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Results 201 - 250 of 934
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Kłos Krzysztof - - 2007
The aim of the work was laboratory assessment of energy and nutritional value of general and light diets used in patients of selected clinical department in the Military Medical Institute in Warsaw alimentation. Using questionnaire method the assessment of diets was done by patients too. Meals given to patients in ...
Grau Teodoro - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Liver dysfunction associated with artificial nutrition in critically ill patients is a complication that seems to be frequent, but it has not been assessed previously in a large cohort of critically ill patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of incidence in 40 intensive care units. Different liver ...
Marra Alexandre R - - 2007
GOALS: To describe the epidemiology and microbiologic characteristics of bloodstream infections (BSIs) in patients receiving long-term total parenteral nutrition (TPN). BACKGROUND: Home TPN therapy has been reported as a risk factor for BSI. However, little knowledge exists regarding the epidemiology of BSIs in this patient group. STUDY: A descriptive, observational ...
Montero-Lomelí M - - 2007
Lithium has been used for the last five decades to treat bipolar disorder, but the molecular basis of its therapeutic effect is unknown. Phosphoglucomutase is a key enzyme in the metabolism of glycogen. In yeast, rabbit and human HEK293 cells, it is inhibited by lithium in the therapeutic concentration range. ...
Francini-Pesenti Francesco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Thiamine deficiency in humans affects the cardiovascular, muscular, nervous, and gastrointestinal systems. Wernicke's encephalopathy is described in alcoholism, in hyperemesis gravidarum, and in prolonged IV feeding without vitamin supplementation. METHODS: We report a case of a 66-year-old man undergoing surgery for acute necrotic-hemorrhagic pancreatitis, who presented a Wernicke's syndrome ...
Wardak Joanna - - 2007
The aim of the study was to evaluate daily dietary intake of energy and protein by predialysis patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) receiving a supplement containing essential amino acid ketoanalogues. The study was carried out on 60 patients with CRF of different etiology. Low intake of energy (88% of ...
Raj T - - 2006
The total daily energy expenditure in patients with infectious disease is presumed to be high because of an increase in the basal metabolic rate (BMR), a reason for the weight loss observed in these patients. A reduction in daily physical activity, which may reduce the total daily energy expenditure. The ...
DeMichele Stephen J - - 2006
Enteral nutrition is increasingly becoming the standard of care for critically ill patients with the goal of providing nutritional support that prevents nutritional deficiencies and reduces morbidity. Furthermore, the development of nutritional strategies that dampen inflammation is an encouraging advance in the management of patients who have acute respiratory distress ...
Gill-Thwaites Helen - - 2006
Many factors contribute to the alarmingly high rates of misdiagnosis in the Vegetative State (VS) patient. These include the differential diagnosis and definitions, inconsistencies in the assessors' knowledge, expertise and their approaches to the assessment of awareness. Variability in the patient's medical and physical management adds to this confusion, leading ...
Castro-Fornieles Josefina - - 2008
Dopaminergic abnormalities have been described in anorexia nervosa but studies about plasma level of homovanillic acid (pHVA) have yielded conflicting results probably due to the small number and the heterogeneity of patients. Plasma HVA, nutritional and hormonal parameters and several scales - the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT), the Beck Depression ...
Tapiawala Shruti - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: (1)To assess the nutritional status of chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) and dialysis patients using the subjective global assessment (SGA) method. (2) To validate SGA in assessing the nutritional status of this group of patients. PARTICIPANTS: The nutritional status of 81 patients was evaluated using dietary recall, anthropometry, biochemical parameters ...
Jalal Hashemi; Behavioral Sciences ...
BACKGROUND: Lithium is transferred into the intracellular space mainly via sodium-lithium counter transport pathway. This pathway is under genetic control and acts variably in different ethnic groups. With respect to possible genetic differences in our target population compared to other populations, this study was designed to obtain knowledge on mean ...
Yashkov Yury I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bulimia nervosa (BN) is an eating disorder, characterized by consumption of huge amounts of food during discrete periods. Unlike patients with binge-eating disorder (BED), patients with BN demonstrate elements of compensatory "purging" behavior to prevent weight gain and obesity: i.e. self-induced vomiting, use of laxatives and enemas. These habits ...
Ratanajamit Chaveewan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the appropriateness of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) for lithium. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective chart review of all patients who received lithium for treatment of psychiatric disorders between January 2004 and October 2005 was done. The present study was investigated in a psychiatric hospital in Thailand Based on ...
Munakata Mitsutoshi - - 2006
The exposure to mercury (Hg) of various groups of people with different dietary backgrounds has been assessed because of its hazardous effects, but little is known about that in patients receiving enteral nutrition. Therefore, we studied the Hg exposure in 25 patients with severe motor disabilities, who received liquid enteral ...
Hebebrand J - - 2007
Leptin is a hormone with pleiotropic functions affecting several tissues. Because leptin has a crucial role in the adaptation of an organism to semi-starvation, anorexia nervosa (AN) serves as a model disorder to elucidate the functional implications of hypoleptinaemia; vice versa, several symptoms in patients with this eating disorder are ...
Vaisman Nachum - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Circulating carotenoid levels decrease progressively in patients receiving long-term enteral tube feeding with carotenoid-free formulas. Low dietary intake and low blood levels of carotenoids are associated with a higher risk of morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the effects ...
Bowden C - - 2006
A Health Questionnaire serves as a screening form as part of our Hospital Preadmission process and is completed by all patients scheduled for elective surgery. We reviewed the completed Health Questionaires of 444 patients. Completion of the Health Questionnaire requires patients to record their height and weight. At the time ...
Imataki Osamu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients who exhibit gastrointestinal (GI) involvement due to graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) are often recommended to withhold oral intake (NPO) to avoid further damage to the GI mucosa. However, it is possible that continuing oral intake could be beneficial in many patients compared ...
Draus John M JM - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We studied the etiology, treatment, and outcome of enterocutaneous fistulas in 106 patients to evaluate our current practice and the impact of newer therapies-octreotide, wound vacuum-assisted closure (VAC), and fibrin glue-on clinical outcomes. Review of the literature and our own 1990 study indicate a mortality rate of 5% to ...
Winter Trevor A - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: An intimate interrelationship exists between nutritional status and gut function. This review focuses on the consequences of a poor nutritional state on metabolism and digestive function, and evaluates the effects of refeeding. RECENT FINDINGS: Severe undernutrition has been associated with increased fat and protein catabolism, reflected by ...
Nishimura Katsuhiko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Although a transient lesion in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) has been reported predominantly regarding patients with epilepsia, it is of rare occurrence, and its underlying biological basis remains unknown. This is a report of an SCC lesion in a patient with anorexia nervosa (AN). METHOD: The ...
Sousa Guerreiro Catarina - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the nutritional status of patients with inactive or mildly active Crohn's disease (CD), and identify possible causes for potential deficiencies. METHODS: A total of 78 CD patients and 80 healthy controls were evaluated in respect of nutritional status, dietary intake, and life styles factors. RESULTS: These 73/78 CD ...
Heath Michelle L - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nutritional deficiency, a global problem, remains uncommon in developed nations. Associated morbidity and mortality make it imperative that clinicians remain familiar with the clinical signs and symptoms of nutritional deficiencies to facilitate diagnosis. This article will review the cutaneous findings and recent literature regarding B12, niacin, zinc, ...
Lerario M C - - 2006
The objective of the present study was to compare anthropometry with bioelectrical impedance (BIA) in relation to densitometry (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; DEXA) as methods of nutritional assessment and body composition in out-patients with chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD). We conducted a cross-sectional clinical study with sixty-one patients with COPD (forty-two ...
Yildirim Alev - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of hospitalization in the internal disease clinics on nutrition variables. METHODS: This study was a cohort-type study performed in the Internal Diseases Clinics, University Hospital in Turkey. We included 208 patients who were hospitalized in the Internal Diseases Clinics of the University between June and ...
Morava Eva - - 2006
Secondary deterioration of mitochondrial function has been reported in patients with anorexia and cancer-related malnutrition. Inadequate nutrition, failure to thrive and feeding problems are also common symptoms in children with primary oxidative phosphorylation defects. As a standard intervention protocol we advise an age-appropriate diet and energy intake in our patients ...
Biton Victor - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) constitute a diverse class of agents with heterogeneous mechanisms of action and diverse side-effect profiles. Weight change, either gain or loss, is a common AED side effect, conferring multiple risks of additional morbidity. REVIEW SUMMARY: The risks inherent in weight change, such as diabetes, coronary heart ...
Chiu Priscilla P L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The impact of "gentle ventilation" (GV) strategies on morbidity and mortality of patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in our institution has not been determined. This study reviews the primary and secondary outcomes of our patients with CDH treated with the GV approach. METHOD: We performed a retrospective chart ...
Munakata Mitsutoshi - - 2006
The concentrations of essential trace elements (copper, zinc, selenium, manganese, chromium, molybdenum, cobalt, and iodine) in the scalp hair of 21 patients with severe motor disabilities receiving enteral nutrition were measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Preliminary results show that copper, selenium, and molybdenum concentrations in the patients' hair were ...
Krakau Karolina - - 2006
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To examine the evidence on the metabolic state and nutritional treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Research design: A systematic review of the literature. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: From 1547 citations, 232 articles were identified and retrieved for text screening. Thirty-six studies fulfilled the criteria and ...
Wee Christina C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Few studies examine patients' expectations for bariatric surgery or the value patients place on weight loss. METHODS: 44 patients planning to undergo bariatric surgery were surveyed to examine patients' expectations and motivations for surgery. We also quantified how much patients valued different health and weight loss states using the ...
Nova Esther - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The benefits of probiotic therapy in immunocompromised subjects still need strong scientific evidences. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the effects of yogurt on certain immunological parameters in anorexia nervosa (AN) patients during refeeding. METHODS: A parallel 10-week nutritional intervention with yogurt was conducted on a group of patients ...
Souza Letícia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess nutritional status in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and the influence of inflammatory activity and glucocorticoid use. METHODS: One hundred sixteen patients were evaluated. Disease subtype and disease activity were defined by the attending physician, and the cumulative glucocorticoid dose was recorded from chart review. Percentiles ...
Su Jian-An - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric patients are more likely to gain weight when prescribed antipsychotics or antidepressants. Studies on these issues in Taiwan are scarce. This study compared weight changes in patients treated with NaSSA (Noradrenergic and Specific Serotonergic Antidepressant) and SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors), and investigated possible associated factors. METHODS: An ...
Filippi Jérôme - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are at risk of developing nutritional deficiencies, especially because of restrictive diets. The aim of our study was to assess food intake and the status for vitamins and trace elements in nonselected CD patients in clinical remission. METHODS: A total of 54 consecutive CD ...
Vannacci Alfredo - - 2006
Animal studies showed that nitric oxide (NO)/cyclic-GMP (cGMP) pathway is involved in the modulation of eating behavior. To address its role in eating disorders (ED), plasma nitrite and cGMP levels were studied in 50 ED patients (25 with Anorexia Nervosa, AN; 25 with Bulimia Nervosa, BN) and 20 sex- and ...
Kogirima Miho - - 2006
Due to high resting energy expenditure (REE) in maintenance hemodialysis patients, an increase in energy intake is usually recommended to improve their nutritional status. However, some patients appear to have poor appetite and low energy intake. In such patients low energy metabolism is expected. We hypothesized that in maintenance hemodialysis ...
Lobrano A - - 2006
Severe dysautonomia may be secondary to viral infections, resulting in impaired autoimmune, cardiovascular, urinary and digestive dysfunction. Herein, we present a case of a 31-year-old white female patient who had severe gastroparesis related to autonomic failure following an episode of acute gastroenteritis. This seems to be the first report providing ...
Szczepankiewicz Aleksandra - - 2006
A relationship between response to lithium prophylaxis and T-50C polymorphism of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) gene was investigated in 89 bipolar patients (41 male and 48 female) who have been taking lithium for at least 5 years. The patients were delineated as excellent responders, partial responders and non-responders to lithium. ...
Mekota Anna-Maria - - 2006
Stable nitrogen and carbon isotopic ratios of hair strands of six patients suffering from anorexia nervosa were measured to monitor a dietary change from near starvation to recovery. This paper presents the results of a first-time study of nitrogen and carbon balance of the patients prior to and after admittance ...
de Luis Daniel A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate that 40-50% of hospitalized patients show malnutrition, a variable that is associated with length of stay and morbidity. The aim of our study was to detect nutritional parameters, which could have an influence on length of stay in hospitalized patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients with a ...
Axelrod David - - 2006
Common to all pediatric patients receiving enteral nutrition is the inability to consume calories orally. This is often secondary to issues of inadequate weight gain, inadequate growth, prolonged feeding times, weight loss, a decrease in weight/age or weight/height ratios, or a persistent triceps skinfold thickness <5% for age. Enteral nutrition ...
Yasuhara Daisuke - - 2006
Refeeding outcome is difficult to predict in anorexia nervosa (AN). Because reactive hypoglycemia (RH) during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) correlates with rapid increases of energy intake just before the OGTT in AN patients, this study investigated whether pretreatment laboratory-measured RH episodes might be associated with refeeding progress in ...
Garófolo Adriana - - 2005
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition in cancer patients has many causes. Nutritional status is usually assessed from weight/height indices. These present limitations for the nutritional assessment of cancer patients: their weights include tumor mass, and lean mass changes are not reflected in weight/height indices. The objective was to evaluate differences between ...
De Luis D A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The phase angle of the impedance vector was lower because of a decreased Xc component in hemodialysis patients with poorer prognosis, patients with hemodynamic instability, and in critically ill patients. The phase angle is easy to obtain. The aim of our study was to investigate in a case-control study ...
DeLegge Mark H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Central venous access is imperative for the delivery of home parenteral nutrition (HPN). Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) are being used more frequently for the delivery of HPN. There is an abundance of short-term information on the use of PICC in the hospitalized patient. However, there are no data ...
Reif Andreas - - 2005
Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is a commonly used biomarker for alcohol abuse; however, recent findings questioned its diagnostic value in catabolic subjects. We have thus investigated possible changes of CDT in patients suffering from eating disorders. Retrospectively, CDT values of patients with eating disorders were identified. Twenty-four non-alcoholic subjects could be ...
Swenne Ingemar - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of symptoms and signs related to starvation at the initial examination of adolescent girls with eating disorders (ED). METHODS: Two hundred and eleven girls with eating disorders recruited for a multicentre research and evaluation programme of six specialist eating disorder services in Sweden have been ...
Guglielmi F W - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A total of 334 stable, compensated cirrhotic patients admitted to 10 Italian Gastroenterology Units were included in a prospective study to evaluate nutritional state and energy balance in liver cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nutritional state and calorie intake were examined in the total population, while adequacy of ...
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