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Seow-Choen F - - 1996
Eighteen patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) who had previously undergone colectomy but had upper gastrointestinal polyps were studied in a double-blind randomized crossover trial comparing sulindac with calcium and calciferol. Sulindac produced a reduction in the crypt proliferation index in the gastric epithelium of patients but did not significantly ...
Tzavella K - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies in patients with chronic constipation found abnormalities in the nervous tissue of the large intestine, predominantly in the muscularis externa. Since there is evidence that the nervous system of mucosa and submucosa is also involved in the control of colonic motility we investigated the contents of vasoactive ...
Fenner D E - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed the clinical presentation, incidence, characteristics as demonstrated by defecating proctography, and surgical outcomes of sigmoidoceles. STUDY DESIGN: Defecating proctograms were obtained on all women with clinical evidence of pelvic floor defects between June 1, 1991, and June 30, 1995. The proctograms were retrospectively reviewed for the ...
Mitchell M E - - 1996
Multiple primary malignant neoplasms in a single patient have been well documented in the literature over the past hundred years. The lesions can be limited to a single organ or involve multiple organ systems. It is relatively common for patients with colorectal carcinoma or carcinoid tumors to have more than ...
Kassa E - - 1996
A retrospective analysis of 640 patients who underwent 681 colonoscopic examinations between March 1984 and April 1996 was undertaken. The major indications were rectal bleeding (32.8%), change in bowel habit (24.7%), abdominal pain (20.1%), abnormal barium enema (9.8%) and iron deficiency anaemia (4.8%). Total colonoscopy was performed in 79.3% of ...
Coffin C M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Juvenile polyps, the most common pediatric gastrointestinal polyp, have been typically characterized as either hamartomatous overgrowths or reactive inflammatory proliferations. Recent observations of excessive colonic and gastric carcinoma and dysplasia in juvenile polyposis have prompted reclassification of this entity as a premalignant condition. The relationship between solitary or multiple ...
Bharucha A E - - 1996
Rectal ischemia is rare because of excellent collateral supply. Although rectosigmoid ischemia is usually accompanied by more proximal colonic involvement, it may occur alone. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients diagnosed as having colonic ischemia at the Mayo Clinic from 1976 to 1991 was performed. Clinical, endoscopic, radiological, and ...
Hemingway D - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic slow-transit constipation may be a pangastrointestinal motility disorder. We have screened patients referred to surgery for constipation for the presence of biliary dyskinesia. METHOD: Patients had cholecystokinin-augmented trimethyl-3-bromo iminodiacetic acid scans to measure gallbladder ejection fraction. RESULTS: There is a significant difference in gallbladder ejection fraction between patients ...
Hirota C - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Oral sulindac is known to reduce polyps in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). The authors speculated that rectal administration of indomethacin would be effective therapy for adenomas in the rectal remnant of FAP. METHODS: Eight patients with FAP who had been treated by total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis ...
Bassotti G - - 1996
Recent evidence indicates that patients complaining of severe chronic idiopathic constipation may have motor abnormalities not limited to the colon. We studied by manometric means gastric and small bowel motility in a homogeneous group of patients with chronic idiopathic constipation, ie, the slow transit type. Twenty-one patients were recruited for ...
Okholm M - - 1996
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to correlate the preoperative plasma levels of TDP in patients with colorectal cancer to tumor stage, metastasis, and postoperative thromboembolic complications. METHODS: Ninety-one patients with colorectal cancer, 20 patients with colorectal adenoma, and 71 patients without neoplastic lesions in the colon or ...
Jeck T - - 1996
PURPOSE: Bioptic specimens of typical cancerous changes in the rectum usually reveal signs of malignancy. Our goal was to describe the clinical feature, histologic findings, and long-term outcome of patients in whom typical findings of carcinoma of the rectum were discovered by endoscopy, but whose histologic data did not confirm ...
Kirchhoff L V - - 1996
Gastrointestinal dysfunction is a major problem for many patients with chronic Chagas' disease, as are cardiac dysrhythmias and cardiomyopathy. The underlying anatomic abnormality in these patients is a denervation of the gastrointestinal tract. This process of nerve destruction usually develops insidiously over many years, and it is highly variable in ...
Papatheodoridis G V - - 1996
BACKGROUND/AIM: Colonoscopy is recommended to every patient with adenoma in rectosigmoid to disclose synchronous proximal neoplasms. The aim of this study was to determine whether characteristics of rectosigmoid adenomas are associated with proximal advanced neoplasms. PATIENTS/METHODS: One hundred consecutive symptomatic patients who underwent total colonoscopy and had rectosigmoid adenomas were ...
Agachan F - - 1996
PURPOSE: Radiographic imaging of dynamic changes within the pelvic cavity and rectum during evacuation has been recognized as a valuable method of assessment. This study was designed to assess the incidence and clinical significance of defecographic findings in patients with possible evacuation disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All defecographic studies were ...
Halligan S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Pelvic floor weakness may allow prolapse of the bowel into the rectogenital space, forming an enterocele. Enteroceles are believed to obstruct defecation by rectal compression and are therefore considered an abnormal finding on evacuation proctography. With a technique combine evacuation proctography and peritoneography, we prospectively studied constipated patients to ...
Nightingale J M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Short bowel patients with a jejunostomy have large volume stomal outputs, which may in part be due to rapid gastric emptying of liquid. Short bowel patients with a preserved colon do not have such a high stool output and gastric emptying of liquid is normal. AIMS: To determine if ...
Artioukh D Y - - 1996
A personal series of 19 patients (8 males), mean age 62.4 years (range 21-83 years) with a spigelian hernia [right-sided in eight patients (42.1%)] is presented. The defect was confirmed in 18 patients undergoing surgery, extending between the internal and external oblique layers in 15 of those 18 patients (83.3%) ...
Kadakia S C - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Proximal colonic adenomas were found in 13% to 37% of patients without distal adenomas who underwent colonoscopy. Fiberoptic flexible sigmoidoscopy (FFS) was not performed prior to colonoscopy in all studies except one. The proximal colon at colonoscopy was defined as that portion of the colon proximal to either the ...
Gücer F - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a pilot study in 20 women with sonographically suspect endometria, to assess the value of contrast sonography and patient acceptance of this procedure. METHODS: Saline solution 4-20 ml was injected into the uterine cavity using an embryo transfer catheter, followed by hysteroscopy in 19 cases and hysterectomy ...
Padmanabhan V - - 1996
We here report on three patients with gastrointestinal symptoms in whom spirochetes were found in colonic biopsies. The patients, heterosexual adults, were not immunocompromised. Electron microscopy was performed on colonic biopsies from each of the three patients. Apart from the basophilic band consisting of spirochetes, the mucosa was normal in ...
Agachan F - - 1996
PURPOSE: Constipation is a common complaint; however, clinical presentation varies with each individual. The aim of this study was to assess a standard scoring system for evaluation of constipated patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients with idiopathic constipation who were referred for anorectal physiologic testing were assessed. A subjective ...
Hassink E A - - 1996
PURPOSE: We are interested in the way patients, who underwent surgery for high anorectal atresia, control their defecation. Considering that some patients, despite newer operative techniques, always will suffer from minor or major soiling we attempted to find some guidelines for postoperative support for future patients. METHOD: Fifty-eight patients (median ...
Govoni M - - 1996
About one third of all patients with systemic sclerosis (SS) presents colon abnormalities, although these may be underestimated because they frequently remain asymptomatic for a long time. Thirty-five patients (33 women and 2 men; mean age 56.5 years; mean disease duration 11.9 years) affected by SS (25 with limited and ...
Gutierrez Y - - 1996
Six patients suffering from an unusual form of colitis produced by Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection are described. In contrast to the usual Strongyloides hyperinfection syndrome, in which small intestinal and pulmonary manifestations are seen in patients with some forms of immunodeficiency, the patients described here presented with only a characteristic transmural ...
de Graaf E J - - 1996
This prospective study investigated the value of segmental colonic transit time studies in the surgical treatment of slow transit constipation. Overall, 346 patients with chronic constipation were analysed; slow transit constipation was diagnosed in 86 (25 per cent). Based on the results of segmental colonic transit time studies, 18 patients ...
Ho Y H - - 1996
PURPOSE: We report the results of biofeedback (BF) on patients with outlet obstruction defecation (OOC), including those with and without measurable paradoxical puborectalis contractions (PP). Clinical and anorectal physiologic parameters (ARP) were assessed one week before and after a standardized course of BF. METHODS: Sixty-two consecutive patients (24 men, 38 ...
Soffer E - - 1996
The records of all patients who had duodenojejunal manometry (DJM) from 1989 to 1995 were retrospectively reviewed. We evaluated the main symptoms of the patients, the indication for the study, its result, and the impact on therapy and management. One hundred sixteen patients out of 154 were included in the ...
Johansson C - - 1996
PURPOSE: This study was performed to prospectively evaluate results of endoscopic balloon dilation of strictures of the rectum. METHODS: Eighteen patients with symptoms of rectal strictures at endoscopy or barium enema were treated on 49 occasions with balloon dilation during sigmoidoscopy. RESULTS: Twelve patients were completely satisfied with relief of ...
Marcello P W - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Malignant degeneration of gastroduodenal polyps has been noted in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. To evaluate this problem further, patients with familial adenomatous polyposis were contacted and offered upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy. METHODS: A prospective endoscopic examination was performed in 42 patients. RESULTS: The median age of patients at ...
Nusko G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge of a possible correlation between distal polyps found at screening sigmoidoscopy and proximal colonic lesions is important for deciding whether to perform total colonoscopy or not. PATIENTS: A prospective analysis of 2439 consecutive patients with colorectal polyps. Of these, 304 were asymptomatic subjects who underwent complete colonoscopy for ...
Holschneider A M - - 1996
The innervation patterns of the rectal pouch and fistula of 52 children with anorectal malformations were investigated. Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty was used for intermediate and high anomalies; for the latter it was combined with an abdominal approach. Perineoproctoplasty was performed for low anomalies. The specimens were investigated by acetylcholinesterase staining, ...
Al Rashed R S - - 1996
To find out the frequency rate and anatomical distribution of colonic polyps in patients attending King Khalid University Hospital, we retrospectively reviewed all colonscopic files between 1406-1415 AH. Of 2772 patients who underwent colonoscopic examination, 109 patients (75 males and 34 females, mean age of 43.5 +/- 19 years) were ...
Orbuch M - - 1996
Whereas considerable experimental evidence suggests chronic hypergastrinemia can increase the occurrence of colonic neoplasia, the risks in man remain unclear. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES) is associated with marked plasma elevation of all forms of gastrin and, because of its prolonged course, has been shown to be an excellent model disease to ...
Rex D K - - 1996
The type of colonic imaging (radiological vs colonoscopic) for evaluating symptomatic patients without evidence of bleeding in both an efficacious and cost-conserving manner has become a very debated issue. In a randomized, controlled clinical trial, the authors hoped to examine the prevalence of neoplasm and the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of ...
De Wever I - - 1996
A temporary loop colostomy is created in most patients undergoing total supralevator pelvic exenteration with low rectal anastomosis. We report 16 patients comparing two different types of loop colostomy. In half of them a normal loop colostomy was made and refashioning of the stoma was necessary in two patients because ...
Karasick S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether constipation is a disorder of defecation or of impaired motility by using defecography and transit studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients (34 women, one man) with severe constipation underwent defecography and colonic transit studies in a 2-month period. Transit studies ...
Fujita J - - 1996
Between January 1988 and December 1992, 68 patients admitted to our Department of Internal Medicine with haematological malignancies or solid tumours showed colonization of the respiratory tract with Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. To characterize the significance of respiratory tract colonization by S. maltophilia, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the 68 ...
El-Salhy M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: A decreased amount of duodenal endocrine cells has recently been found in patients with familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP), and it has been suggested that this may contribute to the development of the gastrointestinal symptoms. The present study was performed to establish whether the endocrine cells in the lower gastrointestinal ...
Rodriguez-Bigas M A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: In familial adenomatous polyposis and juvenile polyposis, polyps can occur throughout the gastrointestinal tract. METHODS: We report seven patients with familial adenomatous polyposis and two patients with juvenile polyposis who underwent small bowel enteroscopy at the time of exploratory celiotomy either for colectomy or other pathology. RESULTS: Polyps in ...
Halligan S - - 1995
PURPOSE: To document the proctographic features of anismus at evacuation proctography and determine the optimum radiologic measurements for diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with anismus according to clinical and multiple physiologic criteria were examined with evacuation proctography. Structural and functional measurements were compared with those of a group of ...
Chia Y W - - 1995
The aim of our study was to determine the tolerance and efficacy of oral sodium phosphate compared with polyethylene glycol electrolyte (PEG) solution on out-patient colonoscopy. Seventy-nine patients (35 male, 44 female) for elective out-patient colonoscopy were randomized to receive either PEG (GoLYTELY) solution or oral sodium phosphate (Fleet PhosphoSoda) ...
Cauvin J M - - 1995
Previous studies have suggested that patients with Barrett's oesophagus may be at increased risk of colorectal neoplasia, though the association is disputed. In a multicentre prospective study we compared the prevalence of colorectal adenomas in patients with Barrett's oesophagus and controls. Barrett's oesophagus patients (n = 104) had histological confirmation ...
Low V H - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Collection of fluid within the rectum of patients with gas-distended bowel can simulate as obstructive lesion. METHODS: In 12 patients with suspected distal colonic obstruction on plain radiographs, we obtained 2 additional films comprising a right lateral decubitus view of the abdomen followed by a prone lateral view of ...
Gargot D - - 1995
We report two patients with large bowel submucosal diaphragm disease associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (slow release form of diclofenac and phenylbutazone) who were admitted in 1990 and 1991 because of iron deficiency. At colonoscopy, the lumen of the ascending colon was divided into compartments by multiple thin circumferential mucosal ...
Delhougne B - - 1995
Patients with acromegaly are reported to be at risk of developing adenomatous colonic polyps, which are considered to be preneoplastic lesions. This assumption is, however, usually drawn from results obtained in rather small series of patients or without a control group. We, therefore, undertook a prospective colonoscopic and pathological study ...
Tam T N - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Portal colopathy has been reported in patients with cirrhosis of the liver. The aim of this study is to evaluate colonic mucosal changes and their clinical significance. METHOD: Seventy-five cirrhotic patients with anemia and hemoccult-positive stool and 75 control subjects underwent endoscopic examinations of lower gastrointestinal tract. RESULT: Colonic ...
van Tets W F - - 1995
PURPOSE: There is still considerable debate whether internal intussusception represents a functional disorder. We have reviewed our results in an effort to define its symptomatology and to assess defecography. METHODS: Rectopexy has been performed for internal intussusception in 37 patients. Eighteen had solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS), and 31 had ...
Nabar A A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Patients with non ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) often have associated lower alimentary tract symptoms which are labelled as due to the irritable bowel syndrome. AIMS: To asymptomatic colonic dysmotility is present in patients with NUD. METHODS: We studied total and segmental colonic transit times in 25 patients with NUD (14 ...
Lee J H - - 1995
We performed a study of forty-three patients who had type-III osteogenesis imperfecta. Our purpose was to determine the frequency and severity of abdominal problems and the relationship between these problems and pelvic deformity. Twelve patients had had recurrent episodes of abdominal pain. Eleven of them had a history of chronic ...
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