Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 865
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Chan K Y - - 2002
This is a retrospective review of 110 patients admitted to the Burns Units between October 1999 and November 2001. The aim was to determine the burns pattern of patients admitted to hospital UKM. There was an increasing trend for patients admitted. Female to male ratio was 1:2. Children consisted 34% ...
Due V - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Gut ischaemia may contribute to morbidity in sepsis, but little is known about the metabolic state of the gut mucosa in such patients. METHODS: Nine patients with abdominal septic shock treated with norepinephrine, and ten healthy subjects, were subjected to equilibrium dialysis with a rectal balloon. pH, PCO(2) and ...
Smailes S T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Acute respiratory failure is a common complication of the severely burn-injured patient. Endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation is associated with a high rate of complications. Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NIPPV) has been shown to be as effective as conventional ventilation in improving gas exchange and is associated with fewer ...
Chaney John C JC Pulmonary Flight, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland AFB, TX 78236, USA. - - 2002
To evaluate the initial benefits of establishing an oxygen therapy clinic (OTC) to manage users of long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT). Cross-sectional observational study. Military-affiliated, tertiary care hospital. Current users of LTOT at our institution and patients with new oxygen prescriptions between June 2000 and May 2001. The OTC evaluation consisted ...
Ji Young Ra - - 2002
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of a no saline, a 2 ml and a 5 ml saline instillation prior to endotracheal suctioning on oxygen saturation in patients with pneumonia. The subjects in this study were 16 pneumonic patients with a tracheotomy tube, who had been admitted to ...
Ryan Colleen M - - 2002
Mortality and length of stay (LOS) of survivors was examined retrospectively in 270 adults with acute burns > or =20% of body surface area to determine the effect of Integra Dermal Regeneration Template treatment on outcome. No difference in mortality was found between patients who received Integra (30%; n = ...
Dehne Marius G - - 2002
To determine the acute immunologic reaction, mediated by cytokines, interleukines (ILs) and growth factors and the susceptibility to infections and sepsis after severe burn injury a prospective, single unit, longitudinal study of acute phase reactants and mediators who performed. After approval by the ethics committee of our hospital, we investigated ...
Suzuki Masaru - - 2002
QT dispersion, defined as the maximal-minus-minimal QT interval on a 12-lead electrocardiogram, has emerged as a non-invasive measurement for quantifying the spatial inhomogeneity of ventricular repolarization under various conditions, including acute stress. Because burn injuries elicit acute stress reactions, it was hypothesized that QT dispersion increases with the severity of ...
Fidler Philip E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Increased mortality, extensive visceral involvement, and necrotizing tracheobronchitis associated with herpes viruses have been reported after burns. It is unclear whether herpes presenting as a facial rash results in outcome changes after burns. METHODS: A retrospective study characterizing the incidence, presentation, and outcome of 14 patients with facial herpes ...
De Backer Daniel - - 2002
Microvascular blood flow alterations are frequent in animal models of sepsis and may impair tissue oxygenation. We hypothesized that alterations of the microcirculation are present in patients with sepsis. We used an orthogonal polarization spectral imaging technique to investigate the sublingual microcirculation in 10 healthy volunteers, 16 patients before cardiac ...
Bamichas Gerasimos - - 2002
We describe our experience with plasma exchange (PE) therapy in 13 patients with drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), 4 of whom had malignant disorders. Skin lesions covered 17% to 100% of total body surface area and 1 to 4 mucous membranes were involved. None of the patients was hospitalized in ...
Chen Xu-Lin - - 2002
The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of burns due to gunpowder explosions in fireworks factories. Three hundred and fifty-one patients having burns caused by gunpowder explosions in a fireworks factory were admitted to our center from 1 January 1987 to 31 December 1999 and the clinical ...
Uriu Kohei - - 2002
Direct hemoperfusion (DHP) with an adsorbent column using polymyxin B-immobilized fiber (PMX-F) has been shown to improve the state of shock in patients with septic shock. However, no evidence has been presented for a direct link between endotoxin removal by DHP with PMX-F and improvement in septic shock. We retrospectively ...
Anlatici R - - 2002
Epidemiological investigations of burn patient series help practitioners to identify factors that affect patient survival. Our aim was to contribute to the body of knowledge in this area by determining how survival related to certain variables in burn cases. The records of 1083 burn patients who were hospitalised between August ...
Anlatici R - - 2002
A total of 1083 burn cases hospitalised at a burn center between August 1988 and the end of 1997 were studied retrospectively to determine the factors and demographic features associated with burn injury in Turkey. The means for patient age and percent total body surface area (TBSA) burned were 18.1 ...
Kuhl David A - - 2002
Key elements of the current approach to treating sepsis are reviewed, and examples are given to illustrate the difficulty of designing and evaluating trials in sepsis. A patient with sepsis is likely to have symptoms characteristic of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Initially, ruling out noninfective causes, locating the site ...
Rich Mark M - - 2002
We have previously found that skeletal muscle becomes electrically inexcitable in septic patients. Work in an animal model suggests that a decrease in the available sodium current underlies the loss of electrical excitability. We examined ECGs from patients during periods of septic shock to determine whether there were any ECG ...
Cochran Amalia - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Burn patients are ideal hosts for opportunistic infections. Candida infection in burn patients has a reported mortality ranging from 14% to 90%. This retrospective case-control study compares management patterns and outcomes of burn patients who develop systemic Candida with those who do not. METHODS: Inpatients at our burn center ...
Correia Osvaldo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare but severe adverse drug disease, characterized by extensive skin and mucosal detachment with participation of different immunoinflammatory pathways, in particular with early participation of activated CD8+ T lymphocytes. OBJECTIVE: To further study the potential role of T lymphocytes in the early phase ...
Málek J - - 2002
The objectives of this open-perspective clinical study were to test the effect of a new type of anaesthesia using sevofluran during surgical treatment of patients with burns, and to compare it with that of ketamin, at present the most frequently used anaesthetic. The study, conceived as a pilot study, was ...
Ram F S FS Department of Physiological Medicine, St George's Hospital Medical School, Level 0, Jenner Wing, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK, SW17 0RE. - - 2002
Little is known about the effectiveness of ambulatory domicilary oxygen therapy. At present ambulatory oxygen in the UK is provided with small oxygen cylinders but in other countries such as the USA and Italy, liquid oxygen systems with higher oxygen carrying capacity are widely used. Both these systems are used ...
Razonable Raymund R - - 2002
Reactivation of human beta-herpesviruses (cytomegalovirus [CMV], human herpesvirus [HHV]-6, and HHV-7) in nonimmunocompromised hosts is rare. Because these viruses are susceptible to reactivation by cytokines and stress-related mechanisms, the incidence of their reactivation was investigated among 120 patients during stress related to critical illness and compared with findings among 50 ...
Corke C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To review the role of secretory phospholipase A2 in the pathogenesis of multiple organ failure in the critically ill patient. DATA SOURCES: Relevant articles and published reviews on secretory phospholipase A2 in critical illness. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) has an important role in inflammation and in ...
Wischmeyer P E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of intravenous glutamine supplementation vs. an isonitrogenous control on infectious morbidity in severely burned patients. Previous clinical studies in seriously ill patients suggest a beneficial effect of glutamine on infectious morbidity, but no trials have examined possible clinical benefits in severely burned patients. DESIGN: Prospective, ...
Aslar A K - - 2001
Deaths from lightning injuries are infrequent--0.2-0.8 per million per year. The victims are mostly young, active people who are struck during various outdoor activities in the summer months. From November 1975 to October 1998; 22 lightning burns were treated in Ankara Numune Teaching and Research Hospital. The mean age of ...
Gall-Troselj K - - 2001
Nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to detect the presence of Helicobacter pylori in tongue mucosa in 268 patients divided into four groups according to their diagnosis: 87 with atrophic glossitis, 37 with benign migratory glossitis and 144 with burning mouth syndrome (BMS). The latter group was subdivided according ...
Egan N - - 2001
Poor patient compliance is one of the main reasons for treatment failure in acne. Our objective was to evaluate the tolerability and patient preference of adapalene gel 0.1% compared with tretinoin microsphere gel 0.1% using a randomized, controlled, investigator-masked, bilateral (split-face), 4-week comparative study of the 2 products when applied ...
Kays M B - - 2001
We evaluated the effect of serum from normal and uraemic volunteers, neutropenic patients and burn patients on the serum bactericidal test. Serum samples were spiked with ceftazidime to mimic in vivo peak (75 mg/L) and trough (5 mg/L) concentrations. Serum inhibitory and bactericidal titres (SIT and SBT) were performed in ...
Gore D C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia is commonly associated with the hypermetabolic stress response. However, persistent hyperglycemia may adversely affect wound healing and immunity. The purpose of this study was to assess any relationship between hyperglycemia and clinical outcome after severe burn injury. METHODS: Survey of the medical records from January 1996 to July ...
Dominguez O J OJ - - 2001
This patient had a complex presentation, with many potential causes for his shock status. He was obviously in shock, with many signs of poor perfusion. He presented with very rapid heart and respiratory rates, and poor skin perfusion and oxygenation. The clinical presentation of the patient prompted the EMS crew ...
Hunter K A - - 2001
This study was undertaken to determine whether patients who were critically ill evidenced elevated levels of blood cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). Cyclic guanosine monophosphate levels correlated with severity of illness as measured by the APACHE II severity of illness scoring system (p < 0.01). Cyclic guanosine monophosphate also correlated with ...
Goodkin G M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The study compared a hand-carried echocardiography (HC) device with standard echocardiography (SE) in critically ill patients. BACKGROUND: Recently, small HC devices have been introduced, and early reports showed a good correlation with SE. METHODS: We used HC (SonoSite, Bothell, Washington) echocardiography to evaluate critically ill patients, and we compared ...
Ammann P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To detect myocardial damage in severe systemic inflammation by cTnI measurements in patients without acute coronary syndromes. DESIGN: Prospective case control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty patients with sepsis, septic shock, and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) were examined and compared to controls without coronary artery disease ...
Xie Y - - 2001
In order to know the element levels in the urine of patients with chronic arsenic poisoning caused by arsenic assimilated from burning coal via air and food, we investigated various elements in the urine of 16 patients with this disease and 16 controls living in the same county in Guizhou ...
Wahl W L - - 2001
Risk factors and prophylaxis for prevention of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism remain controversial in burn patients. From January 1996 through June 1999, we reviewed all adult burn patients admitted to our burn center with the in-hospital diagnosis of DVT and assessed each affected patient for DVT risk ...
Gärtner R - - 2001
Patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis exhibit decreased plasma selenium and glutathione peroxidase activity. This has been shown in several clinical studies. Moreover, the degree of selenium deficiency correlates with the severity of the disease and the incidence of mortality. Patients with SIRS and sepsis are exposed ...
Bossink A W - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Shock in the course of fever is likely caused by septic shock. Because septic shock carries a high mortality rate, early recognition could benefit the patient. We tried to predict the development of shock in medical patients with fever and a clinical infection, on the basis of clinical and ...
Chai J - - 2000
Hypernatremia in severely burned patients is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. As the causes of hypernatremia in major burn patients are still not clear, hemodialysis is the method of choice for the treatment. While hemodialysis is effective for the control of hypernatremia, it can cause bleeding complications that ...
Thomas P K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the clinical features and nerve biopsy findings in patients with chronic mountain sickness (CMS) living in the Peruvian Andes, with particular attention to the occurrence of the "burning feet-burning hands" syndrome. METHODS: Symptoms and signs were documented clinically in 10 patients with CMS and compared with those ...
Bohus M - - 2000
Self-mutilation occurs in 70-80% of patients who meet DSM-IV criteria for borderline personality disorder. Approximately 60% of these patients report that they do not feel pain during acts of self-mutilation such as cutting or burning. Findings of recent studies measuring pain perception in patients with BPD are difficult to interpret ...
Ivy M E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are known to occur in patients after major abdominal surgery. The incidence of IAH and ACS in the burn population is not known. METHODS: We prospectively recorded the intra-abdominal pressures of major burn patients admitted to our burn center from February ...
Martin C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Sepsis and septic shock are a common cause of mortality in critically ill patients. Many substances have been implicated in the pathophysiology of these syndromes. We postulated that adenosine may be implicated in the sepsis- or septic shock-induced blood pressure failure. Indeed, this nucleoside is a strong endogenous vasodilating ...
Shenkin A - - 2000
The trace element and vitamin requirements of severely-ill injured patients depend on a complex interaction of the status of the patient at the time of admission, ongoing losses and the potential benefit of supplying large amounts of individual micronutrients. Characteristic clinical deficiency states are now uncommon, but subclinical deficiency is ...
Yeh F L - - 2000
In order to understand the role of an anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 10 (IL-10) in the pathophysiology of burn injury, IL-10 levels in serial serum samples of 22 burned patients were analyzed. The total body surface areas (TBSA) of the burn injury ranged from 30 to 90%. Among these 22 patients, ...
Tatevossian R G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Although cardiac and pulmonary function can be measured precisely, evaluation of tissue perfusion remains elusive because it usually is inferred from subjective symptoms and imprecise signs of shock. The latter are indirect criteria used to assess the overall circulatory status as well as tissue perfusion but are not direct ...
Chen Y N - - 2000
Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) was measured by chemiluminescent immunoassay following burn injury. Thirty patients [total body surface area (TBSA) of burn 15-98%] were included in this study and each had four to six blood samples collected at 2-day intervals between the 5th and 14th days post-burn. All patients were found ...
Mesters R M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of protein C, endogenous activated protein C, and D-dimer concentrations in patients at high risk of developing severe septic complications secondary to cytostatic chemotherapy. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative, single-center study. SETTING: Specialized ward for treating patients with acute leukemia and associated intensive care unit at ...
Lorente J A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To define the hemodynamic and gastric intramucosal PCO2 (PiCO2) changes during the first 48 hrs after burn trauma and to analyze their relationship with outcome. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study in a cohort of consecutively admitted critically ill burn patients. SETTING: Intensive care burn unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS: ...
Coudray-Lucas C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness on wound healing time in severe burn patients of ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate supplementation of enteral feeding vs. an isonitrogenous control. Previous clinical and experimental studies suggest a beneficial effect of enterally administered ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate supplementation on protein metabolism in burn patients, but few data deal with ...
Zinman C C Department of Pulmonology, Johannesburg Hospital, University of the - - 2000
To assess the clinical and demographic characteristics of patients attending an oxygen clinic, to assess the relevance of the current clinical criteria determining the need for domiciliary oxygen, to assess the cost-effectiveness of an oxygen clinic and to assess compliance with the oxygen prescription. Descriptive study with a retrospective review ...
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