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Wilson Helena - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the importance of assessing the certainty of a diagnosis of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss, and of modifying patient management accordingly. CASE REPORT: A patient presented with sudden sensorineural hearing loss in the right ear. Following assessment and preliminary investigation, a diagnosis of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing ...
Gopen Quinton - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical, audiological, and vestibular characteristics of posterior semicircular canal dehiscence. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Twelve patients aged 2 to 67 years identified with posterior semicircular canal dehiscence. INTERVENTIONS: Patients identified by suspicious clinical history and examination, confirmed by high-resolution computed tomography. ...
Stangerup S-E - - 2010
AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the predictive value of both hearing level (at various frequencies) and speech discrimination for forecasting hearing outcome after a period of observation, in patients with vestibular schwannoma. SUBJECTS: Over a 33-year period, 1144 patients with vestibular schwannoma were allocated to 'wait and scan' management, ...
Kikuchi Tomomi - - 2010
We report a patient with neuro Beh?et's disease (BD) initially presenting with meningitis and severe hearing loss. A 51-year-old man with no noteworthy past history was hospitalized for evaluation of non-pulsating headache and high fever. Lumbar puncture on admission only showed slight pleocytosis (6 /microL, monomorphonuclear cells predominantly) but no ...
Park Hong Ju - - 2010
Objective: Our purposes were to characterize hyperventilation-induced nystagmus (HVIN) in patients with unilateral vestibular neuritis (VN) through follow-up examinations and to determine the effects of hyperventilation on vestibular imbalance in patients with VN. Materials and Methods: The horizontal eye movements in 35 patients with acute VN were recorded. The eye ...
Madeira Felipe Barbosa - - 2010
Voice and speech are regulated by hearing. Vocal disorders in patients with hearing loss have not been evaluated yet as to the subjective degree of disability they cause in this group. to compare the results of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) obtained for patients with normal hearing and moderate to ...
Iino Yukiko - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) is characterized by the extensive accumulation of eosinophils in the middle ear mucosa and middle ear effusion and is usually associated with bronchial asthma. Eosinophilic otitis media patients show gradual or sudden deterioration of hearing. In our previous study, we reported that high-tone loss was ...
Hakuba Nobuhiro - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical results of closing chronic tympanic membrane (TM) perforations using basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) combined with an atelocollagen/silicone bilayer membrane patch. STUDY DESIGN: Closure of TM perforations in 87 patients was attempted using bFGF, which is thought to promote the regeneration of TM tissues by ...
Chi Fang-Lu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To present diverse symptoms, signs, and findings on diagnostic tests of 11 patients with superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) syndrome and surgical treatments for dehiscence of 3 patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary neurotologic and audiologic center. PATIENTS: Patients with SSCD documented by history, physical examination, vestibular ...
Abdelghaffar H - - 2010
Otosclerosis classically presents with conductive deafness. However, mainly in older patients or those with a progressive (active) form of this disease, it presents with elevated bone conduction (BC) thresholds. In many cases, an elevation in the BC threshold during otosclerosis is not a true indicator of 'cochlear reserve' and this ...
Tokgoz Bulent - - 2010
AIM: Aminoglycosides have been used in the treatment of CAPD peritonitis despite their potential risk for ototoxicity. The ototoxicity risk of intraperitoneally administered aminoglycosides has been investigated by a number of studies. However, their results are somewhat conflicting. The aim of the present study was to examine the frequency of ...
Crane Benjamin T - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Autophony, or the unusually loud or disturbing sound of a patient's own voice, can be a prominent and disabling symptom of superior canal dehiscence (SCD) syndrome. The current study measures autophony symptoms before and after SCD plugging to quantify the benefits of surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Patients undergoing SCD plugging ...
Morales-Garcia C C Department of Neuro-Otology, University of Chile School of Medicine, Salvador Hospital, Santiago, Chile. - - 2010
Tinnitus is usually associated with hearing loss, and patients with tinnitus and normal hearing are unusual. Neuro-otological findings have not previously been described in tinnitus patients with normal hearing. To analyse neuro-otological examination results from a group of tinnitus patients with normal hearing. Seventeen normal-hearing tinnitus patients seen over a ...
Grayeli Alexis Bozorg - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical aspects of balance disorders and to assess the audiovestibular functions of patients with otosclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 13,800 patients examined for balance disorders between 2002 and 2006, 98 (0.7%) presented with otosclerosis. Seventy-three patients (28 treated nonoperatively, 27 ...
Park Jonas Jae-Hyun - - 2009
CONCLUSION: Selected patients with Meniere's disease (MD) show an improvement of disability from vertigo after transtympanic ventilation tube insertion, although an effect on vestibular function is not seen if ipsilateral middle ear pressure lower than -50 daPa is used as a selection criterion. OBJECTIVES: Transtympanic ventilation tube insertion as a ...
Xu Jie Jie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the perceptual and acoustic characteristics of the pneumatic artificial larynx (PAL) and evaluate its speech ability and clinical value. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: The study was conducted in the Voice Lab, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-six ...
McNeill Celene - - 2009
CONCLUSION: No significant changes in hearing thresholds were observed during vertigo attacks associated with Meniere's disease. OBJECTIVES: To determine if the hearing alters during the period of the attacks of vertigo in Meniere's disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of patients who had a clinical diagnosis of definite ...
Digilio M Cristina MC Department of Medical Genetics, Bambino Gesú Hospital, Piazza S. Onofrio 4, 00165 Rome, Italy. - - 2009
We report on three unrelated patients with the 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome (del22q11) who have phenotypic anomalies compatible with oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS). Hemifacial microsomia, unilateral microtia, hearing loss, congenital heart/aortic arch arteries defects, and feeding difficulties were present in all three patients. Additional anomalies occasionally diagnosed included coloboma of the upper ...
Gimsing S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: (1) To compare audiometric parameters in patients with vestibular schwannoma and in those with asymmetric hearing loss from other causes; and (2) to assess proposed screening criteria by comparing published protocols. METHODS: Audiometric data from 199 vestibular schwannoma patients and 225 non-tumour patients were compared. Eight screening protocols were ...
Janssen Maurice - - 2010
This study explores the effect of vibrotactile biofeedback on body sway in stance in patients with severe bilateral vestibular losses in a placebo-controlled study. A tilt sensor mounted on the head or trunk is used to detect head or body tilt and activates via a microprocessor 12 small vibrators that ...
Frasnelli J - - 2010
Next to olfaction and gustation, the trigeminal system represents a third chemosensory system. These senses are interconnected; a loss of olfactory function also leads to a reduced sensitivity in the trigeminal chemosensory system. However, most studies so far focused on comparing trigeminal sensitivity to suprathreshold stimuli; much less data is ...
Boleas-Aguirre Mar??a Soledad - - 2009
CONCLUSIONS: After forced prolonged position type one (FPP-one) and the appropriate repositioning maneuvers, or FPP-two, 95.45% of patients with cupulolithiasis of the horizontal semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (HSC-BPPV).were symptom-free. OBJECTIVES: To treat patients with cupulolithiasis of the HSC-BPPV. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study including 22 ...
Best C - - 2009
Patients with vestibular vertigo syndromes often suffer from anxiety and depression, whereas patients with psychiatric disorders often experience subjective unsteadiness, dizziness, or vertigo. Thus, it has been hypothesized that the vestibular system may be interlinked with the emotion processing systems. The aim of the current study was to evaluate this ...
Landis Basile Nicolas - - 2010
Herpetic meningoencephalitis (HME) is a rare but often lethal herpes simplex infection. Patients who survive generally retain neurological deficits. The literature consists mostly of autopsy reports and consistently shows the peripheral and central olfactory pathways to be severely damaged. Little information is available on degree and recovery of olfactory impairment ...
Imai Takao - - 2009
Conclusions: The characteristic of both the vertical-torsional positional nystagmus with long time constant and its disappearance at the neutral head position could diagnose cupulolithiasis in posterior semicircular canal (PSCC) in the eight patients with the PSCC type of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (P-BPPV). Objective: The aim of the study was ...
Brantberg Krister - - 2010
Hyperactive disorders related to neurovascular compression have been described for several cranial nerves of which trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm are the best known. The present report on four patients, in conjunction with previous reports, suggests that paroxysmal staccato tinnitus might be considered an auditory hyperactivity disorder of the eighth ...
Atkin Joseph S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to examine the correlation between enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA) anomaly and other inner ear anomalies such as cochlear dysplasia, vestibulocochlear dysplasia and modiolar hypoplasia. METHODS: Retrospective chart review, with institutional review board approval, of patients with EVA who received treatment at Primary Children's ...
Meeus Olivier - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is already broadly used in different areas of neuroscience research. In the last years, special attention was drawn to TMS in tinnitus. The aim of our study is to investigate the stimulation characteristics of TMS in tinnitus patients, in particular the effect of tonic and ...
Kitahara Tadashi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: There are some kinds of sicknesses provoked by inadequate adaptation to physical and/or psychogenic stress in daily life. Delayed endolymphatic hydrops (DEH) is an inner ear disease like Ménière's disease (MD) characterized by episodic vertigo in the setting of preexisting unilateral deafness that especially occurs in civilized people with ...
Lee In-Sik - - 2009
Air caloric results are supposed to be influenced by anatomic changes of the middle ear. The aims of our study were to evaluate the incidence and characteristics of abnormal air caloric results in patients with unilateral chronic otitis media and without any history of vertigo, and to compare caloric results ...
Hong Seok Min - - 2010
The subjective visual vertical (SVV) is a useful tool to evaluate clinical manifestations of vestibular loss, but there have been normal variations of the SVV within 1 degrees -3 degrees , and over time, the absolute deviated degrees of SVV tilts decreases. We investigated SVV values in patients with vestibular ...
Lloyd Simon K W - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of Bruns' nystagmus in patients undergoing surgical treatment for unilateral sporadic vestibular schwannomas (VSs), identify the clinical characteristics of patients with Bruns' nystagmus and compare these characteristics with those of VS patients with no nystagmus and other types of nystagmus, and determine the long-term impact ...
Volta Umberto U Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bologna, St Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy. - - 2009
Celiac disease (CD) can be associated with a variety of extraintestinal manifestations, including neurological diseases. A new neurological correlation has been found between CD and sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). To verify the association between SNHL and CD, and to establish whether the neurological hearing impairment in CD is related to ...
Henkin Robert Irwin - - 2009
Parotid salivary levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) have been previously demonstrated to be lower than normal in patients with taste and smell dysfunction. To define these results more fully, we analyzed parotid salivary levels of cAMP and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) with respect to severity of smell loss in ...
Dorigueto Ricardo S - - 2009
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is one of the most common vestibular disorders. AIM: To study the recurrence and persistence of BPPV in patients treated with canalith repositioning maneuvers (CRM) during the period of one year. STUDY DESIGN: longitudinal contemporary cohort series. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients with BPPV ...
Felix Felippe - - 2009
Many studies have shown the consequent gustatory alteration caused by ear surgeries. However, few have reported this alteration in patients with chronic otitis media (COM), prior to surgical treatment. AIM: to identify gustatory alterations due to chorda tympani nerve involvement in patients with COM without prior surgery. METHODS: Clinical essay, ...
Jesić Snezana - - 2009
Tuberculous otitis is a diagnostic problem due to the difficulty to obtain microbiological, histomorphological and cytological confirmation of the disease. Our objective was to compare clinical and radiological characteristic and development of otogenic complications in patients with tuberculous otitis and otitis with cholesteatoma as the most destructive form of chronic ...
Ganança Fernando Freitas FF EPM, UNIFESP, Brazil. - - 2009
Benign Positional Paroxysmal Vertigo (BPPV) is one of the most common vestibular diseases and the active head rotation test one of the most modern methods of vestibular function assessment. this study aims to verify if the active head rotation test may reveal signs of horizontal and/or vertical vestibulo-ocular reflex dysfunction ...
Sztuka Aleksandra - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The most probable place generating tinnitus in the auditory pathway is the outer hair cells (OHCs) inside the cochlea. Otoacoustic emissions are used to assess their activity. The objective of the investigation was to measure the features of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) in a group of tinnitus patients ...
Palla A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Unsteadiness during standing and walking is a frequent complaint of patients with polyneuropathy (PNP). OBJECTIVE: To determine whether balance disorders in patients with PNP may be caused by reduced proprioceptive input from the feet alone or whether impaired vestibular input, resulting from involvement of the vestibular nerve, can be ...
Nageris Ben I - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine the test-retest value of tinnitus pitch and loudness in patients with tinnitus and noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample consisted of 30 patients of mean age 35 +/- 6.7 years with long-standing tinnitus and hearing loss due ...
Fisgin Tunc - - 2009
A 5-year-old boy was admitted to our center with a major complaint of bilateral hearing loss for 2 days. He was diagnosed with acute immune thrombocytopenic purpura 3 months before the admission and treated with high-dose methylprednisolone 2 months ago. Physical examination revealed wet purpura in the oral mucosa, serous ...
Zeigelboim Bianca Simone - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the vestibular rehabilitation (VR) exercises by means of an assessment before and after the application of the Brazilian version of the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) questionnaire. METHOD: Twelve patients were studied, the following procedures were carried out: anamnesis, otorhinolaryngological and vestibular evaluation, and the ...
Faralli Mario - - 2009
Our goal was to verify the existence of otolithic dysfunction or mental stress in patients with dizziness following an episode of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) that was treated and resolved. Prospective study. Forty patients with BPPV were examined 2, 7, and 14 days after resolution. Based on residual symptoms ...
Boleas-Aguirre Maria Soledad - - 2009
Conclusions. After forced prolonged position type one (FPP-one) and the appropriate repositioning maneuvers, or FPP-two, 95.45% of patients with cupulolithiasis of the horizontal semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (HSC-BPPV).were symptom-free. Objectives. To treat patients with cupulolithiasis of the HSC-BPPV. Subjects and methods. This was a prospective study including 22 ...
Teranishi Masaaki - - 2009
The objective of the present study was to investigate endolymphatic space images in patients with fluctuating hearing loss without vertigo, and to elucidate its underlying pathophysiology. Eight patients with fluctuating hearing loss without vertigo were included in this study. 3T MRI was taken, 24 h after intratympanic injection of gadolinium-diethylenetriamine ...
Fujimoto Chisato - - 2009
To characterize clinical features of those patients who showed an absence of vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) responses in the presence of normal caloric responses bilaterally, we reviewed clinical records of 1,887 consecutive outpatients who complained of balance problems, and identified three patients, who showed absent VEMPs in the presence ...
Straumann D - - 2009
It is generally assumed that imbalance in patients with polyneuropathy (PNP) results from deficient proprioceptive input arriving from the lower limbs. Polyneuropathic processes, however, may also impair vestibular function. In fact, we observed that two-thirds of patients with PNP show unilateral or bilateral impairment of vestibular function as assessed with ...
Mergner Thomas - - 2009
Patients with chronic bilateral loss of vestibular functions normally replace these by visual or haptic referencing to stationary surroundings, resulting in an almost normal stance control. But with eyes closed, they show abnormally large body sway, and may tend to fall when there are external disturbances to the body or ...
MacDougall Hamish G - - 2009
This study measured on-road driving behavior in subjects with bilateral vestibular loss (BVL). Data included point-of-regard (what the driver is looking at and attending to), gaze stability (the performance of the vestibulo-ocular reflex), and head movement, during complex maneuvers such as changing lanes, cornering, pulling into traffic, and parking. Subjective ...
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