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da Costa Sady Selaimen SS Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Hospital de Clínicas, Porto Alegre, - - 2009
Chronic otitis media is generally associated with some degree of hearing loss, which is often the patient's chief complaint. This hearing loss is usually conductive, resulting from tympanic membrane rupture and/or changes in the ossicular chain due to fixation or erosion caused by the chronic inflammatory process. When cholesteatoma or ...
Bektas Devrim - - 2008
CONCLUSION: Vestibular evoked myogenic responses (VEMPs) are not affected in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients with or without polyneuropathy. OBJECTIVE: To compare VEMP responses of NIDDM patients and healthy subjects. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: VEMP responses were collected from 25 NIDDM patients with polyneuropathy (PNP), 13 NIDDM patients without PNP and ...
Vermeiren Annelies - - 2008
This is the first report on a successful cochlear implantation in a patient suffering from the Melnick-Needles syndrome (MNS). This case study presents an MNS patient with peri-lingual profound hearing loss, implanted at the age of 38. MNS is a rare X-linked genetic bony dysplasia characterized by skeletal and facial ...
McLeod Beth - - 2008
A new questionnaire, developed to investigate self-reported hearing difficulties in unilateral deafness, was completed by 221 post-surgical vestibular schwannoma patients. Results were compared to a group of 51 normal hearers and 12 patients with severe unilateral deafness from other causes. The vestibular schwannoma patients rated their post surgical hearing as ...
Jiang Rong-San - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The olfactory loss in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis has been measured by different methods. However, the results have been variable and it is not clear whether functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) significantly improves olfactory function. This study was performed to evaluate the influences of FESS on olfactory function in ...
O'Reilly Robert C RC Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware, USA. - - 2008
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common in children, and extraesophageal reflux disease (EORD) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of otitis media (OM). We sought to 1) determine the incidence of pepsin/pepsinogen presence in the middle ear cleft of a large sample of pediatric patients undergoing myringotomy with tube placement ...
Heuer Gregory G - - 2008
OBJECTS: Chiari I malformations can present with a number of clinical signs and symptoms. METHODS: We present a case of an 11-year-old girl that presented with significant sensorineural hearing loss as her only Chiari-related symptom. The patient had four audiograms that all demonstrated progressive bilateral hearing loss between 10 and ...
Chan T P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the proportion of sufferers of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo among hospitalised patients in Hong Kong who complained of dizziness, and to determine the predictive values and likelihood ratios of classical presenting symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Convalescence/rehabilitation hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS: A cohort of 88 newly admitted ...
Seo Toru - - 2008
CONCLUSIONS: Bone-conducted vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (B-VEMPs) showed high specificity for the presence of vertigo in patients with unilateral chronic otitis media (COM). These results suggest that vestibular function can be evaluated with B-VEMPs, even in patients with conductive hearing loss. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Rotter A - - 2008
Previous studies assumed that specific audiometric measures like low-frequency biasing were noninvasive and inexpensive techniques for diagnosing endolymphatic hydrops (EH). The aim of this study was to compare the results of low-frequency DPOAE (LF-DPOAE) with those of transtympanic electrocochleography (ECoG) in patients with Menière's disease (MD). The prospective study included ...
Cvorović Ljiljana - - 2008
HYPOTHESIS: To aid in realistic counseling of patients at the time of their first visit concerning their chances for recovery, we created a simple prognostic model for predicting hearing recovery in idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL). BACKGROUND: An important element of research on ISSHL is to identify prognostic factors ...
Guney Figen - - 2008
Brucellosis is a common zoonosis in many parts of the world, including Mediterranean and Middle Eastern countries. The disease is primarily related to occupations at risk, such as veterinarians, farmers, laboratory technicians, abattoir workers, and others working with animals and their products. Neurologic complications of brucellosis are quite rare, ranging ...
Mahrous Ali K - - 2008
This is a retrospective study of 100 consecutive patients who attended our ENT outpatient clinic in 6 month-period from April to September 2006. All of them presented with Asymmetrical SNHL. They were all investigated with MRI scan of the IAM and CPA. We did not employ any guidelines or protocols ...
Sevik Ozge - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the origin of hearing loss with relevance to auditory brainstem responses and otoacoustic emissions in patients with Duane's retraction syndrome (DRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 17 patients with DRS were included in the study. 14 patients were diagnosed as DRS type 1 and the remaining three ...
Iida Akemi - - 2008
A bilingual communication aid for a Japanese amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patient has been developed. From our previous research, a corpus-based speech synthesis method was ideal for synthesizing speech with voice quality identifiable as the patient's own. However, a recording of a large amount of speech, which is a burden ...
Haapakangas Annu - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the acoustic conditions of two typical Finnish wards. The methods included long-term noise measurements, building acoustical measurements and questionnaires for patients (N=33) and nurses (N=27). The average sound pressure levels were within 49 and 58 dBA in the corridors, office and patient ...
Amor-Dorado Juan C - - 2008
Audiovestibular dysfunction has been reported in patients with connective tissue disease. Systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) is a rare connective tissue disease of unknown etiology. In the current study we assess whether audiovestibular involvement is present in patients with limited scleroderma (lSSc). To answer this question we studied a series of ...
Khedr E M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: It has been proposed that tinnitus may be caused by maladaptive plasticity of processing in the central auditory pathways, and that this may be due in part to a generalised deficit in NMDA-dependent glutamatergic synapses. STUDY AIM: To test this hypothesis, we used transcranial magnetic stimulation to assess the ...
Granjeiro Ronaldo C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that tinnitus begins with outer hair cell dysfunction by recording transient (TEOAE) and distortion product evoked (DPOAE) oto-acoustic emissions in patients with normal hearing with (study group, SG) and without tinnitus (control group, CG). STUDY DESIGN: Case control study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: SG had 32 ...
Ami Mazita - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate cochlear outer hair cell function based on distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) in patients with tinnitus. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case control study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The subjects are patients who attended the Otorhinolaryngology Clinic in Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia over a period of 19 months ...
Brasseux Raven - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze if patients whose vestibular symptoms are associated with nonorganic sway patterns show more evidence of somatization and/or malingering than patients whose vestibular symptoms are associated with normal or physiologically abnormal sway patterns observed in people with documented vestibular pathologic findings. PATIENTS: One hundred fifteen patients with complaints ...
Fortes Maria Elena - - 2008
The aim of the study was to disclose a possible association of hearing defects with the use of either cyclosporin (CyA) or tacrolimus (FK-506) in patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT). Pure-tone audiometry (PTA) was performed in the same 42 patients before and after LT. Audiometric frequencies recorded ranged from 250 ...
Hong Seok Min - - 2008
PURPOSE: We have investigated vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) as a function of age and the involvement of each of the 3 semicircular canals in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed prospective assessment from January 2005 to September 2006. Vestibular evoked myogenic potential was ...
Gawron Wojciech - - 2008
Hearing loss and middle ear diseases are often reported in some of Turner patients. In most of the reports hearing organ was evaluated with the use of subjective methods. The aim of the work was subjective and objective evaluation of hearing organ with an attempt to set the correlation between ...
Vale Maria Jose - - 2008
Conclusions. The most common audiologic manifestation in Fanconi anaemia (FA) was asymmetrical bilateral conductive hearing loss that was more severe at lower frequencies and in some cases had a progressive character. The routine screening of all patients diagnosed with FA allowed the recognition of mild hearing loss and the prevention ...
Sugita-Kitajima Akemi - - 2008
The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) was studied via sinusoidal off-vertical axis rotation (OVAR) to evaluate otolith function in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Subjects were sinusoidally rotated with eyes open in complete darkness at frequencies of 0.4 and 0.8 Hz with a maximum angular velocity of 60 degrees /s ...
Lee Scott L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Available evidence suggests tinnitus arises from excessive spontaneous activity in the left superior temporal gyrus, and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may suppress this activity. Our hypothesis is that rTMS applied to this region would decrease tinnitus complaints in veterans. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, nonrandomized trial. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eight ...
Sakata Toshifumi - - 2008
The feeling of ear fullness (FEF) occurs frequently in patients with acute sensorineural hearing loss; the same is true for tinnitus (TIN). However, the cause of FEF in these patients is unclear. This study included 171 ears of patients admitted with unilateral sudden deafness to the ENT division of Fukuoka ...
Junicho Makiko - - 2008
CONCLUSION: We conclude that not all low-tone sudden deafness (SD) patients suffered from endolymphatic hydrops even if they had vertigo attack at the onset and that electrocochleography (ECochG) was a useful prognostic tool. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether low-tone SD was a precursor of Meniere's disease and whether patients with low-tone ...
Selaimen da Costa Sady - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the contralateral ear of patients with chronic otitis media (COM). DESIGN: Transversal. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: A total of 500 consecutive patients who had been diagnosed as having COM with or without cholesteatoma. INTERVENTIONS: Digital otoendoscopy was performed on both ears. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Pathologic alterations ...
Mishra Sharmistha - - 2008
We sought to identify and review the clinical features and treatment outcomes of eight recent cases of otosyphilis in HIV-positive patients seen in Toronto. All patients reported tinnitus, and seven (87.5%) reported subjective hearing loss. Not taking auditory findings into consideration, four patients would be classified as having secondary syphilis, ...
Graf Ruth Maria - - 2008
Mammaplasty for patients who have experienced massive weight loss involves some concepts that differ from those that apply to mammaplasty for normal patients. Breast anatomic characteristics make this procedure a very challenging situation. The authors present their experience with a new mammaplasty technique using an extended thoracic wall flap associated ...
Kim Jin - - 2008
Pure tone audiometry and caloric test in patients with herpes zoster oticus were performed to determine the biologic features of the varicella zoster virus (VZV) and the pathogenesis of vestibulocochlear nerve disease in herpes zoster oticus. A retrospective chart review of 160 patients with herpes zoster oticus was designed in ...
Zhao Hui - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To heighten the physician's awareness of non-organic hearing loss in teenagers in China. METHODS: Retrospective cases review of seven patients (six girls and one boy) with sudden hearing loss was conducted. RESULTS: Five patients presented with hearing loss bilaterally and two patients unilaterally. All patients suffered from severe to ...
Nalini A - - 2008
Madras motor neuron disease (MMND), MMND variant (MMNDV) and Familial MMND (FMMND) have a unique geographic distribution predominantly reported from Southern India. The characteristic features are onset in young, weakness and wasting of limbs, multiple lower cranial nerve palsies and sensorineural hearing loss. We describe the clinical features and survival ...
London Brian - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Although olfaction is often compromised by such factors as head trauma, viruses, and toxic agents, the olfactory epithelium and sectors of the olfactory bulb have the potential for regeneration. This study assessed the degree to which olfactory function changes over time in patients presenting to a university-based smell and ...
Quaranta Nicola - - 2008
CONCLUSIONS: Available multichannel cochlear implants (CIs) provide effective tinnitus suppression. More sophisticated speech strategies are more effective than analogue or slow strategies. The mechanisms by which tinnitus is suppressed by CIs are unclear; however, both acoustic masking and reorganization of the right auditory association cortex induced by the CI are ...
Imai Takao - - 2008
CONCLUSIONS: Two patients showing two rotational axes of their positional nystagmus had canalolithiasis in bilateral posterior semicircular canals (PSCCs), leading to the diagnosis of true bilateral benign paroxysmal positional nystagmus (P-BPPN). Another 18 patients had a single rotation axis of their positional nystagmus with short time constant (TC) on one ...
Sazgar Amir Arvin - - 2008
CONCLUSION: The vestibular area is closer than the auditory region to nucleus ambiguus. If a 'shared' lesion involves regions of adjacent nuclei of the brainstem in patients with spasmodic dysphonia then vestibular area involvement is more possible than that of the auditory region. OBJECTIVES: The authors hypothesize that lower brainstem ...
Bhadelia R A - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Elevated protein levels have been reported in perilymph of patients with vestibular schwannoma. Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) imaging is sensitive to high protein contents in fluids. The purpose of this study was to investigate if in patients with unilateral vestibular schwannoma, cochlear FLAIR signal intensity on the ...
Abdelwhab Saeed - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is common in patients with CRF. The exact etiology of this complication is not known, and little can be done to ameliorate the disorder. ADMA is found to be high in CRF patients. We studied the relation between ADMA and hearing loss in patients with CRF under ...
Boleas-Aguirre M S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the correlation between vestibular dysfunction and hearing level of patients diagnosed with Menière's disease. METHODS: Retrospective study on the correlation between hearing level and unilateral weakness in 100 Menière's disease patients. In order assess the effect of disease severity in such correlation, the study group included 50 ...
Van Nuffelen Gwen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In persons with a speech pathology, improved intelligibility is the fundamental goal of treatment. Identification of specific phonetic features that affect intelligibility, contributes to selecting intervention targets. The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether a segmental analysis based on a perceptual phoneme intelligibility assessment is reliable ...
Ubell Matthew L - - 2008
To compare levels of expression of mucin gene 2 (MUC2), a major secretory mucin, in the middle ear of patients with otitis media (OM) and control patients. Case-control study. Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. Nineteen patients aged 6 months to 15 years undergoing routine ventilation tube insertion for recurrent OM ...
Ozturk Faruk - - 2008
To determine the possible relation between pseudoexfoliation (PSX) and sensorineural hearing loss. This study was carried out in Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyon, Turkey between July 2002 and June 2005. Sixty-three patients who were found to have ocular PSX on routine biomicroscopic examination, and 38 age-matched control subjects were evaluated for ...
Detorakis E T - - 2008
PURPOSE: Previous studies have reported increased audiometric thresholds in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (XFS), compared with normative data. This study examines mean audiometric thresholds and tympanometric peak values in patients with XFS and in a control group. METHODS: This is a prospective, nonrandomized control case study. Patients with XFS in ...
Zeigelboim Bianca S - - 2008
Our objective was to describe vestibular abnormalities in patients with relapsing and remitting multiple sclerosis. Thirty patients (6 men and 24 women) between 27 and 64 years of age underwent neurological and otolaryngological examinations, complete anamnesis, and electronystagmography. Patients with psychological or oculomotor paresis (or both), internuclear ophthalmoparesis, severe visual ...
Cho Yang-Sun - - 2008
The excessive storage of mucopolysaccharide in Hunter syndrome leads to various otologic manifestations. We interviewed 19 patients with Hunter syndrome to assess their otologic problems, and conducted audiologic tests and temporal bone CT. Patients with the intermediate or severe form exhibited severe speech delay by more than 2 years (12/14 ...
Gianoli Gerard J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of caloric and rotational chair testing (ROT) abnormalities in a group of patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) and to correlate caloric test results with ROT. PATIENTS: Twenty-five patients with CSOM with or without cholesteatoma who were to undergo tympanomastoid surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Caloric and ...
Celebisoy Neşe - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It was the aim of this study to analyze the clinical manifestations, the incidence of each variant and the comorbid conditions of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) as well as the response to treatment. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-seven patients with BPPV were reviewed prospectively. An extensive neurotologic examination ...
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