Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1211
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Corazziari E - - 1999
Bulking agents are not always effective and are not well tolerated by many patients. Non-bulking laxatives are not devoid of side-effects. A satisfactory treatment for functional constipation is not yet available and an ideal drug to efficiently treat these patients is needed. Unlike commonly used laxatives, low doses of polyethylene ...
van Duijvendijk P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term functional results of ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) with those of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: In patients with FAP, hundreds of colorectal adenomas develop, and the patient will die of colorectal cancer if left untreated. The surgeon ...
Glia A - - 1999
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate symptoms and clinical findings in a prospective series of patients with chronic constipation. METHODS: A total of 155 consecutive patients with intractable constipation underwent detailed symptom registration, anorectal manometry, electromyography, colonic transit time measurement, and defecography. RESULTS: All investigations were completed by 134 ...
Bazzocchi G - - 1999
Low doses of polyethylene glycol solutions were administered in patients with long-standing constipation and in a subgroup with severe symptoms of obstructed defaecation and in whom anorectal surgery was considered. During treatment all patients with constipation improved and nineteen of the twenty-one patients with dyschezia became asymptomatic. Only two patients ...
El-Salhy M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the colonic endocrine cells in patients with slow-transit constipation, to ascertain the presence of a possible abnormality. METHODS: Ten patients with chronic slow-transit constipation were investigated. As controls, macroscopically and histologically normal tissues from the colon of 12 patients were ...
Menghini V V - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To describe the case of an elderly patient with ambiguous genitalia. METHODS: We report the clinical features of a 72-year-old man with ambiguous genitalia, discuss the possible etiologic factors, and examine the consequences of this diagnosis being determined at such a late stage in life. RESULTS: During surgical hemicolectomy ...
Barrier A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: There are very few studies evaluating the long-term functional outcome of coloanal anastomoses. This retrospective study aimed to compare long-term functional results of straight and colonic J pouch anastomoses. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients, 25 with a straight anastomosis and 12 with a J pouch anastomosis, responded to a standardized telephone ...
Javors B R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies of sigmoid volvulus have focused on the migration and dilatation of the sigmoid with respect to both fixed and mobile landmarks in the abdomen. None has specifically referred to the relationship of this colonic segment to the more proximal large intestine. We analyzed findings on abdominal radiographs, ...
Mirk P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To our knowledge, Doppler data for the inferior mesenteric artery are currently restricted to healthy patients. The present study was conducted to evaluate changes in inferior mesenteric artery flow in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Doppler sonography of the inferior mesenteric artery was prospectively performed in ...
Mollen R M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To further delineate motor activity of the upper gastrointestinal tract in patients with slow-transit constipation. DESIGN: A prospective study comparing healthy volunteers with patients with a clinical diagnosis of slow-transit constipation. METHODS: Eighteen patients with clinical diagnosis of slow-transit constipation and 10 healthy controls were included in the study. ...
Ueda D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Salmonella enterocolitis (SE) is one of the important causes of acute infectious diarrhoea. Imaging studies are rarely performed on these patients. Consequently, ultrasound (US) features of SE are controversial. OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinical significance of US in the evaluation of SE. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Abdominal US was performed ...
Leroi A M - - 1999
The aim was to study fasting and postprandial rectal tone in patients with cauda equina injury. Electromechanical barostat measurement of rectal tone was made in 13 healthy volunteers and in five patients during a 10 min recording, while fasting and for 1 h after a 1000 kCal intake. A prompt ...
Guingrich J A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and spectrum of colonic wall changes in patients with cirrhosis and to determine the association between these colonic wall changes and portal hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Abdominal CT examinations of 57 patients with cirrhosis were evaluated for colonic abnormalities ...
Painter J - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The depth of insertion at flexible sigmoidoscopy is variable, depending upon bowel preparation, patient tolerance and distal colonic anatomy. Many endoscopists routinely aim to insert the 60 cm flexible sigmoidoscope to the splenic flexure; however internal endoscopic markers are unreliable, making the true anatomical extent of ...
Hwang J C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the computed tomographic (CT) features of colonic wall thickening in cirrhotic patients and to determine their prognostic value. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 28 cirrhotic patients with colonic wall thickening (>/=10 mm) on CT. Twenty-six of the 28 patients had hepatocellular carcinoma. The severity of hepatic dysfunction was ...
Tollemar J - - 1999
Candida overgrowth and invasion constitute a serious threat with a high mortality in BMT recipients. Currently available topical antifungal prophylaxis is largely ineffective, and as resistance to existing, absorbable drugs for systemic use is rapidly developing, new forms of therapy are needed. We investigated the effect of oral treatment of ...
Bandla H P - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: Chronic constipation is a common symptom in pediatrics, and physicians often use mineral oil to treat chronic constipation in children. Mineral oil, a hydrocarbon, may not elicit a normal protective cough reflex and may impair mucociliary transport. These effects can increase the likelihood of its aspiration and subsequent impaired ...
Greenwald DA - - 1999
Colon ischemia is expressed in a broad clinical spectrum, from mild, reversible ischemia to intestinal infarction and gangrene. In most cases, the precipitating cause is unknown, and colonic blood flow usually has normalized by the time the patient seeks medical attention. Satisfactory treatment begins with accurate diagnosis, which depends on ...
Honig E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Maternal cervicovaginal colonization with Lancefield group B streptococci (GBS) is an important risk factor for neonatal morbidity and mortality. About 15% of women are carriers of GBS. Usually, they are asymptomatic. CASES: We describe two patients with symptomatic vaginitis for which no apparent cause was found. Both patients were ...
Brandt L J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Colon vascular ectasias are a common cause of lower intestinal bleeding among the elderly. The lesions may be difficult to diagnose at colonoscopy because they are small and their appearance may be influenced by the patient's blood pressure, blood volume, and narcotic sedation during the procedure. The purpose of ...
Germino B B - - 1998
Patients with ESRD and their families experience a variety of transitions across the trajectory of this chronic illness. A major transition occurs when patients who have been perceived as chronically ill become terminally ill, as changes and complications limit options for treatment. These changes are very disruptive, characterized by uncertainty ...
Chamberlain R S - - 1998
Enterocutaneous fistulae that develop in patients with cancer represent a difficult management situation, which is often complicated by prior treatment including surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. A fistula may in turn delay potentially beneficial treatment of the underlying malignancy. To provide a better understanding of this problem, we reviewed the ...
Bassotti G - - 1998
PURPOSE: There are few data about the relationships between colonic motor behavior and higher brain functions, such as sleep. Previous studies were done in healthy subjects, and it is unknown whether patients with functional motor disorders of the colon behave differently. This study was designed to characterize colonic motor activity ...
Glia A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Constipation is a collective term for symptoms of different aetiologies and pathophysiologies. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of colorectal pathophysiology findings in a prospective series of patients with chronic constipation. METHODS: A total of 155 consecutive patients with chronic constipation underwent anorectal manometry, electromyography (EMG), the balloon ...
Bernini A - - 1998
PURPOSE: Treatment of severe constipation caused by combined colonic inertia and nonrelaxing pelvic floor is controversial. This study is designed to evaluate the outcome of preoperative biofeedback and subtotal colectomy for patients with combined colonic inertia and nonrelaxing pelvic floor. METHODS: One hundred six patients who underwent subtotal colectomy for ...
Jeppesen P B - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Colonic digestion has been reported to salvage up to 3-4 MJ/day in short-bowel patients (approximately 50% of the daily requirements). METHODS: A cross-sectional study of the parenteral support given to a total cohort of 73 patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN) in Denmark on 31 December 1995 was performed ...
Levitt M D - - 1998
We recently encountered a patient with severe flatulence who previously had been subjected to innumerable diagnostic tests and ineffective therapies based on the belief that his rectal gas was produced in the colon. Analysis of three flatus samples demonstrated that nitrogen (N2) was the predominant flatus gas whereas the three ...
Kedir M - - 1998
A retrospective analysis of nine consecutive cases of ileosigmoid knotting (ISK) that were seen at Gondar hospital from 1993 to 1995 is presented. Ileosigmoid knotting is a condition in which the ileum and the sigmoid entangle each other to form a knot and become gangrenous. It was found that the ...
Chadha R - - 1998
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The authors' recent experience with the study of the presentation, the pathological anatomy, and results of management of congenital pouch colon (CPC) malformations is presented. The possible embryogenesis of this condition is discussed. METHODS: Between January 1991 and June 1997, CPC with anorectal agenesis was diagnosed in 39 patients, ...
Yuan C S - - 1998
This study was conducted to survey gut motility and transit in 19 volunteers receiving methadone maintenance who were opioid-dependent, and to measure the oral-cecal transit time in these individuals using the lactulose hydrogen breath test. None of these patients reported constipation problems before use of illicit drugs. During current long-term ...
Arnell T - - 1998
Obstruction is the presenting symptom of colorectal cancer in up to 40 per cent of patients. Benign strictures and other neoplasms including lymphoma and gynecologic tumors occur as well. Emergent operative therapy is often suboptimal and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Our objective was to review our experience with ...
Paspatis G A - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether the evaluation of rectal cell proliferation in routinely processed rectal biopsies of apparently normal mucosa can predict the presence of advanced colonic neoplasms. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients, who did not meet any of the following exclusion criteria, underwent total colonoscopy. Patients with nonadvanced adenomas, ...
Speroni A H - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: p53 gene mutation and the ensuing overexpression of its protein is one of the steps related to colorectal carcinogenesis. This study analyzed the relationships between immunohistochemically detected p53 protein accumulation in colonic adenomas and morphological and clinical indicators of risk of malignant transformation and relapse. PATIENTS ...
Ogutu E O - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the types and prevalence of colonic diseases in Kenyan African patients referred for colonoscopy with lower gastrointestinal tract symptoms. DESIGN: A cross sectional survey conducted over a two year period. SETTING: Major private hospitals in Nairobi. PATIENTS: Two hundred forty seven consecutive patients of both sexes and ...
Jost W H - - 1998
Constipation is very common in Parkinson's disease. It is still not known whether constipation is due to a slow transit of the colon or an outlet obstruction. We examined 25 patients (11 women, 14 men, mean age 62 years) with newly diagnosed idiopathic Parkinson's disease. All patients had typical clinical ...
Swidsinski A - - 1998
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although multiple studies have focused on Helicobacter pylori, little is known about the mucosa-associated flora of the colon. The aim of this study was to detect bacteria directly in colonic mucosa from patients screened for colorectal cancer. METHODS: Bacteria were quantified with the polymerase chain reaction and ...
De Looze D A - - 1998
PURPOSE: Constipation is a common problem in patients with spinal cord injury. The aim of this study is to analyze the role of pelvic floor dysfunction in the development of constipation. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with clinically complete supraconal spinal cord injury were studied by means of colonic transit time, anal ...
Joo J S - - 1998
Cathartic colon is a historic term for the anatomic alteration of the colon secondary to chronic stimulant laxative use. Because some have questioned whether this is a real entity, we investigated changes occurring on barium enema in patients ingesting stimulant laxatives. Our study consisted of two parts. In part 1, ...
Halverson A L - - 1998
PURPOSE: Physiologic tests such as manometry, colonic transit times, balloon compliance, defecography, pudendal nerve latency, and electromyography are used to evaluate patients with severe constipation. Patients referred because of severe constipation between 1991 and 1996 were studied to examine the role that physiologic testing played in making a diagnosis and ...
Parramore J B - - 1998
Colorectal cancer is the third most frequent malignancy in adults of both sexes in this country, with 90 per cent of patients diagnosed after age 50 years. This disease is unusual in patients under 40 years of age, and controversy persists as to prognosis in this subset of patients. Patients ...
Wu J S - - 1998
PURPOSE: Although adenomatous polyps and even adenocarcinomas have been found in the terminal ileum of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis, the prevalence of neoplastic changes in the pouches of patients who have undergone restorative proctocolectomy is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of pelvic pouch ...
Pillai R B - - 1998
A retrospective chart review on 77 children and adolescents (45 males and 32 females) with colorectal polyps seen over a 15-year period (1980-1994) was undertaken. Their presenting symptoms, demographic data, methods of diagnosis, pathologic diagnosis, and outcome were assessed. The age at presentation varied from 6 months to 19 years ...
Pickhardt P J - - 1998
PURPOSE: To determine the computed tomographic (CT) findings that are indicative of bowel disease in patients with cystic fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT scans in patients with cystic fibrosis were retrospectively reviewed for evidence of colonic abnormalities, including wall thickening, mural striation, fatty proliferation of the mesentery, and soft-tissue infiltration ...
Kristinsson J - - 1998
PURPOSE: The study contained herein was undertaken to investigate fecal calprotectin excretion in a series of patients with colorectal carcinoma and to determine whether the excretion was influenced by localization or stage of the tumor. Furthermore, the effect of surgical treatment on the concentrations was studied. Fecal calprotectin was also ...
Turégano-Fuentes F - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Palliative colostomy is still unavoidable in many patients with malignant obstruction of the left colon. This report describes an initial experience and follow-up in a small series of patients with left-sided colon obstruction in whom transanal self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) placement was attempted for palliative purposes. METHODS: Palliative transanal ...
Segal W N - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether specific clinical symptoms associated with hematochezia are predictive of important GI pathology and whether full colonoscopic examination is necessary. METHODS: A total of 103 outpatients (> or = 45 yr) with hematochezia, defined as the passage of bright red blood ...
Raad I I - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the duration of antimicrobial activity and the efficacy of indwelling catheters coated with minocycline and rifampin in preventing ultrastructural colonization. DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, randomized, clinical trial. SETTING: Five university-based medical centers. PATIENTS: Cohort 1 consisted of 40 randomized patients in whom an equal number of minocycline- and ...
Sugarman I D - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of a transverse tubularized segment(s) of ileum in the Mitrofanoff or Malone antegrade colonic enema (MACE) procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven patients in three centres underwent the formation of a continent conduit to bowel (MACE, eight patients) and/or bladder (Mitrofanoff, four) using either a single ...
van Gorkom B A - - 1998
INTRODUCTION: A single high dose of sennosides is often used to optimize bowel preparation for diagnostic procedures. From previous studies it is suspected that sennosides in such a dose cause acute damage to the colonic mucosa. This study was designed to determine any effects of sennosides on histology of colonic ...
De Looze D - - 1998
From a questionnaire sent to 90 spinal cord injury (SCI) patients it is concluded that 58% of patients with a complete SCI above L2 suffer from constipation, defined as two or fewer bowel movements per week, or the use of aids such as laxatives, manual evacuation or enemas. Tetraplegic patients ...
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