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Walter Marc - - 2010
The antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), one of the most common co-morbid psychiatric disorders in heroin-dependent patients, is associated with a lack of affective modulation. The present study aimed to compare the affect-modulated startle responses of opioid-maintained heroin-dependent patients with and without ASPD relative to those of healthy controls. Sixty participants ...
Kobayashi Makiko - - 2010
Severely burned patients were shown to be carriers of M2 monocytes, and all of the monocytes isolated from peripheral blood of severely burned patients (19 of 19 patients) were demonstrated as M2b monocytes (IL-12(-)IL-10(+)CCL1(+) monocytes). Low levels of M2a (IL-12(-)IL-10(+)CCL17(+) monocytes) and M2c monocytes (IL-12(-)IL-10(+)CXCL13(+) monocytes) were demonstrated in peripheral ...
Stollwerck Peter L - - 2011
Rhabdomyolysis (RML) is a precarious complication in severely burned patients and the principal treatment goal is prevention of acute renal failure (ARF). This 10-year retrospective study analyses the causes for RML in severely burned patients and evaluates treatment algorithms. Eight of 714 patients (1%) were diagnosed with RML. Percentage TBSA ...
Alp R R Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kafkas, Kars, Turkey. - - 2010
Migraine is characterized by multiple attacks of severe headaches often unilateral. The molecular mechanisms of migraine have not yet been clearly defined. Disorders of oxidant-antioxidant balance are observed in a number of acute and chronic diseases of the central nervous system. Oxidative stress is also believed to play a role ...
Tan Lorwai - - 2010
Increasingly bacterial biofilms have been implicated in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), and conventional treatment methods have failed to completely eradicate biofilms. (1) Terminal sialic acids present on sinus mucosal glycoproteins are targets for bacterial adherence and biofilm formation. (2) A subpopulation of CRS patients is more susceptible to biofilm formation due ...
Arinola Ganiyu - - 2010
Nutritional deprivation in the early stage of life increases the risk of developing schizophrenia. Oxidative stress, disturbed thinking and irrational behavior which are common to schizophrenic patients may be a result of changes in the levels of certain trace metals. Twenty (20) healthy volunteers and a total of thirty-five (35) ...
Salehpoor F - - 2010
Some studies have shown that catecholamines and the changes in their levels during and after head trauma can be useful in predicting the outcome in head trauma patients. The goal of this study is to search for a probable relation between urine levels of catecholamines and prognosis in patients with ...
Nardi Olivier - - 2010
This monocentric prospective study was conducted to determine if tissue oxygen saturation measured non invasively over masseter muscle site (Masseter-StO2) can predict the central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) level in severe sepsis and septic shock. Sixteen consecutive patients with severe sepsis (n = 10) or septic shock (n = 6) ...
Landelle Caroline - - 2010
Sepsis-induced immunosuppression is postulated to contribute to a heightened risk of nosocomial infection (NI). This prospective, single-center, observational study was conducted to assess whether low monocyte human leukocyte antigen-DR expression (mHLA-DR), proposed as a global biomarker of sepsis immunosuppression, was associated with an increased incidence of NI after septic shock. ...
Wang Guang-Qing - - 2011
Alternation of surface markers on monocytes is associated with the development of inflammation. The goals of the present study were to detect CD47 expression on monocytes by flow cytometry and explore its relationship with disease severity and MODS in burned patients. The results show CD47 expression on monocytes from all ...
Ibsen M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previously, we observed that rectal luminal lactate was higher in non-survivors compared with survivors of severe sepsis or septic shock persisting >24 h. The present study was initiated to further investigate this tentative association between rectal luminal lactate and mortality in a larger population of patients in early septic ...
Touger Michael - - 2010
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We assess agreement between carboxyhemoglobin levels measured by the Rad-57 signal extraction pulse CO-oximeter (RAD), a Food and Drug Administration-approved device for noninvasive bedside measurement, and standard laboratory arterial or venous measurement in a sample of emergency department (ED) patients with suspected carbon monoxide poisoning. METHODS: The study ...
Chew M - - 2010
Recent data suggest that soluble CD40L (sCD40L) plays an important role in murine sepsis. The aim of the present study was to determine plasma levels of CD40L in critically ill patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and shock, with and without sepsis. A prospective observational one-centre cohort study in ...
Netto Frederico Omar Gleber - - 2011
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a multifactorial condition which is still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate a group of patients with BMS, as compared to a control group, and to describe related local and systemic factors. Records of patients referred to the Oral Pathology Service ...
Sloan Edward P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin (DCLHb) has demonstrated a pressor effect that could adversely affect traumatic hemorrhagic shock patients through diminished perfusion to vital organs, causing base deficit (BD) and lactate abnormalities. METHODS: Data from two parallel, multicenter traumatic hemorrhagic shock clinical trials from 17 US Emergency Departments and 27 European ...
Mårtensson Johan - - 2010
PURPOSE: To study the impact of inflammation/sepsis on the concentrations of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in plasma and urine in adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients and to estimate the predictive properties of NGAL in plasma and urine for early detection of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with septic ...
Gangemi Ezio Nicola - - 2010
The aim of the study was the evaluation in vivo of the differences between the microcirculatory characteristics of the postburn scar and the healthy skin. Twelve patients with postburn scars were included in the study, evaluating fifteen scar areas and twelve healthy skin areas by means of contact optical probe ...
Sakr Yasser - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Microcirculatory alterations are thought to be responsible for much of the morbidity and mortality from sepsis. The aim of the present study was to characterize the buccal microvascular response in patients with septic shock using combined laser Doppler flowmetry/visual light spectroscopy measurements. METHODS: Microvascular measurements were performed ...
Gonlachanvit Sutep - - 2010
Rice- and chili-containing foods are common in Asia. Studies suggest that rice is completely absorbed in the small bowel, produces little intestinal gas and has a low allergenicity. Several clinical studies have demonstrated that rice-based meals are well tolerated and may improve gastrointestinal symptoms in functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID). Chili ...
Spanos Angeliki A Barts & The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary's University of London, London, United - - 2010
Efforts to improve survival from sepsis are focusing increasingly on intervention during the earliest stages of this disease. The importance of derangements in microvascular flow in patients with established sepsis is well recognized. However, little data are available to describe microvascular changes in early sepsis. After research ethics committee approval, ...
Kulp Gabriela A GA Shriners Hospitals for Children, Department of Surgery, University Texas Medical Branch Galveston, Texas 77550, - - 2010
Increased catecholamine (CA) levels after severe burn are associated with stress, inflammation, hypermetabolism, and impaired immune function. The CA secretion profiles in burned patients are not well described. Mechanisms, duration, and extent of CA surge are unknown. The purpose of this large unicenter study was to evaluate the extent and ...
Majetschak Matthias M Department of Surgery, Burn and Shock Trauma Institute, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois, - - 2010
The objective of the study is to test whether circulating proteasomes are increased in burn patients and to assess whether possible alterations are associated with severity of injury, organ failure, and/or clinically relevant outcomes. In this study, plasma was obtained from burn patients on days 0 (admission, n = 50), ...
Passavanti G - - 2010
Testosterone has a modulating effect on inflammatory and healing processes. In this study, we evaluate whether hyperbaric oxygenation therapy (HOT) modifies the blood concentration of total testosterone (TT) in patients treated for different pathologies. Fourteen male patients (23-72 years old) were treated with 90-min HOT sessions (range 4 to 23 ...
Lawrence Amanda - - 2010
Although colloid was a component of the original Parkland formula, it has been omitted from standard Parkland resuscitation for over 30 years. However, some burn centers use colloid as "rescue" therapy for patients who exhibit progressively increasing crystalloid requirements, a phenomenon termed "fluid creep." We reviewed our experience with this ...
Spapen Herbert - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is a diffuse cerebral dysfunction induced by the immuno-inflammatory response to infection. Elevated levels of the brain-specific S100B protein are present in many septic patients and reflect the severity of SAE. Adjunctive treatment with drotrecogin alfa (activated) (DrotAA), the human recombinant form of activated protein C, ...
Mozina Hugo - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Discrepancies of 5-24% between superior vena cava oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) have been reported in patients with severe heart failure. Thenar muscle tissue oxygenation (StO2) measured with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) during arterial occlusion testing decreases slower in sepsis/septic shock patients (lower StO2 deoxygenation rate). ...
Huang Li-Feng - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the significance of changes in regulatory T cells (Tregs) activity and its relationship with sepsis, as well as outcome of patients with major burns. METHODS: The periphery blood samples of 106 patients were collected on post-burn days 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21. Tregs were isolated and ...
Altmann David R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Elevated cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is frequently observed in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. However, the mechanisms underlying cTnI release in these patients are still unknown. To date no data regarding coagulation disturbances as a possible mechanism for cTnI release during sepsis are available. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Consecutive ...
Wakamatsu Tais H - - 2010
Although the oxidative stress status in atopic skin disease has been reported to be elevated, there are still no studies related to the status of oxidative stress in atopic ocular surface disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ocular surface lipid oxidative stress status and inflammation in ...
Butler Kathryn L KL Surgery Department, Massachusetts General Hospital, Shriners Hospital for Children, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2010
Thermal injury triggers a fulminant inflammatory cascade that heralds shock, end-organ failure, and ultimately sepsis and death. Emerging evidence points to a critical role for the innate immune system, and several studies had documented concurrent impairment in neutrophil chemotaxis with these post-burn inflammatory changes. While a few studies suggest that ...
Dolton Michael - - 2010
Vancomycin is used in patients with severe burns and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. This study investigated vancomycin pharmacokinetics in people with burns in comparison to people without burns and examined the factors contributing to pharmacokinetic variability. This was a retrospective, case-control study of hospitalised burns patients compared with a ...
Murtaza Badar - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine clinico-pathological profile and outcome of inhalational burns in a specialized burns treatment unit. STUDY DESIGN: Case-series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns Centre Unit, Combined Military Hospital, Kharian Cantonment in March 2005. METHODOLOGY: Patients of inhalational burns were included and evacuated ...
Sanchez Baltasar - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine the effects of recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) on hemodynamic parameters in patients with septic shock. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 2 university-hospital critical care units. Patients with septic shock with pulmonary artery catheterization or transthoracic thermodilution monitoring ...
Fadeyibi I O - - 2010
Burn wounds are a common cause of much morbidity and misery, especially in low- and medium-income countries. A number of studies show that severe burns cause infertility from poor sperm production. The pathways leading to such infertility are not well understood, and it is not known how the severity of ...
Dalley Andrew J - - 2009
Cephalothin (cefalotin) pharmacokinetics were evaluated for nine severely burned patients (42% +/- 9% mean burn areas) and five healthy volunteers by using non-plasma-protein-bound concentration-time profiles. Burn patients gave increased mean residence times (36%) and reduced total clearances (25%). Mean residence times and distribution volumes increased between 1 and 4 days ...
Perner A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Simple diagnostic tests are needed to screen septic patients for low cardiac output because intervention is recommended in these patients. We assessed the diagnostic value of central venous oxygen saturation in the superior vena cava (ScvO(2)) for detecting low cardiac output in patients with septic shock. METHODS: We conducted ...
Nanas S - - 2009
Sepsis is associated with abnormalities of muscle tissue oxygenation and of microvascular function. We investigated whether the technique of near-infrared spectroscopy can evaluate such abnormalities in critically ill patients and compared near-infrared spectroscopy-derived indices of critically ill patients with those of healthy volunteers. We studied 41 patients (mean age 58 ...
Marín M C - - 2009
AIM: To determine the effect of dietary supplementation with n-3 fatty acids (FA) in paediatric burned patients who had less than 20% of total body surface affected. METHODS: Burned patients were randomly assigned into two groups, one of them received a supplement of n-3 FA during 5 weeks; the other ...
Leone Marc - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that the microvascular dysfunction is the key element of the pathogenesis of septic shock. This study's purpose was to explore whether the outcome of septic shock patients after early resuscitation using early goal-directed therapy is related to their muscle tissue oxygenation. METHODS: Tissue oxygen saturation (Sto2) ...
Grieb Gerrit - - 2010
Serum macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and procalcitonin (PCT) concentrations as well as leucocyte numbers were evaluated in a retrospective study with 23 patients with severe burn injuries. The MIF and PCT concentrations as well as the number of leucocytes (LEU) were monitored over a period of 5 days. The ...
Papp Anthony A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the systemic effects in burn and non-burn patients undergoing skin grafting with or without the use of topical epinephrine to control bleeding. BACKGROUND: The effects of topical epinephrine on haemodynamics and bleeding are principally documented with burn patients. No reports are available on the effects of topical ...
Ulrich Dietmar - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic scars and keloids are fibroproliferative skin disorders characterised by progressive deposition of collagen. Our study is designed to investigate the expression and concentration of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) in different types of scars and keloids. METHODS: Total RNA from 19 proliferative hypertrophic scar ...
Nakamura Tsukasa - - 2009
We aimed to determine retrospectively whether urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) levels are altered in patients with septic shock or severe sepsis without shock and whether polymyxin B-immobilized fiber (PMX-F) hemoperfusion affects these levels. Forty patients with septic shock, 20 patients with severe sepsis without shock, 20 acute renal ...
Mora Alejandra G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is a heightened focus on postexplosion functional outcomes in combat casualties. Previously, we reported a high prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (32%) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) (41%) in patients with explosion-related burns. We hypothesized that the prevalence of PTSD in patients with burn was associated ...
Jansen Tim C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hyperlactatemia and its reduction after admission in the intensive care unit (ICU) have been related to survival. Because it is unknown whether this equally applies to different groups of critically ill patients, we compared the prognostic value of repeated lactate levels (a) in septic patients versus patients with hemorrhage ...
Peck G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It seems that a balance between anti and pro-inflammatory responses must be kept to eliminate the pathogen without inducing inflammatory damage in the host. Thus we determined the relation between macrophage activation and the severity and clinical outcome in septic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective study ...
Mesquida Jaume - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To validate thenar oxygen saturation (StO(2)) measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) as a noninvasive estimation of central venous saturation (ScvO(2)) in septic patients. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: A 26-bed medical-surgical intensive care unit at a university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: Patients consecutively admitted to the ICU in the early phase ...
Cartotto Robert - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of, and complications associated with High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation (HFOV) in burn patients with the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) who have had a smoke inhalation injury, and to compare with those without an inhalation injury. Burn patients with progressive ...
Hamalainen Sari - - 2009
Infectious complications are the main reason for early treatment-related mortality after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). We evaluated retrospectively microbiological aetiology, risk factors and clinical consequences of severe sepsis in this patient cohort. From 1996 to 2006 a total of 319 patients underwent ASCT at our institution. Antibacterial prophylaxis was ...
Hofer Stefan - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Severe sepsis, septic shock, and resulting organ failure represent the most common cause of death in intensive care medicine, with mortality ranging from 40% to 70%. It is still unclear whether necrosis or apoptosis plays the predominant role in severe sepsis. Determining the prevalent mode of cell death would ...
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