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Suwalska A - - 2010
The aim of the study was to evaluate serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in a group of euthymic bipolar patients on long-term prophylactic lithium treatment and to delineate putative relationships between lithium efficacy and BDNF concentrations. 141 euthymic bipolar patients (51 male, 90 female) on long-term lithium treatment were ...
Pallanti Stefano - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pathological gambling (PG) is a disorder classified as an impulse control disorder (DSM-IV) bridging impulsive, compulsive and addictive behaviors. The striatum and thalamus are supposed to be involved in the pathophysiological substrate of these behaviors. An increased relative glucose metabolic rate (rGMR) in patients with a diagnosis of PG ...
Rocha Júlio César - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The neurological sequelae resulting from untreated phenylketonuria are diminished by the success of early introduced and continued dietary treatment. Nowadays, nutritional status is gaining importance in the follow-up of these patients. The aim of this work was to study the relevance of prealbumin concentration as biomarker of protein nutritional ...
Sasaki Masaya - - 2010
We investigated energy expenditure in hospitalized patients with Crohn's disease (CD), and determined optimal energy requirements for nutritional therapy. Sixteen patients (5 women and 11 men, mean age 36 year old, mean BMI 18.7 kg/m(2)) and 8 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study. Measured resting energy expenditure (mREE) levels ...
Israëls Trijn - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Children with cancer in resource limited countries are often malnourished at diagnosis. Acute malnutrition is associated with more infectious complications and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality in major surgery. METHODS: All new patients with the clinical diagnosis of a Wilms tumour admitted in the Queen Elizabeth Central ...
Vannini Franciele D - - 2009
The purpose of this study is to evaluate associations between clinical, laboratory, demographic, and nutritional markers with inflammatory state and malnutrition in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Fifty-two patients on regular HD were evaluated by clinical, demographic, laboratory, and nutritional parameters (food intake, anthropometric measurements, bioelectric impedance, subjective global assessment--SGA and appetite ...
Abbas Hasan Nasir - - 2009
To determine the nutritional status of chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients and the association of changes in serum albumin levels, C-reactive protein (CRP), low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and body mass index (BMI) as indicators of nutritional status with the urea reduction ratio (URR) during dialysis, we studied 201 chronic HD ...
Madill J - - 2009
Survival after lung transplantation is limited by bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Oxidative stress (OxS) can be associated with BOS due to chronic inflammation. The type of fat and antioxidant intakes may also contribute to OxS. Our aim was to compare OxS and nutritional intakes in non-BOS versus various stages of ...
Wedrychowicz Anna - - 2010
Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is still of great importance for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients because one of the major adverse effects of the high-dose therapy followed by HSCT is an inadequate oral nutrition intake. The aim of the study was analysis of TPN of young patients in the ...
Wang Angela Yee-Moon - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Circulatory congestion is an adverse predictor of mortality in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the nutritional status, energy intake, and expenditure profile of PD patients with and without previous circulatory congestion. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 244 PD patients, of whom 92 had previous ...
Hillen Uwe - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Photopheresis (ECP) with the UVAR XTS system has been limited to patients with a body weight > 40 kg, because extracorporeal blood volumes (ECV) may exceed 15% of the total blood volumes in low-body-weight patients. Because of these instrument characteristics, the use of ECP is limited in pediatric patients. ...
Grzegorzewska A E - - 2009
Abnormalities in nutritional status of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients include too high body mass (overweight, obesity), too low body mass (underweight, starvation) or changes in body composition (malnutrition) without or with normal body weight. In vivo neutron activation analysis is considered the reference gold standard for the determination of protein ...
Bohlmann Michael K - - 2010
To evaluate the obstetric outcome of pregnant patients with small stature (<5th percentile) with regard to the mode of delivery, maternal injuries, and neonatal parameters. Retrospective cohort analysis of 13 years of deliveries. Two groups: group A, patients with a height below the 5th percentile, and group B, patients with ...
Zopf Yurdagül - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD) is unknown. Besides immunoregulatory, genetic and environmental aspects, a nutritional impact is also encountered. Whether taste perception exerts any influence on an increased consumption of carbohydrates is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate nutritional habits and taste perception in CD patients, either in active or ...
Al-Saran Khalid A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine interventions used to manage malnutrition, and obesity, and to share experiences, concerns, and solutions to these problems for management of nutritional disorders in Saudi patients on maintenance hemodialysis. METHODS: The subjects included in this cross-sectional study were chronic hemodialysis patients in the Prince Salman Center for Kidney ...
Szeto Cheuk-Chun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Recently, the Geriatric Nutrition Risk Index (GNRI) was found to be a reliable tool for screening malnutrition in hemodialysis patients. However, the GNRI has not been validated in PD patients. METHODS: We studied 314 unselected, adult PD patients from a single ...
Rybakowski Janusz K - - 2009
We assessed performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), measuring executive functions, in 30 patients showing different prophylactic effect of lithium (excellent lithium responders-ER, partial responders-PR and non-responders-NR), and in fifty persons of their offspring (12 of ER, 26 of PR, and 12 of NR). Age- and gender head-to-head ...
Khan Mahaboob S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition is widely prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease. Our primary objective was to assess the utility of subjective global assessment (SGA) as an indicator of malnutrition in patients with diabetic nephropathy. DESIGN: This pilot study evaluated the extent of malnutrition, using a combination of SGA, anthropometric, and ...
Suyama Yohji - - 2009
Serum prealbumin level is useful for assessment of changes in nutritional status but it is markedly affected by the inflammation. In this study, we examined the efficacy of the corrected rapid turnover protein increment index (CRII) for prealbumin, which is calculated as [prealbumin level/C-reactive protein (CRP) level on the assessment ...
Silverstein Douglas M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Nutrition and growth are important outcome indicators in pediatric (Ped) hemodialysis (HD) patients. We hypothesized that there is a discrepancy among traditional measures of nutrition, and that adequate nutrition may not reliably predict growth. METHODS: We assessed longitudinal nutrition and growth parameters in 14 Ped HD patients over 1 ...
Dezfuli Arezu - - 2009
Intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) is used infrequently to correct hypoalbuminemia in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. We hypothesized that the severity of baseline hypoalbuminemia correlates with the success rate of IDPN therapy in MHD patients. In a prospective and contemporary cohort of 196 hypoalbuminemic MHD patients who received IDPN through Pentec ...
Gianotti L - - 2009
Assessment of the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP), together with the patient's nutritional status is crucial in the decision making process that determines the need for artificial nutrition. Both should be done on admission and at frequent intervals thereafter. The indication for nutritional support in AP is actual or anticipated ...
McEvoy Claire T - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about energy requirements in brain injured (TBI) patients, despite evidence suggesting adequate nutritional support can improve clinical outcomes. The study aim was to compare predicted energy requirements with measured resting energy expenditure (REE) values, in patients recovering from TBI. METHODS: Indirect calorimetry (IC) was ...
Cheng Timothy Hua-Tse - - 2009
AIM: The Malnutrition Inflammation Score (MIS) has been proposed for the assessment of nutritional status in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The MIS and the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) for serial monitoring of nutritional status in PD patients were compared. METHODS: The change in the MIS and SGA overall score of ...
Visschers Ruben G J - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hypertriglyceridemia is commonly observed in patients with enterocutaneous fistulas, compromising their health status. In this study potential causes for hypertriglyceridemia in patients with an enterocutaneous fistula are explored and treatment options discussed accordingly. METHODS: A database was created consisting of all consecutively treated patients with an enterocutaneous ...
Bouteloup C - - 2009
The malnutrition common among patients with ALS can be attributed in some cases to increased resting energy expenditure (REE). However, the origins and evolution of this hypermetabolism have yet to be fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to monitor REE over time in patients with ALS and ...
Skouroliakou Maria - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Weight gain is an established side effect of atypical antipsychotics in patients with severe mental illness (SMI). Previous studies have shown positive effects of nutritional interventions in weight loss. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a nutritional intervention on the body weight and body ...
Bin Céres Maltz - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Crohn's disease (CD) may lead to protein and calorie malnutrition (PCM) secondary to impaired digestive and absorptive functions of the small intestine and sometimes to the influence of diet taboos. The earlier the PCM is diagnosed, the higher are the odds of reversal. The objective of this study was ...
Fontana M P - - 2009
AIM: Neuro-muscular adaptations to the loss or increase in body weight may induce postural alterations. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of body weight alterations on postural stability in patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia. METHODS: The study enrolled 15 women affected by anorexia nervosa (AN), ...
Haas Verena K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Body weight provides limited information about nutritional status of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to determine body composition (BC) changes, to find clinical predictors and endocrine correlates of total body protein (TBPr) depletion, and to compare results on fat mass (FM) obtained with anthropometry (skinfold ...
Edefonti Alberto - - 2009
Abnormalities of nutrition status are a common problem in children on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and a source of significant morbidity and mortality. The state of decreased body protein mass and fuel reserves (body protein and fat mass) common in PD patients is now better known as protein-energy wasting (PEW). Protein-energy ...
Arnold M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge exists on vascular risk factors, body height and weight in patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, major vascular risk factors, body weight, body height and body mass index (BMI) of 239 patients obtained from a prospective hospital-based sCAD registry ...
Hengstermann S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Total blood homocysteine (Hcys) and folate levels have been investigated in association with cognitive dysfunction in healthy but not in multimorbid elderly patients. We hypothesized that total serum Hcys is an adequate marker to identify multimorbid elderly patients with cognitive dysfunction assessed by the Short Cognitive Performance Test (SKT) ...
Li Yanjun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether patients with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms were prone to be diagnosed as malnourished by subjective global assessment (SGA) by simultaneously evaluating SGA and other indices of nutrition in a cross-sectional survey of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. PATIENTS AND METHOD: From June 2006 to June 2007, 214 PD ...
Bernardo Ana P - - 2009
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients seem to maintain a better nutrition status than do hemodialysis patients, and some develop overweight. The clinical relevance of overweight in PD is uncertain. We assessed nutrition status and evaluated the prevalence of overweight in PD patients, and we explored the association of overweight with demographic, ...
Kida Yohei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of protein intake of patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) would facilitate optimal nutritional support. However, this has never been done based on urinary urea nitrogen (UUN). The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of the estimated protein intake (EPI) based on UUN in patients with ...
Carrero Juan Jesús - - 2009
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) frequently experience loss of appetite (anorexia), which increases in severity during the disease progression. The optimal medical assessment of an anorectic patient depends on an appropriate knowledge of the associated signs and symptoms. Some of these signs are diagnostic of anorexia in CKD. The ...
Leyhe Thomas - - 2009
Preclinical and clinical studies gave evidence that lithium could be useful in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In experimental investigations, lithium induces brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Recent studies have found a decrease of BDNF in the serum and brains of AD patients with potentially consecutive lack of neurotrophic support. ...
Tang Wen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A poor nutritional state is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events in end-stage renal disease. It is unclear whether malnutrition itself can induce cardiovascular disease (CVD). We examined the impact of nutritional status on patients' arterial stiffness in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 121 ...
Marra M - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Several articles have described body composition in anorexia nervosa, whereas little is known about this issue in underweight ballet dancers and constitutionally lean females. The main aim of this study was to assess whether phase angle (a bioimpedance variable related to body cell mass) differs according to the type ...
Collen Jacob - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Spirometry plays an essential role in the diagnosis and management of pulmonary diseases. The accurate interpretation of spirometric data depends on comparison to a reference population to identify abnormalities in ventilatory function. National guidelines recommended the use of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study (NHANES) III data set ...
Wiese Dawn - - 2008
There is limited information on the nutrition impact of antitumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment in adult Crohn's disease (CD). This study was performed to examine the effect of a 6-month course of infliximab on enterocyte function, nutrient status, metabolism, and body composition in these patients. Seven CD patients were assessed for ...
Dintinjana Renata Dobrila - - 2008
Nutritional support, addressing the specific needs of this patient group, is required to help improve prognosis, and reduce the consequences of cancer-associated nutritional decline. Early intervention with nutritional supplementation has been shown to halt malnutrition, and may improve outcome in some patients. In our study we tried to assess the ...
Taylor Beth E - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Protein catabolism is common among critically ill patients, contributing to organ dysfunction, muscle weakness, prolonged mechanical ventilation and length of stay in the ICU, with adverse impact on patient prognosis and resource utilization. Neither adequate enteral nutrition nor parenteral nutrition stems this catabolism. Recombinant growth hormone supplementation ...
Wilting I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A previous study aimed at revealing the prevalence and determinants of lithium induced polyuria suggested an increased risk of polyuria (urine volume > or =3 L/24 h) in those using serotonergic antidepressants next to lithium. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to re-evaluate this secondary finding in another ...
Skotte J - - 2008
The objective of the study was to investigate the low back load during repositioning of patients in bed and to assess the influence of patient's weight and disability. Nine female health care workers (HCWs) carried out six patient-handling tasks with different patient weight (59 +/- 1, 83 +/- 2 and ...
Carrero Juan Jesús - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Muscle wasting is considered the best marker of protein-energy wasting in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We tested the usefulness of a simple observer subjective muscle atrophy (MA) grading in relation to morbidity and mortality in ESRD patients. METHODS: In two different ESRD cohorts (265 incident patients starting ...
Tobón Jeniffer - - 2008
Obesity is a chronic disease that is linked to the presence of numerous chronic illnesses, including venous disease. Venous disease can lead to chronic wounds, which may be exacerbated by vitamin, mineral, and macro-nutritional deficiencies. A cross-sectional observational design was used to examine the nutritional status of patients with chronic ...
Elke Gunnar - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify current clinical practice regarding nutrition and its association with morbidity and mortality in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock in Germany. DESIGN: Nationwide prospective, observational, cross-sectional, 1-day point-prevalence study. SETTING: The study included 454 intensive care units from a representative sample of 310 hospitals stratified by ...
Silva Luciano Bruno de Carvalho - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To establish correlations between nutritional, functional and respiratory indices of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHOD: Twenty patients (13 appendicular-GA and 7 bulbar-GB) were included in the multidisciplinary study at the Neurological Clinic Ambulatory of the University of Campinas Hospital. RESULTS: Among the GA type significant correlation was ...
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