Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1238
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Yildiz Zuleyha - - 2008
Impaired cochlear blood circulation has been suggested to cause sudden hearing loss. In this study, the role of factor V 1691 G-A (FV 1691 G-A), prothrombin 20210 G-A (PT 20210 G-A), methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase 677 C-T (MTHFR 677 C-T), factor V 4070 A-G (FV 4070 A-G), endothelial cell protein C ...
Prager Jeremy D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown increased rates of speech, language, cognitive and behavioral abnormalities in patients with isolated nonsyndromic sagittal synostosis. Little is known regarding the prevalence and type of hearing abnormalities in children with craniosynotosis. This study characterizes hearing loss in pediatric patients with isolated nonsyndromic sagittal synostosis. METHODS: ...
Helling Kai - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The intratympanic application of a low dosage of gentamicin is increasingly favored as treatment for Ménière's disease. While posttreatment observations have confirmed a long-term success of the therapy of vertigo attacks, clear differences in the posttreatment recovery interval can be observed. In addition to differences in central-vestibular compensation, the ...
Osanai Ryuichi - - 2007
CONCLUSIONS: No definite sign was found of central oculomotor system disorders being independent of saccadic slowing because (1) diminished maximum slow phase velocity of the optokinetic nystagmus (OKNspv) was closely related to saccadic slowing (p<0.01, r=0.59), (2) maximum frequency of optokinetic nystagmus (OKNfq) was normal, (3) visual suppression (VS) change ...
Faag C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To describe symptoms during an episode of dizziness in a sample of patients suffering from peripheral vestibular disorders and to compare them with the items in the Vertigo Symptom Scale. DESIGN: A descriptive study from a sample of patients with peripheral vestibular disorders. SETTING: Patients visiting a department of ...
Magnusson Måns - - 2007
CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative gentamicin in combination with vestibular 'prehab' offers a possibility to reduce postoperative malaise and speed up recovery and may be used for patients undergoing such surgery when there is remaining vestibular function. OBJECTIVES: Removal of pontine angle tumours in a patient with remaining vestibular function causes symptoms of ...
Vibert Dominique - - 2007
We evaluated 4 men who had benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) that occured several hours after intensive mountain biking but without head trauma. The positional maneuvers in the planes of the posterior and horizontal canals elicited BPPV, as well as transitory nystagmus. This was attributed to both the posterior and ...
Dorman Michael F MF Department of Speech and Hearing Science, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-0102, USA. - - 2008
Fifteen patients fit with a cochlear implant in one ear and a hearing aid in the other ear were presented with tests of speech and melody recognition and voice discrimination under conditions of electric (E) stimulation, acoustic (A) stimulation and combined electric and acoustic stimulation (EAS). When acoustic information was ...
Metalidis Christoph - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Involuntary weight loss frequently poses a diagnostic challenge. Patient and physician alike want to exclude malignant and other major organic illness. The present study aimed to evaluate whether a negative baseline evaluation (consisting of clinical examination, standard laboratory examination, chest X-ray, and abdominal ultrasound) lowers the probability of evolving ...
Celebisoy N - - 2008
Migrainous vertigo (MV) is accepted as a common cause of episodic vertigo. The peripheral or central vestibular localization of the deficit as well as the pathophysiology is unclear. This prospective study was designed to assess the clinical features of MV and to search for the localization of the vestibular pathology. ...
Dagli Muharrem - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate cochlear involvement in patients with Behçet's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six Behçet's disease patients (52 ears) and 24 sex and age-matched healthy control subjects (48 ears) were included in the study. Pure-tone audiometry at frequencies 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 4000, 6000 ...
Terlecki Ryan P - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Previous publications have suggested that prolonged exposure to extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) may lead to hearing damage and that hearing protection should be used. We sought to determine the auditory risk associated with ESWL in regard to patients and operating room personnel in a contemporary setting. METHODS: A ...
Segal Nili Tal - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of tinnitus tests in differentiating patients with functional tinnitus from patients with organic tinnitus. DESIGN: One hundred ninety-six patients with tinnitus were divided into 2 groups. Forty-three patients, group 1, were not exposed to noise and had sensorineural hearing loss. One hundred fifty-three patients, group ...
Newman-Toker David E DE The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Pathology Bldg 2-210, 600 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. - - 2007
To quantify precision in patient reports of different attributes of dizziness. In a cross-sectional study, we interviewed consecutive adult patients with dizziness at 2 urban academic emergency departments (EDs) from July 2, 2005, to August 26, 2005. We excluded patients who were too sick for an interview or who posed ...
Sazgar Amir A - - 2008
End stage renal disease (ESRD) can cause malfunction of multiple organs, including auditory and vestibular systems. During recent years, a significant amount of research has demonstrated the direct involvement of the otolith organs in stabilizing body and gaze which led to the development of specific functional tests. Stable gaze and ...
Manzari L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify a pattern of signs, symptoms and neuroradiological findings which would assist investigation of vestibular function (especially otolith function) in a group of adult patients with anatomical alterations of the endolymphatic aqueduct and sac. METHODS: Fifteen subjects affected by volumetric abnormalities of ...
Kessler Paul - - 2007
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate whether transient, high-acceleration interaural head heaves (translational vestibulo-ocular reflex [tVOR]) could aid in the diagnosis of otolith diseases. STUDY DESIGN:: Prospective cohort study. SETTING:: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS:: Thirteen patients with symptoms suggestive of otolith diseases and 10 age-matched controls. INTERVENTIONS:: Patients underwent a clinical otoneurologic examination ...
White Judith A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE:: To describe nystagmus induced by cranial vibration in a case series of 8 patients with superior semicircular canal dehiscence. DESIGN:: Consecutive case series review. SETTING:: Tertiary vestibular center. PATIENTS:: Eight consecutive patients with computed tomographic confirmed superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome observed in the last 24 months. PROCEDURE:: Vertex, ...
Kessler Paul - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether transient, high-acceleration interaural head heaves (translational vestibulo-ocular reflex [tVOR]) could aid in the diagnosis of otolith diseases. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Thirteen patients with symptoms suggestive of otolith diseases and 10 age-matched controls. INTERVENTIONS: Patients underwent a clinical otoneurologic examination ...
Kleinjung Tobias - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Chronic tinnitus is associated with hyperactivity of the central auditory system. Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the temporal cortex has been proposed as a treatment for chronic tinnitus. This study determined the factors that predict a beneficial outcome with rTMS treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-five patients with chronic ...
Keogh Ivan J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of hemifacial microsomia (HFM) in patients with unilateral or bilateral "isolated" microtia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort clinical study. SETTING: University-affiliated, tertiary referral clinic for patients with microtia. PATIENTS: One hundred consecutive patients with isolated microtia. INTERVENTIONS: All the patients underwent a clinical examination and audiologic evaluation. ...
White Judith A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe nystagmus induced by cranial vibration in a case series of 8 patients with superior semicircular canal dehiscence. DESIGN: Consecutive case series review. SETTING: Tertiary vestibular center. PATIENTS: Eight consecutive patients with computed tomographic confirmed superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome observed in the last 24 months. PROCEDURE: Vertex, ...
Grayeli Alexis Bozorg - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe and analyze a series of intracochlear schwannomas. METHODS: From 1987 to 2005, 19 patients with schwannomas involving the cochlea were included in this series. Clinical, audiovestibular, and imaging data concerning initial and follow-up visits were collected. RESULTS: The mean age was 54 years (range, 25-71 yr). The ...
Leggio Lorenzo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Coeliac disease (CD), an autoimmune gluten-dependent enteropathy, can be associated with several extra-intestinal manifestations, including neurological disorders. At present, no data are available on the presence of hearing loss disorder in coeliac patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of hearing loss in coeliac ...
Van Wijck France - - 2007
CONCLUSIONS: Local administration of steroids to the inner ear through the round window route improves hearing in patients after failure of conventional therapy. OBJECTIVES: To determine if delivery of methylprednisolone to the round window can improve hearing after failure of conventional treatment for sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) administered for ...
Ishida Ieda M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate how the symptoms of ear fullness, tinnitus and otoacoustic emissions (OAE) change in relation to the recovery course of pure tone audiometry thresholds (PTA) in sudden deafness (SD). METHODS: This study analyzed follow-up data on ear fullness, tinnitus and otoacoustic emissions of eight SD ...
Thabet Elsaeid - - 2008
Acute vestibular syndrome is characterized by a rapid unilateral injury to either peripheral or central vestibular structures. It consists of severe vertigo, nausea and vomiting, spontaneous nystagmus, and postural instability. In many cases, a peripheral etiology is considered although it may be due to an underlying serious central pathology. The ...
Adam Mehmet - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the ear involvement, especially at extended higher frequencies than those previously studied, in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 45 consecutive patients with AS. All patients underwent a complete physical examination of the ear, nose, and ...
Seo Toru - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Recording of vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) can facilitate the evaluation of otolith function. The dizziness caused by otolith lesions is not completely understood. To clarify which symptoms of dizziness originate from the otolith organs, we examined the relationship between symptoms and VEMP results in patients with undiagnosed dizziness. ...
Coleman Martin R MR Impaired Consciousness Study Group, Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre, University of Cambridge, UK. - - 2007
A diagnosis of vegetative state is made if a patient demonstrates no evidence of awareness of self or environment, no evidence of sustained, reproducible, purposeful or voluntary behavioural response to sensory stimuli and critically no evidence of language comprehension. For those patients who retain peripheral motor function, rigorous behavioural assessment ...
Douglas Susan A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Previous studies on hearing loss (HL) after acoustic neuroma removal concentrate mainly on pure-tone hearing results rather than hearing disability. Our objectives were to use the Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing scale (SSQ), a comprehensively validated questionnaire, to characterize and quantify the auditory disabilities that patients experience with ...
Wong Ripley Kit - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the major factors affecting speech production of Cantonese-speaking glossectomized patients. Error pattern was analyzed. METHODS: Forty-one Cantonese-speaking subjects who had undergone glossectomy > or = 6 months previously were recruited. Speech production evaluation included (1) phonetic error analysis in nonsense syllable; (2) speech intelligibility in ...
Gouveris Haralampos - - 2007
CONCLUSION: Condition-5-score (C5S) and condition-6-score (C6S) of computerized dynamic platform posturography (CDPP) can detect the presence of a functional deficit of the lateral semicircular canal (and the superior vestibular nerve), irrespective of the central vestibular compensatory status, in vestibular schwannoma (VS) patients. OBJECTIVES: To test whether CDPP findings differ between ...
Vikram B K - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to compare the clinical and epidemiological profiles of cases of complicated and uncomplicated chronic suppurative otitis media, based on their prognostic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary care medical college hospital over a period of two and a ...
Lee Sun-Ho - - 2007
Hearing loss in patients who have undergone shunt placement for a hydrocephalus is perhaps an underestimated complication rather than a rare event. There appears to be a correlation between the occurrence of hearing loss and patient characteristics consistent with excessive drainage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and patent cochlear aqueduct (CA). ...
Hummel C - - 2007
Aim was to investigate differences in the central-nervous processing of gustatory stimuli between normogeusic subjects and patients with taste disorders. Twelve subjects with normal gustatory function and eight patients suffering from hypo- to ageusia underwent one fMRI run each in a 1.5 T scanner where they received liquid gustatory stimuli. ...
Glynn F - - 2008
Acute mastoiditis, a destructive bacterial infection of the mastoid bone and air cell system, is relatively uncommon today but remains a potentially serious condition. There is a lack of information in the literature regarding the long term otological problems that children may face following an episode of this condition. OBJECTIVES: ...
Zingler V C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Bilateral vestibulopathy (BV) leads to a bilateral deficit of the vestibulo-ocular reflex and has various aetiologies. The main goal of this study was to determine the frequency and degree of recovery or worsening of vestibular function over time. METHODS: 82 patients (59 males, 23 females; mean age at the ...
Korn Gustavo Polacow - - 2007
AIM: To assess whether more than one Epley's maneuver in the same session, compared to a single one, decreases the number of sessions necessary to suppress positional nystagmus. METHOS: Epleys maneuver was done in 123 patients with BPPV due to unilateral posterior semicircular canal canalolithiasis. The number of sessions for ...
Tevzadze N - - 2007
BPPV is the most common disorder of the vestibular system affected up to 21% of vertigo patients, characterised by short-lasting episodes of vertigo in association with rapid changes in head position. We have detected, treated and followed up 204 patients with BPPV during two years. 204 patients (163 women 41men) ...
Piekarska Anna - - 2007
Sudden hearing loss is a very rare complication of interferon-alpha treatment. At this time, hearing loss in patients treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin has only been described in two reports. We present a case of a 27-year-old patient who was diagnosed with Turner syndrome, treated for hepatitis C with ...
Ban Jae Ho - - 2007
This prospective study attempts to explore the effect of glycerol on vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) in patients with definite unilateral Meniere's disease (MD) and to investigate whether the test reflects different pathologic states of endolymphatic hydrops (EH) in the inner ear by comparing the results of glycerol pure tone ...
Jáuregui-Renaud K K Unidad de Investigación Médica en Otoneurología, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, México DF. - - 2008
Patients with vestibular disease have an increased rate of reporting symptoms of depersonalisation/derealisation (DD) and similar symptoms can be provoked in healthy subjects during caloric vestibular stimulation. To assess the relationship between DD symptoms in patients with peripheral vestibular disease and their ability to update orientation in the environment. Sixty ...
Zingler Vera C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the causative factors and epidemiology of bilateral vestibulopathy (BV). METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 255 patients (mean age, 62 +/- 16 years) with BV diagnosed in our dizziness unit between 1988 and 2005. All patients had undergone a standardized neurophthalmological and neurootological examination, electronystagmography with ...
Klingmann Christoph - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Diving accidents affecting the inner ear are much more common than was once thought. Among the 319 patients treated in our clinic between January 2002 and November 2005, 46 cases involved 44 divers with symptoms of acute inner ear disorders. The objective of the present article is to investigate ...
Lasisi Akeem O - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of hearing loss among patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). METHODS: This is a case control study carried out jointly by the Otorhinolaryngology and Nephrology Departments of the University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeria between December 2004 and March 2006. Consecutive CRF patients who satisfied the ...
Baracca Giovanna N - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of TRT in patients suffering from tinnitus. The tinnitus disorder affects about 10-15% of the population and, in one person out of a hundred, it is a disabling disorder. TRT treatment is based on Jastreboff's neurophysiological model. TRT consists of ...
Gudziol Volker - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Birhinal testing of odor identification will not allow the detection of unilateral olfactory loss. The aim of the presented study was to evaluate side differences of odor identification in large groups of healthy subjects and in patients with nasal symptoms. PARTICIPANTS AND METHOD: Self-assessment of olfactory function and evaluation ...
Choi K-D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Horizontal head shaking at 2 to 3 Hz can induce nystagmus in patients with central as well as in patients with peripheral vestibulopathy. However, the characteristics and diagnostic value of this post-head-shaking nystagmus (HSN) have not been studied systematically in central vestibulopathy, and little is known of the mechanisms ...
Kim J S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine patterns of nystagmus in oculopalatal tremor (OPT, also designated oculopalatal myoclonus) and correlate them with MRI changes in the inferior olivary nuclei (ION). Mixed torsional-vertical pendular nystagmus (PN) in OPT has been considered to signify unilateral brainstem damage and symmetric vertical nystagmus considered to indicate bilateral disease. ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >