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Results 351 - 400 of 847
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Correia Osvaldo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare but severe adverse drug disease, characterized by extensive skin and mucosal detachment with participation of different immunoinflammatory pathways, in particular with early participation of activated CD8+ T lymphocytes. OBJECTIVE: To further study the potential role of T lymphocytes in the early phase ...
Málek J - - 2002
The objectives of this open-perspective clinical study were to test the effect of a new type of anaesthesia using sevofluran during surgical treatment of patients with burns, and to compare it with that of ketamin, at present the most frequently used anaesthetic. The study, conceived as a pilot study, was ...
Ram F S FS Department of Physiological Medicine, St George's Hospital Medical School, Level 0, Jenner Wing, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK, SW17 0RE. - - 2002
Little is known about the effectiveness of ambulatory domicilary oxygen therapy. At present ambulatory oxygen in the UK is provided with small oxygen cylinders but in other countries such as the USA and Italy, liquid oxygen systems with higher oxygen carrying capacity are widely used. Both these systems are used ...
Razonable Raymund R - - 2002
Reactivation of human beta-herpesviruses (cytomegalovirus [CMV], human herpesvirus [HHV]-6, and HHV-7) in nonimmunocompromised hosts is rare. Because these viruses are susceptible to reactivation by cytokines and stress-related mechanisms, the incidence of their reactivation was investigated among 120 patients during stress related to critical illness and compared with findings among 50 ...
Corke C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To review the role of secretory phospholipase A2 in the pathogenesis of multiple organ failure in the critically ill patient. DATA SOURCES: Relevant articles and published reviews on secretory phospholipase A2 in critical illness. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) has an important role in inflammation and in ...
Wischmeyer P E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of intravenous glutamine supplementation vs. an isonitrogenous control on infectious morbidity in severely burned patients. Previous clinical studies in seriously ill patients suggest a beneficial effect of glutamine on infectious morbidity, but no trials have examined possible clinical benefits in severely burned patients. DESIGN: Prospective, ...
Aslar A K - - 2001
Deaths from lightning injuries are infrequent--0.2-0.8 per million per year. The victims are mostly young, active people who are struck during various outdoor activities in the summer months. From November 1975 to October 1998; 22 lightning burns were treated in Ankara Numune Teaching and Research Hospital. The mean age of ...
Gall-Troselj K - - 2001
Nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to detect the presence of Helicobacter pylori in tongue mucosa in 268 patients divided into four groups according to their diagnosis: 87 with atrophic glossitis, 37 with benign migratory glossitis and 144 with burning mouth syndrome (BMS). The latter group was subdivided according ...
Egan N - - 2001
Poor patient compliance is one of the main reasons for treatment failure in acne. Our objective was to evaluate the tolerability and patient preference of adapalene gel 0.1% compared with tretinoin microsphere gel 0.1% using a randomized, controlled, investigator-masked, bilateral (split-face), 4-week comparative study of the 2 products when applied ...
Kays M B - - 2001
We evaluated the effect of serum from normal and uraemic volunteers, neutropenic patients and burn patients on the serum bactericidal test. Serum samples were spiked with ceftazidime to mimic in vivo peak (75 mg/L) and trough (5 mg/L) concentrations. Serum inhibitory and bactericidal titres (SIT and SBT) were performed in ...
Gore D C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia is commonly associated with the hypermetabolic stress response. However, persistent hyperglycemia may adversely affect wound healing and immunity. The purpose of this study was to assess any relationship between hyperglycemia and clinical outcome after severe burn injury. METHODS: Survey of the medical records from January 1996 to July ...
Dominguez O J OJ - - 2001
This patient had a complex presentation, with many potential causes for his shock status. He was obviously in shock, with many signs of poor perfusion. He presented with very rapid heart and respiratory rates, and poor skin perfusion and oxygenation. The clinical presentation of the patient prompted the EMS crew ...
Hunter K A - - 2001
This study was undertaken to determine whether patients who were critically ill evidenced elevated levels of blood cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). Cyclic guanosine monophosphate levels correlated with severity of illness as measured by the APACHE II severity of illness scoring system (p < 0.01). Cyclic guanosine monophosphate also correlated with ...
Goodkin G M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The study compared a hand-carried echocardiography (HC) device with standard echocardiography (SE) in critically ill patients. BACKGROUND: Recently, small HC devices have been introduced, and early reports showed a good correlation with SE. METHODS: We used HC (SonoSite, Bothell, Washington) echocardiography to evaluate critically ill patients, and we compared ...
Ammann P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To detect myocardial damage in severe systemic inflammation by cTnI measurements in patients without acute coronary syndromes. DESIGN: Prospective case control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty patients with sepsis, septic shock, and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) were examined and compared to controls without coronary artery disease ...
Xie Y - - 2001
In order to know the element levels in the urine of patients with chronic arsenic poisoning caused by arsenic assimilated from burning coal via air and food, we investigated various elements in the urine of 16 patients with this disease and 16 controls living in the same county in Guizhou ...
Wahl W L - - 2001
Risk factors and prophylaxis for prevention of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism remain controversial in burn patients. From January 1996 through June 1999, we reviewed all adult burn patients admitted to our burn center with the in-hospital diagnosis of DVT and assessed each affected patient for DVT risk ...
Gärtner R - - 2001
Patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis exhibit decreased plasma selenium and glutathione peroxidase activity. This has been shown in several clinical studies. Moreover, the degree of selenium deficiency correlates with the severity of the disease and the incidence of mortality. Patients with SIRS and sepsis are exposed ...
Bossink A W - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Shock in the course of fever is likely caused by septic shock. Because septic shock carries a high mortality rate, early recognition could benefit the patient. We tried to predict the development of shock in medical patients with fever and a clinical infection, on the basis of clinical and ...
Chai J - - 2000
Hypernatremia in severely burned patients is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. As the causes of hypernatremia in major burn patients are still not clear, hemodialysis is the method of choice for the treatment. While hemodialysis is effective for the control of hypernatremia, it can cause bleeding complications that ...
Thomas P K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the clinical features and nerve biopsy findings in patients with chronic mountain sickness (CMS) living in the Peruvian Andes, with particular attention to the occurrence of the "burning feet-burning hands" syndrome. METHODS: Symptoms and signs were documented clinically in 10 patients with CMS and compared with those ...
Bohus M - - 2000
Self-mutilation occurs in 70-80% of patients who meet DSM-IV criteria for borderline personality disorder. Approximately 60% of these patients report that they do not feel pain during acts of self-mutilation such as cutting or burning. Findings of recent studies measuring pain perception in patients with BPD are difficult to interpret ...
Ivy M E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are known to occur in patients after major abdominal surgery. The incidence of IAH and ACS in the burn population is not known. METHODS: We prospectively recorded the intra-abdominal pressures of major burn patients admitted to our burn center from February ...
Martin C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Sepsis and septic shock are a common cause of mortality in critically ill patients. Many substances have been implicated in the pathophysiology of these syndromes. We postulated that adenosine may be implicated in the sepsis- or septic shock-induced blood pressure failure. Indeed, this nucleoside is a strong endogenous vasodilating ...
Shenkin A - - 2000
The trace element and vitamin requirements of severely-ill injured patients depend on a complex interaction of the status of the patient at the time of admission, ongoing losses and the potential benefit of supplying large amounts of individual micronutrients. Characteristic clinical deficiency states are now uncommon, but subclinical deficiency is ...
Yeh F L - - 2000
In order to understand the role of an anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 10 (IL-10) in the pathophysiology of burn injury, IL-10 levels in serial serum samples of 22 burned patients were analyzed. The total body surface areas (TBSA) of the burn injury ranged from 30 to 90%. Among these 22 patients, ...
Tatevossian R G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Although cardiac and pulmonary function can be measured precisely, evaluation of tissue perfusion remains elusive because it usually is inferred from subjective symptoms and imprecise signs of shock. The latter are indirect criteria used to assess the overall circulatory status as well as tissue perfusion but are not direct ...
Chen Y N - - 2000
Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) was measured by chemiluminescent immunoassay following burn injury. Thirty patients [total body surface area (TBSA) of burn 15-98%] were included in this study and each had four to six blood samples collected at 2-day intervals between the 5th and 14th days post-burn. All patients were found ...
Mesters R M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of protein C, endogenous activated protein C, and D-dimer concentrations in patients at high risk of developing severe septic complications secondary to cytostatic chemotherapy. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative, single-center study. SETTING: Specialized ward for treating patients with acute leukemia and associated intensive care unit at ...
Lorente J A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To define the hemodynamic and gastric intramucosal PCO2 (PiCO2) changes during the first 48 hrs after burn trauma and to analyze their relationship with outcome. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study in a cohort of consecutively admitted critically ill burn patients. SETTING: Intensive care burn unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS: ...
Coudray-Lucas C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness on wound healing time in severe burn patients of ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate supplementation of enteral feeding vs. an isonitrogenous control. Previous clinical and experimental studies suggest a beneficial effect of enterally administered ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate supplementation on protein metabolism in burn patients, but few data deal with ...
Zinman C C Department of Pulmonology, Johannesburg Hospital, University of the - - 2000
To assess the clinical and demographic characteristics of patients attending an oxygen clinic, to assess the relevance of the current clinical criteria determining the need for domiciliary oxygen, to assess the cost-effectiveness of an oxygen clinic and to assess compliance with the oxygen prescription. Descriptive study with a retrospective review ...
Deveci M - - 2000
Immunosuppression following thermal injury has been noted in recent years. Both cellular and humoral immune systems have been reported to be affected. The present study aimed to compare the quantitative differences between cutaneous and electrical burn patients in respect to the partition and levels of lymphocyte populations. From March 1997 ...
Breitbart W - - 2000
Delirium is highly prevalent in terminally ill patients, especially in the last weeks of life, when some cognitive impairment develops in as many as 85% of patients. Delirium is associated with increased morbidity in terminally ill patients and can interfere with pain and symptom control. The cause of delirium is ...
Brunkhorst F M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of procalcitonin (PCT) in the early diagnosis (and differentiation) of patients with SIRS, sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock in comparison to C-reactive protein (CRP), white blood cell and thrombocyte count, and APACHE-II score (AP-II). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study including all consecutive patients admitted to ...
Jordan K S - - 2000
Injuries are the third leading cause of death in the United States, exceeded only by heart disease and cancer. The success of resuscitation after an acute injury is dependent on providing adequate oxygenation, restoring intravascular fluid volume, and maintaining optimum cardiac output and cellular perfusion. Fluid resuscitation is essential to ...
Engrav L H - - 2000
The Baxter formula is commonly used to calculate fluid requirements. Baxter reported that 12% of patients would require more than 4.3 mL/kg per percentage of total body surface area (%TBSA). We anecdotally observed that we frequently exceeded the predictions of the formula, and we wondered if this was unique to ...
Holm C - - 2000
Resuscitation from shock based on invasive hemodynamic monitoring has been widely used in trauma and surgical patients, but has been only sparsely evaluated in thermally injured patients, probably due to fear of invasive monitoring in this group of patients. However, end-point resuscitation to fixed circulatory and oxygen transport values has ...
Brun-Buisson C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine the incidence, risk factors, aetiologies and outcome of the various forms of the septic syndromes (the systemic inflammatory response syndrome [SIRS] sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock) and their relationships with infection. DESIGN: Review of published cohort studies examining the epidemiology of the septic syndromes, with emphasis ...
de Sèze M - - 2000
Critical illness polyneuropathy (CIP) is a reported cause of varying degrees of neuromuscular weakness in patients with multiple organ failure. Little is known concerning predictive factors of neurological recovery. The critical care conditions, neurological explorations and 2-year clinical follow-up of 19 patients who suffered from severe forms (quadriplegia or quadriparesis) ...
Hjorth V - - 2000
Plasmapheresis is one of the methods which has been tried in the effort to influence the course of severe sepsis with septic shock and to improve survival rates. This is a retrospective study of 17 consecutive patients with septic shock who were treated with acute plasmapheresis. Nine out of 16 ...
Bang R L - - 2000
The study group is comprised of 234 patients (6.4%) who died out of 3680 patients treated for burn injuries during the period January 1982 to December 1997 in Kuwait. There were 112 (47.9%) males and 122 (52.1%) females and their mean age was 30 years (range 1-93) when compared with ...
Yamada Y - - 1999
In this study, we investigated multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and nuclear matrix protein (NMP), which is an indicator for apoptosis, in burn patients. The subjects were 17 patients with a total burn surface area (TBSA) of 26% or more. Eight of them had MODS, and nine did not. Seven ...
Tortorolo L - - 1999
This report describes surfactant treatment in a burned infant with severe respiratory failure. In this patient the instillation of surfactant rapidly improved compliance, oxygen index (OI), and alveolar-capillary oxygen gradient (AaDO2), while the need for oxygen supplementation and peak positive pressure drastically decreased. The treatment was repeated after 12 hours. ...
Chen Y S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Acute myocarditis (AM) complicated with refractory cardiogenic shock carries a very high mortality. We report our experience in treating these patients, who were rescued by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and intravenous immunoglobulin. METHODS: Over a 5-year period, 5 patients with AM were rescued with ECMO in our hospital. Femoral ...
Webster N R - - 1999
It has long been recognised that the physiological response of the patient to a stress or disease process will very largely determine the outcome. It is important, therefore, to monitor the physiological responses of patients since this not only allows the assessment of physiological reserve but will also give a ...
Sloan E P - - 1999
CONTEXT: Severe, uncompensated, traumatic hemorrhagic shock causes significant morbidity and mortality, but resuscitation with an oxygen-carrying fluid might improve patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the infusion of up to 1000 mL of diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin (DCLHb) during the initial hospital resuscitation could reduce 28-day mortality in traumatic hemorrhagic shock ...
Cook C H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Rates of discharge of surgical ICU (SICU) patients to extended care facilities (ECF) increase as SICU length of stay (LOS) increases. Increased SICU LOS and APACHE II scores have been related to increased hospital mortality. This study evaluated factors influencing ECF survival after SICU patient discharge. STUDY DESIGN: We ...
Edbrooke D L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the patient-related costs of care for critically ill patients with severe sepsis or early septic shock. DESIGN: Retrospective, longitudinal, observational study during a 10-month period. SETTING: Adult general intensive care unit (ICU) in a university hospital located in the United Kingdom. PATIENTS: The study population consisted of ...
Turner A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence of otherwise undetected myocardial cell injury in patients with septic shock using daily measurements of cardiac troponin I (cTN I). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Intensive care unit of a tertiary institution. PATIENTS: Fifteen consecutive patients with septic shock and six mechanically ventilated patients without ...
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