Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1211
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van der Spoel J I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Critical illness-related colonic ileus (CIRCI) is characterized by the non-passage of stools in critically ill patients as a result of the absence of prokinetic movements of the colon, while the upper gastrointestinal tract functions properly and mechanical ileus is absent: We investigated whether neostigmine resulted in defecation in patients ...
Gillick J - - 2001
PURPOSE: Intestinal neuronal dysplasia (IND) is a disease of the enteric nervous system, which clinically resembles Hirschsprung's disease. The authors reviewed their experience of IND over an 8-year period. METHODS: Between 1992 and 1999, 418 patients underwent rectal suction biopsy for persistent constipation. Thirty-three (7.8%) patients had histologic evidence of ...
Mollen R M - - 2001
PURPOSE: This study was designed to assess the results of preoperative functional evaluation of patients with severe slow-transit constipation in relation to functional outcome. METHODS: Four hundred thirty-nine patients with chronic intractable constipation were evaluated by marker studies. Twenty-one patients underwent colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis for slow-transit constipation. Mean colorectal ...
Mizumoto I - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The role of telomerase in periampullary tumor progression in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) was investigated. METHODS: Relative telomerase activity was measured using a telomerease amplification protocol in periampullary biopsy specimens of normal mucosa and adenoma obtained from patients with FAP, and was compared with that of periampullary ...
Esaki M - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Because of the rarity of cap polyposis of the colon and rectum, the endoscopic features of this condition have not been specified to date. The aim of this study is to characterize the endoscopic features of cap polyposis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The diagnosis of cap polyposis ...
Chou Y H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To describe the prevalence and sonographic findings and ultrasound diagnostic accuracy of the right side colonic diverticulitis in patients having right lower abdominal pain with indeterminate nature. METHODS: A total of 934 patients with acute right lower abdominal pain of clinically indeterminate nature were referred for ultrasound examination (US). ...
Roghmann M C - - 2001
A cohort study of patients with chronic ulcers was performed to estimate the risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteraemia in a population colonized with MRSA. During a five-year period (January 1990-May 1995), 911 patients with chronic ulcers (CU), as determined by ICD9-CM code search, were admitted to an acute ...
Cohen C D - - 2001
A case of colonoscopy-induced hyponatraemic encephalopathy led us to study the risk of hyponatraemia after gastrointestinal endoscopy. We assessed 40 patients before and after colonoscopy. 20 gastroscopy patients served as controls. Our findings show a high incidence (7.5%) of hyponatraemia after colonoscopy, in association with raised serum concentrations of arginine ...
Penning C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether evaluation of motor and sensory function of the rectum using a barostat may help to distinguish subtypes of constipation. METHODS: Motor and sensory function of the rectum have been evaluated using a barostat in 14 patients with slow transit constipation (STC), 12 patients with ...
Beckmann K R - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether clinical variables accurately identify children with radiographically proven constipation. METHODS: Prospective, cross sectional case series of children 2-12 years of age with abdominal pain (AP) requiring radiographic evaluation. Constipation was defined radiographically as the presence of fecal material throughout the colon. The presence of other ...
Dykes S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Intractable idiopathic constipation in women is often associated with psychosocial problems. AIMS: To determine the past and current psychological factors associated with slow and normal transit constipation. PATIENTS: Twenty-eight consecutive patients referred for biofeedback treatment were interviewed before the procedure. All were women. Transit studies revealed that 12 had ...
Nam Y S - - 2001
PURPOSE: Major therapeutic decisions are rendered based on a single colonic transit study. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the reproducibility of colonic transit time in patients with chronic constipation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients with chronic idiopathic constipation were randomly selected to undergo two separate colonic ...
Mantyh C R - - 2001
PURPOSE: After resection of the distal rectum with a straight reanastomosis, poor bowel function can occur. This is felt to be because of the loss of the rectal reservoir. To overcome this, a neoreservoir using a colonic J-pouch has been advocated in low colorectal and coloanal anastomosis. However, difficulties in ...
Heinzlmann M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The adenoma-carcinoma sequence has its molecular basis in several gene mutations of which K-ras and p53 are of paramount importance. The aims of this study were to evaluate whether these genetic alterations can be detected in colonic lavage fluid from patients with colorectal adenomas and carcinomas. METHODS: In 45 ...
Siemann M - - 2001
The sensitivity of a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detecting Aspergillus galactomannan was evaluated with 66 serum samples and 113 specimens of the respiratory tract obtained from 52 patients with pulmonary diseases. The patients were divided into five groups: proven invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) (five patients), probable IPA (seven ...
Gosselink M J - - 2000
This study investigated the tonic response of the rectum to topical application of bisacodyl in women with obstructed defecation. Forty-five women with obstructed defecation, and 15 female controls were studied. Total colonic transit time was normal in 35 patients, and prolonged in 10. For the purpose of this study an ...
Kim W H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Successful colonoscopy depends on insertion of the instrument to the cecum, precise observation, and minimal patient discomfort during the procedure. The aim of this prospective study was to determine whether certain variables are associated with insertion time and patient discomfort during colonoscopy. METHODS: Nine hundred nine consecutive colonoscopic examinations ...
Faucheron J L - - 2000
PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective study was to point out a new concept of dyschezia using dynamic videoproctography. METHODS: A total of 154 consecutive patients with impaired defecation prospectively underwent dynamic videoproctography from 1996 to 1998. Evacuation of thick barium of standardized consistency was fully videotaped under fluoroscopy in ...
Rhee P L - - 2000
PURPOSE: Biofeedback is an effective therapy for a majority of patients with anismus. However, a significant proportion of patients still failed to respond to biofeedback, and little has been known about the factors that predict response to biofeedback. We evaluated the factors associated with poor response to biofeedback. METHODS: Biofeedback ...
Krogh K - - 2000
Longitudinal study among patients with acute and chronic spinal cord injuries (SCI). To compare total gastrointestinal transit times (GITT) and segmental colorectal transit times (CTT) in SCI patients with acute and chronic lesions to those of healthy volunteers. Furthermore, to examine the impact of time elapsed since injury on GITT ...
Miura S - - 2000
PURPOSE: Diverticulosis of the right colon has been increasing in the Far East; however, a considerable proportion of these patients includes cases of solitary right-sided diverticular disease. This study aimed to determine whether the incidence of such solitary diverticula (defined as 1 or 2 diverticula in this study) and multiple ...
Bonapace E S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: In a single noninvasive, quantitative test, whole gut transit scintigraphy (WGTS) measures gastric emptying (GE), small bowel transit (SBT), and colonic transit (CT). The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical utility of WGTS in patients with functional gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. METHODS: A total of 108 patients ...
Chiarioni G G Division of Gastroenterological Rehabilitation, Valeggio sul Mincio Hospital, University of Verona Medical School, - - 2000
To evaluate anorectal and colonic function in a group of patients with anorexia nervosa complaining of chronic constipation. Twelve women (age range, 19-29 years) meeting the criteria for anorexia nervosa and complaining of chronic constipation were recruited for the study. A group of 12 healthy women served as controls. Colonic ...
Ikeda Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The significance of the small distal tubular adenoma detected by sigmoidoscopy as a predictor of proximal neoplasm remains controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of proximal neoplasms in patients with and without distal neoplasms. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 3131 asymptomatic middle-aged ...
Kori T - - 2000
PURPOSE: This study was performed to clarify the sonographic features of acute colonic diverticulitis to enable its differentiation from appendicitis. METHODS: Of 119 patients who were referred to our hospitals for lower abdominal pain between June 1997 and December 1998 and underwent sonography, 12 patients had a definitive diagnosis of ...
Cascinu S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We assessed the hypothesis that a compromised p53 function could account for the non response of colon cancer patients with low thymidylate synthase (TS) expression receiving a bolus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) leucovorin (LV) combination. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 41 patients with unresectable metastatic colon cancer, homogeneously, ...
Bouchoucha M - - 2000
We have recently developed a simple method to investigate the colonic response to food (CRF). This study describes the modifications of CRF induced by treatment with oral pinaverium bromide in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients. Thirty healthy subjects and 43 patients suffering from IBS were studied. Colonic transit time (CTT) ...
van der Plas R N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Faecal impaction is frequently observed in children with chronic constipation. The term megarectum is often used to describe this finding. AIM: To evaluate rectal functioning and rectal measures in constipated children with a filled rectum, in order to define the terms faecal impaction, enlarged rectum, and megarectum. METHODS: All ...
Murase, Kunihiko
Endoscopy and biopsy are important diagnostic tools in the evaluation of patients with chronic diarrhea and normal colonic mucosa. When colonoscopy is performed in patients with diarrhea and normal endoscopic appearance, representative sampling is important to rule out not just irritable colon but other conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, ...
Wasvary H J - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the necessity of total colonic evaluation in patients diagnosed with anal cancer. We reviewed the cases of 69 patients treated for neoplasm of the anus from January 1973 through November 1998. Patients underwent a barium enema, flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy; findings from ...
Soffer S Z - - 2000
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The belief that patients with cloacal exstrophy have a short and therefore useless colon is all too common. Frequently, the colon is used for urinary or vaginal reconstruction, and the possibility of a pull-through is lost. In the authors' experience, the use of a unified management plan allowed most ...
Lieberman D A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence rate of colonic polyps or masses 1 cm or greater in diameter in patients with nonspecific abdominal symptoms, from diverse practice settings, using a national endoscopic database. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing colonoscopy were included based on procedure indication. Endoscopic ...
Madsen J L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Existing data on gastric emptying and small-intestinal transit rates in portal-hypertensive patients are scarce and contradictory, and so far, the motor function of the colon has not been assessed in these patients. In this study we evaluated the propulsive effect of all main segments of the gastrointestinal tract in ...
Skladzień J - - 2000
Polyps of the maxillary sinus were obtained from six patients who had reported upper tooth extraction with oroantral perforation prior to the development of symptoms, from 11 patients with chronic sinusitis, and from 12 patients with allergy. Histopathological features, scanning electron microscopy of the polyp epithelium and clinical data were ...
Charalambopoulos A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Most patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) develop clinical signs and symptoms which are not specific for CRC, and usually at a late stage of the disease, resulting in a considerable delay of the diagnosis. In our study we examined patients with bowel symptoms which were at increased risk for ...
Hussein A M - - 2000
PURPOSE: Rectal prolapse is common in young males in Egypt. The role of schistosomiasis in the pathogenesis of rectal prolapse is not clearly defined. The purpose of this work is to study changes in the pelvic floor muscles in patients of rectal prolapse associated with schistosomiasis. METHODS: This study included ...
Bulmer M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Rigid sigmoidoscopy forms an integral part of the out-patient assessment of patients with colorectal symptoms. However, the value of this of this examination is often diminished by faecal loading of the rectum. This trial aimed to determine the ability of a single self-administered glycerine suppository to clear the rectum ...
Trevisani G T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Ogilvie's syndrome, or acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, is a common and relatively dangerous condition. If left untreated, it may cause ischemic necrosis and colonic perforation, with a mortality rate as high as 50 percent. Neostigmine enhances excitatory parasympathetic activity by competing with acetylcholine for attachment to acetylcholinesterase at sites of ...
Leroi A M - - 2000
The aim of this study was to determine whether the colonic motor profile of seven patients with constipation secondary to antidepressants differed from the motility of seven patients with idiopathic constipation and seven healthy volunteers. All constipated patients had very severe constipation. Colonic manometric recordings were performed for 24 h. ...
Lau C W - - 2000
PURPOSE: The findings of paradoxical puborectalis contraction, rectocele, sigmoidocele, intussusception, and abnormal perineal descent often coexist in constipated patients, as noted by defecographic study. Moreover, some of these conditions are often found in asymptomatic patients. Biofeedback is the treatment of choice for constipated patients with paradoxical puborectalis contraction; the main ...
Christensen P - - 2000
To evaluate results of the Enema Continence Catheter (ECC) and the Malone Antegrade Continence Enema (MACE) applied in patients with severe neurogenic colorectal dysfunction. The ECC was offered to 21 patients (mean age 39.9, range 7 - 72 years). The MACE was used in eight patients (mean age 32.8 years, ...
Shafik A - - 2000
In a previous study we determined the rectal pacing parameters needed for rectal evacuation in patients with rectal inertia. Here we investigated the effect of rectal pacing on rectal myoelectric activity, motility, and evacuation in ten patients with constipation due to rectal inertia. A pacemaker was implanted in a subcutaneous ...
Penning C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Slow-transit constipation may be part of a pan-enteric motor disorder. To test this hypothesis 24-h ambulatory antroduodenal manometry was performed and orocaecal transit time determined in patients with slow-transit constipation and in healthy controls. METHODS: Antroduodenal motility was recorded with a five-channel solid-state catheter. Postprandial motility was recorded after ...
Kim W H - - 2000
The association between rectosigmoid polyps and polyps in the more proximal colon is still a matter of debate, and the need for colonoscopy in patients with rectosigmoid polyps that are detected by flexible sigmoidoscopy is controversial. The aim of this study was to determine whether or not certain characteristics of ...
Yilmaz E N - - 1999
Colonic ischaemia is a frequently observed serious complication following abdominal aortic reconstruction. For adequate treatment of this disorder, early diagnosis and resection of the diseased colon is essential. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new method, based on pulse oximetry, to detect colonic ischaemia at an early ...
Takao Y - - 1999
Patients with constipation may have various pelvic complaints of difficult evacuation coexisting with infrequent evacuation and other abdominal complaints, and the overlapping of symptoms makes it difficult to select appropriate therapy based on clinical history and routine office examination alone. Cinedefecography is an objective method for examining patients who have ...
Prokesch R W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the value of radiological colon transit time (CTT) measurements in relation to defecography (DFG) in chronically constipated patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 30 patients with chronic constipation, total and segmental CTT was determined using radiopaque markers. In all of these patients ...
Paran H - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: The use of retrograde irrigation enemas is common in the treatment of chronic constipation, especially in the elderly. Perforation of the rectum and sigmoid colon caused by cleansing enemas, used by chronically constipated patients, has not been previously described. METHODS: We reviewed all patients with colorectal perforations caused by ...
Fenlon H M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Virtual colonoscopy is a new method of imaging the colon in which thin-section, helical computed tomography (CT) is used to generate high-resolution, two-dimensional axial images. Three-dimensional images of the colon simulating those obtained with conventional colonoscopy are then reconstructed off-line. We compared the performance of virtual and conventional colonoscopy ...
Reisman Y - - 1999
To examine the effect of patient's age and the location of diverticular disease on the course of the acute disease we retrospectively collected demographic data, symptoms, laboratory findings, imaging techniques, type of treatment (conservative vs. surgical), early and late complications, and follow-up data on 119 patients with acute diverticulitis (74 ...
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