Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1223
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Szojda Maria M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: It is suggested that bowel preparations for colonoscopy are easier to tolerate when a smaller volume of solution with a more pleasant taste is used. The aim of this study was to establish equivalence between a 3-l sulphate-free polyethylene glycol solution (SF-PEG) and a 4-l PEG solution in effectiveness, ...
Park Soo Young - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Previous data suggest that routine chromoendoscopy may increase detection rates of diminutive or flat lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of chromoendoscopy in the ascending colon and cecum, where the incidence of diminutive or flat lesions is high. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between June 2006 ...
Moussata D - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The high cumulative risk of colorectal cancer in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) justifies prophylactic colectomy with either ileorectal (IRA) or ileal-pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). Our aim was to evaluate retrospectively the frequency of and time interval to adenoma development in the ileal mucosa of patients ...
Pini Prato Alessio - - 2008
Although Hirschsprung's disease is curable, a low mortality and a certain morbidity have been described by several authors. We will present our experience with the treatment of Hirschsprung's disease at Gaslini Children's Hospital. All patients who underwent a pull-through procedure since January 1993 were included. Data were obtained from a ...
Shitrit Ariella Bar-Gil - - 2007
PURPOSE: Gastroenterologists have been seeking reliable noninvasive indices of inflammatory and malignant bowel disease. This prospective study was to assess the value of fecal calprotectin in predicting abnormal histologic findings in patients undergoing colonoscopy. METHODS: Stool specimens supplied before colonoscopy by 72 consecutive patients were measured for calprotectin levels, and ...
Harada Katsunori - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) enteritis is a frequent gastrointestinal complication following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The diagnosis of GVHD enteritis was made if apoptotic bodies in crypt epithelium were observed in a biopsy specimen(s). However, there is no standardized protocol as to what colonoscopic findings to use as a ...
Sadik R - - 2008
The aim of this prospective study was to analyse the yield and utility of a gastrointestinal (GI) transit measurement procedure in clinical practice. Patients referred by gastroenterologists to a tertiary centre for detailed transit measurements were prospectively included. All together 243 patients were enrolled. Body mass index was recorded. The ...
Tolan Damian J M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the significance of extracolonic abnormalities in patients older than 70 years referred for CT colonography (CTC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 400 consecutive patients older than 70 years undergoing CTC over a 14-month period. All patients presented ...
Bhattacharyya Neil - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical and comparative outcomes for endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with polyposis. METHODS: Two cohorts of adult patients with refractory CRS with and without nasal polyps were prospectively studied before and after ESS (minimum follow-up, 12 months) with the Rhinosinusitis Symptom Inventory (RSI). For ...
Durno Carol - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Desmoid tumors are non-metastasizing fibromatoses that occur in 10%-20% of subjects with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Intra-abdominal desmoid tumors are a major cause of mortality in FAP. FAP-associated desmoid tumors are linked to trauma, particularly abdominal surgery, family history of desmoids, hormonal factors, and the location of ...
Kokocinska Danuta - - 2007
Adenomas have the highest potential or clinical value from among colonic polyps of developing into adenocarcinoma. The aims of this paper are: to establish criteria to identify the high risk group of patients in a group of patients with colonic polyps, to work out a simple scheme for follow-up care ...
Buke Cagri - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine rates of colonization with multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria (ie, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus [MRSA], vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus [VRE], extended-spectrum beta -lactamase [ESBL]-producing Enterobacteriaceae, and Acinetobacter baumannii) after prolonged hospitalization and to assess the yield of surveillance cultures and variables associated with colonization with MDR bacteria. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study ...
Walter S - - 2008
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with visceral hypersensitivity, stress and autonomic dysfunction. Sympathetic activity during repeated events indicates excitatory or inhibitory mechanisms such as sensitization or habituation. We investigated skin conductance (SC) during repetitive rectal distensions at maximal tolerable pressure in patients with IBS and chronic constipation. Twenty-seven IBS ...
Koch Sacha M - - 2008
Dynamic graciloplasty (DGP) improves anal continence and quality of life for most patients. However, in some patients, DGP fails and fecal incontinence is unsolved or only partially improved. Constipation is also a significant problem after DGP, occurring in 13-90%. Colonic irrigation can be considered as an additional or salvage treatment ...
Das Ananya - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Double balloon endoscopy (DBE) is an emerging modality for complete endoscopic visualization of the small intestine. Although the most common indication of DBE is currently for evaluation of obscure GI bleeding or suspected small-bowel pathology, the unique technical features of the double balloon endoscope have led to its newer ...
Ruthotto F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend screening colonoscopy in first-degree relatives of patients with colon cancer. The aim of this state-wide study was to investigate the compliance for colonoscopic in first-degree relatives, who were younger than 60 years of age. METHODS: A total of 602 patients were identified from the tumor registry ...
Ueno Satoru - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: With improvements in endoscopic resolution, angiodysplasia (AGD) has become an increasingly recognized disorder. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features of Japanese patients with colonic AGD and compare them to the clinical features of Western patients. METHODS: Retrospective analyses were performed in all ...
Bracci F F Dipartimento Scienze Cliniche (2(0) Cl. Medica), Policlinico "Umberto I" V.le del Policlinico 155, Rome 00161, Italy. - - 2007
To assess the prevalence of bowel dysfunction in hemiplegic patients, and its relationship with the site of neurological lesion, physical immobilization and pharmacotherapy. Ninety consecutive hemiplegic patients and 81 consecutive orthopedic patients were investigated during physical motor rehabilitation in the same period, in the same center and on the same ...
Chaparro Sánchez María - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography colonography (CTC) compared with conventional colonoscopy (CC). METHODS: Patients with an indication of CC were included. Fifty patients underwent CTC using multidetector CT before diagnostic colonoscopy was performed by an expert colonoscopist. Diagnostic accuracy was assessed individually both for each polyp ...
Pomerri Fabio - - 2007
The objective of our study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a radiologic technique in increasing colon visibility in colonic transit time studies. Three radiologists counted segmental colonic radiopaque markers in two patient groups, based on classic criteria in the first group and also on a colonic barium ...
Mäkelä Jyrki T - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: After two documented episodes of uncomplicated diverticulitis, elective colon resection is recommended to prevent complications of the disease but the nature of symptoms in non-operated patients requires specification. METHODOLOGY: A detailed questionnaire concerning clinical variables was mailed to two hundred and sixty patients admitted into our hospital for symptoms ...
Kubota Masayuki - - 2007
We examined the interaction between the sacral neural system and the anorectal activity using a technique comprising repetitive magnetic stimulation. Thirteen control children without any bowel dysmotility (age range; 3 month old to 15 year old), 20 patients with chronic constipation (1 month old to 14 year old), and nine ...
Lahat A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Following acute diverticulitis, colonoscopy is advised to rule out malignancy. Commonly, the colonoscopy is postponed to avoid the potential risk of perforation. In a previous pilot, noncontrolled study, we showed that early colonoscopy is feasible in patients with acute diverticulitis. This randomized controlled trial compared early ...
Zhang Shu-Cheng - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The short-term efficacy of the transanal one-stage endorectal pull through operation for Hirschsprung's disease is satisfactory. However the long-term outcome of anorectal function has not been fully understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the stooling pattern, colonic motility and anal sphincter performance after transanal one-stage pull ...
Sulzyc-Bielicka V - - 2007
Parasitological examination of feces was carried out for 55 patients with diagnosed colorectal cancer before chemotherapy. Except for Cryptosporidium sp., no other intestinal parasites were found in the specimens; moreover, only the patients with watery diarrhea were Cryptosporidium sp.-positive by enzyme immunoassay. Prevalence of infection in the group of patients ...
Kinner Sonja - - 2007
The aim of this study was to compare optical colonoscopy to fecal-tagging-based MR colonography in a screening population in terms of comfort and acceptance ratings as well as for future preferences as colorectal cancer screening examinations. Two hundred eighty-four asymptomatic patients (mean age 59 years) underwent MRC and OC within ...
Spinzi Giancarlo - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: It is still not clear what is the best way of evaluating rectal bleeding in young people. Our aim was to examine the prevalence of neoplastic colonic lesions in these patients. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter study enrolled 622 patients aged 30-50 yr (F 232/M 390) consecutively seen in 14 ...
Kelly S B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: There has been an increasing demand for diagnostic flexible sigmoidoscopy. In order to improve our diagnostic services, we established a nurse specialist led flexible sigmoidoscopy clinic in 1999. The aim of this study was to review the outcomes of this service between 1999 and 2004. METHOD: The following information ...
Kao K T - - 2007
Purpose Bedside colonoscopy for the critically ill patient in Intensive Care Units (ICU) confronts the endoscopist with a new set of challenges and aims. This study examines the value and benefits that colonoscopy offers to critically ill patients with acute lower gastrointestinal disease. Methodology ICU patients who received bedside colonoscopy ...
Ma Wee-Tah - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Colonoscopy is believed to be more complicated in elderly patients in Western countries. It is uncertain if the situation holds true among Asians. This study is to determine differences in colonoscopy performance and sedation complications between patients aged<65 years and those>or=65 years of age in an Asian population. METHODS: ...
Lundin E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Colonic transit studies are used to diagnose slow transit constipation (STC) and to evaluate segmental colonic transit before segmental or subtotal colectomy. The aim of the study was to compare a single X-ray radio-opaque marker method with a scintigraphic technique to assess total and segmental colonic transit in patients ...
Gladman Marc A - - 2007
PURPOSE: Traditional methods of identifying patients with persistent dilation of the rectum, or megarectum, are associated with inherent methodologic limitations. The purpose of this study was to use a barostat to establish criteria for the diagnosis of megarectum and to assess rectal diameter during isobaric (barostat) and volumetric (barium contrast) ...
Pezzilli Raffaele - - 2008
CONTEXT: The usefulness of stool calprotectin determination in diagnosis of inflammatory disease of the colon has been reported; information about its usefulness for patients with polyposis are scarce, however. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the significance of stool calprotectin concentrations for patients affected by colonic polyposis. PATIENTS: Sixty-three consecutive patients (35 males, ...
Hjern F - - 2007
AIM: To assess whether computed tomography colonography (CTC) is a viable alternative to colonoscopy or double contrast barium enema in the follow-up of patients after diverticulitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty patients underwent CTC followed immediately by colonoscopy. Results were blinded to the examiners. Findings of diverticular disease and patient acceptance ...
Picasso Massimo - - 2007
Adenomas of the duodenum have been described in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Patients with FAP are at high risk for the development of periampullary cancer. The aim of our study was to evaluate if endoscopic visualization of small polyps, often overlooked at standard endoscopic examination, was improved by ...
Ng Clinton - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Alterations in autonomic balance, detectable by heart rate variability (HRV) analysis, have been shown to occur after a meal in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). There are few data on changes in sympathovagal responses in IBS to other forms of enteric stimulation such as colonic distension. The aim ...
Bujanda Luis - - 2007
Colonoscopy is one of the methods of choice for screening relatives of patients with colorectal cancer. To evaluate the rate of adherence to colonoscopy in first-degree relatives of patients with colorectal cancer and describe the lesions found. A prospective, cross-sectional, multicentre, nationwide study was conducted. The study population was composed ...
Bleibel Wissam - - 2007
The widespread use of computerized tomography in evaluating patients with various abdominal complaints gave rise to reports of incidental gastrointestinal luminal wall thickening (GILWT), the clinical significance of which remains uncertain. In order to determine the endoscopic significance of GILWT we reviewed 1609 abdominal and/or pelvic CT scans. Ninety-two patients ...
Misra S P SP Department of Gastroenterology, Motilal Nehru Medical College, Allahabad 211 001, India. - - 2007
To study the role of retrograde terminal ileoscopy in patients suspected to have ileocolonic tuberculosis. A retrospective analysis was performed for patients undergoing colonoscopy for suspected ileocolonic tuberculosis between January 2000 and June 2004, in whom retrograde ileoscopy had been performed. Only patients diagnosed with tuberculosis on the basis of ...
Bevis P M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The colorectal fast track (FT) referral system was set up to ensure patients with suspected cases of colorectal cancer (CRC) received prompt access to specialized services. The aim of this study was to ascertain the association between referral source and the time it took to be seen by a ...
Puigdollers A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Rectocele is frequently associated with constipation, but it is not known whether a causal relationship exists. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of rectocele repair on symptoms of constipation. METHOD: Thirty-five women (28-79 years) consecutively operated for rectocele repair (11 transanal approach and 24 transperineal) were included in the prospective ...
Iantorno Guido - - 2007
Chagas disease frequently causes megacolon. We investigated the enteric nervous systems in patients with chagasic megacolon compared to idiopathic megacolon and controls. Surgical specimens were obtained from 12 patients with chagasic megacolon (1 woman, 11 men, age range 41 to 72 y) and 9 patients with idiopathic megacolon (3 women, ...
Florie Jasper - - 2007
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance (MR) colonography by using limited bowel preparation in patients with polyps of 10 mm or larger in diameter in a population at increased risk for colorectal cancer, with optical colonoscopy as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review ...
Shafik A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The differentiation between constipation due to rectal inertia and that due to outlet obstruction from non-relaxing puborectalis muscle (PRM) is problematic and not easily achieved with one diagnostic test. Therefore, we studied the hypothesis that the rectal cooling test (RCT) can effectively be used to differentiate between those two ...
Bassotti Gabrio - - 2007
One of the most frequent subtypes of constipation is represented by obstructed defecation, and it has recently been reported that these patients may have colonic motor abnormalities in addition to alterations of the anorectal area. However, it is unknown whether these patients display abnormalities of the enteric nervous system, as ...
Raahave Dennis - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Appendicitis is encountered predominantly in Western, industrialized countries. Animal experiments and clinical studies have suggested an obstructive fecalith as a cause of acute appendicitis. It was hypothesized that patients with acute appendicitis would have a longer colonic transit time and more fecal retention reservoirs (coprostasis) than healthy control persons, ...
Yoshino Hiroaki - - 2007
The physiopathology of idiopathic chronic constipation is complex and yet to be investigated. In the manometric studies of the patients with severe chronic constipation, we noticed that some patients with megacolon show very slow periodical (< 2/min) pressure change in the anal canal, namely ultra slow waves (USWs). USWs are ...
Bassotti Gabrio - - 2007
Chronic constipation is a frequent symptom in patients with dementia, especially in those institutionalized. However, few data are available on the neuropathological aspects of the colon in such patients. We investigated the enteric neuropathology of the colon in two patients with longstanding dementia and intractable constipation, requiring surgery to alleviate ...
Dinning P G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Colonic propagating sequences are important for normal colonic transit and defecation. The frequency of these motor patterns is reduced in slow-transit constipation. Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) is a useful treatment for fecal and urinary incontinence. A high proportion of these patients have also reported altered bowel function. The effects ...
Osbak Philip S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Colonic diverticular disease is a bothersome condition with an unresolved pathogenesis. It is unknown whether a neuroepithelial dysfunction is present. The aim of the study was two-fold; (1) to investigate colonic epithelial ion transport in patients with diverticulosis and (2) to adapt a miniaturized Modified Ussing Air-Suction (MUAS) chamber ...
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