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Cosnes J - - 1990
The specific nutritional consequences of malabsorption after small-bowel surgery were studied in a consecutive series of 48 ambulatory patients who had had small-bowel resection (n = 43) or bypass (n = 5) and in 10 patients who had an ileal pouch (n = 10). The patients received a 3-day standardized ...
Shaw-Delanty S N - - 1990
Energy expenditures of 237 adult patients and 37 normal subjects receiving all nutrition intravenously were analysed retrospectively. Patients were classified as nutritionally depleted (67), post-operative (96), injured (43), or septic/depleted (31). Groups were further divided into those receiving either: (1) only 5% dextrose (D5W); (2) hypocaloric regimens including glucose and ...
Bird H A - - 1990
The wide variety of alternative therapies available for rheumatic diseases attests to the inability of the medical profession to provide patients with adequate cures. Many patients resort to alternative remedies even if these are not always declared to the physician. Our own studies have included assessments of injectable enzyme preparations, ...
Morales-Rodriguez P - - 1990
We analyzed the relations between nutritional status and several measures of the ability to perform the normal activities of daily living (ADL) in a long-term institutionalized geriatric population and also studied whether changes in this ability, as found ten months later, were associated with changes in the nutritional status. Nutritional ...
Jacobson S - - 1990
The body composition was studied by measurement of body weight (BW) and total body potassium (TBK), fat and water in 13 patients with Crohn's disease (CD), who were given altogether 18 courses of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) with nil by mouth each lasting at least 3 weeks. At the start ...
Waxman M J - - 1990
Seven patients with Parkinson's disease and three patients with progressive supranuclear palsy underwent adrenal medullary transplant to the caudate nucleus for treatment of their neurologic disease. Preoperative nutritional assessment demonstrated that a significant number of the Parkinson's patients had mild to moderate nutritional depletion. Motility problems, manifest by dysphagia and ...
Okajima Y - - 1990
Two-dimensional (fore-aft and vertical) acceleration of locomotion was measured in 10 normal subjects and 13 patients with idiopathic olivopontocerebellar atrophy who were ataxic but able to walk without any assistance. Accelerometers were tightly placed on the third lumbar vertebra. Asymmetry and unsmoothness indices of locomotion defined from the line spectra ...
Edes T E - - 1990
Management of patients following extensive small-bowel resection is complex. Parenteral nutrition is necessary initially because of a greatly reduced absorptive capacity. Intestinal adaptation occurs gradually and is stimulated by enteral feeding. Evaluation of specific nutrient status is essential, and supplementation may be required. The degree and consequences of malabsorption are ...
Driscoll D F - - 1990
The decision to initiate total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in hospitalised patients should be based on the presence of clinically significant starvation and dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract. It must also take into account the clinical status of the patient, considering major treatment strategies and the need for prolonged hospitalisation, the ...
Watson L A - - 1990
Twenty pregnant patients needing nutritional support for various indications received hypercaloric, hyperosmotic, "3 in 1," peripheral parenteral nutrition as a bridge to enteral therapy. This system, named total peripheral parenteral nutrition, was evaluated as to tolerance and efficacy in pregnant patients. Patients were in various stages of pregnancy and had ...
Kotler D P - - 1990
Malnutrition occurs commonly in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The efficacy of nutritional support is unknown. A prospective, longitudinal study was conducted to determine the effect of prolonged total parenteral nutrition on body composition in 12 AIDS patients. Five patients were malnourished because of problems with food intake or ...
Donahoe M - - 1990
Malnourished COPD patients demonstrate energy requirements significantly above predicted needs especially during activity. Recognition of this altered metabolic state is essential to the design of any nutritional intervention program. This factor alone, however, cannot explain the wasting syndrome observed in these patients. The elevated demands appear to combine with recognized ...
Hatcher S - - 1990
A group of 16 psychiatric out-patients in remission, who had been taking lithium carbonate as their sole medication for at least three months, were compared with a control group of 22 healthy volunteers. On a computerised driving simulator which produced measures of reaction time, tracking ability and mistakes made, the ...
Gilbert J M - - 1990
A prospective age- and sex-controlled study of seven anorexia nervosa patients and seven normal control patients was conducted to determine the ocular manifestations of anorexia nervosa. Slit-lamp examination of the anorexic patients demonstrated a high incidence (4/7) of multiple episcleral capillary aneurysms and subconjunctival hemorrhages. Two of seven anorexia nervosa ...
Vega J D - - 1990
The nutritional status of nine patients with end-stage heart disease who were supported by a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) for more than 30 days while awaiting cardiac transplantation was evaluated. Nutritional status was indicated by the following scale: 0-2, adequate nourishment; 3-5, moderate malnourishment; greater than 5, severe malnourishment. ...
Galandiuk S - - 1990
During an 11-year period, 41 patients with Crohn's disease were placed on home parenteral nutrition (HPN) for a mean of 1,083 days (range: 33 to 3,258 days). Data were retrospectively analyzed to determine whether HPN had an effect on the course of their disease, i.e., on the number of operative ...
Hirakawa M - - 1990
The gastrocecal transit time was measured in 10 patients suffering from anorexia nervosa, using a lactulose hydrogen breath test, and was compared with the orocecal transit time in 11 healthy controls. One of the 10 patients and one of the 11 controls were excluded from this study because of no ...
Hoheim D F - - 1990
The purpose of this report was to describe the tolerance of hyperosmolar nutritionally complete solutions infused peripherally, as a bridge to enteral therapy in the surgical patient. Solutions providing approximately 40% of calories as carbohydrates were administered to 23 surgical patients with the fats, amino acids, and dextrose mixed in ...
Ando S - - 1990
An enteric nutrient 'SAN-ET-A', rich in protein and electrolytes, was given to 8 patients with disturbances of consciousness. Although the adminstered dosage had a calorie content so low that basal metabolism was barely maintained, the level of serous proteins increased following administration. Electrolyte imbalance was not found, and the patients ...
Fig L M - - 1990
Morphine augmentation in hepatobiliary scintigraphy has been reported as a useful tool to shorten imaging time. The technique has not been extensively evaluated in patients who are severely ill and receiving total parenteral nutrition, although the study of these patients with non-morphine-augmented hepatobiliary scintigraphy is problematic. The authors retrospectively analyzed ...
Mitchell J E - - 1990
Patients who have bulimia nervosa and are overweight have received little attention in the medical literature. The authors identified 25 patients who weighed greater than or equal to 130% of their ideal body weight out of a series of 591 patients with bulimia nervosa. This subgroup was contrasted with a ...
Meguid M M - - 1990
On admission, a group of high-risk patients who are potential candidates for surgery can be identified, in whom prompt initiation of preoperative enteral or parenteral nutrition may reduce postoperative morbidity and mortality irrespective of the nutritional status. Among these are patients with inflammatory bowel disease, gastrointestinal fistulas, and pancreatitis. Substantial ...
Hack S L - - 1990
There is uncertainty as to optimal doses of fat soluble vitamins required by pediatric total parenteral nutrition (TPN) patients. We compared serum vitamin A (A) and E (E) concentrations analyzed by HPLC in chronic (greater than 2 weeks) TPN patients aged 1 month to 12 years to values obtained in ...
Bashir Y - - 1990
Preoperative nutritional assessment was carried out on 39 consecutive patients with bronchial carcinoma who underwent thoracotomy. For 18 patients the body mass index and triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness fell below the 25th centile. In 23 patients the creatinine height index was less than 80% of the predicted value. The ...
Campos A C - - 1990
We investigated whether home enteral feeding via a tube gastrostomy would enable patients with advanced malignant disease, who were unable to maintain themselves nutritionally via the oral route, to be independent of the hospital setting. Thirty-nine patients with advanced upper gastrointestinal and head and neck cancer had a tube gastrostomy ...
Velasco A L - - 1990
Congenital microgastria is a rare anomaly. Only 22 cases have been reported in the literature. Its clinical manifestations depend on the stage at which the embryologic development of the stomach is arrested. The outcome of most patients with severe microgastria previously reported has either been death or extreme malnutrition. Since ...
Stuppaeck C - - 1990
Alternatives to lithium are desirable in the prophylaxis of affective disorders, especially in patients who are intolerant of or do not respond to that drug. In the past few years the anticonvulsant carbamazepine has been in the foreground of discussion. Twenty-four patients with affective disorders (17 unipolar depressed, six bipolar, ...
Lopez Messa J B - - 1990
We studied five patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) with acute polyneuropathy. All had previously presented severe infectious processes, accompanied by diverse organ failure accompanied by the Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) in all cases. Two patients died and the three survivors suffered severe motor deficiencies. Electromyographic studies revealed ...
Sitzmann J V - - 1990
The indications, methods, and complications of nutritional support of 90 patients admitted with a primary complaint of dysphagia were reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups based on etiology of dysphagia (central neurologic vs local mechanical dysfunction). All patients on admission exhibited marked malnutrition with an average weight loss of ...
Mitchell J E - - 1990
In a review of the records of 454 patients with bulimia nervosa, 87 (19.2%) reported having a history of weight greater than 130% ideal body weight, although they were normal weight at evaluation. As contrasted to patients who had no history of having been overweight, this group of patients had ...
Bassøe H H - - 1990
Since 1958 we have conducted a prospective study of anorexia/bulimia nervosa (A/BN) covering a total of 550 patients. This paper presents a new idea of the development of A/BN. For a variety of reasons, a predisposition for developing A/BN is triggered by a minor and non-specific loss of weight. The ...
Djoenaidi W - - 1990
An open trial with thiamine tetrahydrofurfuryl disulphide (TTFD) was carried out on 44 patients with nutritional polyneuropathy who were admitted to the Neurological Department, Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, Thirty-four patients showed improvement of their motor functions (P less than 0.01) with slight restoration of sensory function and reflexes (P ...
Cochran E B - - 1989
The metabolic alterations, nutritional and metabolic assessment, and nutritional requirements of critically ill patients are discussed, and parenteral nutrition support therapies are reviewed. Physiological alterations in the metabolism of the injured or septic patient are mediated through the interactions of neuroendocrine, cardiovascular, toxic, and starvation responses. These responses cause mobilization ...
Remillard R L - - 1989
Malnutrition has a direct relationship to complications associated with ineffective wound and fracture healing, inadequate immune responses, decreased tolerance to cancer therapy, muscle weakness, and certain organ dysfunctions (heart and liver). Malnutrition combined with disease, injury, or stress increases the metabolic rate in patients above that of resting. These patients ...
Yokoyama S - - 1989
Megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS), a visceral myopathy causing intestinal obstruction in the newborn, is a generally fatal condition, with death being secondary either to sepsis or to malnutrition if long-term intravenous feeding is not provided. A patient with MMIHS is described who has been raised by total parenteral nutrition (TPN) ...
Mody G M GM Department of Medicine, University of Cape - - 1989
The nutritional status was assessed in a group of 220 patients with rheumatoid arthritis from three communities (coloured 89 patients, white 88 and black 43). The triceps skinfold (TSF) thickness, upper arm muscle circumference (UAMC), body mass index (BMI) and percentage of ideal body weight (% IBW) were measured and ...
Schols A - - 1989
Assessment of nutritional status was performed in 153 patients with COPD, admitted to a rehabilitation center. All patients had moderate to severe COPD and were in stable pulmonary condition. Nutritional parameters studied were percentage of ideal body weight, creatinine height index, serum albumin, serum prealbumin, serum transferrin, and total lymphocyte ...
Braga M - - 1989
To identify patients at high-risk for post-operative infections, several methods have been proposed, including prognostic nutritional index (PNI), instant nutritional assessment (INA) and nutritional assessment (NA). Weight loss (WL) has also been related to post-operative morbidity. We have evaluated the prognostic ability of PNI, INA, NA and WL in a ...
Mohsenin V - - 1989
Malnutrition is fairly common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the more severe the airway obstruction the more severe the nutritional status. The consequences of nutritional depletion on respiratory and immune systems are ventilatory compromise and susceptibility to infection. Diaphragm muscle mass and thickness is decreased in patients with ...
Halmagyi G M - - 1989
We examined six patients who developed blurring or oscillopsia as a result of downbeat nystagmus while being treated with lithium carbonate. Of these six plus six previously described similar patients, all but two developed downbeat nystagmus insidiously as an isolated disorder in the setting of otherwise satisfactory therapeutic control, without ...
Prentice A M - - 1989
Many chronically ill mental patients show rapid and severe weight loss leading to severe nutritional debilitation. Excessive energy requirements secondary to hypermetabolism or hyperactivity have been proposed as the cause. This hypothesis was tested using the new doubly-labelled water (2H218O) technique to obtain accurate estimates of total energy expenditure (TEE) ...
Nishita J K - - 1989
We examined the response of plasma arginine vasopressin (pAVP) to intravenous 5% hypertonic saline in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Patients did not differ from controls in their subjective response for the onset of thirst; however, only 5 patients (3 AN and 2 BN) showed pAVP ...
Piccolboni D - - 1989
Platelet aggregation (PA) and erythrocyte deformability (ED) were studied in twenty patients undergoing TPN for major abdominal surgery. PA was studied by the method of Born. ED was evaluated using standard filters (Uni Pore) and recording the filterability time (FT). All the patients had normal basal values of both parameters. ...
Muraji T - - 1989
From 1970 to 1987, 23 neonates with gastroschisis were treated at Kobe Children's Hospital. One patient died and 22 survived (96%). Seven patients were hypothermic upon arrival at the hospital, with body temperatures of 31.8 to 35.4 degrees C. Six patients were successfully managed by warm saline bathing (40 to ...
Kuric J - - 1989
The incidence of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding and the effect of nutritional support was studied retrospectively in 166 spinal cord injured patients. Sixty six patients included in group 1 were started on oral diet when 'clinically ready' which resulted in a haphazard manner for provision of nutrition. One hundred patients ...
Williams C M - - 1989
The potential nutritional and clinical benefits of sip-feed supplements were investigated by means of a controlled trial in elderly female patients admitted for orthopaedic surgery. A nutritional risk assessment procedure (Nutritional Risk Questionnaire, NRQ) was used to identify patients who might benefit from supplementation. Patients identified as high risk who ...
Hayes S G - - 1989
Thirty-five patients, all with major depressive illness, bipolar disorder, or schizoaffective disorder, were retrospectively identified as having received valproate either alone or in combination with lithium, after having failed to adequately respond to previous lithium and/or carbamazepine treatment. Clinical evaluation and Global Assessment Scale (GAS) scores indicated that at baseline ...
Ott L - - 1989
Patients with severe brain injuries have increased energy expenditures and urinary nitrogen excretion. Hypozincemia, hypoferremia, increased levels of acute phase proteins, depressed levels of negative acute phase proteins, and weight loss are common in these patients. The specific mediators of these responses are not known. Nutritional support may beneficially affect ...
Rybakowski J K - - 1989
Clinical and biochemical factors related to the activity of the erythrocyte lithium-sodium countertransport (LSC) system were investigated during lithium prophylaxis in 27 patients (13 male, 14 female) with bipolar affective illness. No relationship was found between erythrocyte LSC and such factors as age, gender, duration of lithium prophylaxis, quality of ...
Braga M - - 1989
The occurrence of malnutrition and maldigestion was studied in nine patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy and sclerosis of the residual pancreatic stump with neoprene. The operation causes a complete loss of exocrine pancreatic function, but spares islet cell function. Upon discharge from the hospital, patients received pancreatin powder as a dietary ...
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