both forms of PC on QTc value representing myocardial electric stability, in patients with a first NSTEMI. ...
Calò Leonardo - - 2003
The prognosis for patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) has markedly improved during the last decade, mainly because of advancements in therapeutic strategies. However, sudden death still accounts for a significant part of the total mortality in patients with moderate disease. Recent primary prophylactic trials failed to demonstrate any benefit ...
Ho Yi-Lwun - - 2003
The relation between myocardial functional changes and the apoptosis-related proteins in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) has not yet been reported. The purpose of this study was to assess this issue through the use of dobutamine stress echocardiography. A total of 81 segments of left ventricles (from 6 patients with ...
Klatsky Arthur L - - 2003
PURPOSE: We compared the characteristics and outcomes of patients with "early repolarization" electrocardiograms (ECGs) with those who had normal ECGs. METHODS: In 1983 to 1985, we collected photocopies of 2234 selected ECGs from 73088 patients undergoing health examinations. Excluding 153 ECGs with missing data or that were judged to be ...
Asad Navaid - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate right atrial (RA) "strain" as reflected by changes in P-wave amplitude and vector in patients with COPD immediately before and immediately after beginning treatment of exacerbations. BACKGROUND: P-pulmonale (frequently temporary, reflecting acute RA strain) occurs under a variety of circumstances, including COPD. Emergency room (ED) ECGs in ...
Limongelli Giuseppe - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) pathologic studies seem to suggest a correlation between morphologic findings and arrhythmias, it has never been confirmed in the clinical setting. OBJECTIVE: We sought to noninvasively assess the electrical and textural properties of the myocardium and to define their potential relationship in ...
Bal Jasdeep Singh - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A prolonged QTc interval has been reported in patients with liver disease. The objectives of our study were to determine whether a prolonged QTc interval was an independent predictor of mortality in patients with cirrhosis and to examine the effect of liver transplantation (LT) on QTc interval. PATIENTS AND ...
Van Leeuwen Peter - - 2003
The potential clinical value of QT dispersion (QTd), a measure of the interlead range of QT interval duration in the surface 12-lead ECG, remains ambiguous. The aim of the study was the temporal and spatial analysis of the QT interval in healthy subjects and in patients with coronary artery disease ...
Isbister Geoffrey K - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cardiotoxicity of bupropion hydrochloride in deliberate self-poisoning. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in a national poisons information center (PIC) of cases of adult deliberate self-poisoning with medical record follow-up of the patients. Fifty-nine cases of bupropion deliberate self-poisoning managed in the hospital, in which the ...
Wu Yen-Wen - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The differentiation between ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathy by noninvasive modalities is of clinical importance. Whether thallium 201 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) could accurately distinguish the two groups remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients with chronic heart failure (left ventricular ejection fraction < or =40%), including fourteen ...
Seinelä Lauri - - 2003
Although routine gastroscopy is regarded as a safe examination, it is sometimes associated, especially in elderly patients, with serious arrhythmias. We studied the influence of gastroscopy in very old patients on the occurrence and number of ECG changes and on oxygen saturation. Electrocardiographic (ECG) changes on a 24 h Holter ...
Macmillan C S A - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Morbidity from subarachnoid haemorrhage is common and results from complications including myocardial dysfunction and neurogenic pulmonary oedema causing hypotension and hypoxia--both major causes of secondary brain injury. Predicting patients at risk of developing these complications may facilitate early intervention. METHODS: Using QTc dispersion to assess repolarization inhomogeneity, ...
den Boer Margarethe E J - - 2003
To determine the spectrum of presentation, including both clinical and biochemical abnormalities, and the clinical course in a cohort of patients with complete mitochondrial trifunctional protein (MTP) deficiency, a rare inborn error of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation. A questionnaire was sent to the referring physicians from 25 unselected MTP-deficient patients. ...
Anastasakis Aris - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Some mutations of cardiac sarcomeric proteins causing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (beta-myosin heavy chain) are associated with skeletal muscle fiber dysfunction, while subclinical skeletal myopathy can be diagnosed by electromyography (EMG) in a substantial proportion of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients. METHODS: In 49 consecutive, unrelated patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, conventional EMG of ...
Ay Binnaz - - 2003
Anesthetic drugs have been shown to increase QT interval, however data regarding their effects on QT dispersion (QTd) are scarce, especially in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We tested whether induction of Anesthesia with thiopental and etomidate would increase QTd in patients with CAD. Thirty American Society of Anesthesiologists ...
Yip Hon-Kan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous ST-segment elevation in the precordial and inferior leads is a rare ECG finding in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and its clinical implications rarely have been reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical features of this distinctive ECG manifestation and its impact on ...
Li Jianfeng - - 2003
The feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy (VATS) for congenital long QT syndrome were assessed in four patients who had frequent syncopal events before the surgeries. Under general anaesthesia, the pleural cavity was entered via two small incisions in the left third and fifth intercostal spaces at the ...
Shiono Junko - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We have previously developed current vector maps of tangential components on the magnetocardiogram (MCG) to obtain cardiac current distribution images. The present study was conducted to detect repolarization abnormalities in patients with cardiomyopathy using the current vector map. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients with cardiomyopathy (nine males and four ...
Yoshinaga Takayuki - - 2003
Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is associated with various electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities, but the utility of evaluating the severity of PTE based on ECG abnormalities alone has not been investigated in Japanese patients previously. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between ECG abnormalities and the mean pulmonary artery ...
Mehta Nirav J - - 2003
We examined the resolution of ST-segment elevation after thrombolytic therapy in elderly versus younger patients with acute myocardial infarction. Electrocardiograms were recorded before, on completion of, and on day 1 and day 2 post-thrombolytic therapy (streptokinase or tissue thromboplastin activator) in 36 patients older than 65 years and 36 patients ...
Ruta Jan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Survivors of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are at increased risk for arrhythmic events (AE), which include sudden death (SD) or sustained ventricular tachycardia (sVT). In the prethrombolytic era, abnormal parameters of depolarization and repolarization were considered to be markers of susceptibility to these events. The purpose of the present ...
Kroumpouzou E - - 2003
Testing the hypothesis that hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy as well as viral myocarditis share a common mitogenic growth response pathway with mitotically competent cell types are the aims of this study. The expression of the c-fos, H-ras and c-myc genes was immunohistochemically determined in biopsies from 12 patients with dilated ...
Takagi M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between the wall motion abnormalities and sodium channel abnormalities in cases of the Brugada syndrome. DESIGN: Consecutive prospective case-control study in a single hospital. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: 13 consecutive patients with Brugada syndrome and 13 age and sex matched control subjects. INTERVENTIONS: Each ...
Maron Martin S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The influence of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction on the clinical outcome of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy remains unresolved. METHODS: We assessed the effect of outflow tract obstruction on morbidity and mortality in a large cohort of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who were followed for a mean (+/-SD) of 6.3+/-6.2 years. ...
Takami Mitsuaki - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although arrhythmogenesis of Brugada syndrome is still unknown, it has been reported to be associated with conduction disturbances. Two ST-segment morphologies (coved and saddle-back patterns) have been described in this syndrome. No study has sought to determine which morphology has stronger conduction disturbances, thereby associating with life-threatening events. METHODS: ...
Velmahos George C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty about the definition and diagnosis of blunt cardiac injury (BCI) leads to unnecessary hospitalization and cost while trying to rule it out. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the combination of two simple tests, electrocardiography (ECG) and serum troponin I (TnI) level, may serve as ...
Kannathal N - - 2003
Electrocardiogram (ECG) is a nonstationary signal; therefore, the disease indicators may occur at random in the time scale. This may require the patient be kept under observation for long intervals in the intensive care unit of hospitals for accurate diagnosis. The present study examined the classification of the states of ...
Nemec Jan J Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2003
To determine the effects of phenylephrine and dobutamine on repolarization lability in patients with genotyped long QT syndrome (LQTS). Between December 1998 and August 2000, 23 patients with genotyped LQTS (13 LQT1, 7 LQT2, and 3 LQT3) and 16 controls underwent electrocardiographic stress testing at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, ...
Jernberg Tomas - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiography (ECG) obtained on admission and a troponin T (tn-T) level measured early after admission are simple and accessible methods for predicting outcome in patients with suspected unstable angina or myocardial infarction without persistent ST-elevations. However, there are few studies about the combination of these 2 methods as a ...
Kandori Akihiko - - 2002
The aim of this study is to detect the spatial current dispersion that appears in the T-wave of patients with congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS). To observe this dispersion, magnetocardiograms (MCGs)--which have a high spatial resolution--of LQT1 patients (n = 7), LQT2 patients (n = 9) and a control group (n ...
Yabe Toshikazu - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the significance of perfusion defects demonstrated by thallium-201 and age in the prognosis of patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. METHODS: Seventy-four dilated cardiomyopathy patients underwent thallium scintigraphy as well as clinical and hemodynamic examination. RESULTS: Abnormal perfusion defects were present in 23 of 38 patients aged ...
Lancellotti Patrizio - - 2002
This study sought to determine the long-term prognostic significance of persistent or transient negative T waves in infarct-related leads. After acute myocardial infarction (AMI), QRS and T wave alterations may resolve. No clinical study has investigated the prognostic importance of persistent versus transient negative T waves. We studied 147 consecutive ...
Rukshin Vladimir - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Non-Q wave myocardial infarction (NQMI) and unstable angina (UAP) have similar clinical presentations and similar ST-T changes on the electrocardiogram. The purpose of this study was to assess whether changes in QT interval might help differentiating between these entities. METHODS: The QT intervals of 52 patients hospitalized with NQMI ...
Kesek Milos - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There is a need for risk markers in patients with acute chest pain. QT dispersion (QTd) is a prognostic marker in several groups of patients. A problem with the manual measurement of QTd is operator dependency. This can be avoided by using an automatic method. We investigated QTd, derived ...
Brown J M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review patients managed in an intensive care unit diagnosed with dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction without hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (DLVOTO) is characteristically associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, although it has also been described in patients without this disorder. We reviewed ...
Bettinelli Alberto - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Potassium and magnesium deficiency prolong the QT interval on a standard electrocardiogram and predispose the patient to dangerous cardiac arrhythmias. No information is available on QT interval in patients diagnosed with Gitelman disease. METHODS: The QT interval was assessed on lead II in 27 patients with biochemically and genetically ...
Buell Hope E - - 2002
Assessing the effectiveness of newer treatments for rare diseases can be challenging because of the small number of patients treated at individual centers. We enrolled patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) at five international centers (1 Japan, 2 United Kingdom, and 2 United ...
Calder Kirsten K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether manually measured QT dispersion (QTD) may be a useful diagnostic adjunct for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in emergency department patients with chest pain (CP) and nondiagnostic initial electrocardiograms (ECGs). METHODS: This was a retrospective review of a cohort of patients admitted to the coronary triage unit ...
Ahearn Gregory S - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the utility of the ECG for predicting clinical status in adults with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) or pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) secondary to collagen vascular disease. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic in a tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Adult outpatients with PPH or PAH secondary to ...
Pikelj-Pecnik Andreja - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To identify asymptomatic heart involvement early in the course of Lyme borreliosis by analysis of electrocardiograms (ECGs) of patients with solitary erythema migrans (EM). METHODS: We enrolled in this prospective study 220 consecutive previously healthy patients, receiving no medication, who were diagnosed with typical solitary EM at our Lyme ...
Kurita Takashi - - 2002
We sought to demonstrate the electrophysiologic (EP) mechanism of the ST-T change in Brugada syndrome. Brugada syndrome is characterized by various electrocardiographic manifestations (e.g., right bundle branch block, ST-segment elevation, and terminal T-wave inversion in the right precordial leads) and sudden cardiac death caused by ventricular fibrillation. Direct evidence in ...
Deguchi Kazushi - - 2002
A number of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA), in whom sudden death does occur occasionally, have QT or rate-corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation on electrocardiogram (ECG). Although these QT or QTc interval abnormalities are likely related to autonomic dysfunction, the pathophysiology remains unknown. The aim ...
Saeki Hideyuki - - 2002
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is important in the hypertrophic response of the myocardium, so the present study was designed to elucidate whether the circulating levels of IGF-1 and its binding proteins (IGFBPs) are related to the disease condition of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), in particular the occurrence of congestive ...
Sugie K - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Danon disease is due to primary deficiency of lysosome-associated membrane protein-2. OBJECTIVE: To define the clinicopathologic features of Danon disease. METHODS: The features of 20 affected men and 18 affected women in 13 families with genetically confirmed Danon disease were reviewed. RESULTS: All patients had cardiomyopathy, 18 of 20 ...
Kudo Yoshihiro - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical correlates of PR-segment depression among consecutive asymptomatic patients with pericardial effusion (PE) detected by routine echocardiography. BACKGROUND: Pericardial effusion is a relatively common finding in clinical practice, but not many studies have evaluated electrocardiographic (ECG) changes associated with the ...
Sarullo Filippo Maria - - 2002
BACKGROUND: ST segment depression (STD) is a standard electrocardiographic sign of myocardial ischemia. Although STD may represent reciprocal changes in patients with previous myocardial infarction, studies of reciprocal changes during exercise testing are scarce. METHODS: From December 1999 to December 2000, 160 patients (119 males, 41 females, mean age 54 ...
Ho Kheng-Thye KT Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2002
To determine whether a simple clinical score, which was shown previously to predict the likelihood of severe coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients referred for coronary angiography, could predict prognosis in a separate cohort of patients with normal or mildly abnormal findings on their resting electrocardiogram (ECG) who were undergoing ...
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