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Katan M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: TIA is a strong predictor of subsequent stroke. The hypothalamic stress hormone copeptin is an accurate prognostic marker in acute ischemic stroke. This study assessed prognostic reliability of 2 distinct stress hormones, copeptin and cortisol, for the risk stratification of re-events in patients with TIA. METHODS: We conducted a ...
Guo Chih-Hung - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the relationship of the plasma copper/zinc (Cu/Zn) ratio with nutritional status, inflammation, oxidative stress, and immune function in peritoneal dialysis patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Clinical and laboratory parameters were measured in patients (n=45) and age- and sex-matched healthy individuals (n=30). RESULTS: There were significant negative correlations of ...
Gosmanova Elvira O - - 2011
Starting with the early stages, patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience higher burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Moreover, CVD complications are the major cause of mortality in CKD patients as compared with complications from chronic kidney failure. While traditional CVD risk factors, including diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, physical inactivity, ...
Parizadeh Mohammad Reza - - 2011
Oxidative stress is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of stroke. In the present study, we assessed the extent of oxidative stress in the sera of 120 patients in the first 24 hours after the onset of stroke and 80 healthy control subjects using a novel assay ...
Sheldon Seth H - - 2011
The reported incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) occurring during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) ranges from 0.5% to 4%. The aim of this study was to characterize the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of AF precipitated during DSE. The clinical and echocardiographic data of consecutive patients over a 50-month period who ...
Ahmed Syed H - - 2011
The importance of interviewing a patient alone cannot be overemphasised, especially when a mature adult patient presents with a parent. We present the case of a 47-year-old man who was seen in the outpatient clinic with his mother, as his general practitioner (GP) was concerned whether he had a pheochromocytoma. ...
Romick-Rosendale Lindsey E - - 2011
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or lupus) is a chronic autoimmune disease, and kidney involvement with SLE, a.k.a. lupus nephritis (LN), is a frequent and severe complication of SLE that increases patient morbidity and mortality. About 50% of patients with SLE encounter renal abnormalities which, if left untreated, can lead to ...
Caraglia M - - 2011
We reported a relevant activity of the combination between sorafenib and octreotide long-acting release (LAR) in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. In this work, we have studied if oxidative stress in both serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and pERK activation status in PBMC could be predictive of response. ...
Coplan Jeremy D - - 2011
We have demonstrated in a previous study that a high degree of worry in patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) correlates positively with intelligence and that a low degree of worry in healthy subjects correlates positively with intelligence. We have also shown that both worry and intelligence exhibit an inverse ...
Bear-Lehman Jane - - 2010
This study explores the prevalence and types of stress reactions and their impact on self-perceived disability among arm-hand-injured patients. It tested the null hypothesis that there is no correlation between stress reactions after traumatic hand injury and arm-specific disability. In a prospective cohort of 24 patients, stress reactions were measured ...
Elsas Louis J - - 2010
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is caused by mutations in the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene (PAH) with consequent elevation of blood phenylalanine (Phe), reduction in tyrosine (Tyr) and elevation of Phe/Tyr ratio (P/T). Although newborn screening for PKU with early dietary treatment improved severe, irreversible brain damage, older patients suffer reversible losses in executive ...
Tetik Sermin - - 2010
Determination of oxidant stress in plasma of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and primary osteoarthritis (POA) patients is important in understanding the pathogenesis of these diseases. In this study, we examined the relationship between oxidant stress and inflammation by measuring protein carbonyl content, thiol levels and plasma protein fractions as the oxidation ...
Schäfler A E - - 2010
Cardiomyocytes respond to permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) with an increase in mitochondrial heat shock proteins (Hsp). The aim of our study was to test if there is a cytoplasmic response to stress by investigating the expression of Hsp70. Right atrial samples from 18 patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery were excised ...
Kuroki Tsukasa - - 2011
Aim: Though inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is known as a stress-related disorder, basic evidence for this claim is lacking. The current study was performed to investigate the function of the neuroendocrine-immune system as a main pathway in stress response and stress-coping ability and the associations among stress response, stress-coping ability, ...
Walter Marc - - 2010
The antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), one of the most common co-morbid psychiatric disorders in heroin-dependent patients, is associated with a lack of affective modulation. The present study aimed to compare the affect-modulated startle responses of opioid-maintained heroin-dependent patients with and without ASPD relative to those of healthy controls. Sixty participants ...
Kobayashi Makiko - - 2010
Severely burned patients were shown to be carriers of M2 monocytes, and all of the monocytes isolated from peripheral blood of severely burned patients (19 of 19 patients) were demonstrated as M2b monocytes (IL-12(-)IL-10(+)CCL1(+) monocytes). Low levels of M2a (IL-12(-)IL-10(+)CCL17(+) monocytes) and M2c monocytes (IL-12(-)IL-10(+)CXCL13(+) monocytes) were demonstrated in peripheral ...
Stollwerck Peter L - - 2011
Rhabdomyolysis (RML) is a precarious complication in severely burned patients and the principal treatment goal is prevention of acute renal failure (ARF). This 10-year retrospective study analyses the causes for RML in severely burned patients and evaluates treatment algorithms. Eight of 714 patients (1%) were diagnosed with RML. Percentage TBSA ...
Alp R R Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kafkas, Kars, Turkey. - - 2010
Migraine is characterized by multiple attacks of severe headaches often unilateral. The molecular mechanisms of migraine have not yet been clearly defined. Disorders of oxidant-antioxidant balance are observed in a number of acute and chronic diseases of the central nervous system. Oxidative stress is also believed to play a role ...
Tan Lorwai - - 2010
Increasingly bacterial biofilms have been implicated in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), and conventional treatment methods have failed to completely eradicate biofilms. (1) Terminal sialic acids present on sinus mucosal glycoproteins are targets for bacterial adherence and biofilm formation. (2) A subpopulation of CRS patients is more susceptible to biofilm formation due ...
Arinola Ganiyu - - 2010
Nutritional deprivation in the early stage of life increases the risk of developing schizophrenia. Oxidative stress, disturbed thinking and irrational behavior which are common to schizophrenic patients may be a result of changes in the levels of certain trace metals. Twenty (20) healthy volunteers and a total of thirty-five (35) ...
Salehpoor F - - 2010
Some studies have shown that catecholamines and the changes in their levels during and after head trauma can be useful in predicting the outcome in head trauma patients. The goal of this study is to search for a probable relation between urine levels of catecholamines and prognosis in patients with ...
Nardi Olivier - - 2010
This monocentric prospective study was conducted to determine if tissue oxygen saturation measured non invasively over masseter muscle site (Masseter-StO2) can predict the central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) level in severe sepsis and septic shock. Sixteen consecutive patients with severe sepsis (n = 10) or septic shock (n = 6) ...
Landelle Caroline - - 2010
Sepsis-induced immunosuppression is postulated to contribute to a heightened risk of nosocomial infection (NI). This prospective, single-center, observational study was conducted to assess whether low monocyte human leukocyte antigen-DR expression (mHLA-DR), proposed as a global biomarker of sepsis immunosuppression, was associated with an increased incidence of NI after septic shock. ...
Wang Guang-Qing - - 2011
Alternation of surface markers on monocytes is associated with the development of inflammation. The goals of the present study were to detect CD47 expression on monocytes by flow cytometry and explore its relationship with disease severity and MODS in burned patients. The results show CD47 expression on monocytes from all ...
Ibsen M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previously, we observed that rectal luminal lactate was higher in non-survivors compared with survivors of severe sepsis or septic shock persisting >24 h. The present study was initiated to further investigate this tentative association between rectal luminal lactate and mortality in a larger population of patients in early septic ...
Touger Michael - - 2010
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We assess agreement between carboxyhemoglobin levels measured by the Rad-57 signal extraction pulse CO-oximeter (RAD), a Food and Drug Administration-approved device for noninvasive bedside measurement, and standard laboratory arterial or venous measurement in a sample of emergency department (ED) patients with suspected carbon monoxide poisoning. METHODS: The study ...
Chew M - - 2010
Recent data suggest that soluble CD40L (sCD40L) plays an important role in murine sepsis. The aim of the present study was to determine plasma levels of CD40L in critically ill patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and shock, with and without sepsis. A prospective observational one-centre cohort study in ...
Netto Frederico Omar Gleber - - 2011
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a multifactorial condition which is still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate a group of patients with BMS, as compared to a control group, and to describe related local and systemic factors. Records of patients referred to the Oral Pathology Service ...
Sloan Edward P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin (DCLHb) has demonstrated a pressor effect that could adversely affect traumatic hemorrhagic shock patients through diminished perfusion to vital organs, causing base deficit (BD) and lactate abnormalities. METHODS: Data from two parallel, multicenter traumatic hemorrhagic shock clinical trials from 17 US Emergency Departments and 27 European ...
Mårtensson Johan - - 2010
PURPOSE: To study the impact of inflammation/sepsis on the concentrations of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in plasma and urine in adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients and to estimate the predictive properties of NGAL in plasma and urine for early detection of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with septic ...
Gangemi Ezio Nicola - - 2010
The aim of the study was the evaluation in vivo of the differences between the microcirculatory characteristics of the postburn scar and the healthy skin. Twelve patients with postburn scars were included in the study, evaluating fifteen scar areas and twelve healthy skin areas by means of contact optical probe ...
Sakr Yasser - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Microcirculatory alterations are thought to be responsible for much of the morbidity and mortality from sepsis. The aim of the present study was to characterize the buccal microvascular response in patients with septic shock using combined laser Doppler flowmetry/visual light spectroscopy measurements. METHODS: Microvascular measurements were performed ...
Gonlachanvit Sutep - - 2010
Rice- and chili-containing foods are common in Asia. Studies suggest that rice is completely absorbed in the small bowel, produces little intestinal gas and has a low allergenicity. Several clinical studies have demonstrated that rice-based meals are well tolerated and may improve gastrointestinal symptoms in functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID). Chili ...
Spanos Angeliki A Barts & The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary's University of London, London, United - - 2010
Efforts to improve survival from sepsis are focusing increasingly on intervention during the earliest stages of this disease. The importance of derangements in microvascular flow in patients with established sepsis is well recognized. However, little data are available to describe microvascular changes in early sepsis. After research ethics committee approval, ...
Kulp Gabriela A GA Shriners Hospitals for Children, Department of Surgery, University Texas Medical Branch Galveston, Texas 77550, - - 2010
Increased catecholamine (CA) levels after severe burn are associated with stress, inflammation, hypermetabolism, and impaired immune function. The CA secretion profiles in burned patients are not well described. Mechanisms, duration, and extent of CA surge are unknown. The purpose of this large unicenter study was to evaluate the extent and ...
Majetschak Matthias M Department of Surgery, Burn and Shock Trauma Institute, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois, - - 2010
The objective of the study is to test whether circulating proteasomes are increased in burn patients and to assess whether possible alterations are associated with severity of injury, organ failure, and/or clinically relevant outcomes. In this study, plasma was obtained from burn patients on days 0 (admission, n = 50), ...
Passavanti G - - 2010
Testosterone has a modulating effect on inflammatory and healing processes. In this study, we evaluate whether hyperbaric oxygenation therapy (HOT) modifies the blood concentration of total testosterone (TT) in patients treated for different pathologies. Fourteen male patients (23-72 years old) were treated with 90-min HOT sessions (range 4 to 23 ...
Lawrence Amanda - - 2010
Although colloid was a component of the original Parkland formula, it has been omitted from standard Parkland resuscitation for over 30 years. However, some burn centers use colloid as "rescue" therapy for patients who exhibit progressively increasing crystalloid requirements, a phenomenon termed "fluid creep." We reviewed our experience with this ...
Spapen Herbert - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is a diffuse cerebral dysfunction induced by the immuno-inflammatory response to infection. Elevated levels of the brain-specific S100B protein are present in many septic patients and reflect the severity of SAE. Adjunctive treatment with drotrecogin alfa (activated) (DrotAA), the human recombinant form of activated protein C, ...
Mozina Hugo - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Discrepancies of 5-24% between superior vena cava oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) have been reported in patients with severe heart failure. Thenar muscle tissue oxygenation (StO2) measured with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) during arterial occlusion testing decreases slower in sepsis/septic shock patients (lower StO2 deoxygenation rate). ...
Huang Li-Feng - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the significance of changes in regulatory T cells (Tregs) activity and its relationship with sepsis, as well as outcome of patients with major burns. METHODS: The periphery blood samples of 106 patients were collected on post-burn days 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21. Tregs were isolated and ...
Altmann David R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Elevated cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is frequently observed in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. However, the mechanisms underlying cTnI release in these patients are still unknown. To date no data regarding coagulation disturbances as a possible mechanism for cTnI release during sepsis are available. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Consecutive ...
Wakamatsu Tais H - - 2010
Although the oxidative stress status in atopic skin disease has been reported to be elevated, there are still no studies related to the status of oxidative stress in atopic ocular surface disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ocular surface lipid oxidative stress status and inflammation in ...
Butler Kathryn L KL Surgery Department, Massachusetts General Hospital, Shriners Hospital for Children, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2010
Thermal injury triggers a fulminant inflammatory cascade that heralds shock, end-organ failure, and ultimately sepsis and death. Emerging evidence points to a critical role for the innate immune system, and several studies had documented concurrent impairment in neutrophil chemotaxis with these post-burn inflammatory changes. While a few studies suggest that ...
Dolton Michael - - 2010
Vancomycin is used in patients with severe burns and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. This study investigated vancomycin pharmacokinetics in people with burns in comparison to people without burns and examined the factors contributing to pharmacokinetic variability. This was a retrospective, case-control study of hospitalised burns patients compared with a ...
Murtaza Badar - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine clinico-pathological profile and outcome of inhalational burns in a specialized burns treatment unit. STUDY DESIGN: Case-series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns Centre Unit, Combined Military Hospital, Kharian Cantonment in March 2005. METHODOLOGY: Patients of inhalational burns were included and evacuated ...
Sanchez Baltasar - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine the effects of recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) on hemodynamic parameters in patients with septic shock. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 2 university-hospital critical care units. Patients with septic shock with pulmonary artery catheterization or transthoracic thermodilution monitoring ...
Fadeyibi I O - - 2010
Burn wounds are a common cause of much morbidity and misery, especially in low- and medium-income countries. A number of studies show that severe burns cause infertility from poor sperm production. The pathways leading to such infertility are not well understood, and it is not known how the severity of ...
Dalley Andrew J - - 2009
Cephalothin (cefalotin) pharmacokinetics were evaluated for nine severely burned patients (42% +/- 9% mean burn areas) and five healthy volunteers by using non-plasma-protein-bound concentration-time profiles. Burn patients gave increased mean residence times (36%) and reduced total clearances (25%). Mean residence times and distribution volumes increased between 1 and 4 days ...
Perner A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Simple diagnostic tests are needed to screen septic patients for low cardiac output because intervention is recommended in these patients. We assessed the diagnostic value of central venous oxygen saturation in the superior vena cava (ScvO(2)) for detecting low cardiac output in patients with septic shock. METHODS: We conducted ...
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