Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1222
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Makharia G K - - 2002
Most patients with colonoscopy-induced colonic perforation require urgent surgical intervention. Certain patients may, however, recover with conservative management. If the colonic perforation has been induced by barotrauma, there may be an extravasation of air which may lead to collection and tracking of air along the tissue planes, involving the retroperitoneum, ...
Thompson Jason R - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of occult rectal prolapse (rectal intussusception) by defecating proctography in patients with clinical rectoceles and defecatory dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: Patients who were seen from September 2000 through August 2001 with defecatory dysfunction and clinical rectoceles underwent single contrast defecating ...
Bielen Didier - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a dry bowel preparation, i.e. without laxative fluids, for virtual CT colonography (VCTC), and its impact on patient acceptance compared with conventional colonoscopy (CC). A randomly chosen patient population scheduled for CC ( n=11) was first submitted to VCTC ...
Delphine Nain,Steven Haker,W. Eric,L. ...
In this paper, we present an automated method for colon registration.
Byrne Michael F - - 2002
The toxic effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the small bowel have been reported extensively. A growing number of reports of toxic effects of NSAIDs on the colon have appeared recently. The clinical presentation, endoscopic appearances and histological findings of so-called NSAID colopathy are quite varied, as illustrated by ...
Tomita Ryouichi - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The cause of impaired motility in patients with slow transit constipation is unknown. To clarify the physiological significance of cholinergic, adrenergic, non-adrenergic non-cholinergic inhibitory nerves in the colon of patients with slow transit constipation, we investigated the enteric nerve responses on lesional and normal bowel segments derived from patients ...
Mimura T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Constipation in adults associated with a grossly dilated rectum and recurrent faecal impaction, idiopathic megarectum, is rare. The aetiology of idiopathic megarectum is unknown, but may involve neuromuscular or behavioural factors. It is unknown whether the condition is reversible. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of behavioural therapy, ...
Marshall M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine any association between a thickened internal anal sphincter (IAS) on anal endosonography and high-grade rectal intussusception on evacuation proctography in patients with solitary rectal ulcer syndrome. METHODS: Anal endosonography was performed in 20 patients with solitary rectal ulcer syndrome and IAS ...
Ozdek Ali - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics of antrochoanal polyps (ACPs) in children. METHODS: 10 children operated for ACP were investigated retrospectively. Demographic characteristics, surgical and histopathological findings were evaluated. RESULTS: The mean age was 10.2 years. The antral part of ACP was removed through middle meatal antrostomy in four patients, and ...
Baig M. K. - - 2002
AIM: To evaluate differences in distribution, density and staining intensity of enterochromaffin cells (EC) and serotonin cells (SC) in the colonic mucosa of patients with colonic inertia (CI), idiopathic diarrhoea (ID) and a control group. METHODS: Three groups were studied: 19 patients' colons after subtotal colectomy for CI, and 17 ...
Wang Shyh-Jen - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Constipation is the most common digestive complaint. Radionuclide colon transit study is a useful tool for assessing the motility of the colon. In this study, we evaluate patients with idiopathic constipation using the radionuclide colon transit study. METHODOLOGY: We studied radionuclide colon transit in 23 patients with idiopathic constipation. ...
De Giorgio Roberto - - 2002
Ganglionitis, i.e., the inflammatory neuropathy characterized by a marked lymphoplasmacellular infiltrate in the myenteric plexus, may underlie a variety of paraneoplastic, infectious, or neurological disorders, although occasional cases are idiopathic in origin. We report clinical, manometric, morphofunctional, and immunological features of three cases of idiopathic ganglionitis. All patients had megacolon ...
Tatlidil Rozet - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate the pattern and degree of incidental colonic fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in patients without colorectal carcinoma who underwent whole-body FDG positron emission tomography (PET) for other purposes and compare them with colonoscopic and/or histopathologic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases of 27 patients without known history of colorectal carcinoma ...
Villanueva Sáenz Eduardo - - 2002
Tubercle bacillus was discovered in 1882 by Robert Koch. With the introduction of chemotherapy for tuberculosis in the 1940s the incidence of this entity decreased. The incidence of the tuberculosis of the colon began to increase at the 1980s with the rise in numbers of patients considered as high risk ...
Shumaker D A - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Experts fail to reach the cecum in 2 - 10% of colonoscopies. The purpose of this case series was to evaluate the efficacy of a small-caliber, variable-stiffness colonoscope in patients with incomplete colonoscopy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The variable-stiffness colonoscope (Olympus America XPCF-140AL) was used by the ...
Donskey Curtis J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that antibiotic therapy may promote recurrence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) stool colonization in patients who have previously had three consecutive negative stool cultures obtained at least 1 week apart. DESIGN: One-year prospective cohort study examining the effect of antibiotic therapy on recurrence and density of ...
Lefere Philippe A - - 2002
PURPOSE: To compare reduced colonic cleansing based on dietary fecal tagging (FT) with standard (non-FT) colonic cleansing with regard to patient acceptance, sensitivity, and specificity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 50 patients (FT group), FT was performed by means of diet, magnesium citrate, and a barium suspension. In another 50 patients ...
Wald Arnold - - 2002
The diagnosis of slow transit functional constipation is based upon diagnostic testing of patients with idiopathic constipation who responded poorly to conservative measures such as fiber supplements, fluids, and stimulant laxatives. These tests include barium enema or colonoscopy, colonic transit of radio-opaque markers, anorectal manometry, and expulsion of a water-filled ...
Wang S-J - - 2002
Progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS) may involve any portion of the gastrointestinal tract, including the colon. Constipation is common in patients with PSS. Cisapride, a benzamide derivative, is a potentially useful agent in the treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation. The effect of cisapride on colonic transit was evaluated in 16 PSS ...
Chawla Ashish - - 2002
This article discusses patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a group which is at increased risk for colorectal carcinoma based on extent and duration of their disease. Patients with chronic IBD (at least 8-10 years duration) should be screened with colonoscopy every 1 to 2 years with multiple jumbo biopsies ...
McShane D - - 2002
Inflammatory polyps of the airways are now regarded as histopathologically distinct nonneoplastic endobronchial lesions, which in adults are associated with a variety of chronic inflammatory insults. However, their clinical presentation in the pediatric population is extremely rare, with the etiology of such polyps poorly defined. The clinical and histopathological data ...
Luo Mingyue - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To study the usefulness of CT virtual colonoscopy (CTVC) in patients with incomplete conventional colonoscopy (CC) and assess the statistical differences between two methods of colorectal segment examination. METHODS: Sixty patients with incomplete CC underwent volume scanning using spiral CT. CT VC images were obtained using a navigator software ...
Wiesner W - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to describe CT findings of colonic involvement in acute non-necrotizing pancreatitis and to analyze the correlation between colonic wall thickening at CT and the clinical course of these patients. The CT examinations of 19 consecutive patients with acute non-necrotizing pancreatitis who were not treated ...
Oncel Mustafa - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a rare, autosomal-dominant disease characterized by hamartomatous polyps of the alimentary tract, hyperpigmentation of the skin, and family history of PJS. Rarely, solitary Peutz-Jeghers polyps (PJP) arise in patients without other features of PJS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed eight patients since 1979 ...
Yoshinaga Masahiro - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of age on the prevalence of proximal clinically important lesions in subjects without any rectosigmoid neoplasm. METHODOLOGY: The present study involved 497 patients (aged > or = 50 years old) who underwent a colonoscopy because of abdominal symptoms or ...
Loffeld R. J. L. F - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of diverticula and presence of concomitant pathology in consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic examination of the colon. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of the endoscopy reports of all patients sent for endoscopic evaluation of the colon in a period of 8.5 years. RESULTS: A total of 9086 ...
Allal Abdelkarim S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The use of the belly board device (BBD) in the prone position has gained acceptance to spare small bowel in rectal cancer patients irradiated postoperatively, but there are few data in the preoperative setting, and the advantages of the BBD regarding normal tissue sparing may be counteracted by problems ...
Rex Douglas K - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Cecal intubation is one of the goals of colonoscopy. We sought to describe the methodology used by a single experienced examiner to perform colonoscopy in a consecutive group of patients with challenging colons. METHODS: Records of 42 consecutive patients with one or more prior unsuccessful attempts at colonoscopy by ...
Kayaba Hiroyuki - - 2002
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: A simple and objective method evaluating the bowel functions of patients with anorectal anomalies is necessary. The authors applied fecoflowmetry and saline enama test for patients with anorectal anomalies to evaluate the fecodynamics and anorectal motilities in these children. METHODS: The bowel functions of 16 patients who underwent repair ...
Shigeno T - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Although hemorrhagic colitis due to enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 (O157) infection has recently attracted increasing attention as an important enteric infection, the colonoscopic findings associated with this disease have not been sufficiently characterized. The aim of this study is to characterize the colonoscopic features of hemorrhagic ...
Biondo Sebastiano - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Although diverticulitis is the most common cause of large bowel perforation, other disease may result in left colonic peritonitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the incidence, management, and outcome of patients with different causes of nondiverticular left colonic perforations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January ...
Larsen Knud - - 2002
The objective of the present study was to establish the estimated incidence of symptomatic nasal polyps within a defined geographic area. Over a 6-year period all polyp patients diagnosed for the first time (n = 252; 174 males, 78 females) were prospectively registered at the study clinic. An estimated background ...
Goh H - - 2002
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have a wide range of side-effects in the gastrointestinal tract and the large intestine. This study examines the hypothesis that the use of NSAIDs is associated with colonic perforation in diverticular disease. Histological evidence was used to confirm perforation. A retrospective review of case records and ...
Alsaigh N - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical presentation of patients with intestinal spirochetosis, as it is has not been well described in the literature. METHODS: We studied 15 patients with colonic biopsies that showed spirochetosis. The study group consisted of 11 males and 4 females, 10 ...
Kapsoritakis A N - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Aim of the present study is to ascertain the importance of diminutive colorectal polyps and define the need for removal according to their characteristics and malignant potential. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 4,723 patients who underwent colonoscopy were evaluated and 624 patients with 826 polyps were ...
Oya Masatoshi - - 2002
PURPOSE: Patients who have undergone low anterior resection (LAR) of the rectum occasionally complain of symptoms related to impaired neorectal evacuation. Using scintigraphy, we assessed neorectal evacuation in 22 patients who underwent LAR and straight anastomosis, and correlated the results with clinical defecatory function, clinical factors, and anorectal manovolumetric parameters. ...
Kokkonen Jorma - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To discover the prevalence and significance of lymphonodular hyperplasia (LNH) of the lower gastrointestinal tract, the authors did a retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of children using colonoscopy to evaluate persistent and severe gastrointestinal symptoms. The authors also sought to discover in more detail how often subjects with ...
Kalady Matthew F - - 2002
Most patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) develop disease in the duodenum. The duodenal lesions mostly occur in the periampullary region, but some patients develop diffuse polyposis involving all parts of the duodenum. These neoplastic polyps have malignant potential, and thus warrant surveillance and timely intervention. We reviewed our experience ...
Zhao R. H. - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Serotonin is an important positive regulator of colonic motility and transit. Its quantity and distribution in the left colon could be abnormal in patients with colonic inertia (CI) and contribute to the disease. AIM: To evaluate serotonin positive cells and immuno-reactivities in the mucosa, submucosa and muscularis propria of ...
Jung A - - 2002
The results of several retrospective studies allow us to conclude that the detection of fundic gland polyps (Elster's cysts) is associated with an increased incidence of colorectal tumors. In this survey, we present the results of a prospective study investigating such a possible relationship. A total of 144 patients were ...
Lai A H M - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Intussusception is the commonest cause of intestinal obstruction in infants and young children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This report reviews the clinical presentation, investigations and outcomes of patients with intussusception treated at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital between 1 May 1997 and 30 April 2000. RESULTS: The study population ...
Chen H H - - 2001
This study evaluated the incidence and physiological findings in male patients with rectoceles. All defecographic studies were evaluated by a single colorectal surgeon. After diagnosis of rectocele in male patients, the patient's history, symptoms, and physiologic tests (anal manometry, pudendal nerve terminal motor latency [PNTML], assessment and electromyography [EMG]) were ...
Turkiewicz D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Younger patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) have long been thought to have a poorer prognosis than older patients. Recent overseas reports, however, have disputed this. The aim of the present study was to conduct a review of data on patients with colorectal cancer collected over a 29-year period at ...
Aldulaymi B H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The outcome of subtotal colectomy for severe constipation may be difficult to predict. One factor, which probably is of major importance for the functional outcome, is rectal function. The aim of the study has been to evaluate long-term results after subtotal colectomy with ileo-rectal anastomosis in a group of ...
Björk J - - 2001
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) have a high prevalence of duodenal adenomas, and the region of the ampulla of Vater is the predilection site for duodenal adenocarcinomas. This study assessed the risk of stage IV periampullary adenomas according to the Spigelman classification and periampullary adenocarcinomas in ...
Drenth J P - - 2001
The diagnostic accuracy of 2-[(18)F]-fluoro-2-deoxy- D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for the detection of (pre-)malignant lesions of the colon was compared with that of endoscopy. We selected a cohort of 39 patients [13 females and 26 males; mean age 62.3 years standard deviation (SD) 9.6 years] who underwent both FDG-PET ...
Chrysos E - - 2001
PURPOSE: It has been documented that Crohn's disease affects anorectal function when anorectal manifestations of the disease are present. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the presence of histologic lesions in rectal biopsy affected anorectal motility in patients with Crohn's disease but no evidence of macroscopic anorectal ...
Ugwu B T - - 2001
Twenty two consecutive cases of adult intussusception managed between January 1990 and December 1998 at Jos University Teaching Hospital formed the basis of this study. Thirteen (59.1%) of the patients were males and 9(40.9%) females, with a male to female ratio of 1:4:1 and a mean age of 49.6 years. ...
Darouiche R O - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To examine the safety and efficacy of bacterial interference in preventing symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI). METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, pilot clinical trial was conducted in patients with spinal cord injury who had neurogenic bladder and had frequent episodes of symptomatic UTI. The bladder of patients was inoculated with ...
Viramontes B E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of gender on the effect of a 5-HT3 antagonist, alosetron, 1 mg b.i.d., on GI and colonic transit in D-IBS. METHODS: Thirty patients (15 male, 15 female) with D-IBS received 1 mg b.i.d. alosetron for 6 wk. Transit was measured by scintigraphy at baseline and ...
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