Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 935
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Guglielmi F W - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A total of 334 stable, compensated cirrhotic patients admitted to 10 Italian Gastroenterology Units were included in a prospective study to evaluate nutritional state and energy balance in liver cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nutritional state and calorie intake were examined in the total population, while adequacy of ...
Hallin Runa - - 2006
Loss of body weight, as a result of imbalance between increased energy demand and/or reduced dietary intake, is a common problem in patients with COPD. The aim of this investigation was to examine the relationship between nutritional intake, change in body weight and the risk of exacerbation in patients with ...
Orellana Pamela - - 2005
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality for patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis. Minimal study has evaluated therapeutic options for and biochemical marker assessment of pediatric patient PEM. In 2001, we expanded the indications for intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) treatment of PEM to all maintenance hemodialysis patients, ...
Winter T A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To determine the consequences of severe undernutrition and refeeding on whole-body metabolism and protein synthesis. METHODS: Respiratory quotient (RQ), resting energy expenditure (REE), and whole-body protein synthesis (WBPS) were assessed in undernourished patients, with anorexia nervosa (n = 8) or with coexistent disease (n = 17). Results were compared ...
Kalantar-Zadeh Kamyar - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A low serum albumin concentration < 3.8 g/dL, a marker of malnutrition-inflammation complex syndrome, is observed in approximately half of all maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients in the United States and is strongly associated with increased mortality. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that a novel oral nutritional intervention with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant ...
Schubert R - - 2005
One prominent feature of patients with the autosomal recessive disease ataxia telangiectasia (AT) is somatic growth retardation. Due to their essential roles in development we examined levels of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) as well as its main binding protein (IGFBP-3) in a group of AT patients. Growth status of 19 ...
McConnell Donald B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The optimal common channel (CC) length for malabsorptive weight loss surgeries is unknown even though these surgeries were developed in the 1970s (biliopancreatic diversion [BPD]) and the 1990s (biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch [BPD DS]). We hypothesized that the length of the CC correlates with a successful weight ...
Campbell Christina Gayer - - 2005
A retrospective analysis was conducted to compare 4 energy-prediction equations against measured resting energy expenditure (MREE) determined via indirect calorimetry. Data from a heterogeneous group of 42 critically ill, severely underweight (59.50 +/- 17.30 kg; 77.1 +/- 9.7% ideal body weight [IBW]) male patients were assessed. The Hamwi formula was ...
Desbrow Ben - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) as a nutrition assessment tool in hemodialysis patients. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study assessing the nutritional status of hemodialysis patients. SETTING: Private tertiary Australian hospital. SUBJECTS: Sixty patients, ages 63.9 +/- 16.2 years. INTERVENTION: Scored PG-SGA questionnaire, comparison of PG-SGA ...
Grimble Robert F - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To outline recent findings on the efficacy of immunonutrients in patients undergoing inflammatory stress due to surgery, infection and cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Enteral nutrition is more efficacious and poses lower risks than parenteral nutrition. It reduces infection rates and shortens ICU and hospital length of stay of ...
Berger Mette M - - 2005
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The study was designed to investigate and quantify nutritional support, and particularly enteral nutrition (EN), in critically ill patients with severe hemodynamic failure. METHODS: Prospective, descriptive study in a surgical intensive care unit (ICU) in a university teaching hospital: patients aged 67+/-13 yrs (mean+/-SD) admitted after cardiac ...
Zhang Ke - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The abnormal metabolism caused by cirrhosis always results in a complex problem about nutritional support, which will be more intricate while patients with portal hypertension are treated with pericardial devascularization. Comparing the effects of early enteral and parenteral nutritional support in patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension after pericardial devascularization, ...
Ladd Alan P - - 2005
PURPOSE: The use of growth hormone (GH) supplementation for intestinal adaptation among adult patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) has provided mixed results. This report examines the effect of GH supplementation on SBS in pediatric patients. METHODS: Two girls with SBS from neonatal gastrointestinal catastrophes received exogenous GH at 0.3 ...
Desbrow, Ben
Objective: To evaluate the scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) as a nutrition assessment tool in hemodialysis patients. Design: A cross-sectional observational study assessing the nutritional status of hemodialysis patients. Setting: Private tertiary Australian hospital. Subjects: Sixty patients, ages 63.9 +/- 16.2 years. Intervention: Scored PG-SGA questionnaire, comparison of PG-SGA ...
Maruyama Yukio - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Wasting and inflammation are two common risk factors for death in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and its receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) may play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of wasting and inflammation. METHODS: To investigate effects of the IL-1 gene cluster polymorphisms on wasting and ...
García-Caballero M - - 2005
The main aim of obesity surgery is to change the dietary habits of morbidly obese patients. These are patients whose dietary habits nutritionists and psychologists have not been able to change during previous decades. The history of this surgery can teach us many important lessons. For example, procedures that have ...
Kouhkan Azam - - 2004
Nutrition is an important factor that influences immunity, and nutritional deficiencies can impair resistance to infections. Malnutrition is the most common cause of immunodeficiency worldwide. Trace elements such as zinc, selenium, iron, and copper can influence several components of immunity. Primary antibody deficiency disorders are a group of disorders characterized ...
Weiming Zhu - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Studies showed that bowel rehabilitation therapy, including recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH), nutrition support, glutamine, and dietary fiber, promotes intestinal adaptation in patients with short bowel syndrome. The aim of the current study was to determine if enteral nutrition and rhGH are effective in weaning short bowel patients off ...
Combe Christian - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Nutritional markers are important predictors of morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients. The Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nutrition in Chronic Renal Failure provides guidelines for assessing nutritional status that were evaluated using data from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS). METHODS: The level of various nutritional markers ...
Steiber Alison L - - 2004
Nutritional assessment of patients with chronic kidney disease is a vital function of health care providers. Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) is a tool that uses 5 components of a medical history (weight change, dietary intake, gastrointestinal symptoms, functional capacity, disease and its relation to nutritional requirements) and 3 components of ...
Meloni Carlo - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a dietary protein restriction is useful for slowing the progression of chronic renal failure (CRF) in diabetic and nondiabetic patients and to analyze the possible risk of malnutrition after such a dietary regimen. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized case-control clinical trial. SETTING: Nephrology outpatients. PATIENTS AND OTHER PARTICIPANTS: ...
Klumpers U M H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The mortality due to cardiovascular diseases in bipolar patients is much higher than in the general population. It is unclear whether lithium treatment contributes to this cardiovascular morbidity. METHODS: The cardiovascular risk factors in outpatients with bipolar disorder on monotherapy lithium were explored. Cardiac (family) history, important habits and ...
Islam Laila N - - 2004
This study conducted in Bangladesh reports the relationship of clinical complications with nutritional status and the prevalence of leukopenia among arsenic exposed patients living in the rural villages. A total of 115 exposed individuals diagnosed as arsenicosis patients were randomly selected from four known arsenic endemic villages, and age-matched 120 ...
Murphy Paula M - - 2004
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the perioperative nutritional status, body mass indices (BMI) and nutritional intakes of patients undergoing a modified D2 gastrectomy (preserving pancreas and spleen) for carcinoma to determine whether a relationship exists between the above and outcomes. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients [median age ...
Wu Ren H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that lithium increases choline concentrations, although previous human studies examining this possibility using 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) have had mixed results: some found increases while most found no differences. METHODS: The present study utilized 1H MRS, in a 3 T scanner to examine ...
Cupisti Adamasco - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: A properly implemented dietary treatment for patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) can correct several metabolic and endocrine disturbances and delay initiation of dialysis, but concerns exist about the risk of malnutrition and protein depletion. The goal of this study is to evaluate nutritional status and its relation to ...
Dahele Max - - 2004
Cachexia is a syndrome and therefore does not have a specific definition. Patients are characterized by the presence of anorexia, early satiety, weight loss, weakness, anaemia and oedema. These features occur to a variable extent in different patients and may change in severity during the course of a patient's illness. ...
Ramacciotti C E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigate the affective temperamental characteristics in a sample of ED (eating disorder) patients. METHODS: 49 ED patients diagnosed by the SCID (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV), were divided into two groups on the basis of the presence or absence of Binge Eating (restricting-anorexia nervosa [R-AN]= ...
Pasini Evasio - - 2004
We investigated the nutritional adequacy and energy availability in 57 normal-weight patients with chronic heart failure (HF) and 49 matched healthy sedentary subjects. We found that the chronic HF patients had a higher total energy expenditure (1,700 +/- 53 vs 1,950 +/- 43 kcal/day; p <0.01), a negative calorie balance ...
Catton James A - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is a major complication for patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HTPN). Endoluminal sampling techniques allow the diagnosis of CRBSI without catheter removal and may allow the screening of asymptomatic patients. METHODS: Over a 5-year period, patients receiving HTPN were offered screening on a ...
Fan Chao-Gang - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Although refeeding syndrome has been well documented in starved patients, obese patients, those with anorexia nervosa, malnourished elderly individuals, and certain postoperative patients, little is known about the presence and the importance of refeeding syndrome in patients with gastrointestinal fistula and insufficient nutrition support over the long term. The ...
Raja R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Several studies have cited the incidence of malnutrition in hospitals, which is correlated to negative clinical outcomes, to be up to 60%. Data in Singapore, however, are scarce. Its impact on casemix funding is not known. AIMS: The aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence of ...
Raza Hammad - - 2004
Management of nutritional status is an integral part of the management of patients with renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis (HD). We investigated whether active nutritional counseling can improve biochemical nutritional parameters and fluid overload problems in patients on HD. A total of 110 patients, on three times per week HD, ...
Jeejeebhoy Khursheed N - - 2004
Enteral nutrition is now the preferred route of nutritional support in malnourished and ICU patients. Studies providing evidence of its efficacy, techniques of administration, and outcome are appearing daily in the literature. This review presents the most important publications in this area and critically reviews them. In this way, the ...
Russell Mary Krystofiak - - 2004
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an acute inflammatory process of the pancreas that may involve peripancreatic tissue or remote organs. In its more severe forms, it is a significantly catabolic illness for which specialized nutrition support is required. This review summarizes the pathophysiology of AP, the severity grading systems used in ...
Chen Kun-Po - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to determine the relationships between serum lithium level, duration of lithium intoxication, severity of symptoms, and the outcome of the disease. Subjects with a serum lithium level of >/=1.2 mEq/L were included in the study. Seventy-eight patients with lithium intoxication were identified between ...
Miwa Yoshiyuki - - 2004
Patients with liver cirrhosis have protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) and run short of proteins and energy. Protein deficiency leads to hypoalbuminemia, which induces peritoneal effusion and edema. Energy deficiency decreases fat and muscle mass and causes muscle weakness, which decreases the QOL of these patients. A decrease in triceps skinfold thickness ...
Reignier Jean - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the tolerance of early enteral nutrition in critically ill patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation in the prone position. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative study. SETTING: General intensive care unit in a university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: A total of 71 consecutive patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation with early nasogastric enteral nutrition ...
Andrews Keith - - 2004
Withdrawal of nutrition and hydration, is a difficult and sensitive issue for all those working with people in the vegetative state. There are arguments against the decision to withdraw any treatment that might result in the patient deteriorating or dying. These arguments include the view that all life is worth ...
Cerchietti Leandro C A - - 2004
Systemic syndromes characterized by a persistent activity of circulating mediators (cytokines) are frequently present with advanced cancer. We grouped under the general heading of "Systemic Immune-Metabolic Syndrome (SIMS)" a particular variety of distressing systemic syndrome characterized by dysregulation of the psycho-neuro-immune-endocrine homeostasis, with overlapping clinical manifestations. SIMS may include cachexia, ...
Diamanti A - - 2003
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is the only treatment for patients affected by chronic intestinal failure (CIF). Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) programs are started when patients need prolonged PN. Unfortunately, many patients on prolonged PN develop liver disease (LD). The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence of LD in ...
Cox-Reijven Petronella L M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) may be of value in identifying patients with nutritional depletion. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to assess the validity of BIS in patients with gastrointestinal disease. The secondary aim was to compare different screening methods for identifying nutritionally depleted patients. DESIGN: In ...
Chow Vincent C - - 2003
Nutritional status is related to morbidity and mortality in the continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) population. In the present study, we compared the dietary intake of CAPD patients with their requirements for calorie and protein nutrition and with the recommended intakes of potassium and phosphate. Patients were recruited from the ...
Stemper B - - 2003
A 76-year old woman was admitted because of severe gait ataxia and dysarthric speech that had worsened over the last 24 h. The patient was initially suspected of having repeated transitory ischemic attacks (TIAs) as her daughter reported a similar episode that had happened 3 weeks prior to admission. The ...
Gurski Richard R - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Protein-calorie malnutrition that occurs in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus presents defined implications in surgical results. The present study aims to establish a nutritional score for malnutrition to measure the prevalence of protein-calorie malnutrition and to determine parameters with higher discriminatory power for protein-calorie malnutrition diagnosis. ...
Suzuki Hiroyuki - - 2003
Despite intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, a certain percentage of patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) still develop coronary arterial lesions (CAL). In an effort to find new combined therapies to reduce the incidence of CAL, we focused on the oedema which can be an important sign of the increased vascular permeability in ...
Atkinson M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To review the human nutrition in the critically ill patient in a three-part presentation. DATA SOURCES: Articles and published peer-review abstracts and a review of studies reported and identified through a MEDLINE search of the English language literature on enteral nutrition. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: Enteral nutrition is indicated in ...
Wiesholzer Martin - - 2003
Malnutrition is a relevant risk factor for mortality for patients on maintenance hemodialysis treatment. In a retrospective study including 377 patients who began hemodialysis treatment between 1986 and 2001, we assessed the prevalence of different statuses of nutrition and the impact of the initial status of nutrition on the change ...
Vaz Francisco J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the body composition of a group of patients fulfilling DSM-IV criteria for bulimia nervosa (BN), comparing the patients who had a history of DSM-IV anorexia nervosa (AN) with those without such a history to determine (1) whether both groups differed in terms of body composition and (2) ...
Alvarenga M S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The clinical aspects of bulimia nervosa (BN) are similar in countries with different sociocultural backgrounds, but less is known about dietary composition in patients from developing countries. Little is also known about the role that nutritional aspects may play in behaviours aimed at counteracting the effects of binge eating. ...
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