Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1238
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Bronstein A M AM Academic Department of Neuro-otology, Imperial College London, UK. - - 2003
The somatosensory (haptic) vertical (HV) and visual vertical (VV) were assessed in two patients with vestibular nuclear lesions. Patient 1 had paroxysmal nystagmus, and was tested "on" and "off." The HV was normal "on" and "off" but the VV was severely tilted during vestibular paroxysms. Patient 2, with a brainstem ...
Barbara M - - 2003
Hearing threshold has been measured in a group of patients following cochlear implantation with a Clarion device for the last eight years. The patients had received either a pre-curved carrier or the Hi-Focus I plus Electrode Positioner System (EPS). The assessment was carried out within the first post-operative week as ...
Edler Alice - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis surgery in paediatric patients can carry significant morbidity associated with intraoperative blood loss and the resultant transfusion therapy. Patients with neuromuscular disease may be at an increased risk for this intraoperative blood loss, but it is unclear if this is because of direct vascular pathophysiological changes or the ...
Muraika Lisa - - 2003
Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is a rare inherited condition characterized by bilateral and symmetric abnormalities of structures within the first and second bronchial arches. The mechanism of inheritance is autosomal dominant with variable expressivity. Because of this variability in expression, some affected individuals exhibit virtually no overt clinical manifestations. However, ...
Pribitkin Edmund - - 2003
Although complete or near-complete olfactory loss has been extensively documented and described, few published reports have documented severe generalized gustatory loss (across qualities and neural fields) with rigorous psychophysical testing, and none have explored the prevalence or causes of such losses in a large clinical population. This study retrospectively reviews ...
Ozer E - - 2004
To assess the clinical significance of Körner's septum (KS) or petrosquamosal (PS) lamina in different chronic ear pathologies, a surgical and anatomic study was carried out, in which the significance of KS was assessed in various otologic diseases. Of 639 patients who underwent ear surgery between 1998 and 2001, 426 ...
Ondo W G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess hearing in patients with essential tremor (ET) vs patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and normal controls. METHODS: The authors assessed demographic and clinical information including use of hearing aids in 250 patients with ET, 127 patients with PD, and 127 normal controls. The authors administered the Nursing ...
Pappas Dennis G DG - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate clinical evidence that vestibular symptomatology can occur in relation to autonomic dysfunction. Characterization of clinical findings and treatment response would then allow autonomic related vertigo to be differentiated from other vertiginous conditions that present in a like manner. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of 113 ...
Ishibashi Yasuko - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study nystagmus-sensation dissociation (NSD), i.e. caloric nystagmus without the sensation of vertigo, in patients with spinocerebellar degeneration (SCD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The neuro-otological and neuro-radiological records of 179 patients clinically diagnosed as having SCD (91 males, 88 females; age range 20-89 years) and 48 patients diagnosed as having ...
Pollak Lea - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Dizziness and vertigo can be a complaint in various psychiatric conditions where it usually constitutes only one of the features of the syndrome. Lately, a somatoform disorder characterized by almost mono-symptomatic dizziness and unsteadiness has been described. Since phobic postural vertigo usually presents without anxiety or other psychological symptomatology, ...
Migirov Lela - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a rare anomaly of the internal auditory canal known as a patulous canal and its relationship to hearing impairment. METHODS: High-resolution computed tomographic scans of the temporal bones of patients who presented between August 2001 and August 2002 were reviewed. The patients' medical charts were evaluated for ...
Ohki Masafumi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to clarify the clinical significance of vibration-induced nystagmus (VIN). METHODS: One hundred patients with unilateral vestibulocochlear disorders were enrolled into this study. However, patients with spontaneous nystagmus were excluded. Vibratory stimuli (approximately 100 Hz) were presented to the mastoids and the forehead. Patients also underwent caloric ...
Donáth J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss has long been known to be a complication of Paget's disease of bone. The aim of this study was to investigate Paget's disease of the temporal bone with special attention to hearing loss. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with skull involvement were treated with either pamidronate or tiludronate. Imaging ...
Mora Renzo - - 2003
Seventeen patients with sudden hearing loss and 10 patients with chronic hearing loss were treated with intravenous infusion of tissue plasminogen activator. For sudden hearing loss, the recombinant tissue plasminogen activator was used, and 3 mg (in 3 mL of diluent) was diluted into 250 mL of physiological saline solution ...
Kuurila K - - 2003
Progressive hearing loss is a major symptom in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), a genetic brittle bone disease. Vertigo is frequently associated with otosclerosis in which the hearing loss clinically resembles that in OI. Vertigo is also common in basilar impression (BI) found in up to 25% of adult OI patients. In ...
Farbu E - - 2003
New loss of function among patients with previous polio is frequently reported and has several causes. All patients referred to the Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, for 13 months during 2000-2001 with diagnosis late effects of polio were examined prospectively to identify their symptoms and loss of function. ...
Grunfeld E A EA Psychology Unit, King's College London, Guy's Hospital, - - 2003
Using a perceptual technique it is shown that patients with chronic external ophthalmoplegia have shortened vestibular responses. It is postulated that this is secondary to the retinal image slip experienced by these patients during head movements and a useful compensatory mechanism to suppress motion-induced sickness and spatial disorientation.
Tuz Hakan H - - 2003
The prevalence and rank of order of 4 otologic complaints in 200 temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients, as well as the relationship between the complaints and TMD subgroups, were investigated and compared with an asymptomatic control group. No subjective otologic complaints were reported by 45 (22.5%) TMD patients; the remaining 155 ...
Alessandrini Marco - - 2003
Patients with an acute unilateral vestibular lesion show an impaired balance control. The initial presentation is vertigo followed by postural instability; but with time, the global balance functions can be completely restored by a process called vestibular compensation. The aim of our study was to evaluate short and long-term variations ...
Bauch Christopher D - - 2003
The impact of tinnitus and overall levels of distress were measured with three assessment tools for patients with tinnitus. The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and an activities limitations questionnaire were administered to 53 audiology patients reporting tinnitus. Forty-three percent of these patients experienced either quality of ...
Nageris Ben I - - 2003
Approximately 30% of patients with sudden hearing loss show complete recovery. Researchers have long questioned whether extensive evaluation is necessary in these cases. Recently, however, with the increasing widespread application of magnetic resonance imaging, a higher rate than expected of acoustic neuromas has been detected in patients with sudden hearing ...
Devaiah Anand K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Electrocochleography (ECochG) is useful in supporting the diagnosis of Meniere disease (MD). Possible MD (early disease as defined by the 1995 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Committee on Hearing and Equilibrium) is a readily treatable form of MD. OBJECTIVES: To identify whether ECochG summating potential/action potential (SP/AP) ...
Satar Bülent - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We investigated cochlear function in normal-hearing patients with tinnitus using distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 20 normal-hearing patients with tinnitus (13 males, 7 females; mean age 25 years; range 17 to 52 years) and 15 controls (10 males, 5 females; mean age 23 ...
Salvinelli Fabrizio - - 2003
Otosclerosis is a primary osteodystrophy which affects a localized area within the human temporal bone. Hearing loss is the most functional deficit caused by otosclerosis. However, tinnitus and vestibular disorders are frequently reported by otosclerotic patients, especially in those patients with inner ear involvement. The best therapy in achieving a ...
Tsutsumi Takeshi - - 2003
The clinical course of Ménière's disease and the outcomes of functional examinations were found to be correlated, and a difference was found between the progressions of vestibular and cochlear dysfunction. Neither the total number of definitive vertiginous spells nor the duration of illness correlated significantly with the degree of audio-vestibular ...
Hao Sheng-Po - - 2003
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is closely related with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Almost every NPC tumor cells carries clonal EBV genomes. Detection of EBV derived latent membrane protein-1 gene (LMP-1) indicate the presence of NPC. Middle ear effusion (MEE) is a frequent sign of NPC. There have been no reports on LMP-1 ...
Pérez Nicolás - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We sought to correlate the severity of vertigo and handicap in patients with vestibular pathology according to measures of impairment. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted a prospective assessment of patients with dizziness by means of caloric, rotatory test, and computerized dynamic posturography to estimate impairment. Handicap and severity ...
Neff Brian A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the patient presentation, radiographic findings, and treatment results in a series of eight patients with a diagnosis of intralabyrinthine schwannoma, and to review the presentation of other cases of intralabyrinthine schwannoma in the English otolaryngologic literature. METHODS: Retrospective review of patient records, operative reports, and radiologic studies, ...
Adunka Oliver - - 2003
The aim of this study was to determine the efficiency of labyrinth anesthesia - the intratympanic instillation of lidocaine--in the treatment of Ménière's disease and to recall a forgotten method. Twenty-four patients (15 male, 9 female), aged from 19.7 to 80.6 years (mean: 47.8 years) with the clinical diagnosis of ...
Light Joshua P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare hearing results as a function of vestibular ablation in the treatment of Ménière's Disease, using gentamicin perfusion. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of patients with Ménière's Disease treated by gentamicin perfusion of the inner ear via the MicroWick device. SETTING: A tertiary otologic referral center. PATIENTS AND ...
Hugdahl Kenneth - - 2003
In the present paper we report on speech perception in left (n=16) and right (n=10) frontal lobe nonaphasic patients compared with healthy controls (n=26). The patients were inpatients of the University Clinic of Neurology, Innsbruck, Austria, who participated in a prospective neuropsychological study dealing with several aspects of lateralized functioning. ...
Ochi Kentaro - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a correlation between serum zinc levels and audiometric performance in tinnitus patients. METHODS: Seventy-three patients participated in this study. Patient's age was restricted to 20-59 years. All patients were examined at the otolaryngology outpatient clinic of the St. Marianna University Toyoko Hospital. The control ...
Vennewald I - - 2003
The aim of our investigations was to characterize fungal colonization of the ear in immunocompetent patients. From 1993 to 2000, 128 patients supposed to suffer from otomycosis were included. Mycological examination conducted by direct microscopy and fungal cultures was performed on 139 specimens. Among these, 115 patients suffered from chronic ...
Saito Susumu - - 2003
We report on the function of the inferior vestibular nerve, as monitored by the vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP), in two patients suffering from Ramsay Hunt syndrome. Both the patients presented canal paresis (CP) and hearing loss, but in one patient normal VEMP was recorded while the other presented vagus nerve ...
Graamans Kees - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to document and analyse the course of several audiometric parameters in 49 patients with a non-growing unilateral vestibular schwannoma (VS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients received conservative management and absence of tumour growth was ascertained by means of serial magnetic imaging studies. Pure-tone audiometry ...
Furman Joseph M - - 2003
The chronic effects of unilateral peripheral vestibular loss (UPVL) are influenced by vestibular compensation. This study documents the balance-related symptoms and quantitative vestibular laboratory testing of 20 patients with surgically confirmed UPVL. Included are measures of the semicircular canal-ocular reflex, the otolith-ocular reflex, and both static and dynamic semicircular canal-otolith-interaction. ...
Perez N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence and characteristics of vibration-induced nystagmus in normal subjects and in patients with vertigo. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: This is a prospective analysis of the effect of vibration on several points of the skull in 38 normal subjects, 10 patients who had undergone labyrinthectomy and 125 ...
de Barros Flávia Alencar - - 2003
Idiopathic sudden deafness is defined as sudden sensorineural hearing loss of undetermined etiology. As a consequence, various treatments have been developed for this disorder. Our study evaluated the effectiveness of pentoxifylline and prednisone in such treatment. We analyzed this treatment's results in our patients through conventional audiograms, and speech audiometry ...
Amor-Dorado Juan C - - 2003
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a multisystemic vasculitis of elderly people that involves large and medium-sized blood vessels with predisposition to the cranial arteries. Some cranial ischemic manifestations, in particular permanent visual loss, have been widely described. Audiovestibular manifestations have been less commonly reported. In the present study we assessed ...
Franz Burkhard - - 2003
Early vestibular evoked potentials were recorded with an extratympanic electrode. The recording principle was adding responses that were phase-locked to a recording frequency. The recording frequency was empirically determined to match harmonically an individual response frequency, thus allowing averaging. This new technique was evaluated in benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo. Normal ...
Cohen Helen S - - 2003
PROBLEM: People with dizziness caused by vestibular (i.e., inner ear) disorders complain of difficulty driving. Physicians occasionally warn their patients with vestibular disorders not to drive. Few studies have asked patients about their driving performance, so little data are available. METHOD: Using the Driving Habits Questionnaire, the authors did structured ...
Tauber S - - 2003
Low-level-laser-therapy (LLLT) targeting the inner ear has been discussed as a therapeutic procedure for cochlear dysfunction such as chronic cochlear tinnitus or sensorineural hearing loss. Former studies demonstrate dose-dependent biological and physiological effects of LLLT such as enhanced recovery of peripheral nerve injuries, which could be of therapeutic interest in ...
Weber H - - 2002
Hearing disorders are a well-described symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Unilateral or bilateral hyperacusis or deafness in patients with normal sound audiometry is often attributed to demyelinating lesions in the central auditory pathway. Less known in MS is a central phonophobia, whereby acoustic stimuli provoke unpleasant and painful ...
De Waele C - - 2002
The authors treated 22 patients with intratympanic gentamicin. Vestibular function was measured using caloric and head impulse tests and vestibular evoked myogenic potentials induced by high amplitude sounds and short duration galvanic currents. Roughly one-third of the patients, after initially losing their caloric responses and displaying refixation saccades to head ...
Korres Stavros - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To study the occurrence of each variant of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPVV) and to present some specific clinical features and the results of their treatment by appropriate repositioning maneuvers. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of the records of patients with BPPV. SETTING: Neurotology clinic of the ear, nose, ...
Santos Felipe - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To identify and define the otologic manifestations in patients with Fanconi anemia. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Sixty-nine patients in all age groups who received a diagnosis of Fanconi anemia with or without otologic presentation. METHODS: Medical records, audiograms, and tympanograms of all patients were ...
Hummel Thomas - - 2002
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The study aimed to investigate the potential therapeutic effects of alpha-lipoic acid in olfactory loss following infections of the upper respiratory tract. Possible mechanisms of actions include the release of nerve growth factor and antioxidative effects, both of which may be helpful in the regeneration of olfactory receptor neurons. ...
Dugar Jay - - 2002
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the present study was to assess whether applying the various selection criteria for hearing preservation surgery on the same group of patients with acoustic neuroma leads to significantly different numbers of patients being considered suitable for this kind of surgery. STUDY DESIGN: We used different selection ...
Sanchez Tanit Ganz - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of tinnitus onset (in normal subjects) and modulation (in tinnitus patients) during muscle contractions, estimating possible risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This case-control study enrolled 121 tinnitus patients and 100 healthy volunteers who underwent medical history, ENT examination and 16 maneuvers of muscular contraction (head, ...
Germain Dominique P - - 2002
Fabry disease (FD, OMIM 301500) is an X-linked inborn error of glycosphingolipid metabolism due to the deficient activity of alpha-galactosidase A, a lysosomal enzyme. While the progressive systemic deposition of uncleaved glycosphingolipids throughout the body is known to have protean clinical manifestations, few data are available regarding the cochlear involvement. ...
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