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Carbone Stefano - - 2012
Smoking is an important risk factor for the development of rotator cuff tears. We hypothesized that smoking may also influence rotator cuff tear size. The study included 408 patients who underwent arthroscopic repair of cuff tear. Cuff tears were classified during surgery. We analyzed the percentage of smokers and the ...
Ides Kris - - 2011
Airway clearance is a key component of respiratory physiotherapy management for patients with excess secretions, including patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this review is to give an overview of the available evidence for the use of different airway clearance techniques (ACT) and their effects in ...
Tsushima Kenji - - 2011
One of the radiologic patterns associated with IgG4-related systemic disease was similar to that of pulmonary sarcoidosis. We analyzed whether suspected pulmonary sarcoidosis might include unrecognized IgG4-related systemic disease. The enrolled patients had bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy and/or lung nodules on chest computed tomography, used to diagnose the patients who could ...
Magkanas E - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to assess the presence and extent of air trapping (AT) on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) and to correlate the finding with the inspiratory pattern and bronchial/bronchiolar involvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients (7 M/14 F) with WG underwent inspiratory ...
Leonel Daza - - 2012
Our objective was to try to evaluate lung affection and to correlate an easier and cheaper method with the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings in patients with RA. Thirty-six RA patients were selected for HRCT lung scan (twelve patients with altered pulmonary function test (PFT) and 24 with normal PFT). ...
Lopes Agnaldo J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: As a result of dynamic hyperinflation caused by expiratory flow limitation, resting end-expiratory lung volume (functional residual capacity) is markedly increased in many COPD patients. This investigation aimed at verifying the impact of CPAP on hyperinflation and airway resistance (Raw) in patients with stable COPD, as well as to ...
Reichert Miriam - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the additional diagnostic value of indirect CT venography (CTV) of the pelvis and upper thighs performed after pulmonary CT angiography (CTA) for the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis, the radiology information system entries between January 2003 and December 2007 were ...
Crim Courtney - - 2011
RATIONALE: Current assessment of COPD relies extensively on the use of spirometry, an effort-dependent maneuver. Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a non-volitional way to measure respiratory system mechanics, but its relationship to structural and functional measurements in large groups of patients with COPD is not clear. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the ability ...
Caiulo Vito Antonio VA Department of Pediatrics, Perrino Hospital, Piazza Angeli, 3-72100 Brindisi, Italy. - - 2011
The diagnosis of bronchiolitis is based mainly on the patient's medical history and physical examination. However, in severe cases, a further evaluation including chest X-ray (CXR) may be necessary. At present, lung ultrasound (LUS) is not included in the diagnostic work-up of bronchiolitis. This study aimed to compare the diagnostic ...
Youssef Amir A - - 2011
Pulmonary disease is the most frequent and among the most severe extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, this issue has not been sufficiently studied in Egyptian patients. The objectives of the present study are to investigate the prevalence and types of pulmonary involvement using high-resolution computed tomography scan (HRCT) ...
Ran Hao - - 2011
Objective To investigate pulmonary function impairment and the spinal factors that may determine pulmonary function in patients with scoliosis. Methods Seventy-eight patients with idiopathic scoliosis or congenital scoliosis and 78 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects were enrolled in this study. The radiographic parameters of spinal deformity were obtained from patients ...
Park Seong Yeon - - 2011
The sensitivities of the serum and bronchoalveolar lavage galactomannan (GM) assays in 48 patients with pulmonary aspergilloma were 38% (13 of 34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 22%-56%) and 92% (33 of 36; 95% CI, 78%-98%), respectively. The positivity of serum GM assays was significantly higher in patients with hemoptysis than ...
Adriaensen M E A P M - - 2011
AIM: To determine the gender-specific prevalence of pulmonary cysts typical for lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) in adult patients with known tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study in a cohort of 206 adult TSC patients was performed. Institutional review board approval was obtained, and patient informed consent was ...
Huang Hui - - 2011
Pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is the most frequent type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) that primarily involves the lungs. It represents a rare entity accounting for less than 1% of all NHLs and the clinical features have yet to be clearly elucidated. The clinicopathological features and radiological data of ...
Navani Neal N Centre for Respiratory Research, University College London, London, - - 2011
Standard bronchoscopic techniques (transbronchial lung biopsy and endobronchial biopsy) provide a diagnosis in 70% of patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis. Previous data suggest that endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has a high sensitivity in patients with sarcoidosis. The feasibility and utility of combining EBUS-TBNA with standard bronchoscopic techniques is unknown. ...
Peacock Janet L JL Department of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, King's College London, 7th Floor Capital House, 42 Weston Street, London SE1 3QD, UK. - - 2011
Time series studies have shown adverse effects of outdoor air pollution on mortality and hospital admissions in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but panel studies have been inconsistent. This study investigates short-term effects of outdoor nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter (PM(10)) and black smoke on exacerbations, ...
Bikdeli Behnood - - 2011
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a major health problem. Despite the wealth of studies on its epidemiology, few have described the thrombus sidedness and particularly the association of thrombus sidedness with clinical presentation and subsequent complications. This article reviews current knowledge regarding this topic and in light of recent data ...
Lee Byung-Jae - - 2011
Background: Nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB) and cough variant asthma (CVA) are common causes of chronic cough. Both are characterized by eosinophilic inflammation in the airways. However, airway hyperresponsiveness, which is a characteristic feature of CVA, is not observed in NAEB. We hypothesized that endogenous bronchodilator S-nitrosothiol (SNO) levels are different ...
Yilmaz Neslihan - - 2011
Inducted sputum (IS) is a non-invasive procedure that can be used for collection of airway secretions. The aim of our study is to evaluate the clinical usefulness of IS for detection of airway inflammation in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Bronchoalveolar lavage and IS were performed to 20 patients with SSc. Eighteen ...
Nassar Adrienne A - - 2011
Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) is being recognized with increasing frequency. Diagnostic and treatment information is limited. A systematic review is presented, focusing on patient demographics, clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment options, and outcomes. A systematic electronic literature search was conducted for adult DIPNECH cases reported in the English ...
Wedzicha Jadwiga A - - 2011
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive airway inflammatory condition that is associated with accelerated decline of lung function and is characterized by worsening dyspnea with episodes of increased number and severity of symptoms, termed exacerbations.(1) The main objectives of managing COPD are a reduction in the severity of ...
Lawson M Louise - - 2011
To determine whether pulmonary function decreases as a function of severity of pectus excavatum, and whether reduced function is restrictive or obstructive in nature in a large multicenter study. We evaluated preoperative spirometry data in 310 patients and lung volumes in 218 patients aged 6 to 21 years at 11 ...
Bellido-Casado Jesús - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: There is no information available regarding the relationship between the respiratory symptoms or lung function and bronchial inflammation, measured by induced sputum. OBJECTIVES: Description of the clinical characteristics, radiographic images and lung function of patients suffering from Primary Sjögren Syndrome (PSS), and to assess the relationship with the inflammatory ...
Gardner Zechariah S - - 2011
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The severity of obstructive pulmonary disease is determined by the percent predicted FEV(1) based on ATS/ERS guidelines. In patients with coexisting restrictive lung disease, the decrease in FEV(1) can overestimate the degree of obstruction. We hypothesize that adjusting the FEV(1) for the decrease in TLC results in a ...
Ribeiro Marcos - - 2011
Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is clinically similar to other granulomatous diseases such as sarcoidosis. It is often misdiagnosed if a thorough occupational history is not taken. When appropriate, a beryllium lymphocyte proliferation tests (BeLPT) need to be performed. We aimed to search for CBD among currently diagnosed pulmonary sarcoidosis patients ...
Shoemark A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is characterised by neutrophilic bronchial inflammation and patients are prone to recurrent or chronic bacterial airway infections. Direct measurement of lung inflammation would be useful in order to assess disease activity and guide need for antibiotic treatment and to monitor response. Current methods of monitoring inflammation are invasive, ...
de Prost Nicolas N Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2011
Pulmonary function frequently deteriorates after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) increases risk of respiratory complications after CPB. Cysteinyl leukotrienes are important mediators of respiratory dysfunction. Their role during cardiac surgery and its lung complications is incompletely understood. We studied whether production of cysteinyl leukotrienes changes during and ...
Charron Cyril - - 2011
PURPOSE: Since 1997, we have routinely used prone positioning (PP) in patients who have a PaO(2)/FiO(2) below 100 mmHg after 24-48 h of mechanical ventilation and who are ventilated using a low stretch ventilation strategy. We report here the characteristics and prognosis of this subgroup of patients with severe lung injury to ...
Kwon Ki-Rok - - 2011
This study aims to observe the efficacy of mountain Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) pharmacopuncture (MGP) on cancer patients using different delivery methods of acupoint injection and intravenous infusion. Six non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who met the eligibility criteria were observed. Two patients were continuously infused with MGP ...
Takahashi Toru - - 2011
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: Endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) numbers and colony-forming units (CFU) were compared in COPD and non-COPD patients undergoing thoracic surgery. Both circulating EPC numbers and EPC-CFU were increased during surgery in non-COPD patients, but not in COPD patients. The mobilization and proliferative capacity of EPC may be ...
Hsu Eileen - - 2011
Pulmonary complications, including pulmonary fibrosis (PF) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), are the leading cause of mortality in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The aim of this study was to compare the molecular fingerprint of lung tissue and matching primary fibroblasts from patients with SSc with that of lung tissue ...
Al-Abdoulsalam Tareq - - 2011
Achalasia is characterized by obstruction of the distal esophagus and subsequent dilation of the proximal esophagus, and is considered to be a rare disorder in children. Patients commonly present with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms such as dysphagia; however, pulmonary symptoms may also occur. Rare pulmonary symptoms due to achalasia are dyspnea ...
Lopes Agnaldo José - - 2011
To evaluate alterations in pulmonary function in patients with systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial pneumonia over a five-year period. This was a longitudinal study involving 35 nonsmoking patients with systemic sclerosis and without a history of lung disease. At the first evaluation, performed at the time of the diagnosis of interstitial pneumonia, ...
Oliveira Cristiano Claudino - - 2011
To study the clinical, radiological, and histopathological patterns of transbronchial biopsy (TBB) used in order to confirm the diagnosis in patients with clinical suspicion of interstitial lung disease (ILD) treated at a tertiary-care university hospital. We reviewed the medical records, radiology reports, and reports of transbronchial biopsies from all patients ...
Park Jeong Hyun - - 2011
We performed 24-hr monitoring of pulse oximetric saturation (SpO(2)) with ECG and six-minute walk test (6MWT) in 19 patients with fibrotic interstitial lung diseases (ILD) to investigate; 1) The frequency and severity of hypoxemia and dysrhythmia during daily activities and 6MWT, 2) safety of 6MWT, and 3) the parameters of ...
Alyasin Soheila - - 2011
Lung involvement is one of known complications of thalassemia. The aim of this study was to determine predominant type of pulmonary dysfunction and its relationship to iron overload in β-thalassemia children. Fifty thalassemia major children with treatment of regular blood transfusion and desferrioxamine participated in the study. Thirty-three boys and ...
Costa-Carvalho Beatriz T - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary complications in patients with primary antibody deficiency (X-linked agammaglobulinaemia [XLA] and common variable immunodeficiency [CVID]). METHODS: Thirty patients over six years of age regularly followed in a reference out-patient clinic on primary immunodeficiency were studied. All of them have been ...
Masclans Joan R - - 2011
Rationale: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) can produce loss of lung function with persistent sequelae. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate HRQL in ARDS survivors compared with a healthy reference population and to determine the middle/long-term radiographic abnormalities, and functional status of these patients as well as their relations with HRQL observed. METHODS: ...
Morell Ferran - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) comprises a large group of diseases that occur secondary to inhalation of a variety of antigens. This report describes a little-known cause of HP, previously unreported in the English literature. METHODS: Five patients (three women) with a mean age of 41 years who fulfilled the criteria ...
Vlaar Alexander P J - - 2011
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is the leading cause of transfusion-related morbidity and mortality. Both antibodies and bio-active lipids that have accumulated during storage of blood have been implicated in TRALI pathogenesis. In a single center nested case control study, patients were prospectively observed for onset of TRALI according to ...
Ruparelia Prina P Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, - - 2011
To quantify neutrophil migration into the lungs of patients with chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD). Neutrophil loss via airways was assessed by dedicated whole-body counting 45 min, 24 h and 2, 4, 7 and 10 days after injection of very small activities of (111)In-labelled neutrophils in 12 healthy nonsmokers, 5 ...
Plit Marshall - - 2011
Background: Endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is an accurate and minimally invasive technique that has been shown to have excellent diagnostic yield in the investigation of mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy. There is however little evidence comparing this procedure to the traditional diagnostic approach of transbronchial lung (TBLB) and ...
Jang Timothy T aDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA bDivision of Emergency Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri cHarbor-UCLA Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine dLA Biomed Research Institute, Carson St Torrance, California, - - 2011
The diagnosis of patients with acute dyspnoea is challenging, as clinical history and physical examination are often nondiagnostic and inaccurate. Consequently, clinicians often rely on the results of chest radiography (CXR) to determine the initial intervention and guide further treatment. The purpose of this study was to prospectively assess the ...
Niimi Akio - - 2011
Patients with a chronic cough have asthma or "asthma-related" diagnoses such as cough variant asthma or non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis usually responsive to inhaled corticosteroid therapy, or non-asthma-related diagnoses including "idiopathic" or "unexplained" cases. Both of these conditions involve airway inflammation. More recently, structural changes or remodeling of the lower airways, ...
Marseu Katherine - - 2011
PURPOSE: Dynamic hyperinflation describes the phenomenon of progressive gas trapping that occurs in patients with severe airflow obstruction. It is associated with significant hemodynamic instability and may precipitate cardiac arrest. This report describes a case of hemodynamic collapse secondary to dynamic hyperinflation in a patient during one-lung ventilation. CLINICAL FEATURES: ...
Sapey Elizabeth E Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, First Floor, Nuffield House, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TH, UK. - - 2011
There are increased neutrophils in the lungs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but it is unclear if this is due to increased inflammatory signal or related to the inherent behavior of the neutrophils. This is critical, because inaccurate or excessive neutrophil chemotaxis could drive pathological accumulation and ...
Szczeklik Wojciech - - 2011
Objectives. Asthma is one of the key features of Churg?Strauss syndrome (CSS); however its course in the disease is unclear. The aim of this study was to analyze the asthma course in CSS patients. Patients and methods. We conducted a retrospective study of 22 CSS patients. Medical documentation was studied ...
Wijnen Petal A - - 2011
The aims of this study were to assess the association of BTNL2 G16071A with the course of pulmonary sarcoidosis and verify association with disease predisposition. In addition, the linkage between BTNL2 G16071A and certain HLA-DRB1/DQB1 types was investigated. In a retrospective case-control study BTNL2 G16071A, HLA-DQB1 and DRB1 were typed ...
Birring Surinder S - - 2011
There has been significant progress in the field of cough in the past 10 years. Obstructive sleep apnoea, tonsillar enlargement and environmental fungi have recently been described as causes of chronic cough. The advances in the assessment of gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) have led to a greater understanding of the relationship ...
Bandeira Teresa - - 2011
PURPOSE: Few reports have compared chronic obstructive lung diseases (OLDs) starting in childhood. AIMS: To describe functional, radiological, and biological features of obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) and further discriminate to problematic severe asthma (PSA) or to diagnose a group with overlapping features. RESULTS: Patients with OB showed a greater degree of ...
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