Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1238
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Ibekwe Titus S - - 2007
CONTEXT: The knowledge of variations of the tympanic membrane (TM) perforations with the climatic changes in the West African subregion would help clinicians in its prevention and management. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the pattern of clinical presentations and associated features of TM perforation in adults in West Africa. DESIGN: A prospective ...
Spahr Anthony J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine, for patients who had identical levels of performance on a monosyllabic word test presented in quiet, whether device differences would affect performance when tested with other materials and in other test conditions. DESIGN: For Experiment 1, from a test population of 76 patients, three groups (N = ...
Gouveris Haralampos T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To test whether early hearing loss (HL) is cochlear in origin in patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review in an academic tertiary referral center. METHODS: A group of 19 VS patients with normal/symmetrical hearing and a group of 20 VS patients with mild HL (threshold ...
De Valck Claudia F J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a conscientious personality profile is more prevalent in patients with Ménière's disease (MD) in comparison with other vertigo patients. Second, to investigate a sex effect and compare the obtained conscientiousness scores with published normative values. PATIENTS: A total of 108 patients were included and subdivided into ...
Mirzayan M Javad - - 2007
OBJECTS: Vestibular schwannomas (VS) in young patients are rare. They are regarded to have different biological characteristics. Our objective is to analyze a series of such patients, with respect to their clinical presentation, treatment, and outcome and to compare the results to a matched series of adult patients. MATERIALS AND ...
Hiraumi Harukazu - - 2007
CONCLUSION: Most non-organic hearing loss (NOHL) patients were young females. The discrepancy between the results of pure tone audiometry and objective auditory testing suggests NOHL. The diagnostic problem is that objective audiometry is not included in routine examinations and we have to suspect NOHL in order to perform further examination. ...
Riga Maria - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Etiological diagnosis and treatment of tinnitus still remain challenging in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to determine the potential contribution of a defective cochlear efferent innervation to the onset of tinnitus in patients with normal hearing. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled study. SETTING: Otorhinolaryngology department of ...
Incecik Faruk - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Since some case reports about the ototoxicity of valproic acid have been published, probable adverse effects of valproic acid on hearing in the epileptic patients became a subject of interest. We wanted to investigate if ototoxicity occurs in pediatric epileptic patients using VPA for long terms. METHODS: Twenty-one epileptic ...
Segal Nili - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the correlation of asymmetric hearing loss, in a random population of patients with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss, to several clinical factors such as age, sex, handedness, and noise exposure. METHODS: We randomly selected, from 8 hearing institutes in Israel, 429 patients with sensorineural hearing loss ...
Otto Kristen J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Tinnitus represents a bothersome symptom not infrequently encountered in an otology practice. Tinnitus can be the harbinger of identifiable middle or inner ear abnormality; but more frequently, tinnitus stands alone as a subjective symptom with no easy treatment. When a patient complains of tinnitus that is pulsatile in nature, ...
Dallan Iacopo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is easy when typical nystagmus is present. However, diagnostic doubts arise when faced with cases presenting atypical features of the positional paroxysmal nystagmus as well as the clinical course and disease evolution. METHODS: A morphological evaluation of inner ear structures via ...
Sardar Khurram P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of two canals in relation to age and gender as well as role of shift cone angle radiographic technique in maxillary second premolar tooth. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The study was conducted in Operative Department (Endodontic Department), Hamdard University Dental ...
Torii Kengo - - 2007
Although the discrepancy between the habitual occlusal position (HOP) and the flat bite plate-induced occlusal position (BPOP) (regarded as the muscular physiological reference position) has been recently reported to be related to symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), it still remains unclear whether the occlusal equilibration in the reference position is ...
Ahmad Mufazzal - - 2007
A case of myeloma cast nephropathy masquerading as bilateral deafness of acute onset, probably due to hyperviscosity syndrome, is presented. Audiometry and kidney biopsy confirmed the diagnosis. Despite the presence of multiple poor prognostic features, the patient responded satisfactorily to plasmapharesis, dialysis and chemotherapy (VAD regimen) along with other supportive ...
Psillas G - - 2007
To report the radiographic and surgical findings, speech perception performance, and complications of cochlear implantation for patients who were affected by far-advanced otosclerosis. Five patients, 2 males and 3 females, with a family history of otosclerosis and who previously underwent stapedectomy to improve hearing were included in this study. CT ...
Poh Angeline C C - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Radiation injury resulting in sudden, late onset sensorineural hearing loss is a recognised complication in patients who have received head and neck irradiation. We describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the internal acoustic canal (IAC) of 3 such patients and postulate a cause for these findings. CLINICAL PICTURE: ...
Horning Erin - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Partial or total unilateral vestibular loss is the third most common cause of peripheral vestibular dysfunction. Dysfunction of one or both of the vestibular mechanisms can manifest physically as abnormalities of posture, balance, and/or visual acuity. This case report describes physical therapy examination and individualized intervention with ...
Lew Henry L - - 2007
Effective communication is essential for successful rehabilitation, especially in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The authors examined the prevalence and characteristics of auditory dysfunction in patients with TBI who were admitted to a Department of Veterans Affairs TBI inpatient unit before and after the onset of Operation Iraqi Freedom ...
Duggal Prahlad - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis has emerged as a significant problem with the resurfacing of tuberculosis and thus the need to use the second line drugs with the resultant increased incidence of adverse effects. We discuss the effect of second line aminoglycoside anti-tubercular drugs on the hearing status of MDR-TB patients. ...
Yeti┼čer Sertaç - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Physiological studies with experimental models of endolymphatic hydrops in Meniere's disease demonstrate some pressure changes at the level of round and oval window. Interestingly, conductive type hearing loss was observed in some patients during Meniere episodes. A close auditory follow-up of these patients may provide a better understanding of ...
Gomides A P M - - 2007
The objective of this study was to establish the frequency of involvement of the auditory apparatus in 45 female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) submitted to general clinical and laboratory assessments, and tone and vocal audiometry accompanied by a questionnaire evaluating auditory symptoms. The control group consisted of 45 ...
Brantberg Krister - - 2007
Bilateral vestibulopathy, i.e. decreased peripheral vestibular function affecting both ears, is characterized by unsteadiness of gait, particularly in darkness and by motion-induced oscillopsia. We have recently seen a few patients with severely impaired semicircular canal function albeit with rather normal vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) suggesting normal saccular function. The ...
Tiong T S - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective review evaluates the prognostic indicators in the management of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) in otorhinolaryngology patients admitted to Brunei RIPAS Hospital. METHODS: The review covered data collected from 1996 to 1998, and included patients who were treated with naftidrofuryl and dexamethasone. Their hearing improvement (more than ...
Oktay M Faruk - - 2007
Mucormycosis is a rare, saprophytic, invasive, and fulminant fungal disease. It occurs in immunocompromised patients such as those with diabetes mellitus or blood dyscrasia, or in patients under immunosuppressive therapy. A 17-year-old female patient with diabetic ketoacidosis presented with a black-colored lesion in the auricle and external ear canal. Physical ...
Björne Assar - - 2007
In treating patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction it was noticed that tinnitus and vertigo were common in such patients and there was also muscular tension in jaw and neck. During treatment of these patients it was also noted that injection of lidocaine in a jaw muscle (m. pt. lat.) ...
Sano Masaki - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to quantitatively determine whether middle ear inflammation associated with unilateral chronic otitis media (COM), cholesteatoma, or otosclerosis affects gustatory function. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology. PATIENTS: Forty-two patients had unilateral COM (22 men, 20 women; mean age, 54.2 yr), 57 had unilateral ...
Faralli Mario - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The study provides a qualitative evaluation of unilateral vestibulopathy by comparing otolithic and canal function, to establish possible relationships between the type of dysfunction observed and the evolving clinical pictures associated with it. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of a series of cases. SETTING: Department of Medical-Surgical Specialization, Otolaryngology and ...
Wolf Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the incidence and the clinical features of granular myringitis (GM). STUDY DESIGN: A 2-year prospective cohort study. SETTING: A primary otolaryngology clinic affiliated with a tertiary academic referral center. PATIENTS: All-aged patients diagnosed with GM who had no apparent middle ear disease or did not undergo ear ...
Hamzavi Jafar - - 2006
CONCLUSION: Deeply inserted electrodes offer the possibility that apical stimulation may improve speech performances. Therefore, deep insertion is reasonable and should be performed in patients with profound or total hearing loss. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the importance of insertion depth beyond 25 mm in a group of cochlear implant patients with ...
Hafstrom Anna - - 2006
CONCLUSION: Defective utricular function, reflected by deviation of the perceived visual horizontal or vertical, cannot by itself explain increased postural sway in the lateral direction for patients with unilateral vestibular deafferentation (uVD). OBJECTIVE: It is not known why some patients with chronic uVD report distressing unsteadiness while others do not. ...
Eryilmaz A - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate hearing loss in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Study design: Prospective, case-control study. METHODS: Fifty-nine ankylosing spondylitis patients (118 ears) and 52 healthy control subjects (104 ears) were included. Pure tone audiometry at 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 4000 and 6000 Hz and ...
Morimoto Noriko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To address the characteristics of hearing loss in patients with Turner syndrome (TS), we evaluated hearing levels of patients with TS and analyzed causative factors. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-three patients with TS (8 to 40 years of age) were studied through the use of audiological measurements, and causative factors were ...
Ishiyama Gail - - 2006
CONCLUSIONS: Gentamicin ototoxicity presents with gait imbalance and oscillopsia, but only rarely with hearing loss and vertigo. Sinusoidal rotational stimuli with high accelerations such as the bedside head-thrust test or rotational step changes in velocity are useful to diagnose bilateral vestibulopathy. OBJECTIVE: To describe the salient clinical features and vestibular ...
Sørensen A M - - 2006
In several laboratory animal studies, it has been documented that the hearing, vision, and brain can be injured due to exposure to organic solvents. This finding formed the background for a pilot study (n=16) aimed at identifying new ways of qualifying diagnostics, treatment, and rehabilitation of patients suffering from brain ...
Roverano Susana - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Hearing loss can accompany systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of asymptomatic sensorineural hearing loss (ASNHL) in patients with SLE. METHODS: Thirty-one unselected consecutive female patients with SLE (American College of Rheumatology criteria, 1982) were evaluated (in a prospective and descriptive ...
Reden J - - 2007
We investigated the frequency and prognostic significance of qualitative olfactory dysfunction (parosmia, phantosmia) in a retrospective patient based study. A total of 392 patients with impairment of olfaction were tested at least two times for their olfactory function using the "Sniffin' Sticks". The mean interval between the first and the ...
König Ovidiu - - 2006
Chronic tinnitus is often accompanied by a hearing impairment, but it is still unknown whether hearing loss can actually cause tinnitus. The association between the pitch of the tinnitus sensation and the audiogram edge in patients with high-frequency hearing loss suggests a functional relation, but a large fraction of patients ...
Babic Borivoj B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: There have been rare conflicting results reported concerning possible higher frequency of hearing loss in acromegalic patients. Our goal was to determine whether there is higher frequency of conductive hearing loss in acromegalics and what may cause it if there is any. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral ...
Hegemann S - - 2006
Hearing loss is a common symptom in Fabry disease, but neither its natural course nor its aetiology has been defined precisely. The aim of this study was to provide a detailed epidemiological description of hearing impairment in patients in the Fabry Outcome Survey (FOS), which is the largest available database ...
Chen Chien-Cheng - - 2006
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: This retrospective study presents our experience on the posterior cranial fossa tumors in young adults during the past 15 years. METHODS: From 1991 to 2005, 16 (0.8%) of 2,091 young adults (range, 16-29 years) with dizziness/vertigo, hearing loss, or tinnitus were diagnosed with posterior fossa tumor. Each patient underwent ...
Kojima Hiromi - - 2006
We analyzed congenital cholesteatomas in 63 ears of 63 patients who were operated on over a 24-year period. We investigated the presenting symptoms, tympanic membrane findings, cholesteatoma morphology and location, associated anomalies of the ossicles, surgical methods, and outcome of treatment. The age of the patients ranged from 2 to ...
Sennaroglu Levent - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report the surgical aspects of cochlear implantation in malformed cochlea. SETTING: Tertiary care center. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: Between November 1997 and October 2004, 20 patients with inner ear malformations were implanted in our department. The age range was between 2 and 37 years (average, 8.8 ...
Ernst Arne - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the applicability of vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) in the diagnostics, intraoperative monitoring, and postoperative follow-up of patients in otoneurosurgery. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study of patients who underwent either cochlear implantation (CI, n = 18) or were diagnosed with an acoustic neuroma (AN, n = 9) or ...
Yang Chiao-Sen - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristic of hypotensive patients with vertigo. Twenty hypotensive patients with rotatory vertigo, 15 hypotensive subjects without vertigo, and 15 mitral valve prolapse subjects without vertigo underwent a battery of tests including audiometry, electronystagmography (ENG), and vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) test. ...
Csanády Miklós - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In a previous study, we demonstrated that a hidden hearing defect is present in about 50% of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Such defects were found significantly less frequently in age and clinical stage-matched patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), and were practically absent in patients with valvular aortic stenosis, ...
García-Berrocal José Ramón - - 2006
Immune-mediated inner ear disease (IMIED) is one of the few forms of reversible sensorineural hearing loss. Corticosteroids-responsive patients are usually associated with hearing improvement. Due to the long clinical course of IMIED that frequently present recurrences (hearing loss and vertigo), alternatives to corticosteroids such as methotrexate and recently TNF-alpha blockers ...
Maire Raphaël - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the power of various parameters of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in detecting unilateral peripheral vestibular dysfunction and in characterizing certain inner ear pathologies. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of consecutive ambulatory patients presenting with acute onset of peripheral vertigo and spontaneous nystagmus. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Seventy-four ...
Erbek Seyra H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Vertigo in childhood is a complaint consisting of a wide spectrum of diagnoses. The aim of this study was to evaluate pediatric patients with vertigo with normal eardrum and middle ear findings and discuss the differential diagnoses. METHODS: Patient records of 50 children under 18 years of age with ...
Hydén Dag - - 2006
CONCLUSION: Among 20 patients with inner ear complications and/or peripheral facial palsy secondary to acute otitis media (AOM) a proven or probable bacteriological cause was found in 13 (65%). In seven patients (35%), a proven or probable viral cause was found. Only two of the patients (10%), with a proven ...
Baguley David M - - 2006
Objectives: To review the symptoms, signs, and clinical findings in a large series of patients diagnosed with unilateral sporadic vestibular schwannoma (VS) to describe the clinical characteristics of tinnitus in this population. Further, to ascertain which of the proposed mechanisms of tinnitus generation in VS was supported. Design: Retrospective case ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >