Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 935
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McKibbin Blake - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Nutrition support in the severely injured trauma patient is crucial to minimize the hypermetabolic stress response. Even though enteral nutrition is the preferred method of feeding, it is not always feasible after multiple trauma. We present a complex nutritional case in a patient who sustained severe abdominal trauma with ...
Campillo Bernard - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of malnutrition and nutrition practice in 396 hospitalized cirrhotic patients (Child stages A, B, and C: 60, 169, and 167 patients) in a readaptative unit for liver diseases. METHODS: Triceps skinfold thickness and mid-arm muscle circumference were measured at admission, and spontaneous dietary intake was ...
Toso Silvia - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis allows non-invasive evaluation of soft tissue hydration and mass through pattern analysis of vector plots as height, normalized resistance, and reactance measurements. METHODS: Whole-body impedance measurements were made with a single frequency (50 kHz) analyzer (BIA-101, Akern/RJL Systems) in 148 adult, white, male subjects 45 ...
Gyulai Laszlo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There is debate whether patients with rapid-cycling bipolar disorder (BD) are predisposed to thyroid axis abnormalities and whether this may contribute to development of rapid mood shifts. Using lithium carbonate as a challenge to the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) system, we determined whether patients with rapid-cycling BD are sensitive to the ...
Movig K L L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Polyuria is common in patients with bipolar disorder treated with lithium. However, the risk factors for polyuria in these patients have not been established. AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of polyuria associated with the use of lithium and to identify additional risk factors. METHOD: A 4-month prospective follow-up study ...
Engel J M - - 2003
The object of this study was to document enteral feeding practice in critically ill patients in a surgical intensive care unit. We asked what proportion of measured energy expenditure is delivered enterally. Patient, material, and therapy-related factors should be assessed and related to enteral nutrition. Sixty patients receiving enteral nutrition ...
Silverstone Peter H - - 2003
Previous studies have found that treatment with lithium over a 4-week period may increase the concentration of N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) in both bipolar patients and controls. In view of other findings indicating that NAA concentrations may be a good marker for neuronal viability and/or functioning, it has been further suggested that ...
Ishida Tetsuya - - 2003
We report a case of selenium deficiency in a patient with Crohn's disease on long-term total parenteral nutrition (TPN). She manifested lassitude of the legs, discoloration of the nail beds, and macrocytosis. Since her plasma selenium level was found to be below the measurable level, we diagnosed this case as ...
Kamijo Yoshito - - 2003
Dural sinus thrombosis has not been described in a patient with hypernatremia resulting from lithium-induced nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. A 63-year-old man on chronic lithium therapy for schizoaffective disorder was transferred to the Emergency Department with dehydration and signs of central nervous system dysfunction after a 3-week isolation in a room ...
Ihara Hiroshi - - 2003
We evaluated several markers to judge the postoperative state of protein nutriture in eight patients following surgery for cancer. Seven patients had a good prognosis and had no evidence of infections or other complications. Following surgery, all of the patients showed a shift toward abnormal values for the serum concentrations ...
Kuroki Fumitoshi - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: [corrected] Selenium is an important trace element and its deficiency has been reported to be associated with cardiomyopathy or gastrointestinal cancer. The aim of this study is to clarify the selenium status in Crohn's disease (CD) on enteral nutrition. METHODS: We measured serum selenium concentrations in 53 patients with ...
Ergün Pinar - - 2003
The prevalence and features of nutritional status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been studied extensively in stable conditions, but are poorly defined in the presence of an acute exacerbation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the nutritional status of COPD patients with acute exacerbation ...
Spark J I - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: it has previously been demonstrated that total antioxidant capacity (TAC) can help predict which patients undergoing femoro-distal reconstruction are susceptible to postoperative infections. AIMS: the aims of this study were to examine if TAC is influenced by the nutritional state of the patient and the degree of ischaemia. PATIENTS ...
Persson Margareta D - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical assessment of nutritional status and mortality in geriatric patients. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. SETTING: Acute geriatric inpatient ward. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-three consecutive acute geriatric patients (mean age +/- standard deviation = 83 +/- 7; 68% women). MEASUREMENTS: Patients were classified as (1) having protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), ...
Matos Carla - - 2002
Nutritional abnormalities almost uniformly accompany the metabolic disturbances of severe chronic liver disease and may adversely affect patient well-being and survival, especially surrounding liver transplantation surgery. The exact metabolic alterations responsible for malnutrition and its consequences in these patients have been debated and are a focus of this review. Disturbances ...
Yoder Andrea J - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Although parenteral nutrition (PN) has been the standard nutrition therapy in patients with pancreatitis requiring nutrition support, it is associated with a higher rate of catheter-related sepsis and gut atrophy. Research suggests enteral nutrition (EN) is possible in patients with pancreatitis without exacerbating symptoms when infused jejunally. The purpose ...
Silverstone Peter H - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that lithium may be clinically effective due to its actions on the phosphoinositol second messenger system (PI-cycle). Studies have also suggested that untreated manic patients may have raised myo-inositol and phosphomonoester (PME) concentrations and also that unmedicated euthymic bipolar patients may have lowered PME concentrations. ...
Barco Kathy T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine the applicability of the Harris Benedict (HB) equation in predicting energy requirements after acute spinal cord injury (SCI) and to evaluate the accuracy of a 30-minute energy expenditure measurement to determine 24-hour requirements. Prealbumin (PAB) was monitored weekly to assess the patient's response ...
Cederholm T - - 2002
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a complication to chronic disease and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The causal connections between malnutrition and a poorer prognosis are complex. It cannot automatically be inferred that nutritional support will improve the clinical course of elderly patients with wasting disorders, such as chronic ...
Fukui Hiroki - - 2002
Successful combination therapy with atypical antipsychotics and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors has been reported for several psychiatric conditions. However, great attention should be paid to the possible adverse effects. In this retrospective chart review, we focused on the drug-drug interaction of paroxetine and risperidone. Retrospectively, we identified two patients treated ...
Abou-Assi Souheil - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to define the indications for, and to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of, nutritional support in patients with acute pancreatitis. METHODS: All admissions during the 12-month period from January through December 2000, were entered into a common management protocol consisting of an initial 48-h fast ...
Kesek D R - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early enteral nutrition (EN) improves intestinal integrity, motility and immunocompetence. However, technical problems such as diarrhoea and gastric residual volumes are said to be associated with the method and have prevented its implementation. We have prospectively assessed clinical problems connected to early EN. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-three ...
Bauer J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of the scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) as a nutrition assessment tool in patients with cancer. DESIGN: An observational study assessing the nutritional status of patients with cancer. SETTING: Oncology ward of a private tertiary Australian hospital. SUBJECTS: Seventy-one cancer patients aged 18-92 y. ...
Luman W - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of deranged liver function tests (LFT) in patients on long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is poorly documented. The aim of our study was to document the prevalence of this complication and possible associated factors. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of case notes of 107 patients on HPN was performed. ...
Kovacs Dora - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The symptom of chewing and spitting out food (CHSP) is fairly common among patients with eating disorders. The purpose of this study is to examine the associations of the symptom in patients with eating disorders. METHOD: Patients who reported CHSP were compared with those who did not. The relationship ...
McClave Stephen A - - 2002
Management strategies in the nutritional support of the patient with acute pancreatitis have changed dramatically over the past 10 years. Prospective randomized trials show that maintaining gut integrity is equally as important as placing the pancreas at rest while inflammation within the gland resolves. In comparison to total parenteral nutrition ...
Albers Marcel J I J - - 2002
HYPOTHESIS: Sepsis is an epiphenomenon of parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) and not a causative factor, and the incidence of sepsis is not affected by the presence or absence of PNAC. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Pediatric surgery department in a tertiary referral children's hospital. PATIENTS: Newborns receiving PN for at ...
Masuda Yutaka - - 2002
A glycolipid having GalNAc alpha1-3GalNAc in the terminal increases a behavior climbing in a depression model, mouse forced swimming. Antidepressants, which sometimes induce hypomanic state in patients, increase the glycolipid and an anti-manic substance lithium decreases the glycolipid in mice. We detected the humoral GalNAc alpha1-3GalNAc-lipid reactivity of humans in ...
Barendregt Karin - - 2002
Bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) can be a valuable tool in assessing changes in body composition. Although the validity of BIS in healthy subjects is relatively good, in patients considerably larger measurement errors have been reported. In this article the clinical usefulness of BIS in assessing nutritional status of one case ...
Lang Emma J - - 2002
We report the case of a 44 year old man who presented with a two-month history of dysarthria, ataxia and leg weakness whilst on maintenance lithium for bipolar disorder. Examination revealed significant cerebellar and pyramidal dysfunction. Serum lithium was 1.5 mmol/l, a moderate elevation above his usual stable levels of ...
Rai Jaswant - - 2002
Patient nutritional status was evaluated preoperatively using the serological parameters serum albumin, serum transferrin, and total lymphocyte count in 40 patients who underwent replacement arthroplasty (33 hips and 7 knees). Using the standard criteria, the overall incidence of malnutrition was 40% (16 cases). Ten percent (4 patients) had a negative ...
Navarro Juan F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Anemia and malnutrition are significant complications in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Previous studies in hemodialysis have shown that androgens are effective as therapy for anemia; however, this has not been tested in a randomized prospective trial in PD patients. Furthermore, the anabolic properties of androgens may exert additional benefits ...
Fang John - - 2002
Most patients with acute pancreatitis have mild to moderate disease and require no specialized nutritional support. Twenty percent to 30% have severe cases, resulting in a catabolic hypermetabolic state, and these patients may require early aggressive nutritional support. Traditionally, this support has been in the form of total parenteral nutrition. ...
Furukawa Katsunori - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We previously reported that omega-6 fat emulsion increases cytokine production in burned rats. Effects of soybean oil emulsion on surgical stress responses and lymphocyte function according to the surgical severity have not been studied in detail. We investigated the effects of soybean oil emulsion, which contains 50% omega-6 fatty ...
Andel Harald - - 2002
Enteral nutrition is recommended in burned patients. Depending on the amount administered, enteral feeding causes an increase of intestinal oxygen-demand. Since intestinal perfusion is decreased after major burns the aim of this study was to evaluate, whether duodenal feeding might be a cofactor for the development of a splanchnic O(2)-imbalance. ...
Alberda Cathy - - 2002
A retrospective analysis of 55 mechanically ventilated critically ill patients was conducted to determine adequacy of nutritional support (total parenteral nutrition or enteral nutrition) according to requirements established by indirect calorimetry. Patients who received 90% to 110% of the established energy requirements as measured by indirect calorimetry were defined as ...
Saluja Sundeep Singh - - 2002
PURPOSE: Malnutrition is well-recognized as a potential cause of increased morbidity and mortality in surgical patients; however, enteral and parenteral nutritional support given pre- and postoperatively have been shown to decrease these rates. We conducted a prospective study to assess the short-term efficacy of oral dietary supplementation in malnourished patients ...
Yaris Nilgun - - 2002
Secondary carnitine deficiency may occur in some diseases including malnutrition. The present study examined the serum carnitine levels of children with cancer and their relationship with nutritional status. Fifty-one (mean age: 104 +/- 23 months) patients with cancer were evaluated at diagnosis and 3 months after the initiation of the ...
Fein Paul A - - 2002
Malnutrition is highly prevalent in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and is associated with higher mortality. Lower serum levels of markers of nutrition--such as albumin, creatinine, prealbumin, and total cholesterol--are important risk factors in PD patients. Usefulness of bioimpedance analysis (BIA) in hemodialysis (HD) patients has been reported. In the present ...
Boshes R A - - 2001
Clozapine remains the most effective agent for diminishing or eliminating psychotic symptoms in treatment-resistant patients. However, among such patients, a small percentage (<3.0%) develops clozapine-induced granulocytopenia (CIG). In spite of the fact that lithium and granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) have been shown to reverse CIG, many such patients are ...
Kyle U G - - 2001
Body weight, weight changes and BMI are easily obtainable indicators of nutritional status, but they do not provide information on the amount of fat-free and fat masses. The purpose of the present study was to determine if fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass were depleted in patients with normal BMI ...
Tachi T - - 2001
This study investigated the relationship between binge-purge episodes and the affective state by analysing the changes in affective states during the binge-purge cycle. Thirty-seven Japanese patients with bulimia nervosa were surveyed for 22 types of affective states. Some negative affects were alleviated by bingeing or purging, while others were exacerbated ...
Fahy S - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To assess the tolerability and side-effect profile of lithium use in a group of octogenarians attending a specialized lithium clinic. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study looking at all patients of eighty years and over attending a lithium clinic. Charts were examined to assess renal function, thyroid function and ...
Gómez-Vaquero C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Some chronic diseases have been associated to an impairment of nutritional status. OBJECTIVE: To analyze nutritional status and its relation to dietary intake, disease activity and treatment in rheumatoid arthritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We have included 93 patients (43 men and 50 women) and 93 age- and sex-matched healthy ...
Capra S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We examined nutritional issues, assessment, and intervention strategies for patients with cancer. METHODS: Reviews of practice guidelines and published reports were used to identify nutritional issues and strategies that can benefit patients with cancer. RESULTS: Assessment tools such as the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment are useful in terms of ...
Muratore C S - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to detail the nutritional sequelae seen in survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) followed in a multidisciplinary clinic. METHODS: Data on 121 surviving CDH patients seen between 1990 and 2000 were collected. Regression analysis was used to determine the impact of factors such ...
Dejong C H - - 2001
Acute pancreatitis is a disease with varying severity. Patients with the mild form do not require nutritional support because oral intake is resumed rapidly. Studies on nutritional support in acute pancreatitis have included patients with both mild and severe disease. In this heterogeneous group, total parenteral nutrition did not improve ...
Cohendy R - - 2001
The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) is a clinical tool designed for assessing nutritional status of elderly patients. Used in preoperative evaluation of ambulatory patients over 60 years of age seen on anesthesia consultation in a previous study, it identified 6.9% patients with overt malnutrition out of a group of 408. ...
Corless J A - - 2001
An eighteen year-old woman with anorexia nervosa was admitted to hospital with acute dyspnea. There was no history of trauma to the chest and the patient denied any vomiting. METHOD: A chest radiograph was taken which showed bilateral pneumothoraces with complete collapse of both lungs. RESULTS: Following insertion of bilateral ...
Sobhonslidsuk A - - 2001
The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of protein calorie malnutrition (PCM) in Thai cirrhotic patients and to evaluate nutritional and immunological status in various stages of cirrhosis. Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) and anthropometric measurement were used as nutritional assessment in sixty cirrhotic patients. Delayed-type hypersensitivity skin ...
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