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Results 351 - 400 of 934
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Turnin M C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of the nutritional education software, Nutri-Expert, in the management of obese adult patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two groups of obese patients were followed up over one year in a randomized study: the first group received close traditional management (seven nutritional visits over the year, with ...
Rybakowski J K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the prophylactic effect of long-term lithium administration in patients with bipolar mood disorders entering treatment in the 1970s and 1980s at the outpatient clinic of the Department of Psychiatry, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland. METHODS: The clinical characteristics of two ...
Sharma R K - - 2001
Adequate nutrition is very important for dialysis patients for a better overall outcome. Protein energy malnutrition is highly prevalent (25-50%) among dialysis patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Causes of malnutrition in dialysis patients include anorexia (inadequate calorie or protein intake), metabolic acidosis (stimulation of amino acid ...
Verma S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Nutritional therapy plays an important role in the management of Crohn disease, particularly during the acute phase. Nutritional supplementation may also prevent relapses during the quiescent phase of Crohn disease, though this aspect has not been widely explored. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with Crohn disease in remission were studied. All ...
Jagoe R T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Patients referred for lung cancer operations were reported to be nutritionally depleted. This may be relevant in determining patient outcome after surgical procedures. A study was undertaken to measure a range of nutritional variables including dietary intake of patients referred to a regional cardiothoracic center for curative lung cancer ...
Karwautz A - - 2001
The purpose of the study was to investigate the different modes of self-regulation in adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN). A self-system questionnaire, the Narcissism Inventory, was given to 61 adolescent females with AN and 61 controls. Patients with AN reported higher overall disturbances in self-regulation than controls. In particular, a highly ...
Correia M I - - 2001
The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional status of 374 surgical patients with gastrointestinal disease and hernias of the abdominal wall; to identify risk factors associated with a poorer nutritional status in this group of patients and to assess awareness of the patient's nutritional status by medical ...
Zauner C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is frequently complicated by graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Weight loss is one of the characteristic features of GVHD. The etiology of weight loss in GVHD is not completely understood. METHODS: We measured resting energy expenditure (REE) and substrate oxidation rates by indirect calorimetry in patients with ...
Majeski J - - 2001
A 20-year retrospective case series was analyzed to identify the brown recluse spider bite as a cause of necrotizing fasciitis. Data from 31 consecutive patients with necrotizing fasciitis were analyzed. Of the 31 patients with necrotizing fasciitis a brown recluse spider bite was found to be the initial cause in ...
Crook M A - - 2001
Octreotide is a long-acting analog of somatostatin, a hypothalamic release-inhibiting hormone. It is sometimes used therapeutically to relieve symptoms associated with acromegaly and gastroenteropancreatic endocrine tumors. It has also been used in the treatment of short-bowel syndrome and gastrointestinal and biliary fistulae. We report a patient with biliary leakage due ...
Pérez J - - 2001
Patients who survive the circulatory and organ deficits in sepsis may still fall victim to complications such as pulmonary embolism and stress ulcer bleeding. Although there is no clearcut evidence to quantitate the impact of such complications on mortality, the anticipated impact is grave when considering the compromised physiological reserve ...
Alpers G W - - 2001
This study examines a broad range of negative feelings as possible antecedents of binge eating in bulimia nervosa (BN). Another goal is to explore the connection between negative feelings and the desire to eat as recorded continuously during two consecutive days. This is the first study comparing data from BN ...
Johnsson P - - 2001
Fifteen anorectic (A) and 13 bulimic (B) patients aged 20-49 years, all seriously ill, and 21 controls were studied, using a half-structured interview, the Tennessee Self Concept Scale, the tachistoscopic Identity Test (IT), and two other percept-genetic tests. The differences between A and B were not particularly pronounced, A patients ...
Kaiser U - - 2001
We report on a 17-year-old female patient with severe anorexia nervosa (AN) (body mass index of 9.8 kg/m(2)) who developed hypophosphataemia (serum phosphate 0.4 nmol/l) and subsequent haemolytic anaemia during oral refeeding. Hypophosphataemia due to an increased phosphate uptake may lead to a reduction of erythrocyte adenosine triphosphate. This mechanism ...
Schneider S M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have demonstrated dramatic changes in the intestinal flora during total enteral (TEN) or parenteral (TPN) nutrition. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the impact of TEN and TPN on human intestinal microflora. METHODS: Eight patients on fiber-free TEN, five patients on TPN, and ten controls were studied. ...
Karyadi E - - 2000
Malnutrition is observed frequently in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), but their nutritional status, especially of micronutrients, is still poorly documented. The objective of this study was to investigate the nutritional status of patients with active TB compared with that of healthy controls in Jakarta, Indonesia. In a case-control study, ...
Caglià P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is commonly considered an important risk factor that can produce a negative influence on the prognosis of patients with chronic neurological diseases. The reduced caloric or proteic intake due to the motor or cognitive dysfunction, the hypercatabolic state due to infections, the abnormal gastrointestinal motility are the main ...
Schols A M - - 2000
Weight loss and muscle wasting commonly occur in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A decreased dietary intake and elevated energy requirements underlie weight loss in these patients. Disturbances in intermediary metabolism caused by altered anabolic and catabolic mediators such as hormones, cytokines, and growth factors, and resulting in ...
Powell J J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that intestinal dysfunction has a role in sustaining the systemic inflammatory response in acute pancreatitis and may be ameliorated by the introduction of enteral nutrition. This study therefore assessed the effect of early enteral nutrition on the systemic inflammatory response in patients with prognostically severe acute ...
Reimund J M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) patients often present hypermanganesamia. AIM: To examine which factors may be associated to hypermanganesemia in HPN patients. METHODS: Plasma manganese (Mn), liver function tests, C-reactive protein concentrations, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF- alpha), interleukin-6, soluble receptors of interleukin-2, and blood neopterin concentrations ...
Irving M - - 2000
The recognition of intestinal failure (IF) as a distinct clinical entity over the past 20 years has primarily come about through the emergence of increasingly successful treatment based on use of intravenous nutrition delivered both in hospital and at home. Intestinal failure has many and varied causes, and may be ...
Pfau P R - - 2000
The use of nutrition for the medical patient, in the inpatient setting and at home, will likely continue to increase in the future. Each patient should be evaluated in an individualized but systematic fashion. Each patient in whom malnourishment is suspected should undergo a thorough assessment for the presence and ...
Hwang T L - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Impaired liver function is frequently found in patients who need prolonged total parenteral nutrition. Cyclic total parenteral nutrition can minimize the adverse effects of long-term total parenteral nutrition, such as hepatic complication. The adequate timing to shift to use cyclic total parenteral nutrition for patients with impaired liver function ...
Jeppesen P B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Deficiencies of essential fatty acids (EFA), vitamin A (retinol) and vitamin E (alpha- and gamma-tocopherol) were studied in non-HPN patients with different degrees of fat malabsorption (managing without home parenteral nutrition (HPN)), and in HPN-patients receiving HPN with and without parenteral lipids. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Phospholipid fatty acids (including ...
Platell C - - 2000
The branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), isoleucine, leucine and valine, are unique in that they are principally metabolized extrahepatically in the skeletal muscle. This observation led to the investigation of these nutrients in a number of clinical scenarios. By far the most intensively studied applications for BCAA have been in patients ...
Guenter P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine the nutritional status of newly hospitalized patients with Stage III or Stage IV pressure ulcers. DESIGN: Descriptive survey. STUDY PARTICIPANTS: 405 newly admitted hospitalized non-ICU patients were eligible for inclusion in the study. Patients included in the study had Stage III or Stage IV pressure ulcers on ...
Majid Molla A - - 2000
AIM: To assess the risk factors for nutritional rickets among children in Kuwait. METHODS: One hundred and three children with rickets and 102 control children matched for age and socioethnic characteristics were recruited over a 2 year period (January 1995 to January 1997) in Al-Adan Hospital in Kuwait. Diagnosis was ...
Sharp M K - - 2000
Flow and pressure measurements were performed in the ascending aortas of six pediatric patients ranging in age from 1 to 4 yr and in weight from 7.2 to 16.4 kg. From these measurements, input impedance was calculated. It was found that total vascular resistance decreased with increasing patient weight and ...
Brodersen A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Lithium treatment is claimed to reduce mortality in patients with affective disorder, but the evidence is conflicting. AIM: To estimate mortality rates from a cohort of patients with affective disorder commenced on lithium with an observation period of two years and a follow-up after 16 years. METHOD: The mortality ...
van den Ham E C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Fat mass is increased in renal transplant (RTx) patients, which may have untoward metabolic and cardiovascular effects. The influence of steroids on body composition (BC), resting energy expenditure (REE), and substrate oxidation rates was assessed in stable RTx patients in a cross-sectional design. Also, the relation between physical activity ...
Liu K J - - 2000
Hypocaloric nutritional support has been successfully used to achieve positive nitrogen balance in obese patients. However, advanced age is associated with changes in substrate metabolism. To evaluate the efficacy of this practice in elderly patients, we retrospectively reviewed 30 obese patients requiring parenteral nutrition support. Total caloric requirements (TCR) were ...
Wolf M E - - 2000
Recent findings in a bipolar patient receiving maintenance lithium therapy who developed hypercalcemia and severe bradyarrhythmia prompted the authors to conduct a retrospective study of bipolar patients with lithium-associated hypercalcemia. A printout of all cases of hypercalcemia that presented during a 1-year period was generated. After eliminating spurious hypercalcemias or ...
Aparicio M - - 2000
Protein-restricted diets are prescribed in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) to alleviate uremic symptoms and to slow the progression of CRF. The potential deleterious effects of protein restriction on nutritional status and clinical outcome of patients with CRF have raised concern. In this study, data were collected from 1985 ...
Huang Y C - - 2000
Malnutrition is a common problem in hospitalized patients. Early assessment of nutritional status may help in identifying patients for whom nutritional interventions are needed. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare the nutritional status of mechanically ventilated critically ill patients who were receiving nutritional support. Forty-nine patients ...
Desport J C - - 2000
Malnutrition, present in 16-50% of ALS patients, is an independent prognostic factor for worsened survival. It is caused primarily by swallowing dysfunction, resulting from involvement of the lower sets of cranial nerves, but hypermetabolism is also implicated. Malnutrition itself can produce neuromuscular weakness and adversely affect patients' quality of life, ...
Haderslev K V - - 2000
Assessment of body composition may provide important information about the nutritional status. The applicability of two safe and convenient methods for body composition analysis, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), in underweight patients with chronic gastrointestinal disease has been sparsely elucidated. Our objective was to compare measurements ...
Rasgon N L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In patients with epilepsy, polycystic ovary (PCO) syndrome has been reported to be associated with the use of the anticonvulsant divalproex sodium. Whether PCO syndrome is associated with divalproex use in patients with bipolar disorder has not previously been explored. METHOD: Twenty-two female outpatients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of ...
Lefton-Greif M A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether patients with ataxia-telangiectasia exhibit oropharyngeal dysphagia with concomitant aspiration and to examine the relationships among swallowing function, age, and nutritional status. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy patients (mean age, 10.7 years; range, 1.8 to 30 years) had feeding/swallowing and nutritional evaluations. Fifty-one patients, in whom there were concerns ...
Freeman H J HJ Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia Hospital, - - 2000
Avascular necrosis (osteonecrosis) occurs in Crohn's disease, but the rate of this particular complication is not known. Over 20 years, 877 patients with Crohn's disease, 492 women (56.1%) and 385 men (43.9%), were evaluated with patient follow-up data available for a mean of 7.8 years. In this group, four men ...
Gamba P G - - 2000
The aim of this study was to evaluate the problems induced by the use of a central venous catheter (CVC) in a series of patients with short bowel syndrome observed at the university of Padua (Italy) between January 1981 and June 1997. During this period, 14 patients required central venous ...
Bordin G - - 2000
The aim of our paper was to investigate the short period of training offered to peritoneal dialysis patients. We focused our attention on the nutritional knowledge of patients who often gather information, and advice from external factors such as their family and the media. We organized group meetings on nutrition ...
Godoy I - - 2000
In order to determine wheter blood gases abnormalities, specially hypoxemia, are associated with more marked changes in fat-free mass in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (CPOD), nutritional assessment was performed on 16 normoxemic (PaO2 > 55 mm Hg) and 16 hypoxemic (PaO2 < 55 mm Hg) COPD patients in ...
Kleindienst N - - 2000
In a randomized clinical trial with an observation period of 2.5 years, the differential efficacy of lithium versus carbamazepine was compared in 171 bipolar patients (DSM-IV). In order to investigate the efficacy of the two drugs in clearly defined subsamples, a series of subgroup analyses was carried out. First, patients ...
Fitzgerald K - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Manganese is one of the trace elements that is routinely administered to total parenteral nutrition (TPN) patients. The recommended daily IV dosage ranges from 100 to 800 MICROg. We have used 500 microg daily. Recent reports have suggested neurologic symptoms seen in some patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN) ...
Foda H M - - 1999
PURPOSE: A prospective before-and-after trial was designed to evaluate the role of upper-lid gold weight implantation and lower lid lateral canthoplasty in the management of patients with paralytic lagophthalmos. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 40 patients (age range 19 to 72, mean age 46.8), and gold weights varying from ...
Tokunaga Y - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic stricture is one of the most common problems in esophagojejunostomy using the end-to-end anastomosing (EEA) instrument (Auto Suture Co, Norwalk, CT) after total gastrectomy. To alleviate the stricture, several methods, such as incision to the scar, balloon dilatation, and steroid injection are available. To avoid stricture, the jejunal ...
Riva G - - 1999
The treatment of a 22-year old female university student diagnosed with Anorexia Nervosa is described. In the study the Experiential Cognitive Therapy (ECT) was used: a relatively short-term, integrated, patient oriented approach that focuses on individual discovery. Main characteristic of this approach is the use of Virtual Reality, a new ...
Kale-Pradhan P B - - 1999
Nutritional support in the form of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or enteral nutrition (EN) is successfully used in patients with pancreatitis, in whom the goal is to provide optimal nutrition while minimizing pancreatic exocrine activity. Controversy continues as to whether TPN or EN is more appropriate. Although TPN is traditionally ...
Lobo D N - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Starvation and injury impair the excretion of an excess sodium and water load, resulting in oedema and hypoalbuminaemia, which may have adverse effects on gastrointestinal physiology. We have retrospectively assessed clinical signs and fluid balance in 44 adult patients referred for nutritional support for >== 10 days. ...
Pupim L B - - 1999
Identification of malnutrition is imperative in chronic dialysis patients. Bioelectrical impedance (BIA) is a noninvasive method to measure body composition and estimate total body water (TBW), lean body mass (LBM) and body cell mass (BCM). Studies suggest BIA has good reliability as compared to other accepted methods of body composition ...
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