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Results 301 - 350 of 842
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Ozgenel Güzin Ye┼čim - - 2004
This study was designed to evaluate the epidemiology and outcome of burn injuries due to paint thinner in a local burn center. During a 10-year period, 32 patients were admitted to our Burn Unit for paint thinner thermal burn. Patients were reviewed regarding the age, sex, etiologic factors, extent and ...
Peres Bota Daliana - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of body temperature (BT) alterations in critically ill patients, and their relationship with infection and outcome. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING. Thirty-one bed, medico-surgical department of intensive care. PATIENTS: Adult patients admitted consecutively to the ICU for at least 24 h, during 6 summer months. ...
Arbabi Saman - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There is no direct evidence that beta-blockers improve mortality in burn victims. Beta-blockers attenuate hypermetabolic states in burned children, and perioperative use in elective adult cases has beneficial effects, which suggests that beta-blockers may also improve burn outcomes. However, beta-blockers decrease cardiac output and may decrease oxygen delivery, and ...
Alden N E - - 2004
Many patients suffer from sensorimotor deficits that may contribute to burn injury. This retrospective study examines burn injuries in the subgroup of patients that suffer from the early onset neurological impairments of mental retardation, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, autism, and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder. Fifty-one patients who suffered from the above-mentioned ...
Hettrick Heather - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries and the disease process of lymphedema are complex medical conditions involving the integument. The possibility of a relationship between burn injury and the development of lymphedema was studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: The incidence of lymphedema was explored by conducting a 5-year retrospective chart review on edema related ...
Broz L - - 2004
We have followed in a pilot study a group of patients for cytological and biochemical changes of lavage in the upper and lower respiratory system. Into the study patients with respiratory burns confirmed by bronchoscopy and skiagraphy were included. We divided patients according to the Lung Injury Scores (LIS). We ...
de Macedo Jefferson Lessa - - 2003
A prospective study was conducted from June 2001 to May 2002 at the Burns Unit of Hospital Regional da Asa Norte, Brasília, Brazil. During the period of the study, 252 patients were treated at the Burns Unit, 49 (19.4%) developed clinically and microbiologically proven sepsis. Twenty-six (53.1%) were males and ...
Saraiya Hemant - - 2003
Postburn galactorrhea, although relatively uncommon, is a complex problem to treat. Three of 25 female premenopausal patients who were admitted during the years 1995 to 2001 with more than 40% TBSA burns developed this problem. All three patients were obese according to body mass index and other clinical criteria. It ...
Brealey David - - 2003
Sepsis is an increasingly common problem, particularly among critically ill patients. Mechanisms by which sepsis induces organ dysfunction have not been elucidated. The coexisting findings (unique to sepsis) of metabolic acidosis yet increased tissue oxygen tensions suggest cellular availability but decreased use of oxygen (tissue dysoxia). Because mitochondria use more ...
Edelman Linda S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Body-composition changes have been observed after burn injury. In particular, several studies have shown that bone mineral density (BMD) in burn patients is decreased when compared to the normal population. Little is known about the frequency, severity, or duration of these changes. The purpose of this study was to ...
Moi A Litleré - - 2003
The abbreviated Burn Specific Health Scale (BSHS-A) is an 80-item questionnaire that has proven useful in measuring physical, mental, social and general health in burn survivors. The aim of this study was to adapt the BSHS-A into Norwegian, including assessing reliability and validity. Standard procedures for forward and backward translation ...
Rachakonda K S - - 2003
The mortality from septic shock remains high despite the availability of modern critical care facilities. In recent years, new agents have been tested to reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with severe sepsis. Among them, recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) has been reported to significantly reduce mortality and morbidity ...
Kowal-Vern Areta - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Antithrombin (human) [AT(H)] concentrate infusions have been safely utilized in adult burn patients to counteract subclinical disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and pulmonary complications. OBJECTIVE: AT(H) concentrate was given to two thermally injured pediatric patients to evaluate safety and dosage requirements. DESIGN: The first patient was a 2-year-old with 83% total ...
Klein Michael D - - 2003
We examined central venous catheter (CVC) sepsis in newborn surgical patients, as this group appeared to have a higher incidence of this complication. During a 3-year period 79 patients on the surgical service required a tunneled, cuffed, Broviac CVC. Nineteen patients (24% or 9.9 episodes per 1000 catheter days) had ...
Tarnow P - - 2003
A tragic in-door fire disaster took place on 29 October 1998 at a discotheque in Gothenburg, Sweden. Nearly 400 youths attending a Halloween party were inside the building when the fire started, killing 61 people and injuring another 213 persons. A total of 154 youths were admitted to hospital care. ...
Zeerleder Sacha - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome is a frequent complication of severe sepsis and septic shock and has a high mortality. We hypothesized that extensive apoptosis of cells might constitute the cellular basis for this complication. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Medical and surgical wards or intensive care units of two university ...
Cawley Michael J - - 2003
A 48-year-old man with a history of ethanol abuse and bipolar disease fell asleep while smoking in an intoxicated state. The patient received a 30% total body surface area burn involving his face and upper torso that resulted in an inhalation injury. Several attempts at weaning from mechanical ventilation failed ...
Chen Tzyy-Jiin - - 2003
PURPOSE: The early impact on the heart of severe burns has all been well documented previously. Here, we report on the late effects of burns upon the heart, and dilated cardiomyopathy, such aspects having been little reported previously in the literature. METHODS: Over the past 8 years (June 1991 to ...
Tam Michael Man-kit - - 2003
Records of patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) of the Prince of Wales Hospital with wax burns during Mid-Autumn festival from 1998 to 2001 were retrieved and analyzed. There were 26 patients in total (21 males, 5 females). Annual attendances from 1998 to 2001 were 11, 7, 4 and ...
Sharshar Tarek - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of vasopressin deficiency in septic shock. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Intensive care unit at Raymond Poincaré University Hospital. PATIENTS: A cohort of 44 patients who met the usual criteria for septic shock for < 7 days. A second cohort of 18 septic shock patients ...
Schaaf Bernhard M - - 2003
Polymorphisms in the tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-10 genes, linked to cytokine inducibility, may influence the inflammatory response to infection. We studied the biallelic interleukin-10-1082 promoter, the tumor necrosis factor-alpha-308 promoter, and the lymphotoxin-alpha polymorphisms with regard to the development of septic shock in pneumococcal infection. Sixty-nine patients with pneumococcal ...
Dünser Martin W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report on the incidence and risk factors associated with the development of ischemic skin lesions (ISL) in critically ill patients with catecholamine-resistant vasodilatory shock treated with a continuous infusion of arginine-vasopressin (AVP). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Twelve-bed general and surgical intensive care unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS: ...
Dzelalija Boris - - 2003
AIM: To analyze clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the black widow spider (Latrodectus tredecimguttatus) bites and asses the impact of antitoxin administration after the bite on the intensity and duration of pain. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of clinical appearance, laboratory findings, and clinical assessment of the antitoxin administration efficacy in 32 ...
Brown Tim La H - - 2003
When faced with large numbers of burn patients and limited resources such as in war or disaster, oral fluids may be used as an alternative to intravenous resuscitation. Vomiting during the first 48 h can limit the usefulness of this method; yet its incidence has not been documented. This study ...
Lebedev M Ju - - 2003
The level of the soluble form of histocompatibility class I antigens, associated with beta(2)-microglobulin (sHLA-I) has been determined by an ELISA sandwich method in serum from burned patients (n=42) and healthy volunteers (n=30). The sHLA-I level was insignificantly increased in burn patients at the stage of burn shock (1284+/-324U/ml, mean+/-S.E.M.) ...
Brown James A - - 2003
This is the first report of postoperative rhabdomyolysis occurring in a patient positioned in the "modified flank position," with the kidney rest positioned under the top of the iliac crest. The patient was treated with aggressive intravenous fluid hydration and hyperbaric oxygen therapy with maintenance of normal renal function and ...
Cantrell F Lee - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Envenomations by venomous lizards are rare. A single report of envenomation by a Mexican beaded lizard (Heloderma horridum) has been published. Further, anaphylaxis secondary to lizard envenomation has only been reported with the Gila monster. We report an envenomation that resulted in both systemic toxicity and anaphylaxis. CASE REPORT: ...
Chan K Y - - 2002
This is a retrospective review of 110 patients admitted to the Burns Units between October 1999 and November 2001. The aim was to determine the burns pattern of patients admitted to hospital UKM. There was an increasing trend for patients admitted. Female to male ratio was 1:2. Children consisted 34% ...
Due V - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Gut ischaemia may contribute to morbidity in sepsis, but little is known about the metabolic state of the gut mucosa in such patients. METHODS: Nine patients with abdominal septic shock treated with norepinephrine, and ten healthy subjects, were subjected to equilibrium dialysis with a rectal balloon. pH, PCO(2) and ...
Smailes S T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Acute respiratory failure is a common complication of the severely burn-injured patient. Endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation is associated with a high rate of complications. Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NIPPV) has been shown to be as effective as conventional ventilation in improving gas exchange and is associated with fewer ...
Chaney John C - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the initial benefits of establishing an oxygen therapy clinic (OTC) to manage users of long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT). DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Military-affiliated, tertiary care hospital. Patients or participants: Current users of LTOT at our institution and patients with new oxygen prescriptions between June 2000 ...
Ji Young Ra - - 2002
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of a no saline, a 2 ml and a 5 ml saline instillation prior to endotracheal suctioning on oxygen saturation in patients with pneumonia. The subjects in this study were 16 pneumonic patients with a tracheotomy tube, who had been admitted to ...
Ryan Colleen M - - 2002
Mortality and length of stay (LOS) of survivors was examined retrospectively in 270 adults with acute burns > or =20% of body surface area to determine the effect of Integra Dermal Regeneration Template treatment on outcome. No difference in mortality was found between patients who received Integra (30%; n = ...
Dehne Marius G - - 2002
To determine the acute immunologic reaction, mediated by cytokines, interleukines (ILs) and growth factors and the susceptibility to infections and sepsis after severe burn injury a prospective, single unit, longitudinal study of acute phase reactants and mediators who performed. After approval by the ethics committee of our hospital, we investigated ...
Suzuki Masaru - - 2002
QT dispersion, defined as the maximal-minus-minimal QT interval on a 12-lead electrocardiogram, has emerged as a non-invasive measurement for quantifying the spatial inhomogeneity of ventricular repolarization under various conditions, including acute stress. Because burn injuries elicit acute stress reactions, it was hypothesized that QT dispersion increases with the severity of ...
Fidler Philip E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Increased mortality, extensive visceral involvement, and necrotizing tracheobronchitis associated with herpes viruses have been reported after burns. It is unclear whether herpes presenting as a facial rash results in outcome changes after burns. METHODS: A retrospective study characterizing the incidence, presentation, and outcome of 14 patients with facial herpes ...
De Backer Daniel - - 2002
Microvascular blood flow alterations are frequent in animal models of sepsis and may impair tissue oxygenation. We hypothesized that alterations of the microcirculation are present in patients with sepsis. We used an orthogonal polarization spectral imaging technique to investigate the sublingual microcirculation in 10 healthy volunteers, 16 patients before cardiac ...
Bamichas Gerasimos - - 2002
We describe our experience with plasma exchange (PE) therapy in 13 patients with drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), 4 of whom had malignant disorders. Skin lesions covered 17% to 100% of total body surface area and 1 to 4 mucous membranes were involved. None of the patients was hospitalized in ...
Chen Xu-Lin - - 2002
The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of burns due to gunpowder explosions in fireworks factories. Three hundred and fifty-one patients having burns caused by gunpowder explosions in a fireworks factory were admitted to our center from 1 January 1987 to 31 December 1999 and the clinical ...
Uriu Kohei - - 2002
Direct hemoperfusion (DHP) with an adsorbent column using polymyxin B-immobilized fiber (PMX-F) has been shown to improve the state of shock in patients with septic shock. However, no evidence has been presented for a direct link between endotoxin removal by DHP with PMX-F and improvement in septic shock. We retrospectively ...
Anlatici R - - 2002
Epidemiological investigations of burn patient series help practitioners to identify factors that affect patient survival. Our aim was to contribute to the body of knowledge in this area by determining how survival related to certain variables in burn cases. The records of 1083 burn patients who were hospitalised between August ...
Anlatici R - - 2002
A total of 1083 burn cases hospitalised at a burn center between August 1988 and the end of 1997 were studied retrospectively to determine the factors and demographic features associated with burn injury in Turkey. The means for patient age and percent total body surface area (TBSA) burned were 18.1 ...
Kuhl David A - - 2002
Key elements of the current approach to treating sepsis are reviewed, and examples are given to illustrate the difficulty of designing and evaluating trials in sepsis. A patient with sepsis is likely to have symptoms characteristic of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Initially, ruling out noninfective causes, locating the site ...
Rich Mark M - - 2002
We have previously found that skeletal muscle becomes electrically inexcitable in septic patients. Work in an animal model suggests that a decrease in the available sodium current underlies the loss of electrical excitability. We examined ECGs from patients during periods of septic shock to determine whether there were any ECG ...
Cochran Amalia - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Burn patients are ideal hosts for opportunistic infections. Candida infection in burn patients has a reported mortality ranging from 14% to 90%. This retrospective case-control study compares management patterns and outcomes of burn patients who develop systemic Candida with those who do not. METHODS: Inpatients at our burn center ...
Correia Osvaldo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare but severe adverse drug disease, characterized by extensive skin and mucosal detachment with participation of different immunoinflammatory pathways, in particular with early participation of activated CD8+ T lymphocytes. OBJECTIVE: To further study the potential role of T lymphocytes in the early phase ...
Málek J - - 2002
The objectives of this open-perspective clinical study were to test the effect of a new type of anaesthesia using sevofluran during surgical treatment of patients with burns, and to compare it with that of ketamin, at present the most frequently used anaesthetic. The study, conceived as a pilot study, was ...
Ram F S FS Department of Physiological Medicine, St George's Hospital Medical School, Level 0, Jenner Wing, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK, SW17 0RE. - - 2002
Little is known about the effectiveness of ambulatory domicilary oxygen therapy. At present ambulatory oxygen in the UK is provided with small oxygen cylinders but in other countries such as the USA and Italy, liquid oxygen systems with higher oxygen carrying capacity are widely used. Both these systems are used ...
Razonable Raymund R - - 2002
Reactivation of human beta-herpesviruses (cytomegalovirus [CMV], human herpesvirus [HHV]-6, and HHV-7) in nonimmunocompromised hosts is rare. Because these viruses are susceptible to reactivation by cytokines and stress-related mechanisms, the incidence of their reactivation was investigated among 120 patients during stress related to critical illness and compared with findings among 50 ...
Corke C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To review the role of secretory phospholipase A2 in the pathogenesis of multiple organ failure in the critically ill patient. DATA SOURCES: Relevant articles and published reviews on secretory phospholipase A2 in critical illness. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) has an important role in inflammation and in ...
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