Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 938
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Riva G - - 1999
The treatment of a 22-year old female university student diagnosed with Anorexia Nervosa is described. In the study the Experiential Cognitive Therapy (ECT) was used: a relatively short-term, integrated, patient oriented approach that focuses on individual discovery. Main characteristic of this approach is the use of Virtual Reality, a new ...
Kale-Pradhan P B - - 1999
Nutritional support in the form of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or enteral nutrition (EN) is successfully used in patients with pancreatitis, in whom the goal is to provide optimal nutrition while minimizing pancreatic exocrine activity. Controversy continues as to whether TPN or EN is more appropriate. Although TPN is traditionally ...
Lobo D N - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Starvation and injury impair the excretion of an excess sodium and water load, resulting in oedema and hypoalbuminaemia, which may have adverse effects on gastrointestinal physiology. We have retrospectively assessed clinical signs and fluid balance in 44 adult patients referred for nutritional support for >== 10 days. ...
Pupim L B - - 1999
Identification of malnutrition is imperative in chronic dialysis patients. Bioelectrical impedance (BIA) is a noninvasive method to measure body composition and estimate total body water (TBW), lean body mass (LBM) and body cell mass (BCM). Studies suggest BIA has good reliability as compared to other accepted methods of body composition ...
Narayanan L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study the nutritional status in patients with chronic liver disease using anthropometric techniques. METHODS: A total of 60 cirrhotic patients (30 Alcoholic (AC), 30 Non-alcoholic (NAC) and 30 control (CO) subjects were studied. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric measurements such as stature, body weight, body mass index, ...
Chan S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Elevations in liver function tests have been reported in patients receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). The clinical aspects of end-stage liver disease (ESLD) associated with the prolonged use of home TPN have not been fully clarified. In previous series patients with duodenocolostomies appeared to be at higher risk than ...
Padillo F J - - 1999
Postoperative renal dysfunction in obstructive jaundice (OJ) patients has been associated with hypovolemia and depletion of the extracellular water compartment (ECW). The aim of the study was to evaluate the preoperative status of body compartments in OJ patients measured by two methods. In a prospective study 39 OJ patients (11 ...
Numata T - - 1999
Although several reports have stated that even therapeutic levels of lithium can induce sinus node dysfunction, the mechanism has not been fully elucidated. We present here two patients with sinus node dysfunction after long-term lithium therapy. Following lithium discontinuation, sinus node function recovered completely. After resuming lithium, however, irreversible sinus ...
Hernandez G - - 1999
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the presence of gut mucosal atrophy and changes in mucosal permeability in critically ill patients after a short fasting period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen critically ill patients underwent a period of enteral fasting of at least 4 days (mean 7.8 days). ...
Jarvik R - - 1999
A belt worn controller and lithium-ion battery pack have been developed for use with the initial clinical trials of the Jarvik 2000 heart. Patient interface considerations, safety, and simplicity were major design inputs for the system. The controller was developed using all analog technology to avoid difficulties with electromagnetic interference ...
Kawahara H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Plasma amino acid patterns and the therapeutic benefits of amino acid supplements are not examined well in postoperative patients with biliary atresia (BA). This study aimed to investigate profiles of the amino acid molar ratio, the Fischer molar ratio (FR, valine + leucine + isoleucine/phenylalanine + tyrosine), and relationships ...
Oyewumi L K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in leukocyte counts among patients treated with either lithium alone, antipsychotic medications alone, or a combination of both. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Long-stay psychiatric hospital. PATIENTS: Patients admitted between 1990 and 1993, and treated with lithium for at least 1 week and/or with antipsychotic medication for ...
Glynn C C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Accuracy of predictive formulae is crucial for therapeutic planning because indirect calorimetry measurement is not always possible or cost effective. Energy requirements are more difficult to predict in the acutely ill obese patient compared with lean patients because of an increased resting energy expenditure per lean body mass and ...
Schneeweiss B - - 1999
The aim of the study was to evaluate the possible contribution of changes in energy metabolism and substrate oxidation rates to malnutrition in Crohn's disease and to assess the effect of enteral nutrition on these parameters. Energy metabolism was evaluated by indirect calorimetry in 32 patients with active Crohn's disease ...
Van Gossum A - - 1999
Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is now commonly used in industrialized countries. In Europe, the mean incidence of newly enrolled cases is about 3 patients per 10(6) inhabitants, per year. The use of HPN is much larger in North America. Cancer has become the largest single indication of HPN over the ...
Keith M E - - 1999
Cachexia, weight loss, and malnutrition are found commonly in patients with gastrointestinal tract cancer and in patients with human immunodeficiency virus. This wasting has been linked not only to survival, but also to alterations in host defenses, functional ability, and quality of life in these patients. Enteral nutritional support has ...
Kung S P - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Whether or not the rapid reduction in serum albumin concentration in acute surgical patients without evidence of pre-existing energy deficit correlates with outcome has yet to be studied. In this study, we attempted to determine whether albumin infusion or nutritional supplementation can improve outcome for patients with hypoalbuminemia. METHODS: ...
Khorram-Sefat R - - 1999
The objective of this study was to evaluate resting energy expenditure (REE) in spontaneously breathing and artificially ventilated burn patients during the entire intensive care period. In 27 patients with 51 +/- 20% body surface area burned (BSAB) the REE was determined via indirect calorimetry. Three groups were formed according ...
Passadakis P - - 1999
The authors evaluated the nutritional status of 47 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, 26 men (age 58.9 +/- 14.6 years, duration on CAPD 27.3 +/- 18.3 months) and 21 women (age 56.2 +/- 14.9 years, duration on CAPD 34.5 +/- 23.4 months), using subjective global assessment (SGA), an established ...
Harsányi L - - 1999
According to international and national surveys, 5-15% of patients admitted to hospitals require partial or total artificial nutrition. The development or progression of malnutrition influences patients' lives significantly and also increases the costs of their treatment substantially and unnecessarily. Nutrition therapy, meaning a balanced intake of food or provision of ...
Greil W - - 1998
In a randomized, prospective, multicenter study with an observation period of 2.5 years, the differential prophylactic efficacy of lithium versus carbamazepine was compared in 171 patients fulfilling DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder. Serum drug levels were 0.6+/-0.1 mmol/L for lithium and 6.1+/-1.3 microg/mL for carbamazepine. Patients were subdivided into a ...
Kopple J D - - 1998
The published reports of dietary protein and energy intake and protein and energy requirements for maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients and chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) patients are reviewed. Evidence indicates that the dietary energy intake of patients undergoing MHD or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is less than normal. Dietary protein ...
Fiore P - - 1998
In patients affected by MMC both neurological and systemic dysfunctions may cause obesity and malnutrition. The aim of this study is a nutritional survey, with anthropometric assessment and dietary evaluation, of patients affected by MMC. CLINICAL MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anthropometric assessment, dietary evaluation, and a comprehensive assessment of motor impairment ...
Zoli G - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Reticuloendothelial system function is impaired in humans receiving lipid regimens. AIMS: To evaluate the effects of long term administration of long chain triglyceride emulsions on reticuloendothelial system function. METHODS: Splenic function and tuftsin activity were measured in 20 patients on intravenous nutrition for intestinal failure, 20 patients with Crohn's ...
Ge Y Q - - 1998
The nutritional status of 75 maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients was evaluated according to the dietary intake analysis, anthropometric measurements, biochemical and immunological parameters in this study. Furthermore, some possible factors which would affect nutritional status of hemodialysis patients were discussed. The results showed that hemodialysis patients demonstrated a high incidence ...
Milano M C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Prospectively evaluate the effect on the nutritional status of a glucose polymer as energy supplementation alone in chronic hemodialysis patients with moderate and severe malnutrition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The nutritional status of 55 hemodialysis patients was assessed by using a score that included Iron binding capacity, albumin, cholesterol, body ...
Rannem T - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Patients with intestinal disease are at risk of developing selenium deficiency due to impaired intestinal absorption. The aim of the present study was to evaluate selenium status and to identify predictive factors of selenium depletion in patients with gastrointestinal disease. METHODS: The concentration of selenium and the activity of ...
Reynolds N - - 1998
Two patients who were receiving home parenteral nutrition complained of vague neurological symptoms of such severity that they underwent full clinical appraisal. The only positive finding was that plasma manganese concentrations were greater than twice the upper 95% confidence interval of normal (7-27|nmol/l). In the light of this result all ...
Vestergaard P - - 1998
The purpose of the study was to examine the outcome of long-term lithium treatment in consecutively admitted affective disorder patients assigned to high and low serum lithium levels. A total of 91 patients were diagnosed according to DSM-III criteria and randomly allocated to two open treatment groups in which prophylactic ...
Worwood A M - - 1998
We investigated the nutritional status of a cross-sectional sample of 47 patients with motor neurone disease (MND). Anthropometric measurements (mid-arm circumference and triceps skinfold thickness) and dietary analysis were taken by a trained observer. 21% of patients were moderately to severely malnourished. Patients with bulbar onset were no more likely ...
Yang Sien-Sing - - 1998
AIM:To understand the role of nutritional status in cirrhotic patients without clinical porto-systemic encephalopathy (PSE).METHODS:Fifty-one non-alcoholic patients with cirrhosis without PSE were studied prospectively and compared with 20 healthy volunteers. The nutritional evaluation included serum prealbumin, albumin, transferrin, body mass index (BMI), mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC), and grip power. The ...
Carbonnel F - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of the protease inhibitor indinavir on body weight and body composition of subjects with HIV-related wasting. DESIGN: Prospective measurement of body weight in patients who had wasting and were treated with indinavir. A subgroup of 16 representative patients also underwent a metabolic study that included ...
Houdijk A P - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with multiple trauma. Studies in both animals and human beings have suggested that glutamine-enriched nutrition decreases the number of infections. METHODS: Patients with multiple trauma with an expected survival of more than 48 h, and who had an ...
Faris P L - - 1998
Thresholds for detection of both pressure and thermal pain are elevated in patients with bulimia nervosa. The present study was aimed at determining (1) if pressure pain detection thresholds (PDT) varied dynamically with the primary disease symptoms of binge eating and vomiting and (2) if the elevation in PDT was ...
Sondheimer J M - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study was conducted to determine the incidence of cholestasis and liver failure in patients with intestinal resection in the neonatal period who subsequently become dependent on parenteral nutrition support and to assess the significance of associated clinical factors--gestational age, birth weight and length; length of bowel resected; ...
Hiroshige K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The treatment of malnutrition, frequently present in elderly dialysis patients, is important to promote better quality of life and rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of prolonged use of intradialysis parenteral nutrition (IDPN) as a strategy for malnutrition in elderly haemodialysis patients. METHODS: Twenty-eight ...
Mathias J L - - 1998
This study examined the effects of weight loss and nutritional status on the cognitive performance of patients with anorexia nervosa. The intellectual, memory, attentional, verbal fluency and visuospatial abilities of 34 females with anorexia were compared to that of 31 normal weight-for-height females. Group differences in anxiety and depression were ...
Lin E - - 1998
The metabolic derangements of the injured or stressed patient are governed by multiple factors that partially include the severity of insult, preexisting illnesses, available energy reserves, and appropriateness of intervention. The normal response to injury is further characterized by the release of proinflammatory and antiinflammatory mediators that exert potent effects ...
Köpp W - - 1998
In this study we hypothesized that there is a correlation between serum leptin levels and body mass indices within patients with anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa during a twelve weeks' course of in-patient treatment. We evaluated leptin levels weekly in female in-patients with anorexia (n = 17) or bulimia nervosa ...
Blier P - - 1998
Lithium administration was used in a patient with a clozapine-induced neutropenia and in another with complete agranulocytosis to assess whether lithium could stimulate neutrophil production. In both cases, following lithium administration, the neutrophil count was increased to the normal range within 6 days. In the patient who had presented a ...
Griffiths R R Department of Psychology, University of Sydney, - - 1998
Few studies have investigated perceptions of operant conditioning programs by anorexic patients. This study examined patients' perceptions of the Bed Rest (BR) component which is employed in some operant conditioning programs. A sample of 48 anorexic inpatients was administered a survey to elicit their attitudes towards BR. Results from the ...
Raijman I - - 1998
Malnutrition is common and often undiagnosed in affected patients, especially those in the hospital, and is associated with impaired organ function, increased morbidity, and prolongation of hospital stay. It should be recognized and treated appropriately, because artificial nutritional support in malnourished patients leads to improvement in nutritional status and clinical ...
Eriksson K M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether nutritional state was related to infectious complications in adult patients with acute leukemia. METHODS: During first-remission induction therapy (mean, 71 days), the duration of neutropenia, various infections, and fevers were related to changes in body weight and serum albumin concentrations ...
Kemppainen T A - - 1998
No systematic studies have been carried out on the association of nutritional status with the severity of mucosal villous atrophy in newly diagnosed celiac disease patients. We examined the nutritional status of 40 adult patients with newly diagnosed celiac disease classified according to the grade of villous atrophy: partial, subtotal, ...
Passiu G - - 1998
Lithium kinetics were studied in four manic-depressive women treated with calcitonin for post-menopausal osteoporosis. During calcitonin therapy all patients showed a significant decrease of lithium blood levels, and an increase in lithium renal clearance was observed in two out of two patients. According to these data, lithium therapy needs to ...
Noaghiul S - - 1998
Because lithium is difficult to use, divalproex may be an effective alternative for elderly manic patients. In this study, the authors retrospectively assessed outcome of 21 patients, age 60 to 82 years, hospitalized for a manic episode and treated with divalproex. The mean final divalproex dose was 1,405 mg/day, and ...
Akkersdijk W L - - 1998
Early enteral nutrition improves the outcome of severely injured patients. To provide enteral nutrition, various methods are available. In a restrospective study we analysed the outcome of 24 severely traumatized patients (mean ISS = 44), in whom a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) was used for enteral nutrition. All patients had ...
Maj M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: In this prospective study, information was collected on all bipolar I patients who started lithium prophylaxis at a lithium clinic during more than 15 years. METHOD: Patients were evaluated bimonthly with standardized instruments for as long as they took lithium. Treatment surveillance conformed to internationally accepted guidelines. Five years ...
da Cunha D F - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Hypophosphatemia is common in acutely ill patients and possibly may occur in the acute-phase response syndrome (APR), secondary to hyperglycemia and shifts of extracellular phosphorus into cells. AIM: To compare the frequency of hypophosphatemia in patients with or without APR. METHODS: All plasma phosphorus results (n = 822) corresponding ...
Nishimura H - - 1997
The efficacy of lithium carbonate in the first reported case of a female with mild mental disability who engaged in public and compulsive masturbation is described. The patient was born in 1975, and was 19 years old at first admission. A diagnosis of schizophrenia was initially suspected, therefore the patient ...
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