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Results 401 - 450 of 1238
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Whatley W Stites - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine if gentamicin nasal irrigation is systemically absorbed, and to identify any ototoxic side effects related to its use. DESIGN: Retrospective review of 12 patients treated with gentamicin nasal irrigations (30 cc of 80 mg/L solution used bilaterally twice daily). METHODS: Serum gentamicin levels were assayed after the ...
Pérez-Fernandez Nicolás - - 2006
CONCLUSIONS: When considering benign recurrent vertigo and a similar peripheral vestibular deficiency, the asymmetry of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) time constant (Tc) is lower in those patients with paretic head-shaking nystagmus (HSN) than in those with reversed HSN or without HSN. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the existence of HSN is ...
Gluth Michael B MB Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2006
To evaluate the disease manifestations and clinical course of patients affected by Cogan syndrome (a syndrome of nonsyphilitic interstitial keratitis and vestibuloauditory symptoms) at a single institution during roughly a half century. Medical records of all patients diagnosed as having Cogan syndrome at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn, and ...
Ardiç Fazil Necdet - - 2006
The main goal of the study is to determine the exact ratio of pure psychogenic dizziness. Patients from vertigo outpatient clinic were evaluated by SCL-90 R questionnaire, interviews, vestibular tests and magnetic resonance imaging (when needed). Five hundred and eighteen patients were evaluated for this study. While 45.2% of the ...
Hillman Todd A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Superior canal dehiscence (SCD) is a recently described disorder that results from absence of bone over the superior semicircular canal. We have reviewed 30 cases of SCD found at our institution and report their presentation, workup, and response to therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of all patients diagnosed ...
Pollak Lea - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bilateral benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo (bBPPV) is rather rare, accounting for up to 10% in the reported benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo (BPPV) series. Inappropriate head positioning during testing in unilateral BPPV causes the otolith debris in the uppermost ear to move toward the cupula, resulting in an inhibitory nystagmus ...
Liozon E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency of occurrence and characteristics of head-and-neck swelling (HNS) in temporal (giant cell) arteritis (TA). METHODS: We analyzed the charts of patients with HNS retrieved from a single department series of 260 consecutive patients with TA and reviewed the published French-English literature. Patients with a swelling ...
Rosengren Sally M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To confirm the exclusive vestibular dependence of the evoked potentials (P10 and N15) recorded in normal subjects, by recording the potentials evoked in response to bone-conducted sound stimulation in patients with bilateral hearing loss. METHODS: Fourteen patients with severe to profound bilateral hearing loss were stimulated via a B71 ...
Amusa, YB; ORL Unit, ...
Background: Vertigo is one of the most challenging problems faced by the otolaryngologist in every day practice. The aim of this study is to investigate the aetiology, and the clinical course of vertigo in our setting. <Br><BR><B>Materials and methods: Forty-six consecutive patients attending the ENT Clinic of a Nigerian tertiary ...
Akkuzu Güzin - - 2006
The objective was to investigate vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and Meniere's disease, and to determine if this type of testing is valuable for assessing the vestibular system. A prospective controlled clinical study was designed in a tertiary referral center setting. The 62 participants ...
Stahl Nador - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the otological outcome in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL) in their only hearing ear. DESIGN: Retrospective medical chart review study. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: Forty-five consecutive patients older than 18 years with sudden sensorineural hearing loss during a 10 year period (1985-1995), 9 ...
Perez Nicolas - - 2006
We present here the results of a short-term prospective study on a group of 37 patients with persistent unsteadiness. The treatment of these patients was customized according to the results of the Sensory Organization Test carried out using computerized dynamic posturography. A 5-week period of instrumental rehabilitation was established involving ...
Colletti Vittorio - - 2006
Auditory brainstem implants (ABIs) are currently indicated for patients older than 12 years with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) who had bilateral schwannoma removed. Over the last 10 years, we have extended the indications for ABIs to nontumor children and adult patients with cochlear or cochlear nerve injuries or malfunctions who ...
Robertson Alasdair - - 2006
Two studies were performed to determine whether topical phenol is a safe and well tolerated local anaesthetic for grommet insertion. Study 1 was a retrospective examination of audiological outcomes and complications. Data were obtained regarding 71 procedures in 57 patients. One late infection and nine early extrusions were noted. No ...
Touliatou V - - 2006
Goldenhar (GS) syndrome is a well-recognised developmental disorder involving first and second branchial arches and characterized by considerable phenotypic variability. The present study presents clinical data on the morphologic features, hearing, ophthalmologic, orthopaedic, neurological, cardiovascular, genitourinary and gastrointestinal evaluation of 17 Greek patients (one pair of monozygotic twins) aged 20 ...
von Brevern Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that utricular function is impaired in patients with idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary dizziness clinic and vestibular research laboratory. PATIENTS: Twelve patients with unilateral idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo were examined 1 ...
Erbek Selim S - - 2006
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a rheumatic disease characterized by chronic inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the functions of the cochlea and the vestibular system in patients with AS. The study group consisted of 32 patients with AS and 30 healthy volunteers as a control group. Otorhinolaryngologic ...
Zagólski Olaf - - 2006
Sensorineural hearing loss in elderly patients (presbycusis) relatively often coexists with annoying tinnitus (termed presbytinnitus [PT] by Claussen). The purpose of this study was to verify the conditions of improvement in patients treated for PT. We fitted with hearing aids 33 PT patients (ages 60-89 years) and questioned them about ...
Takai Yoshinari - - 2006
The time course of the recovery of subjective visual horizontal (SVH) after unilateral vestibular deafferentation by intratympanic instillation of gentamicin was studied. Six patients who underwent intratympanic gentamicin instillation therapy for Meniere's disease (1 man and 5 women, 32 to 69 years of age) were enrolled in this study. For ...
Furman Joseph M - - 2006
Previous studies of vestibulo-ocular function in patients with anxiety disorders have suggested a higher prevalence of peripheral vestibular dysfunction compared to control populations, especially in panic disorder with agoraphobia. Also, our recent companion studies have indicated abnormalities in postural control in patients with anxiety disorders who report a high degree ...
Pavlou Marousa M Academic Department of Physiotherapy, School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Kings College London, UK. - - 2006
Patients with chronic vestibular dysfunction often experience visually-induced aggravation of dizzy symptoms (visual vertigo; VV). The Situational Characteristics Questionnaire (SCQ), Computerized Dynamic Posturography or Rod and Frame Test (RFT) are used to assess VV symptoms. This study evaluates whether correlations exist between these three tests, their ability to identify patients ...
Mataró Maria - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to evaluate corpus callosum functioning in a group of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) before and after shunting. METHODS: Left ear-extinction under a dichotic listening task was evaluated in twenty-three patients with NPH, 30 patients with Alzheimer's disease and 30 aged controls. RESULTS: Patients with ...
Amor-Dorado Juan C - - 2005
CONCLUSION: The results of this study support the assertion that Southern European individuals have a genetically mediated predisposition to develop idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DQB1 and -DRB1 alleles on the susceptibility to and the severity of idiopathic sudden SNHL. ...
Iwasaki Shinichi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Combined use of vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) and caloric response testing has enabled us to examine the function of the inferior and superior vestibular nerves separately. Although results of VEMP testing and caloric response testing have been reported for many diseases, a clinical entity showing abnormal VEMP responses ...
Landis Basile Nicolas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences between orthonasal and retronasal olfaction in patients with loss of the sense of smell without taste complaints. DESIGN: Electrophysiological and psychophysical testing of orthonasal and retronasal olfactory functions. SETTING: Outpatient clinics. PATIENTS: A series of 18 patients who had olfactory loss due to various reasons but ...
Ganança Fernando Freitas - - 2005
The effectiveness of postmaneuver postural restrictions is controversial in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. AIM: To verify the role of postural restrictions in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of posterior canal, submitted to a single Epley maneuver. STUDY DESIGN: clinical prospective. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Fifty eight patients with ...
Mahattanakul W - - 2005
The objective of this paper is to report the authors' experience with a 1.5-cm suboccipital craniotomy for selective vestibular neurotomy. Data were collected on 19 consecutive patients undergoing selective vestibular neurotomy for Meniére's disease, between June 1988 and January 2004, performed by a neurosurgeon. There were 10 males and nine ...
Bajaj Y - - 2005
Keypoints * Bilateral microtia is a challenging problem as these patients require both reconstruction of the auricle and rehabilitation of hearing. * Our aim was to find the optimal position for bone-anchored hearing aids (BAHA) in patients requiring reconstruction of the auricle on the same side. * From an analysis ...
Minor Lloyd B - - 2005
To determine the symptoms, signs, and findings on diagnostic tests in patients with clinical manifestations of superior canal dehiscence. To investigate hypotheses about the effects of superior canal dehiscence. To analyze the outcomes in patients who underwent surgical repair of the dehiscence. Review and analysis of clinical data obtained as ...
Hornibrook Jeremy - - 2005
AIMS: To describe the presentation, causes, treatment, and outcomes of patients presenting with the newly recognised horizontal canal variant of benign positional vertigo (BPV); and to emphasise the importance of performing a positional test on all patients being assessed for vertigo. METHODS: The records on 400 patients presenting with BPV ...
Görür Kemal - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relation between mastoid size and attic blockage in COME patients treated with ventilation tube insertion and prognosis regarding tympanometric compliance and computed tomography findings of temporal bones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four ears of 15 patients with chronic otitis media with effusion were selected prospectively. The ages ...
Kuo Shih-Wei - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to apply videonystagmography (VNG) and vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) tests to patients with Meniere attacks, to explore the mechanics of where saccular disorders may affect the semicircular canals. METHODS: From January 2001 to December 2003, 12 consecutive patients with unilateral definite Meniere's ...
Al-Qattan Mohammed - - 2005
Although there are many articles in the literature on the etiology, classification, and management of gynecomastia, the entity of unilateral gynecomastia has not received much attention. In this article, 15 consecutive males (seen over a 10-year period) with unilateral gynecomastia were retrospectively reviewed. The study showed the unique presentation in ...
Selivanova Oksana A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Steroids are widely used for the treatment of cochleovestibular disorders. Direct steroid application in the middle ear cavity, when combined with a round window membrane permeability-modulating substance, increases the level of the steroid reaching the target cells. We measured hearing in patients with idiopathic isolated low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss ...
Sano Masaki - - 2005
The location of lesions causing hearing loss in patients with cerebral palsy due to asphyxia or neonatal hyperbilirubinemia has remained unclear. We performed behavioral audiometry, distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) and auditory brainstem evoked response (ABR) in six patients with cerebral palsy due to asphyxia or neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in order ...
Aderibigbe Ademola - - 2005
PURPOSE OF STUDY: Advances in medicine resulting in better understanding of sickle cell disease and general improvement of the well-being of the sufferers even in the developing countries have positively affected the dreadful outlook of this disease with resultant increase in the population of sickle cell disease patients reaching adulthood, ...
M Sonbolestan; Associate Professor, ...
Back ground: In major thalassaemia patients who need blood transfusion, iron overload is a major therapeutic disadvantage that leads to heart failure which is the major cause of death in such patients. Desferrioxamine (DFO) is the most efficient factor for iron chelation, but it carries adverse effects such sensory-neural hearing ...
Alatas Necat - - 2005
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease. The aim of this investigation was to study the relationship between AS and hearing loss. This study compared 28 patients with AS with 23 age-matched controls. All subjects underwent ENT examination, audiological and acoustic immittance measurements, and auditory brainstem response (ABR) tests. ...
Takegoshi Hideki - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the difference in the facial canal anatomy in terms of the severity of microtia and deformity of the middle ear in patients with mandibulofacial dysostosis using high-resolution computed tomography. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analyses. SETTING: The study was carried out at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Tokyo, ...
Ray T K - - 2005
Tuberculosis inflicts a negative impact on global socioeconomic prosperity. Though India carries one third of the global burden of the disease, few studies have focussed in the country on this aspect. The present study was therefore, framed to estimate economic loss amongst TB patients. A total of 156 patients attending ...
Landis B N - - 2005
HYPOTHESIS: Changes of gustatory function after ear surgery have been studied extensively. However, little is known on the influence of repeated/chronic inflammation within the middle ear on taste. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six patients suffering from either cholesteatoma (n = 25) or chronic otitis media mesotympanalis (n ...
Jáuregui-Renaud Kathrine - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the pulse rate and the respiratory rate responses to head-down tilt of the whole body in the plane of the posterior canals in healthy subjects and in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). BACKGROUND: Although BPPV attacks are usually accompanied by autonomic symptoms, there are no ...
Holm A F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is an uncomfortable symptom for the patient and an embarrassing one for the consulted physician. So far, there is no treatment that can be considered well established in terms of providing long-term reduction of tinnitus in excess of placebo effects. There is considerable evidence of pathophysiological similarity between ...
Rifai K - - 2005
Little is known about hearing impairment in patients after organ transplantation. Few cases of hearing loss associated with different immunosuppressants have been published. To evaluate severe hearing impairment in patients after liver transplantation (OLT), all living adult patients in need of a hearing aid were analyzed. Out of 521 transplanted ...
Giacomini P G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multi-systemic disease of unknown etiology characterized by damage to the small arteries, arterioles and capillaries. The documented occurrence of various neuropathies in SSs patients led us to hypothesize that there is a potential for postural control impairments in such disease. This study was aimed ...
Kornblum C - - 2005
In the present study we assessed the prevalence and nature of hearing loss in patients with chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) or Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) due to single large-scale mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletion or mtDNA tRNA (Leu (UUR)) A3243G point mutation (A3243G PM). 14 patients with mtDNA deletion and three ...
Hamre Harald J - - 2005
Acute respiratory and ear symptoms are frequently treated with antibiotics. Anthroposophic treatment of these symptoms relies primarily on anthroposophic medications. To compare anthroposophic treatment to conventional treatment of acute respiratory and ear symptoms regarding clinical outcome, medication use and safety, and patient satisfaction. Prospective, non-randomised comparison of outcomes in patients ...
Lautermann Jürgen - - 2005
The prognosis of idiopathic sudden hearing loss depends on its severity; acute complete deafness, for example, has a particularly bad prognosis. The treatment of acute deafness is based on a systemic application of corticosteroids. Corticoid concentrations in the cochlea are higher after transtympanic application in comparison to systemic application. We ...
Palla Antonella - - 2005
In acute unilateral peripheral vestibular deficit, horizontal spontaneous nystagmus (SN) increases when patients lie on their affected ear. This phenomenon indicates an ipsilesional reduction of otolith function that normally suppresses asymmetric semicircular canal signals. We asked whether head-shaking nystagmus (HSN) in patients with chronic unilateral vestibular deficit following vestibular neuritis ...
ten Cate Wouter-Jan F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Damage to one inner ear is occasionally followed by contralateral sensorineural hearing loss. This has been defined as sympathetic hearing loss. HYPOTHESIS: It is hypothesized that autoimmunity can play a role in the pathogenesis of sympathetic hearing loss. METHODS: A male patient who developed right-sided sympathetic hearing loss at ...
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