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Woodson Gayle - - 2010
I report further experience with arytenoid abduction (AAb), a procedure that enlarges the glottis by external rotation of the arytenoid cartilage and thus moves the vocal process laterally and rostrally, but does not preclude adduction for phonation. Therefore, AAb has the potential to preserve voice in patients with bilateral abductor ...
Foïs Eléna - - 2010
To describe the frequency of patients with an elevated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) estimated by Doppler echocardiography in a population of SLE patients followed in a tertiary reference centre. A search of our Internal Medicine Department database identified 93 SLE patients followed between 1995 and 2005. Their medical records ...
Bahloul Mabrouk - - 2010
Our objective was to characterize both epidemiologically and clinically manifestations after severe scorpion envenomation and to define simple factors indicative of poor prognosis in children. We performed a retrospective study over 13 years (1990-2002) in the medical intensive care unit (ICU) of a university hospital (Sfax-Tunisia). The diagnosis of scorpion ...
Mittoo Shikha - - 2010
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with connective tissue disease (CTD) can occur in isolation or concomitantly with interstitial lung disease (ILD). Targeted therapies for PH can mitigate clinical deterioration in CTD patients with isolated PH; however, the effect of these therapies in CTD patients with PH and ILD (CTD-PH-ILD) are ...
Lipšic Erik - - 2011
Anemia is a common comorbidity in heart failure (HF) patients. Its occurrence and severity are associated with worse prognosis. Although the etiology of anemia is multifactorial, inappropriate erythropoietin (EPO) production and/or bone-marrow resistance to EPO appear crucial in majority of anemic HF patients. Consequently, treatment based on this pathophysiological background ...
Jilek Clemens - - 2011
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) may contribute to disease progression in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The objective of this observational study was to evaluate whether SDB is a risk factor for mortality in CHF patients and whether this risk can be attenuated by treatment with positive airway pressure (PAP). ...
Jong Tai-Lang - - 2011
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a major medical challenge in developed countries. In order to screen patients with CHF and healthy subjects during circadian observation, accurate judgment and fast response are imperative. In this study, optimal timing during circadian observation via the heart rate variability (HRV) was sought. We tested ...
de Peuter Olav R - - 2011
Heart failure (HF) is associated with a prothrombotic state, resulting in an increased risk for thrombo-embolic events. Studies suggest a reduced prothrombotic state when non-selective beta-blockers relative to selective beta-blockers are given. We studied the influence of non-selective beta-blockers compared with selective beta-blockers on the occurrence of arterial and venous ...
Gheorghiade Mihai - - 2011
Heart failure (HF) is associated with a hypercoagulable state that predisposes to thromboembolism and anti-coagulation may improve clinical outcomes. The oral, direct Factor Xa inhibitor, rivaroxaban, has not been studied in patients with HF. We hypothesized that rivaroxaban would also reduce biomarkers of hypercoagulability in patients with HF. This study ...
Miura Yutaka - - 2010
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a pathological condition with a clustering of metabolic components and is a well-known risk and prognostic factor for ischemic heart disease (IHD). However, the prevalence and clinical significance of MetS remain to be fully elucidated in chronic heart failure (CHF), an important clinical syndrome caused by ...
Katra Rodolphe P - - 2011
Chronotropic incompetence (CI) is common in heart failure (HF) patients and is associated with worsening outcome. Detecting and tracking functional CI during activities of daily living could provide insight into its contribution to HF symptoms and facilitate effective HF patient management. HF patients (n = 180, NYHA Class III/IV, ejection fraction (EF) ...
Lin Wu-Chou - - 2011
The physiological response of the cardiac autonomic nervous system during shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) remains unclear. Heart rate variability (HRV) is an index of cardiac autonomic balance. This study aimed to analyze HRV during SWL in patients with urolithiasis. Electrocardiograms of patients who underwent SWL were obtained. Recordings were obtained ...
Molon Giulio - - 2010
Studies on the physiology of the cardiovascular system suggest that generation of the heart rate (HR) signal is governed by nonlinear dynamics. Linear and nonlinear indices of HR variability (HRV) have been shown to predict outcome in heart failure (HF). Aim of the present study is to assess if a ...
Casoni Gian Luca - - 2010
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is difficult to diagnose because of numerous interstitial lung diseases with similar symptoms. As serum DNA has proven useful for early lung cancer detection, we aimed to define the relevance of this marker in discriminating IPF from other fibrotic and nonfibrotic/nonmalignant lung diseases. DNA was quantified ...
Tsverava M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the importance of thoracic ultrasound examination in diagnosis of DHF. Total of 380 patients with HF were evaluated. 86 patients had diastolic HF (I group) and 294 patients had systolic HF (II group). The control, III group consisted of 155 patients with ...
Lee Jeong Hui - - 2010
This research sought to identify the utility value of chest computed tomography (CT) when it comes to the diagnosis of lung metastasis in cases of colorectal cancer. From September 2004 to January 2008, 266 patients who were treated for colorectal cancer at Department of Surgery, Hanyang University College of Medicine, ...
Sameem Farah - - 2010
Systemic sclerosis is a multisystemic autoimmune disorder. Intravenous dexamethasone pulse therapy has been used since 1998. The aim wasto report the beneficial effects of dexamethasone pulse in patients of systemic sclerosis vis-à-vis the side effects. Forty-seven patients of systemic sclerosis were included. After looking at the history and physical examination, ...
Rouhos Annamari - - 2011
The assessment of the presence of eosinophilic airway inflammation may help in predicting the steroid response in subjects with respiratory symptoms. Unlike patients with asthma, only a subset of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) benefits from steroid treatment. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) is a useful surrogate marker ...
Zellerhoff Stephan - - 2010
Inappropriate sinus tachycardia (IST) is characterized by paroxysmal tachycardia originating in the sinus nodal area. IST predominately affects young, female patients. Current antiarrhythmic drug treatment (ß-blockers, calcium antagonists), frequently complicated by side effects, is often not successful. Ivabradine, approved for angina pectoris, selectively reduces heart rate by blocking the "funny ...
Manconi Mauro - - 2011
To compare heart rate variability (HRV) changes in patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) and in healthy subjects, and to evaluate HRV before and after treatment with pramipexole in RLS patients. A prospective, polysomnographic, single-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed in 23 patients with RLS and 10 healthy subjects. Basal spectral ...
Radaelli Alberto - - 2010
It is known that baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) is impaired in cardiac patients with myocardial infarction (MI). Nevertheless, it is unknown whether factors other than a reduced ejection fraction play a role in the baroreflex impairment of these patients. Heart failure patients [congestive heart failure (CHF), n = 31, age 63 ...
Ahn Youngjin - - 2010
Many studies were conducted to figure out the relationship between allergic rhinitis (AR) and lower airway diseases. This study was designed to elucidate the clinical parameters that could predict the coexistence of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) in AR and suggest a guideline for lower airway evaluation in these patients. One hundred ...
Smithline Howard A - - 2010
This study assessed the convergent validity of 2 dyspnea measures, the transition measure and the change measure, by comparing them with each other in patients admitted to the hospital with acute decompensated heart failure. Static measures of dyspnea were obtained at baseline (pre-static measure) and at time 1 hour and ...
Al-Adhami A S - - 2010
To determine whether the survival of patients with suspected acute pulmonary embolism (PE) relates to radiological probability of acute PE assessed using lung scintigraphy scans (LSS). Lung scintigraphy scan results from a venous thromboembolism database were categorised as high, indeterminate or low probability using the modified PIOPED criteria and corresponding ...
Rabahi Marcelo Fouad - - 2010
Lipoid pneumonia is an underdiagnosed disease that is caused by the aspiration of lipid particles into the lungs. Although most of the reported cases have been associated with the use of mineral oil as a laxative, other lipid substances can also cause the disease. We report the case of a ...
Arruda Guilherme D'Andréa Saba - - 2010
We report the case of a 61-year-old male patient who underwent surgical excision of a lung mass for anatomopathological study. The patient had previously presented with fever, dry cough, and chest pain, together with lung masses detected by chest X-ray, and had undergone thoracotomy for diagnostic investigation on two occasions ...
Li Na - - 2010
Immune activation and inflammation participate in the progression of chronic heart failure (CHF), and T helper (Th) lymphocytes play critical roles in it. Th17 cells and CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells both come from naive Th cells, share reciprocal development pathways but exhibit opposite effects, and the balance between them ...
Nogueira Patrícia Resende - - 2010
Heart failure is a complex syndrome with multiple risk factors involved in its genesis, making its prevention and management difficult to achieve. To identify the main etiologies and risk factors in heart failure; to compare clinical and demographic characteristics of patients according to the etiology; analyze whether the treatment is ...
Núñez Julio - - 2010
AHF (acute heart failure) causes significant morbidity and mortality. Recent studies have postulated that the expression of inflammatory mediators, such as cytokines and chemokines, plays an important role in the development and progression of heart failure. A pro-inflammatory state has been postulated as a key factor in triggering CMV (cytomegalovirus) ...
Damman Kevin - - 2010
To investigate the relationship between signs and symptoms of congestion, renal impairment and outcome in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. The Cardiac Insufficiency Bisoprolol Study II included 2647 NYHA class III/IV CHF patients. Congestion was estimated by the presence of elevated jugular venous pressure, orthopnoea, ascites, or oedema. Glomerular filtration ...
Røysland Ragnhild - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Circulating levels of osteoprotegerin (OPG), a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, is predictive of death and hospitalization for heart failure after acute coronary syndrome. The association between OPG and outcome in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) is unknown. METHODS: Plasma OPG levels at baseline were ...
Spoladore R - - 2010
NYHA classification divides into four classes. Although subjective and lacking of standardization, NYHA class II is in clinical practice often further subgrouped in IIA and IIB, where IIA class can be defined as dyspnea after running or climbing ≥2 ramps of stairs, and IIB class as dyspnea after fast walking ...
Zhang Lei - - 2010
Inflammation is thought to be important in mediating the progression of chronic heart failure (CHF). Whether beneficial effects on inflammation can be achieved by statins in patients with CHF remains uncertain. This meta-analysis was conducted to determine the role of statin therapy in inflammation markers in CHF patients. Pubmed, MEDLINE, ...
Baudhuin Linnea M LM Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. - - 2010
The response to beta blockers in patients with heart failure could be associated with the genotype of drug-metabolizing enzymes and/or drug targets. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether specific genetic polymorphisms in ADRB1 (encoding the beta1-adrenergic receptor), CYP2D6, and UGT1A1 correlated with dose of, or response ...
Koyama Takashi - - 2010
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is thought to be a state of inflammation caused by hypoxic stress. Whether adaptive servo ventilation (ASV) attenuates the inflammatory response and improves the cardiac function of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) accompanied by SDB was not been investigated. Seventeen inpatients with New York Heart Association ...
Garde A - - 2010
This study proposes a method for the characterization of respiratory patterns in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients with periodic breathing (PB) and nonperiodic breathing (nPB), using the flow signal. Autoregressive modeling of the envelope of the respiratory flow signal is the starting point for the pattern characterization. Spectral parameters extracted ...
Palka Ilona - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Thromboembolic complications occur more frequently in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) than in the general population. Formation of a compact fibrin clot resistant to lysis has been shown in arterial and venous thrombosis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate fibrin clot properties in patients with CHF. METHOD: Plasma clot permeability, compaction, ...
Dourado Kelly Cristina Colaço - - 2010
To evaluate physical capacity as determined by the six-minute walk test (6MWT) in patients with chronic heart failure due to Chagas' disease associated with systemic arterial hypertension (Chagas-SAH). A total of 98 patients routinely followed at the Cardiomyopathy Outpatient Service were recruited. Of these, 60 (61%) were diagnosed with Chagas ...
Hilz Max J - - 2010
Fabry patients have autonomic dysfunction but usually do not present clinically overt signs of orthostatic dysregulation. This study evaluated orthostatic regulation and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in untreated Fabry patients and possible baroreflex improvement with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). In 22 Fabry patients (aged 28W8 years), we assessed electrocardiographic RR intervals ...
Bestetti Reinaldo B - - 2011
A few studies have shown a beneficial effect of B-Blocker therapy on cardiac function and functional status in patients with chronic heart failure secondary to Chagas' cardiomyopathy. The medical charts of patients routinely followed from January, 2000 to January, 2007 were reviewed to collect clinical, standard laboratory tests, 12-lead electrocardiogram, ...
Kruit A - - 2010
KL-6 is a mucin that is increased in interstitial lung diseases (ILD), and in some malignancies. CA 15-3, a tumor marker for breast cancer, refers to the same mucin but utilizes antibodies against different epitopes. The aim of our study was to evaluate CA 15-3 as a viable alternative to ...
Tang W H Wilson - - 2010
Anemia is being increasingly recognized as an important comorbidity in patients with heart failure. Despite wide variations in defining anemia, approximately one-fifth to one-third of patients with heart failure may experience anemia at a given time. The prevalence may increase to more than half of patients in the setting of ...
D'Aquino Luiz Carlos - - 2010
To use clinical and spirometry findings in order to distinguish between the restrictive and nonspecific patterns of pulmonary function test results in patients with low FVC and a normal or elevated FEV1/FVC ratio. We analyzed the pulmonary function test results of 211 adult patients submitted to spirometry and lung volume ...
Potapov Evgenij V - - 2010
Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) is valuable in saving the lives of patients with severe cardiogenic shock. However, their survival is limited if multiorgan failure (MOF) proves to be irreversible. Although ventricular assist devices (VADs) have been shown to reverse end-organ failure in some patients, the pathophysiological mechanisms of end-organ failure ...
Ueshima Kenji - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although sleep apnea has recently become a concern in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), some patients with CHF exhibit characteristic oscillatory ventilation (OV) even when they are awake. We investigated the clinical significance of OV in patients with CHF, and effects of open-heart surgery on the OV. HYPOTHESIS: ...
Panicker Venugopal - - 2010
Coir is a commercially important natural fiber obtained from the coconut husk. Coir can be woven into strong twine or rope, and is used for padding mattresses, upholstery, etc. Coir industry provides a major share of occupation to the natives of Alappuzha district of Kerala State. It has been noticed ...
Kaya Ergun Baris - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate recovery (HRR) in otherwise healthy ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients and control subjects. A total of 28 patients with AS and 30 volunteers matched for age and sex were enrolled. All subjects underwent HRV analysis, exercise ...
Sarajuuri Anne - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess neurodevelopment in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) or other types of functionally single ventricle (univentricular heart, UVH) and to estimate the effect of possible clinical predictors on outcome. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 22 patients with HLHS and 14 with UVH, surviving after palliative surgery ...
Gupta Sanjay - - 2010
Diuretics, when used to treat congestion in patients with chronic heart failure, improve symptoms and, perhaps, prognosis but little information is available to guide their use in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) who are not congested. Chronic diuretic therapy causes persistent and potentially harmful neuroendocrine activation. Alternatively, in ...
Margagnoni Giovanna - - 2010
Pulmonary toxicity is a well recognised but infrequent adverse event of treatment with methotrexate. The vast majority of cases have occurred in patients with rheumatoid arthritis; here we present the case of a 44-year old woman with ileo-colonic Crohn's disease who developed methotrexate pneumonitis. The patient had a 10 year ...
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