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Elke Gunnar - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify current clinical practice regarding nutrition and its association with morbidity and mortality in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock in Germany. DESIGN: Nationwide prospective, observational, cross-sectional, 1-day point-prevalence study. SETTING: The study included 454 intensive care units from a representative sample of 310 hospitals stratified by ...
Silva Luciano Bruno de Carvalho - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To establish correlations between nutritional, functional and respiratory indices of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHOD: Twenty patients (13 appendicular-GA and 7 bulbar-GB) were included in the multidisciplinary study at the Neurological Clinic Ambulatory of the University of Campinas Hospital. RESULTS: Among the GA type significant correlation was ...
Kurt E - - 2009
Autonomic nerve system is considered to be involved in bipolar affective disorder (BAD) or to be influenced by valproate monotherapy or valproate plus lithium combination. We planned to assess the effects of medication on atrial and ventricular conduction. The electrocardiography records were performed with eligible 15 patients with valproate, 20 ...
Blouin Mélissa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Second generation antipsychotics (SGA) induce substantial weight gain but the mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon remain speculative. OBJECTIVE: To explore eating behaviors among SGA-treated patients and compare them with nonschizophrenic healthy sedentary individuals (controls). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Appetite sensations were recorded before and after a standardized breakfast using visual ...
Lisboa Adriana Q - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the fatty acid status of uterine cervical neoplasm patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the changes in the plasma phospholipid fatty acid (FA) profile along with nutrition status of cervical cancer patients. METHODS: A controlled cross-sectional study with uterine ...
Btaiche Imad F - - 2008
Acute kidney injury in critically ill patients is often a complication of an underlying condition such as organ failure, sepsis, or drug therapy. In these patients, stress-induced hypercatabolism results in loss of body cell mass. Unless nutrition support is provided, malnutrition and negative nitrogen balance may ensue. Because of metabolic, ...
Tzamaloukas, A H; ;
Background: Nutrition and hydration of the dialysis patients have major influences on the outcomes of chronic hemodialysis. Purpose: To characterize the states of nutrition and hydration in patients on chronic hemodialysis at Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH) and to evaluate the usefulness of measurements by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) for ...
Munakata Mitsutoshi - - 2008
Patients with severe neurological disorders often require enteral nutrition (EN). Since long-term EN can cause multiple complications, reinstating the oral intake of food is beneficial. Olfactory stimulation using black pepper oil (BPO), a strong appetite stimulant, was reported to facilitate swallowing in older people. Therefore, the effects of olfactory stimulation ...
Tsiaousi Eleni T - - 2008
Malnutrition has increasingly been acknowledged as an important prognostic factor which can influence the clinical outcome of patients suffering from end-stage liver disease (ESLD). Despite the fact that malnutrition is not included in the Child-Pugh classification, its presence should alert clinicians to the same extent as do other complications, such ...
Huang J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term effects of neonatal short bowel syndrome on cognitive functions during development. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nine patients diagnosed with short bowel syndrome during the neonatal period were enrolled in this study. Their medical records were reviewed; anthropometric measurements and blood ...
Wallach Steven G SG Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY, USA. - - 2008
There has been tremendous growth in the number of patients seeking body contouring procedures after massive weight loss. Most patients desire improvement of the abdominotorso region first. After massive weight loss, there is enormous variability of body proportions, and therefore there have been many surgical options proposed based on the ...
MaƂgorzewicz Sylwia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the serum concentration of amino acids (AAs) and nutritional status in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: This study was performed in 22 HD patients dialyzed for 10 to 288 months, and in a control group of 20 healthy volunteers. ...
Korzets Asher - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Protein/caloric malnutrition is a problem in chronically haemodialysed patients, and is an independent risk factor for increased mortality in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficiency of intradialytic parenteral nutritional (IDPN) as nutritional support in acutely ill haemodialysis patients. METHODS: Twenty-two haemodialysis patients received IDPN after either ...
Prasad Narayan - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of malnutrition in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients in India has not been studied in much detail. We studied various nutritional indices of end-stage renal disease patients at the initiation of therapy. METHOD: Two hundred and eighty-three CAPD patients (204 were male; mean +/- ...
Whelan Kevin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: An accurate and convenient method for characterizing fecal output and a consistent threshold for classifying diarrhea in patients receiving enteral nutrition are required. The aim of this study is to covertly assess the construct and concurrent validity of a chart for characterizing fecal output and classifying diarrhea in patients ...
Lockman J - - 2008
The prevalence of overweight is rising in the pediatric population. The aims of this study were to determine prevalence and diagnostic characteristics of overweight patients referred for endocrine evaluation. BMI was calculated and diagnosis codes were assigned for patients seen for endocrine evaluation. Odds ratio calculation and logistic regression were ...
Berk Lawrence - - 2008
PURPOSE: Cancer cachexia is a common problem among advanced cancer patients. A mixture of beta-hydroxyl beta-methyl butyrate, glutamine, and arginine (HMB/Arg/Gln) previously showed activity for increasing lean body mass (LBM) among patients with cancer cachexia. Therefore a phase III trial was implemented to confirm this activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four ...
Duerksen Donald R - - 2008
Long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) is administered to patients who are unable to use their gastrointestinal tract to absorb sufficient nutrients and water to maintain their nutritional status. Patients receiving long-term parenteral nutrition are at risk of numerous complications including thrombosis of the central venous catheter used to provide nutrition. Central ...
Ruxton C H S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hospital malnutrition (undernutrition) continues to attract concern. The implementation of standards for food and fluids in Scotland provided the stimulus for an audit of current practices in NHS Fife hospitals in order to provide baseline data with which to evaluate progress. METHODS: One hundred and fifty in-patients were recruited ...
Lazol Judith P - - 2008
Nutritional rickets has been on the rise in the United States. A chart review of patients with nutritional rickets from April 1995 to May 2005 was performed. Fifty-eight subjects were studied (62% males, 38% females, with an age range between 2 and 132 months). Of the subjects, 81% were African ...
Ebenezer A Nyenwe
<p>Lithium carbonate, a widely used treatment for bipolar disorders, is associated with goiter, hypothyroidism and thyrotoxicosis. However, the effect of lithium to increase radioactive iodine uptake has received little attention, thus, making Lithium a confounding factor in the interpretation of thyroid radionuclide studies. We herein report a case of mistaken ...
Sloate Phyllis L - - 2008
This paper challenges the view that food, or the patient's own body, functions as a transitional object for bulimics during the binge-purge cycle or symptomatic equivalents of self-harm. The author proposes that the bulimic patient's actions in and on her body more closely approximate the use of a fetish, which ...
Akin Fulya - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elucidate the effectiveness of lithium carbonate prior to thyroidectomy or radioiodide therapy in patients with thyrotoxicosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Lithium carbonate was used as preoperative preparation or radioiodide therapy in 5 patients with Graves' disease and in 1 patient with toxic multinodular ...
Gu Yue - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a predictor of cardiovascular disease in dialysis patients, but the mechanisms remain unknown. We investigated links between nutritional markers and arterial stiffness in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients. METHODS: We evaluated the relationship between arterial stiffness evaluated by pulse-wave velocity (PWV) and four estimates of nutritional status ...
Ioannidis Orestis - - 2008
In the majority (80%) of patients with acute pancreatitis, the disease is self limiting and, after a few days of withholding feeding and intravenous administration of fluids, patients can again be normally fed orally. In a small percentage of patients, the disease progresses to severe necrotic pancreatitis, with an intense ...
Tsukamoto Masayo - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although hepatocellular injuries are occasionally observed in patients with an eating disorder, such as anorexia nervosa (AN), it remains unclear how malnutrition in patients with AN causes hepatocellular damage. In this retrospective study, we aimed to reveal the characteristics of hepatocellular injuries in patients with an eating disorder without ...
Casaer Michaël P - - 2008
Acute kidney injury (AKI) develops mostly in the context of critical illness and multiple organ failure, characterized by alterations in substrate use, insulin resistance, and hypercatabolism. Optimal nutritional support of intensive care unit patients remains a matter of debate, mainly because of a lack of adequately designed clinical trials. Most ...
Gura Kathleen - - 2007
Hypertriglyceridemia is a common complication in patients receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). Management typically involves withholding the IV fat emulsion (IVFE) until serum triglyceride levels normalize. In some instances, this practice may predispose patients to the development of essential fatty acid deficiency (EFAD) unless alternative therapies such as oral or topical ...
Forchielli Maria Luisa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We discuss 26 y of home parenteral nutrition (HPN) in an otherwise healthy patient with severe short bowel syndrome demonstrating a decrease in life-threatening complications after various management changes. METHODS: The patient is a 41-y-old male with a midgut volvulus from malrotation who developed short bowel syndrome and has ...
Soreca Isabella - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Patients with bipolar disorder (BD) on long-term maintenance treatment represent a clinical population with peculiar characteristics, for which available equations to estimate resting energy expenditure (REE) are not suitable. The aim of this study was to measure REE by means of indirect calorimetry in bipolar patients on maintenance treatment ...
Tayyem Reema F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To detect and compare the degree of malnutrition as well as the anthropometric and biochemical abnormalities among male and female patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at hemodialysis units in 7 Jordanian hospitals, between 2004 - 2005. Two hundred and seventeen ESRD ...
El Muhtaseb Mohammad Sami H - - 2007
PURPOSE: Panproctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is the operation of choice for patients with ulcerative colitis and familial polyposis. The long-term nutritional consequences after pouch surgery are unknown. We have assessed the nutritional status of the essential trace elements-zinc, copper, manganese, and selenium-in patients several years (median, 10 (range, 2-15) ...
Chabas Dorothée - - 2007
To evaluate eating behavior and energy balance as a cause of increased body mass index (BMI) in narcolepsy. Case controlled pilot study. University hospital. 13 patients with narcolepsy (7 "typical" patients, with HLA DQB1*0602 and clear cut cataplexy, with suspected hypocretin deficiency; and 6 "atypical" narcoleptics, i.e., HLA negative or ...
Kida Yohei - - 2007
Evaluation of protein intake of patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) would facilitate optimal nutritional support. However, it has never been done on the basis of urinary urea nitrogen (UUN). The aim of this study, therefore, is to determine the usefulness of the estimated protein intake (EPI) based on UUN in ...
Yuksekkaya Hasan Ali - - 2008
PURPOSE: We constructed a study to determine the association of anthropometric measurements, biochemical parameters and bone mineral content with nutritional status in infants with neonatal cholestasis. METHODS: The study included 38 children with neonatal cholestasis. Nutritional status was assessed by Waterlow criteria, and anthropometric measurements, biochemical parameters and bone mineral ...
Malone Ainsley M - - 2007
The concept of permissive underfeeding is based on the rationale that higher nutrient intake is detrimental from a metabolic and functional perspective. Animal studies have demonstrated improved morbidity and mortality with energy restriction. Studies with obese patients have demonstrated that a hypocaloric feeding regimen can promote nitrogen equilibrium and minimize ...
Chung Sung Hee - - 2007
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is highly prevalent among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and is a strong predictor of morbidity and mortality. A wide range of factors can lead to PEM and associated wasting (PEM/W) in PD patients, but persistent inflammation and the presence of diabetes have been identified as the two ...
Chiu Chih-Chiang - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to assess the precision and bias of a priori methods in the estimation of lithium dosage requirement among bipolar patients. The charts of 82 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder-fourth edition bipolar patients with previous history of lithium intoxication were reviewed. After ...
Dew Mary Amanda - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Few data are available concerning the utility of augmentation in late-life depression treatment. The authors examined likelihood, speed, and predictors of recovery in older adults receiving augmentation pharmacotherapy after inadequate response to standardized treatment with paroxetine plus interpersonal psychotherapy. METHOD: Depression levels were monitored during open treatment in 195 ...
Barichella Michela - - 2007
To establish whether a diet based on the usage of low-protein products for renal patients (LPP) is associated with higher energy expenditure (EE) than a free low-protein diet (NO-LPP) by calculating 24 h EE by indirect calorimetry using an electronic armband monitor. Randomized, cross-over, single-blind, pilot clinical trial performed comparing ...
Torti Dorothea C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can cause local irritation and discomfort with attendant poor dentition and nutrition. Although a range of therapeutic options is available, data on the long-term efficacy of treatments for this chronic disease are limited. To identify agents that might be ...
Nunes Paula V - - 2007
Bipolar disorder is associated with increased risk for dementia. We compared the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease between 66 elderly euthymic patients with bipolar disorder who were on chronic lithium therapy and 48 similar patients without recent lithium therapy. The prevalence of dementia in the whole sample was 19% v. 7% ...
Chittenden Sarah J - - 2007
Accurate measurements of whole-body activity retention of patients during radionuclide therapy are essential for two reasons: First, they enable the correct radiation protection advice to be given and second, they permit the accurate determination of the absorbed whole-body dose delivered during therapy. This, in turn, allows treatment planning to be ...
Gariballa Salah - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Undernutrition in hospitalised patients is likely to be contributed to by the dual action of the underlying disease and acute catabolism associated with it. The aim of this study was to measure the association between underlying disease and nutritional status in acutely ill older patients. METHODS: Four ...
Bauer Michael - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To determine thyroid gland volume and the prevalence of goiter in patients receiving long-term lithium treatment for affective disorders. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we performed ultrasonographic examinations in 96 patients on long-term lithium treatment, including those with bipolar, major depressive, and schizoaffective disease. Patients with documented continuous and ...
Wolf Anna Maria - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Following excess weight loss in many patients, a dermolipectomy of the abdomen, arms and thighs becomes necessary. This kind of operation was offered to 88 former morbidly obese patients after having lost between 50% and 75% of their excess weight. METHODS AND RESULTS: Abdomen: Because of a distinct pannus, ...
Gurreebun Falak - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition is common in patients with chronic renal failure and should be screened for systematically. Subjective global assessment (SGA) is frequently used, but it is time-consuming. The aim of this study was to assess the sensitivity of SGA as a screening tool for malnutrition compared with the measurement of ...
Koretz Ronald L - - 2007
Both parenteral nutrition (PN) and enteral nutrition (EN) are widely advocated as adjunctive care in patients with various diseases. A systematic review of 82 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of PN published in 2001 found little, if any, effect on mortality, morbidity, or duration of hospital stay; in some situations, PN ...
Raykher Aleksandra - - 2007
Patients with head and neck cancer are at high risk for malnutrition due to dysphagia from the tumor and treatment. Despite difficulty with oral intake, these patients usually have a normal stomach and lower gastrointestinal tract. Enteral nutrition support via percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) administered in the home by the ...
Parekh Neha R - - 2007
Treatment of short bowel syndrome (SBS) is often a difficult endeavor due to the high variability among patients with SBS in regard to remaining anatomical structure and functional capacity. Research efforts to substantiate the use of existing therapies in the treatment of SBS are ongoing, with newer developments yet to ...
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