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Results 251 - 300 of 842
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Bacchetta Matthew D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: End-of-life decisions in the surgical ICU can be complicated by the unique characteristics of perioperative illness and the focus on life-extending interventions. We sought to determine whether illness severity correlated with the presence of DNR order in critically ill surgical patients. STUDY DESIGN: All surgical ICU patients who were ...
Fang Wen-Feng - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Oxygen desaturation is not uncommon during bronchoscopy. We sought to identify factors predictive of desaturation during flexible bronchoscopy. METHODS: Over eight months, we enrolled 137 randomly selected patients who were undergoing fiberoptic bronchoscopy at our medical center. The patients' oxygen saturation was monitored on their arrival and during the ...
Madnani Dilip D - - 2006
Early identification of smoke inhalation patients who will require intubation is crucial. We conducted a retrospective chart review to identify predictors of respiratory distress in patients who present with smoke inhalation injury. Our study involved 41 patients who had been treated in the emergency room at a regional burn center. ...
Zeerleder Sacha - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In sepsis, activation of coagulation and inhibition of fibrinolysis lead to microvascular thrombosis. Thus, clot stability might be a critical issue in the development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Activated FXIII (FXIIIa) forms stable fibrin clots by covalently cross-linking fibrin monomers. Therefore, we investigated the impact of FXIII antigen ...
Karamanoukian Raffy L - - 2006
Snap-caps are marketed as a relatively safe pyrotechnic (explosive) device for children 8 years and older. Individually, the snap-caps pose very little threat because the amount of explosive compounds contained in each is limited to 1 mg. However, the accidental explosion of numerous snap-caps may cause significant burns. This study ...
O'Neill B - - 2006
The aim of this study was to determine whether patients (n = 40) with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) currently receiving short-burst oxygen therapy meet existing criteria for ambulatory oxygen. A prospective randomised balanced double-blind crossover design was used. Criterion (i) for ambulatory oxygen (desaturation by 4% to below 90% ...
Celik Ilhami - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated the frequency and aetiology of retinal lesions in bacteraemic and septic patients and the risk factors involved. METHODS: A total of 150 adult patients in our hospital were included in the study. After consultation with the infectious diseases specialist, the following details were recorded: ...
Scharte M - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The enzyme haeme oxygenase-1 is highly inducible by oxidative agents. Its product carbon monoxide is thought to exert anti-inflammatory properties. We recently showed, that critically ill patients produce higher amounts of carbon monoxide compared to healthy controls. In the present study we compare endogenous carbon monoxide production ...
Wyatt Jonathan P - - 2006
The potential role of a hand held battery operated digital pulse oximeter was investigated on 270 consecutive patients seen by one forensic medical examiner. An oxygen saturation reading on air was obtained on 236 patients (87%). Of the patients in whom the pulse oximeter could not provide a reading, the ...
Alexander Thomas H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Commercial preparations of intranasal zinc gluconate gel are marketed as a remedy for the common cold. However, intranasal zinc has been reported as a cause of anosmia in humans and animals. Seventeen patients presenting with anosmia after the use of intranasal zinc gluconate are described. METHODS: The authors conducted ...
Sendur Neslihan - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of pimecrolimus cream 1% in vitiligo and to evaluate the effects of age of the patients, age of onset and duration of disease on response rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients with vitiligo were enrolled in our study; 19 ...
Bolton C E - - 2006
Long term oxygen therapy (LTOT) is a recognised management option for hypoxaemic patients with chronic respiratory disease. Formal assessment is required which is usually conducted in the hospital and performed on piped oxygen to ensure correction of the hypoxaemia. However, an oxygen concentrator is the standard oxygen source for the ...
Samuelsson Anders - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Established fluid treatment formulas for burn injuries have been challenged as studies have shown the presence of tissue hypoxia during standard resuscitation. Such findings suggest monitoring at the tissue level. This study was performed in patients with major burn injuries to evaluate the microdialysis technique for the continuous assessment ...
Bloomfield Roxanna - - 2006
Etomidate is a potent suppressant of adrenal steroidogenesis,effectively inducing reversible pharmacological adrenalectomy. Recent evidence suggests that for every five patients with septic shock given etomidate without corticosteroid supplementation, one patient will die as a consequence. Other critically ill patients are also at possible risk, and this risk requires further exploration. ...
Leone Marc - - 2006
Use of terlipressin, an analogue of vasopressin, can be considered in septic shock patients with intractable hypotension and high cardiac output in whom fluid resuscitation and high-dose conventional catecholamines have failed. The effects of this agent on organ function are poorly evaluated in humans. The limited number of patients evaluated ...
Annane Djillali - - 2006
Steroid use in critically ill, vasopressor-dependant, septic patients has gained increased acceptance in recent years with the publication of encouraging data. However, with renewed interest and/or attention comes increased debate and analysis. As a result, it is not surprising to find that there is still significant controversy with regards to ...
Koca U─čur - - 2006
The standard venous admixture formula is widely used in the bedside assessment of intrapulmonary shunt in intensive care units. The intrapulmonary shunt fraction calculated by the standard venous admixture formula is affected by the systemic oxygen extraction ratio and thus reflects both systemic and intrapulmonary shunts, especially in septic patients ...
Varela Manuel - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In certain physiologic systems, disease is associated with a loss of complexity in system's output. We test the hypothesis that, in critically ill patients, there is an inverse relation between the complexity of the temperature curve and the clinical status. We also consider whether complexity analysis of the temperature ...
Huang Yuh-Chin Tony - - 2005
An accurate assessment of regional tissue oxygen delivery (DO(2)) may help the intensivist to attenuate end-organ damage in critically ill patients. Transport of oxygen from the ambient air to the mitochondria occurs by convection and diffusion, and is tightly regulated by neural and humoral factors. This article reviews the basic ...
Unglaub Frank - - 2005
We document the severe burns sustained by three patients with epilepsy who suffered seizures while showering. On the basis of the circumstances of these accidents, we suggest preventative measures to help other patients with epilepsy avoid similar burn injuries. Patient data collected from January 1987 to May 2004 by the ...
How Hin-Soon - - 2005
Melioidosis is much less common in children than in adults. This study investigated the incidence, demographic characteristics, presenting symptoms and outcome of pediatric melioidosis in Pahang, Malaysia. This retrospective study included patients < or =18 years old with positive body fluid cultures for Burkholderia pseudomallei from January 2000 to June ...
Routsi C - - 2005
In order to define the significance of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) upon progression from sepsis or severe sepsis to septic shock a prospective study was designed with 90 enrolled patients with septic syndrome due to ventilator-associated pneumonia. Blood was sampled on seven consecutive days upon initiation ...
Eilevstjønn Joar - - 2005
There has recently been an increased attention focused on the importance of reducing time without blood flow from chest compressions (no flow time, NFT) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In this study we have analyzed and quantified the NFTs during external automatic defibrillation in 105 cardiac arrest patients. We found that ...
Singer Adam J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Octylcyanoacrylate (OCA) is a tissue adhesive used to close wounds and to treat minor abrasions. OBJECTIVE: To explore the use of OCA in patients with superficial, partial-thickness burns. METHODS: A prospective, noncomparative, pilot study was conducted in an emergency department (ED) and burn center. Consecutive patients with early (< ...
Bagby Shan K - - 2005
Success in accurately diagnosing and providing first-contact treatment for patients with facial burns relies on accurate history taking, physical examination, and close observation. Providers must understand the early and delayed effects of heat on human tissue and the respiratory system. Initial treatment should be aimed at preventing complications and accurately ...
O'Mara Michael S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The volume of resuscitation in burn patients has been shown to correlate with intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). Limiting volume may reduce consequences of IAP and abdominal compartment syndrome. Colloid resuscitation has been previously shown to limit the volume required initially after burn. METHODS: Thirty-one patients were prospectively followed. Inclusion criteria ...
Yanagawa Youichi - - 2005
To assess the outcome of burn patients with neuropsychiatric disorders, we performed a 7-year retrospective review of burn patients admitted to the National Defense Medical College. Seventy-seven skin burn patients over 10 years of age were included in this study and divided into two groups, neuropsychiatry and control groups. The ...
Horner B M - - 2005
The main objectives of this study were to investigate whether patients with self-inflicted burns have larger burns, and a worse outcome, than patients with accidental burns. The secondary objective was to examine patient pre-injury characteristics to identify ways of preventing the burn occurring. A case-controlled study was performed: 36 deliberate ...
Kiekkas Panagiotis - - 2005
Inadvertent postoperative hypothermia is common among patients in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). Shivering traditionally is attributed to hypothermia, but it is not always thermoregulatory. The exact impact of hypothermia and shivering on standard PACU monitoring parameters of patients has not been sufficiently studied. The present study included 170 orthopedic ...
Norrby-Teglund Anna - - 2005
Intravenous polyspecific immunoglobulin G (IVIG) has been reported to be efficacious as adjunctive therapy in patients with toxic shock syndrome caused by a group A streptococci (GAS). GAS is also an important cause of necrotizing fasciitis, for which an early and extensive surgical intervention is currently advocated. Here we report ...
Yoshida Takuji - - 2005
The aim of this study was to examine the prognostic value of monitoring end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO(2)) levels for patients in cardiogenic shock undergoing percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS). Fifteen patients in whom PCPS was used to treat cardiogenic shock were enrolled in this study. For hemodynamic measurements, a thermodilution catheter ...
Meyns B - - 2005
This study was conducted to identify the causes of plasma leakage of oxygenators in extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). From 1996 through 2002, 91 oxygenators were used in 62 patients undergoing ECMO for respiratory and/or cardiac failure. Several types of oxygenators were used (Medtronic Maxima, Minima, PRF, Medos Hilite). Patient ...
Baskin Didem - - 2004
Oesophageal strictures developing after caustic ingestion in children are a serious problem, and several protocols to prevent stricture formation have been proposed. A prospective clinical trial was conducted for preventing strictures in caustic oesophageal burns in a single clinic, and the results are presented. All children with caustic ingestion who ...
Ratcliff Stephen L - - 2004
The use of haloperidol to induce sedation and control agitation in the acutely ill adult patient has been well documented. There are few reports, however, of the use of this neuroleptic agent to control the severe delirium and agitation that may occur in critically ill pediatric patients or acute pediatric ...
Kopp Jürgen - - 2004
The relationship between clinical course and changes of laboratory findings in patients with high-voltage electrical burns with regard to creatinine kinase activity was analyzed in order to determine the value of this prognostic parameter with regard to patients survival and risk of limb amputation. In a retrospective study 42 patients ...
Leone Marc - - 2004
To determine the effects on hemodynamics, laboratory parameters, and renal function of terlipressin used in septic-shock patients with hypotension not responsive to high-dose norepinephrine (>2.0 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)) and dopamine (25 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)), a prospective, open-label study was carried out in 17 patients. Patients received ...
Sakr Yasser - - 2004
To characterize the time course of microcirculatory alterations and their relation to outcome in patients with septic shock. Prospective, observational study. Thirty-one-bed, medico-surgical intensive care unit in a university hospital. Forty-nine patients with septic shock. The sublingual microcirculation was investigated with an orthogonal polarization spectral imaging device on the day ...
Ertek M - - 2004
Specimens of the millipede, Nopoiulus kochii (Gervais) were seen in faeces and vomit of a 14-year-old boy residing in Oltu, Erzurum, Turkey. The patient complained of a burning sensation in his throat and stomach-ache. Physical examination revealed no pathological findings, and how the patient became infected was unknown. Anti-parasitic drugs ...
Azuma Kazuaki - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Plasma concentrations of superantigens were measured in an intensive care unit (ICU) population and the relationship of superantigen positive rates with the presence of sepsis was investigated. METHODS: Plasma samples were collected at least twice a week from 78 patients whose primary diagnoses were abdominal disorders (n = 27), ...
Krost William S - - 2004
Cardiogenic shock is a pathophysiologic cascade that often leads to death. Although there has been a dramatic decrease in the cases of cardiogenic shock since the 1970s, the mortality rate of those patients who are diagnosed with cardiogenic shock remains as high as 50% to 80%. As stated throughout the ...
Enishi Kazunari - - 2004
To investigate cardiovascular responses to orthostatic stress in patients with cerebrovascular accidents (CVA). Twelve male patients with CVA, 11 healthy elderly and 12 healthy young males participated in the present study. The CVA patients had suffered stroke with hemiplegia at least 11 months prior to the study, their medical conditions ...
Palmu Raimo - - 2004
The aim of this study was to investigate differences in characteristics of burn patients who had attempted suicide, as compared with other burn patients admitted to the Helsinki Burn Centre during 1989-97. Burn patients were first drawn from a computerised register, after which a psychiatrist examined their medical records and ...
Cartotto Robert - - 2004
BACKGROUND: High frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) improves gas exchange while providing lung protective effects during the ventilation of patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The purpose of this study was to review our experience with HFOV in adult burn patients with oxygenation failure secondary to ARDS. METHODS: Retrospective ...
Hershkovich Oded - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: In the current study, we performed taste and salivary analysis on patients suffering from burning mouth syndrome and xerostomia or taste disturbances. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 180 patients who complained of idiopathic burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and taste aberrations and/or xerostomia that may accompany BMS were evaluated. These ...
Roman-Marchant Oscar - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine possible differences in morbidity and mortality between early and late onset of septic shock in ICU patients. DESIGN: Systematic data collection. SETTING: Thirty-one-bed, mixed, medicosurgical ICU in a university hospital. PATIENTS: All 65 patients who acquired septic shock after admission to the ICU between February 1999 ...
Suliman M Taifour - - 2004
Eighteen patients with burns contracture to the knee 7 (34%), elbow 5 (28%), perineum 4 (22%), and axilla 2 (11%), were treated at our unit between February 1998 to October 2001 using the seven flap-plasty. We chose this method because of its suitability for such contractures, which take the form ...
le Roux P - - 2004
Critically ill patients still commonly die of the effects of sepsis, despite numerous interventions. Earlier trials investigated mostly anti-inflammatory strategies, based on the prevailing theory that sepsis represents an uncontrolled inflammatory response. We now know that sepsis represents a biphasic response to infection, and the initial pro-inflammatory response that we ...
Booth Karen L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation can provide effective mechanical circulatory support for the failing circulation in children. Patients with failing Fontan and bidirectional Glenn physiology present additional challenges both for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannulation and support. We report our institutional experience in patients with cavopulmonary connections who received extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. ...
Quasim Tara - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The relationship between circulation leptin concentrations, mediators of the systemic inflammatory response and illness severity in critically ill patients remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to examine these relationships in critically ill surgical patients admitted to the intensive therapy unit (ITU). PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Gray Katherine - - 2004
Hot cooking oil burns resulted in 316 admissions to the Burns Unit at The Royal Brisbane Hospital between January 1, 1981, and December 31, 2000. Notable demographics of this group were a male:female ratio 1.74:1 and that 24% of all patients were between the ages of 16 and 20. Workplace ...
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