Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 857
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Leone Marc - - 2004
To determine the effects on hemodynamics, laboratory parameters, and renal function of terlipressin used in septic-shock patients with hypotension not responsive to high-dose norepinephrine (>2.0 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)) and dopamine (25 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)), a prospective, open-label study was carried out in 17 patients. Patients received ...
Sakr Yasser - - 2004
To characterize the time course of microcirculatory alterations and their relation to outcome in patients with septic shock. Prospective, observational study. Thirty-one-bed, medico-surgical intensive care unit in a university hospital. Forty-nine patients with septic shock. The sublingual microcirculation was investigated with an orthogonal polarization spectral imaging device on the day ...
Ertek M - - 2004
Specimens of the millipede, Nopoiulus kochii (Gervais) were seen in faeces and vomit of a 14-year-old boy residing in Oltu, Erzurum, Turkey. The patient complained of a burning sensation in his throat and stomach-ache. Physical examination revealed no pathological findings, and how the patient became infected was unknown. Anti-parasitic drugs ...
Azuma Kazuaki - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Plasma concentrations of superantigens were measured in an intensive care unit (ICU) population and the relationship of superantigen positive rates with the presence of sepsis was investigated. METHODS: Plasma samples were collected at least twice a week from 78 patients whose primary diagnoses were abdominal disorders (n = 27), ...
Krost William S - - 2004
Cardiogenic shock is a pathophysiologic cascade that often leads to death. Although there has been a dramatic decrease in the cases of cardiogenic shock since the 1970s, the mortality rate of those patients who are diagnosed with cardiogenic shock remains as high as 50% to 80%. As stated throughout the ...
Enishi Kazunari - - 2004
To investigate cardiovascular responses to orthostatic stress in patients with cerebrovascular accidents (CVA). Twelve male patients with CVA, 11 healthy elderly and 12 healthy young males participated in the present study. The CVA patients had suffered stroke with hemiplegia at least 11 months prior to the study, their medical conditions ...
Palmu Raimo - - 2004
The aim of this study was to investigate differences in characteristics of burn patients who had attempted suicide, as compared with other burn patients admitted to the Helsinki Burn Centre during 1989-97. Burn patients were first drawn from a computerised register, after which a psychiatrist examined their medical records and ...
Cartotto Robert - - 2004
BACKGROUND: High frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) improves gas exchange while providing lung protective effects during the ventilation of patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The purpose of this study was to review our experience with HFOV in adult burn patients with oxygenation failure secondary to ARDS. METHODS: Retrospective ...
Hershkovich Oded - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: In the current study, we performed taste and salivary analysis on patients suffering from burning mouth syndrome and xerostomia or taste disturbances. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 180 patients who complained of idiopathic burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and taste aberrations and/or xerostomia that may accompany BMS were evaluated. These ...
Roman-Marchant Oscar - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine possible differences in morbidity and mortality between early and late onset of septic shock in ICU patients. DESIGN: Systematic data collection. SETTING: Thirty-one-bed, mixed, medicosurgical ICU in a university hospital. PATIENTS: All 65 patients who acquired septic shock after admission to the ICU between February 1999 ...
Suliman M Taifour - - 2004
Eighteen patients with burns contracture to the knee 7 (34%), elbow 5 (28%), perineum 4 (22%), and axilla 2 (11%), were treated at our unit between February 1998 to October 2001 using the seven flap-plasty. We chose this method because of its suitability for such contractures, which take the form ...
le Roux P - - 2004
Critically ill patients still commonly die of the effects of sepsis, despite numerous interventions. Earlier trials investigated mostly anti-inflammatory strategies, based on the prevailing theory that sepsis represents an uncontrolled inflammatory response. We now know that sepsis represents a biphasic response to infection, and the initial pro-inflammatory response that we ...
Booth Karen L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation can provide effective mechanical circulatory support for the failing circulation in children. Patients with failing Fontan and bidirectional Glenn physiology present additional challenges both for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannulation and support. We report our institutional experience in patients with cavopulmonary connections who received extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. ...
Quasim Tara - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The relationship between circulation leptin concentrations, mediators of the systemic inflammatory response and illness severity in critically ill patients remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to examine these relationships in critically ill surgical patients admitted to the intensive therapy unit (ITU). PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Gray Katherine - - 2004
Hot cooking oil burns resulted in 316 admissions to the Burns Unit at The Royal Brisbane Hospital between January 1, 1981, and December 31, 2000. Notable demographics of this group were a male:female ratio 1.74:1 and that 24% of all patients were between the ages of 16 and 20. Workplace ...
Ozgenel Güzin Ye┼čim - - 2004
This study was designed to evaluate the epidemiology and outcome of burn injuries due to paint thinner in a local burn center. During a 10-year period, 32 patients were admitted to our Burn Unit for paint thinner thermal burn. Patients were reviewed regarding the age, sex, etiologic factors, extent and ...
Peres Bota Daliana - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of body temperature (BT) alterations in critically ill patients, and their relationship with infection and outcome. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING. Thirty-one bed, medico-surgical department of intensive care. PATIENTS: Adult patients admitted consecutively to the ICU for at least 24 h, during 6 summer months. ...
Arbabi Saman - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There is no direct evidence that beta-blockers improve mortality in burn victims. Beta-blockers attenuate hypermetabolic states in burned children, and perioperative use in elective adult cases has beneficial effects, which suggests that beta-blockers may also improve burn outcomes. However, beta-blockers decrease cardiac output and may decrease oxygen delivery, and ...
Alden N E - - 2004
Many patients suffer from sensorimotor deficits that may contribute to burn injury. This retrospective study examines burn injuries in the subgroup of patients that suffer from the early onset neurological impairments of mental retardation, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, autism, and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder. Fifty-one patients who suffered from the above-mentioned ...
Hettrick Heather - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries and the disease process of lymphedema are complex medical conditions involving the integument. The possibility of a relationship between burn injury and the development of lymphedema was studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: The incidence of lymphedema was explored by conducting a 5-year retrospective chart review on edema related ...
Broz L - - 2004
We have followed in a pilot study a group of patients for cytological and biochemical changes of lavage in the upper and lower respiratory system. Into the study patients with respiratory burns confirmed by bronchoscopy and skiagraphy were included. We divided patients according to the Lung Injury Scores (LIS). We ...
de Macedo Jefferson Lessa - - 2003
A prospective study was conducted from June 2001 to May 2002 at the Burns Unit of Hospital Regional da Asa Norte, Brasília, Brazil. During the period of the study, 252 patients were treated at the Burns Unit, 49 (19.4%) developed clinically and microbiologically proven sepsis. Twenty-six (53.1%) were males and ...
Saraiya Hemant - - 2003
Postburn galactorrhea, although relatively uncommon, is a complex problem to treat. Three of 25 female premenopausal patients who were admitted during the years 1995 to 2001 with more than 40% TBSA burns developed this problem. All three patients were obese according to body mass index and other clinical criteria. It ...
Brealey David - - 2003
Sepsis is an increasingly common problem, particularly among critically ill patients. Mechanisms by which sepsis induces organ dysfunction have not been elucidated. The coexisting findings (unique to sepsis) of metabolic acidosis yet increased tissue oxygen tensions suggest cellular availability but decreased use of oxygen (tissue dysoxia). Because mitochondria use more ...
Edelman Linda S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Body-composition changes have been observed after burn injury. In particular, several studies have shown that bone mineral density (BMD) in burn patients is decreased when compared to the normal population. Little is known about the frequency, severity, or duration of these changes. The purpose of this study was to ...
Moi A Litleré - - 2003
The abbreviated Burn Specific Health Scale (BSHS-A) is an 80-item questionnaire that has proven useful in measuring physical, mental, social and general health in burn survivors. The aim of this study was to adapt the BSHS-A into Norwegian, including assessing reliability and validity. Standard procedures for forward and backward translation ...
Rachakonda K S - - 2003
The mortality from septic shock remains high despite the availability of modern critical care facilities. In recent years, new agents have been tested to reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with severe sepsis. Among them, recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) has been reported to significantly reduce mortality and morbidity ...
Kowal-Vern Areta - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Antithrombin (human) [AT(H)] concentrate infusions have been safely utilized in adult burn patients to counteract subclinical disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and pulmonary complications. OBJECTIVE: AT(H) concentrate was given to two thermally injured pediatric patients to evaluate safety and dosage requirements. DESIGN: The first patient was a 2-year-old with 83% total ...
Klein Michael D - - 2003
We examined central venous catheter (CVC) sepsis in newborn surgical patients, as this group appeared to have a higher incidence of this complication. During a 3-year period 79 patients on the surgical service required a tunneled, cuffed, Broviac CVC. Nineteen patients (24% or 9.9 episodes per 1000 catheter days) had ...
Tarnow P - - 2003
A tragic in-door fire disaster took place on 29 October 1998 at a discotheque in Gothenburg, Sweden. Nearly 400 youths attending a Halloween party were inside the building when the fire started, killing 61 people and injuring another 213 persons. A total of 154 youths were admitted to hospital care. ...
Zeerleder Sacha - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome is a frequent complication of severe sepsis and septic shock and has a high mortality. We hypothesized that extensive apoptosis of cells might constitute the cellular basis for this complication. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Medical and surgical wards or intensive care units of two university ...
Cawley Michael J - - 2003
A 48-year-old man with a history of ethanol abuse and bipolar disease fell asleep while smoking in an intoxicated state. The patient received a 30% total body surface area burn involving his face and upper torso that resulted in an inhalation injury. Several attempts at weaning from mechanical ventilation failed ...
Chen Tzyy-Jiin - - 2003
PURPOSE: The early impact on the heart of severe burns has all been well documented previously. Here, we report on the late effects of burns upon the heart, and dilated cardiomyopathy, such aspects having been little reported previously in the literature. METHODS: Over the past 8 years (June 1991 to ...
Tam Michael Man-kit - - 2003
Records of patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) of the Prince of Wales Hospital with wax burns during Mid-Autumn festival from 1998 to 2001 were retrieved and analyzed. There were 26 patients in total (21 males, 5 females). Annual attendances from 1998 to 2001 were 11, 7, 4 and ...
Sharshar Tarek - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of vasopressin deficiency in septic shock. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Intensive care unit at Raymond Poincaré University Hospital. PATIENTS: A cohort of 44 patients who met the usual criteria for septic shock for < 7 days. A second cohort of 18 septic shock patients ...
Schaaf Bernhard M - - 2003
Polymorphisms in the tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-10 genes, linked to cytokine inducibility, may influence the inflammatory response to infection. We studied the biallelic interleukin-10-1082 promoter, the tumor necrosis factor-alpha-308 promoter, and the lymphotoxin-alpha polymorphisms with regard to the development of septic shock in pneumococcal infection. Sixty-nine patients with pneumococcal ...
Dünser Martin W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report on the incidence and risk factors associated with the development of ischemic skin lesions (ISL) in critically ill patients with catecholamine-resistant vasodilatory shock treated with a continuous infusion of arginine-vasopressin (AVP). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Twelve-bed general and surgical intensive care unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS: ...
Dzelalija Boris - - 2003
AIM: To analyze clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the black widow spider (Latrodectus tredecimguttatus) bites and asses the impact of antitoxin administration after the bite on the intensity and duration of pain. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of clinical appearance, laboratory findings, and clinical assessment of the antitoxin administration efficacy in 32 ...
Brown Tim La H - - 2003
When faced with large numbers of burn patients and limited resources such as in war or disaster, oral fluids may be used as an alternative to intravenous resuscitation. Vomiting during the first 48 h can limit the usefulness of this method; yet its incidence has not been documented. This study ...
Lebedev M Ju - - 2003
The level of the soluble form of histocompatibility class I antigens, associated with beta(2)-microglobulin (sHLA-I) has been determined by an ELISA sandwich method in serum from burned patients (n=42) and healthy volunteers (n=30). The sHLA-I level was insignificantly increased in burn patients at the stage of burn shock (1284+/-324U/ml, mean+/-S.E.M.) ...
Brown James A - - 2003
This is the first report of postoperative rhabdomyolysis occurring in a patient positioned in the "modified flank position," with the kidney rest positioned under the top of the iliac crest. The patient was treated with aggressive intravenous fluid hydration and hyperbaric oxygen therapy with maintenance of normal renal function and ...
Cantrell F Lee - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Envenomations by venomous lizards are rare. A single report of envenomation by a Mexican beaded lizard (Heloderma horridum) has been published. Further, anaphylaxis secondary to lizard envenomation has only been reported with the Gila monster. We report an envenomation that resulted in both systemic toxicity and anaphylaxis. CASE REPORT: ...
Chan K Y - - 2002
This is a retrospective review of 110 patients admitted to the Burns Units between October 1999 and November 2001. The aim was to determine the burns pattern of patients admitted to hospital UKM. There was an increasing trend for patients admitted. Female to male ratio was 1:2. Children consisted 34% ...
Due V - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Gut ischaemia may contribute to morbidity in sepsis, but little is known about the metabolic state of the gut mucosa in such patients. METHODS: Nine patients with abdominal septic shock treated with norepinephrine, and ten healthy subjects, were subjected to equilibrium dialysis with a rectal balloon. pH, PCO(2) and ...
Smailes S T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Acute respiratory failure is a common complication of the severely burn-injured patient. Endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation is associated with a high rate of complications. Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NIPPV) has been shown to be as effective as conventional ventilation in improving gas exchange and is associated with fewer ...
Chaney John C JC Pulmonary Flight, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland AFB, TX 78236, USA. - - 2002
To evaluate the initial benefits of establishing an oxygen therapy clinic (OTC) to manage users of long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT). Cross-sectional observational study. Military-affiliated, tertiary care hospital. Current users of LTOT at our institution and patients with new oxygen prescriptions between June 2000 and May 2001. The OTC evaluation consisted ...
Ji Young Ra - - 2002
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of a no saline, a 2 ml and a 5 ml saline instillation prior to endotracheal suctioning on oxygen saturation in patients with pneumonia. The subjects in this study were 16 pneumonic patients with a tracheotomy tube, who had been admitted to ...
Ryan Colleen M - - 2002
Mortality and length of stay (LOS) of survivors was examined retrospectively in 270 adults with acute burns > or =20% of body surface area to determine the effect of Integra Dermal Regeneration Template treatment on outcome. No difference in mortality was found between patients who received Integra (30%; n = ...
Dehne Marius G - - 2002
To determine the acute immunologic reaction, mediated by cytokines, interleukines (ILs) and growth factors and the susceptibility to infections and sepsis after severe burn injury a prospective, single unit, longitudinal study of acute phase reactants and mediators who performed. After approval by the ethics committee of our hospital, we investigated ...
Suzuki Masaru - - 2002
QT dispersion, defined as the maximal-minus-minimal QT interval on a 12-lead electrocardiogram, has emerged as a non-invasive measurement for quantifying the spatial inhomogeneity of ventricular repolarization under various conditions, including acute stress. Because burn injuries elicit acute stress reactions, it was hypothesized that QT dispersion increases with the severity of ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >