Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1238
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Lee Seung-Han - - 2009
In benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), spontaneous reversal of the initial positioning nystagmus rarely occurs without further position changes. We analyzed the characteristics of spontaneous reversal of the initial head-turning nystagmus in 21 patients with BPPV involving the horizontal semicircular canal. All patients showed initial geotropic nystagmus (first-phase nystagmus) on ...
Zingler Vera Carina - - 2009
Bilateral vestibulopathy (BV) is characterized by impaired or lost function of both peripheral labyrinths or of the eighth nerves. In a review of 255 patients (mean age +/- SD, 62 +/- 16 years) with BV diagnosed in the authors' dizziness unit between 1988 and 2005, 62% of the patients were ...
Gonçalves Denise Utsch - - 2009
A young male developed hearing loss, vertigo, headache and facial palsy. Neurological examination did not show any abnormalities. Two years later, cervical lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly and atypical lymphocytes in peripheral blood revealed leukemia. At the same time, acquired ichthyosis was observed. Subsequently, neurological abnormalities revealed myelopathy associated with HTLV-1, due to ...
Weber K P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Parenteral antibiotic therapy with gentamicin, even in accepted therapeutic doses, can occasionally cause bilateral vestibular loss (BVL) due to hair cell toxicity. OBJECTIVE: To quantify in patients with gentamicin vestibulotoxicity (GVT) the extent of acceleration gain deficit of the horizontal vestibulo-ocular reflex at different accelerations with a graded head ...
Holmberg Johan - - 2009
Phobic postural vertigo is characterized by subjective imbalance and dizziness while standing or walking, despite normal values for clinical balance tests. Patients with phobic postural vertigo exhibit an increased high-frequency sway in posturographic tests. Their postural sway, however, becomes similar to the sway of healthy subjects during difficult balance tasks. ...
Dikici Oğuzhan - - 2009
We investigated hearing functions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using audiological tests and transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs). The study group consisted of 20 adult patients with RA (7 males, 13 females); 20 adult healthy subjects without RA (7 males, 13 females) were recruited as controls. All patients were ...
Yagi Toshiaki - - 2009
We report here about a case (female patient) with superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD). This patient presented with pressure-induced rotatory vertigo when she coughed or strained at stool. Loud sounds or Valsalva maneuver did not evoke any sensation of vertigo and/or disequilibrium. By contrast, when she coughed, vertical-rotatory nystagmus was ...
Yuen Heng-Wai - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To understand the presenting auditory signs and symptoms and to examine the relationship between the auditory manifestations and audiometric parameters in superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD). PATIENTS: Twenty consecutive patients with unilateral SSCD without a history of previous ontologic surgery. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Relationship between presenting symptoms and the ...
Clément Gilles - - 2009
In previous studies, we had observed that the occurrence of geometric illusions was reduced when healthy observers were tilted relative to gravity or placed in microgravity. We hypothesized that the alteration of the gravitational (otolith) input was responsible for this change, presumably because of a connection between vestibular and visual-spatial ...
Liscak Roman - - 2009
PURPOSE: When gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) does not achieve control of the growth of a tumour, the need to repeat treatment is considered. The results and risks of repeat treatment of patients with a vestibular schwannoma were reviewed to assess its efficacy and safety. METHODS: Between 1992 and 2001, we ...
McNeill Celene - - 2009
Conclusion No significant changes in hearing thresholds were observed during vertigo attacks associated with Meniere's disease. Objectives To determine if the hearing alters during the period of the attacks of vertigo in Meniere's disease. Patients and methods The study group consisted of patients who had a clinical diagnosis of definite ...
Park Jonas Jae-Hyun - - 2009
Conclusion: Selected patients with Meniere's disease (MD) show an improvement of disability from vertigo after transtympanic ventilation tube insertion, although an effect on vestibular function is not seen if ipsilateral middle ear pressure lower than -50 daPa is used as a selection criterion. Objectives: Transtympanic ventilation tube insertion as a ...
Gudziol Volker - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of pentoxifylline, an unspecific phosphodiesterase inhibitor, on olfactory function. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. PATIENTS: Nineteen patients who received pentoxifylline to treat inner-ear conditions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Evaluation of olfactory function (ie, odor threshold, odor discrimination, and odor identification) before and after administration of pentoxifylline and assessment ...
Capaccio Pasquale - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Impaired cochlear perfusion seems to be an important event in sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Prothrombotic gene mutations have been related to vascular disorders and sudden hearing loss. We assessed the prothrombotic risk in 10 patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss who had previously experienced cardiovascular events to support its ...
Dort Joseph C - - 2009
Unilateral hearing loss and audiovestibular symptoms are common in the population and can be associated with retrocochlear tumours such as acoustic neuroma (AN). In order to rule out AN, many patients with asymmetric hearing loss are referred for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Recent work with modifications of auditory brainstem response ...
Daneshi A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, techniques such as computerised dynamic posturography have facilitated objective evaluation of patients with balance disorders. In this study, we used computerised dynamic posturography for clinical staging of M??ni??re's disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We applied a computerised dynamic posturography sensory organisation test to 53 patients with American ...
Goyault G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between hearing loss and inner ear enhancement in patients suffering from leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LC) involving the internal acoustic canal (IAC). Previous studies have only reported an association between IAC enhancement and sensorineural deafness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective ...
Collet S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Post-traumatic olfactory loss (PTOL) is the third most common aetiology for olfactory disorders. Mechanisms that lead to post-traumatic olfactory disorders include sinonasal affections, damage to the olfactory nerve and lesions of the cerebral olfactory centres. The purpose of this review is to present an update of this condition and ...
Rombaux P - - 2009
Post-infectious olfactory loss is defined as an olfactory dysfunction in the course of an upper respiratory tract infection. Quantitative olfactory dysfunction is usually moderate to severe, with many patients experiencing a qualitative disorder such as parosmia. Diagnosis is made on the basis of patient history, normal clinical examination (no inflammatory ...
Gacek Richard R - - 2009
Morphological and clinical evidence supports a viral neuropathy in Ménière's disease (MD). Quantitative examination of 11 sectioned temporal bones (TBs) from 8 patients with a history of MD revealed a significant loss of vestibular ganglion cells in both the endolymph hydropic (EH) and non-EH ears. Transmission electron microscopy of vestibular ...
Lew Henry L - - 2009
The frequencies of hearing impairment (HI), vision impairment (VI), or dual (hearing and vision) sensory impairment (DSI) in patients with blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their effects on functional recovery are not well documented. In this preliminary study of 175 patients admitted to a Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center, we completed ...
Eleftheriadou A - - 2009
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the ability of VEMP to disclose spatial dissemination of Multiple Sclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six MS patients with auditory and/or vestibular symptoms were studied. Patients were divided in two groups. Group 1 included 24 patients with brainstem MRI findings, and Group 2 included 22 ...
Leijendeckers Joop M - - 2009
Temporal processing, frequency discrimination and frequency resolution, three basic mechanisms involved in speech perception, were studied in 11 USH2a patients from 10 Dutch families. Measurements included loudness scaling, gap detection, determination of auditory filter shapes and difference limen for frequency. The results were compared to values obtained from listeners with ...
Meeus O M - - 2009
The objective of this paper is to present Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), a new and highly promising technique in tinnitus modulation. We conducted a Pubmed and Web of Science search using the words 'Tinnitus', 'TMS' and 'Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation'. We report on the most relevant studies relating to the effects ...
Roeser Michelle M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Susac syndrome is a disease condition of unknown cause consisting of vestibulocochlear dysfunction, retinopathy, and multifocal encephalopathy derived from microangiopathy of the ear, retina, and brain, respectively. We present a unique case of bilateral cochlear implantation in a Susac syndrome patient and seek to describe in detail the specific ...
Schlee Winfried - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Subjective tinnitus is characterized by an auditory phantom perception in the absence of any physical sound source. Consequently, in a quiet environment, tinnitus patients differ from control participants because they constantly perceive a sound whereas controls do not. We hypothesized that this difference is expressed by differential activation of ...
Angrisani Rosanna Mariangela Giaffredo - - 2009
Vitiligo is a skin disease characterized by absence of melanin due to melanocytes destruction. AIM: to study the incidence of hearing alterations in patients with vitiligo. METHOD: prospective audiological evaluation, transient-evoked otoacoustic emission recordings and study the effects of suppression in 24 patients with vitiligo. Their ages ranged from 15 ...
De Baere T - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the presence of middle ear pathogens in nasopharynx (NP), middle ear fluid (MEF), and middle ear mucosal swabs (MES) of 14 patients undergoing middle ear surgery. METHODOLOGY: Bacteria were assessed by culture and species specific PCR. Biofilm was investigated by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) of middle ...
Yu-Wai-Man Patrick P Mitochondrial Research Group, School of Neurology, Neurobiology and Psychiatry, The Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, - - 2009
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is a calcium channelopathy due to a pathological CAG repeat expansion in CACNL1A4. Patients frequently describe paroxysmal vertigo early in the disease course, but it is not clear whether this is central or labyrinthine in origin. To address this issue we studied 21 SCA6 patients. ...
Mallinson Arthur I - - 2008
Tandem walking testing is a "standard" clinical technique for assessing balance and gait, but it is not a standardized test. We wished to develop a protocol by which we could measure sway during tandem walking at a patient's preferred cadence and at an altered cadence, which might be more challenging. ...
Martin Christian - - 2009
The aim of this study is to appreciate the incidence of patients with isolated conductive hearing loss with normal drum due to superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SCD). It is a prospective radiological study. Two hundred and seventy-two patients with a normal drum suffering from isolated unilateral or bilateral conductive or ...
Hirvonen Meeli - - 2008
CONCLUSION: Motorized head impulse rotator is an effective technique to assess peripheral vestibular function. Approximately a quarter of patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) had preserved preoperative responses. Vestibular disability could not be predicted based on vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) performance during motion stimuli, or in the caloric test. OBJECTIVES: To explore ...
Iino Yukiko - - 2008
Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) is intractable otitis media characterized by the presence of a highly viscous yellow effusion containing eosinophils. It occurs mainly in patients with bronchial asthma and is resistant to conventional treatments for otitis media. Here we discuss the clinical features, pathogenesis, and management of EOM. EOM predominantly ...
Rutt Amy L - - 2008
Aspergillus niger, an opportunistic filamentous fungus, was identified as the cause of chronic unilateral otomycosis in a 55-year old, immunocompromised man who had been unresponsive to a variety of treatment regimens. The patient presented with intermittent otalgia and otorrhea and with a perforation of his left tympanic membrane. A niger ...
Gusenoff Jeffrey A JA Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Life After Weight Loss Center, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2008
An increasing number of male patients are presenting for treatment of male chest deformity after massive weight loss. The authors prefer to preserve the nipple-areola complex on a dermoglandular pedicle. They sought to identify detectability of technique, assess patient satisfaction, and outline a treatment algorithm for this population. Ten male ...
Iino Yukiko - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) is characterized by the extensive accumulation of eosinophils in the middle ear mucosa and middle ear effusion and is usually associated with bronchial asthma. EOM patients show gradual deterioration of hearing and sometimes become deaf suddenly. However, there have been no systemic studies of bone ...
Junicho Makiko - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We used electronystagmography (ENG) to characterize recurrent hearing loss and its progression to definite Ménière's disease in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) without subjective vertigo. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 1,334 patients with unilateral hearing loss initially diagnosed with idiopathic SSHL between 1985 and 2003 ...
Hong Seok Min - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Saccule could be damaged in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL) with vertigo and with high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss. Thus, the saccule might be deteriorated subclinically in ISSHL cases without vertigo. Therefore, we investigated saccular damage in ISSHL patients without vertigo through vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP). ...
Karmody Collin S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to discuss the association between sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: We reviewed cases of patients with known IBD seen in an otolaryngology practice with documentation of all otologic data including age of onset, family history of otologic problems, exposure to noise, ...
Gedlicka Claudia - - 2009
This retrospective study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of tympanotomy and sealing of the round window membrane after unilateral acute hearing loss. All patients presenting idiopathic sudden hearing loss, acoustic, or barotrauma were treated with prednisolone and caroverine. Thirty-six patients had a mean pure tone hearing level worse than ...
Visser Jasper E - - 2008
Postural instability and falls are common and devastating features of ageing and many neurological, visual, vestibular or orthopedic disorders. Current management of these problems is hampered by the subjective and variable nature of the available clinical balance measures. In this narrative review, we discuss the clinical utility of posturography as ...
Brantberg Krister - - 2009
Vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) in response to 90-dB-nHL clicks were studied in 20 patients (22 ears) with superior canal dehiscence syndrome. Their amplitude was compared to the VEMP from the 'unaffected' ears of 113 patients using the same stimulus level. The 113 control subjects were those from a previous study ...
Przewoźny Tomasz - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We investigated risk factors of sensorineural hearing loss (SHL) in patients with early stage of ischemic stroke (IS). METHODS: Our study consisted of 60 patients with IS who were treated at Department of Neurology, Medical University of Gdansk between 2006 and 2007. A multivariate stepwise linear regression was used ...
Ushio Munetaka - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to examine the correlation between the results of subjective visual horizontal (SVH) and other vestibular function tests in patients with untreated unilateral vestibular schwannoma (VS). METHODS: The subjects comprised 40 consecutive patients (17 men, 23 women) with VS who underwent vestibular function tests before surgery ...
Lin YuChun - - 2008
PURPOSE: To prospectively compare diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measures of axial diffusivity (lambda parallel), radial diffusivity (lambda perpendicular), mean diffusivity (MD), and fractional anisotropy (FA) along the auditory pathway of patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and normal controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 37 individuals with SNHL and 10 healthy ...
Zingler Vera C - - 2008
Bilateral vestibulopathy (BV) is characterized by impaired or lost function of both labyrinths or eighth nerves. The diagnosis is routinely established by the head-thrust test, caloric irrigation and rotational testing with electronystagmography to determine the high- and low-frequency deficit of the vestibulo-ocular reflex. All three methods evaluate semicircular canal function ...
Baier Paul Christian - - 2008
Until recently, olfactory dysfunction was an unknown feature of narcolepsy. Orexin A, also called hypocretin-1, is abnormally decreased or undetectable in the cerebrospinal fluid of narcoleptic patients with cataplexies. As hypothalamic orexin-containing neurons project throughout the entire olfactory pathway, from the olfactory mucosa to the olfactory cortex, disturbed orexinergic transmission ...
Berlucchi Marco - - 2008
To evaluate the hearing function in patients affected by primary antibody deficiency disorders. Forty-seven patients, 25 of whom were affected by X-linked agammaglobulinemia and 22 of whom were affected by common variable immunodeficiency were evaluated with audiologic tests that included pure tone audiometry, acoustic immittance assessment and auditory brainstem-evoked response. ...
Maire Raphaël - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The pathophysiologic concept of Ménière's disease assumes that endolymphatic hydrops is the cause of the symptoms via increased pressure in the endolymphatic space and/or ionic disorder due to ruptured membrane. The goal of this study was to assess whether the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) properties in patients with Ménière's disease ...
Ferber-Viart C - - 2009
For 40 years, the amino acid acetyl-DL-leucine (or isoleucine - Tanganil) has been used in clinical practice to reduce imbalance and autonomic manifestations associated with acute vertigo crises. In animal models, acetyl-DL-leucine accelerates vestibular compensation following unilateral labyrinthectomy, and has only minor effects on normal vestibular function. Our work in ...
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