Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1238
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Hol Myrthe K S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of a bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) in patients with unilateral conductive hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective evaluation on 18 subjects. METHODS: Aided and unaided binaural hearing was assessed in the sound field using a sound localization test and a speech recognition in noise test with ...
Bonfils Pierre - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the self-reported olfactory and gustatory symptoms, olfactory function, and causes in parosmia. DESIGN: Assessment of olfactory symptoms and function in patients with a chief complaint of parosmia. SETTING: A university hospital clinic and research facility. PATIENTS: Fifty-six consecutive patients presented to the ORL Clinic, European Hospital Georges ...
Grgić Marko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The etiology of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is still unclear and is most probably diverse. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between vertebrobasilar circulation and hearing in patients with SSNHL treated with pentoxifylline. DESIGN: Case-control study of 32 consecutive patients with SSNHL. METHODS: Patients with onset of SSNHL within ...
Moon In Soo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features of patients with failed vestibular nerve section that have a response to anticonvulsant medication. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Ambulatory tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: We report three patients who were afflicted with frequent brief spinning spells, or "quick spins," after vestibular neurectomy for ...
Magliulo Giuseppe - - 2005
In our experience some patients subjected to stapedotomy presented vestibular symptoms characterized by brief episodes of vertigo that only lasted 10 to 20 seconds, accompanied by rapid paroxysmal nystagmus similar to that found in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). For this study, 141 otosclerotic patients were enroled and underwent stapedotomy ...
Attias J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Tinnitus, hyperacusis and difficulty listening in background noise are common symptoms reported by patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study was to explore the function of the auditory system in TBI patients with and without auditory complaints but having normal pure-tone audiograms. METHODS: The study ...
Mora Renzo - - 2005
The authors propose the existence of a new entity of autoimmune sensorineural hearing loss on the basis of diagnostic study and treatment experience with a series of 30 patients. Immunological mechanisms play an important role in the pathogenesis and natural course of various inner-ear diseases. Patients may present clinically with ...
Matanda R N - - 2005
During the five-year period from 1998 to 2002, the ENT department of the University Clinic of Kinshasa treated 343 patients suffering from chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) and complications. Two hundred and seven patients had simple, 28 had cholesteatomatous form of CSOM, and 108 patients presented with intratemporal or intracranial ...
Daneshi Ahmad - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of electrical tinnitus suppression in two groups of chronic severe tinnitus sufferers. Through standard tinnitus questionnaires, we compared the effectiveness of extratympanic and intratympanic auditory electrical stimulation (AES) by cochlear implants (CI) for the suppression or abolition of the perception ...
Goldstein Barbara A - - 2005
We proposed a method for patient selection and application of criteria for predicting success with bone-conduction external acoustic stimulation using high-audio-frequency sound in the ranges of 10-20 kHz and 20-26 kHz for individuals with subjective idiopathic tinnitus (SIT) of the severe disabling type. Ultra-high-frequency (UHF) stimulation for tinnitus relief has ...
von Brevern Michael - - 2005
Migrainous vertigo (MV) is an increasingly recognized cause of episodic vertigo. However, the pathophysiology of MV is still a matter of speculation and it is not known to what extent the dysfunction is located in the central or peripheral vestibular system. The aim of this prospective study was to describe ...
Yetiser Sertac - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Case reports indicate that abnormal location of the jugular bulb (JB) may result with some vestibular and audiological symptoms. The aim of this study is to analyze the correlation between the radiological view of the JB and audiovestibular findings and to clarify its possible role for Meniere-like problems. METHOD: ...
Barrs David M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether intratympanic injection of dexamethasone is effective in long-term control of vertigo for patients with Ménière disease whose dietary and diuretic therapy has proved unsuccessful. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review performed at Carolina Ear and Hearing Clinic, Raleigh, North Carolina. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with intractable Meniere disease ...
Mierzwa Kathleen - - 2004
This study investigated the role of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) as a symptom in oral anticoagulant therapy with vitamin K antagonists (Phenprocoumon; Marcumar, Falithrom). Vascular compromise of the cochlea due to thrombosis, embolus, reduced blood flow or vasospasm is one of the four possible pathways that can lead to ...
Oztürk Ahmet - - 2004
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the possible changes in the middle ears of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to measure their hearing functions by eleven different test frequencies including standard and high frequencies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group was comprised of 74 patients with RA. The control group ...
Battista Robert A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether the audiometric findings of migraine-associated dizziness could be used to better distinguish migraine-associated dizziness from Meniere's disease. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary, otology/neurotology practice. PATIENTS: Two groups of patients were studied, a migraine-associated dizziness and a Meniere's ...
Shibata Toshiyuki - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of temporal resolution measured by gap detection tasks on the speech recognition ability of patients with retrocochlear auditory dysfunction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The gap detection thresholds (GDTs) for dichotic stimuli were measured for 23 patients with retrocochlear auditory dysfunction confirmed by abnormal auditory brainstem responses ...
Shaban Reham I - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Ocular pseudoexfoliation (PXF) has been recently considered as a systemic disease affecting other organs as well as the eye. This prospective study is to assess the relationship between PXF and sensorineural hearing loss. METHODS: Patients attending a general ophthalmic clinic at King Hussein Medical Center, Amman, Jordan from (March ...
Valbonesi M - - 2004
Rheopheresis has met an increasing interest and application in different disease conditions affecting microcirculation. Its last applications are for the management of Macular and Cochlear disorders. The sudden hearing loss syndrome is a condition that affects 20 out of 100,000 persons per year, reduces the patient's social interaction and quality ...
Teoh Su Wooi - - 2004
To examine the hypothesis that the newer generations of cochlear implants could provide considerable speech understanding to late-implanted, prelingually deaf adult patients. Retrospective review. Speech perception scores of 103 patients with long-term prelingual deafness obtained from the recent clinical trials were compared with other previously published results. Unlike patients receiving ...
Lieberman Devora - - 2004
In a prospective study, we assessed the prevalence and significance of visual and hearing impairment in 896 patients who were hospitalized for rehabilitation following hip fracture. Visual impairment was defined as visual acuity equal to worse than 6/60 in the better of the two eyes. Hearing impairment was defined as ...
Hol Myrthe K S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefit of a bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) contralateral routing of sound (CROS) in 20 patients with unilateral inner ear deafness. SUBJECTS: 21 patients were recruited; 15 had undergone acoustic neuroma surgery and 6 patients had unilateral profound hearing loss due to other causes; 1 patient was ...
Fujii Megumi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We have observed that, in cases of smell loss, patients often complain of taste loss as well even though they actually have normal gustatory acuity according to gustatory tests; we have defined such symptoms as "flavor disturbance". The clinical features of flavor disturbance are reported in this paper. MATERIAL ...
Lehnen Nadine - - 2004
Meniere disease patients sometimes report vertiginous Meniere attacks after vestibular neurectomy that spares hearing. To determine why, the authors compared postsurgical semicircular canal function in nine patients with preserved hearing with that of a control group with no preservation of hearing. The three-dimensional head impulse test revealed residual posterior canal ...
Dodson Kelley M - - 2004
We conducted a retrospective outcomes review of the charts of 22 patients with Ménière's disease who were treated with intratympanic perfusion of methylprednisolone and/or dexamethasone. Outcomes were determined by subjective assessment of vertigo control and by objective changes in audiometric pure-tone average (PTA) and speech discrimination score (SDS). These evaluations ...
Hosokawa Mitsuto - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) in the analysis of temporal congenital nystagmus characteristics. METHODS: We carried out an observational case series in patients with congenital nystagmus. An electronystagmogram (ENG) recording was performed for 300 s in 13 consecutive subjects with congenital nystagmus (age: 7-68 ...
Mylanus Emmanuel A M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To study the surgical aspects and performance outcome of cochlear implantation in children with malformed inner ears. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical and audiometric evaluation in 13 patients. METHODS: Patient data concerning surgery, postoperative follow-up, and pre- and postimplantation audiometry were obtained from the cochlear implant center's database and evaluated. A ...
Bonnet Raymond M - - 2004
No strong evidence of ototoxicity of teicoplanin can be found in the literature, possibly because of conservative definitions of ototoxicity. We performed audiometry over time to compare the ototoxicity of teicoplanin with that of cloxacillin as a non-ototoxic standard. The data were analyzed with a linear mixed-effects model. The hearing ...
Jacobson Gary P - - 2004
Velocity storage (VS), a brainstem function, extends the low-frequency response of the vestibular system. To better understand VS mechanisms and characteristics in humans, we analyzed retrospectively functional measures of gait, electrophysiological measures of vestibular function, and imaging studies in an attempt to determine clinical, electrophysiological, and anatomical correlates of abnormalities ...
Sheykholeslami Kianoush - - 2004
An enlarged vestibular aqueduct (LVA) is a common congenital inner ear anomaly responsible for some unusual vestibular and audiological symptoms. Most of the cases show bilateral early onset and progressive hearing loss in children. The gross appearance on CT scan of the inner ear is generally normal. However, precise measurements ...
Baumann A - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical symptoms, the otoneurological examinations, the treatment and the clinical course of three patients suffering from Cogan's syndrome, a rare disease based on the clinical association of a non-syphilitic interstitial keratitis with a cochleo-vestibular deficit. This case series involved three patients ...
Nölle Corinna - - 2004
It is the aim of the present paper to correlate clinical symptoms of auditory dysfunction (tinnitus, hyperacusis, hearing loss) one year on average after a blunt trauma of the head with objective audiological test results (otoacoustic emission and auditory brainstem response testing, impedance audiometry) and to compare these findings to ...
Zenner H Peter - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the treatment efficacy of an electromechanical middle ear amplifier implant (AI) in patients with chronic moderate-to-severe sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). The AI is a piezoelectric system with a sound processor and a rechargeable battery within a hermetically sealed titanium canister. Its titanium-sealed microphone is placed in the ...
Lundälv Jörgen - - 2004
Patients with hearing impairments have no self-reported experiences of feeling insecure in the traffic environment. A follow-up study was conducted with 21 patients after the rehabilitation process at the Hearing Centre and the Accident Analysis Group, University Hospital in Umeå, Sweden and 90 per cent of the respondents reported feeling ...
Santos Daniel V - - 2004
To evaluate the risk of olfactory-related hazardous events in patients with impaired olfactory function. Retrospective cohort study. A university-based clinic for smell and taste disorders. A total of 445 patients who underwent olfactory testing between 1983 and 2001. Patient interview, olfactory testing. (1) Frequency of olfactory-related hazardous events including cooking ...
AK Erdinç - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and severity of hearing loss in different frequencies in Behçet's patients in a Turkish population. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Sixty-three consecutive cases with Behçet's syndrome and 63 sex- and age-matched healty subjects as control group were included in this study. ...
Durve D V - - 2004
The objective of the present study was to review the presentation, management, outcome and morbidity of paediatric patients presenting to a single centre with rhabdomyosarcoma of the ear and temporal region. All patients diagnosed with rhabdomyosarcoma of the ear and temporal region between 1980 and 2000 were entered into this ...
Salvinelli F - - 2004
The aim of the study was to evaluate hearing thresholds in 38 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, divided according to disease activity into active (group A, n = 20) and non-active (group B, n = 18) patients. Pure tone audiometry, tympanometry and complete rheumatological assessment were performed. All patients presented poorer ...
Sparano Anthony - - 2004
Tinnitus frequently accompanies hearing loss in patients with otosclerosis and has been correlated with distinct otosclerotic pathologies. The objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of stapedectomy on tinnitus in patients with otosclerosis. Forty patients were retrospectively interviewed for assessment of preoperative versus postoperative levels of tinnitus distress ...
Mezzalira Raquel - - 2004
Tinnitus has been reported for nearly 80% of patients referred to the otolaryngology services. Usually, its evaluation is based on tonal and vocal audiometry, tympanometry, brainstem-evoked potentials, electrocochleography, and otoacoustic emissions. However, as the cochleovestibular system works as a unit, the use of vestibular tests has been proposed to evaluate ...
Magliulo G - - 2004
The present investigation was specifically designed to evaluate the ability of the glycerol test combined with pure-tone audiometry, distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) to diagnose endolymphatic hydrops early and to identify patients who may evolve toward Meniere's disease. This investigation consisted of 43 consecutive patients with daily episodes of tinnitus with ...
Heilmann Stefan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of patients with olfactory dysfunction from local (group A) or systemic (group B) administration of corticosteroids. METHODS: This unblinded study was conducted at a smell and taste outpatient clinic of an institutional referral center. Patients with olfactory loss after ...
Lavinsky Luiz - - 2004
Tinnitus affects millions of people worldwide, and it signals the presence of several underlying diseases, including hyperinsulinemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the response to dietary treatment in 80 patients with associated tinnitus and hyperinsulinemia. On the basis of data obtained by a questionnaire, two groups were ...
Schmuziger Nicolas - - 2004
Specific recommendations from the American Speech-Language Hearing Association (1994) exist for the audiometric surveillance of patients receiving aminoglycoside therapy. However, these recommendations are not based primarily on test-retest repeatability in often seriously ill patients. The probability of ototoxicity is very low during the first three days of aminoglycoside therapy, and ...
Yetiser S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis of Meniere's disease in patients without classical symptoms may present some difficulty. Detection of hydrops in patients with normal or near to normal hearing or presenting unpredictable balance problem with great variability of severity, periodicity and duration is the major concern in reaching the accurate diagnosis to start ...
Peng Grace C Y - - 2004
We investigated the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) during high-acceleration, yaw-axis, head rotations in 12 normals and 15 patients with vestibular loss [7 unilateral vestibular deficient (UVD) and 8 bilateral vestibular deficient (BVD)]. We analyzed gaze stabilization within a 200-ms window after head rotation began, using phase planes, which allowed simultaneous analysis ...
Al-Mazrou Khalid A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Facial nerve (FN) anomalies are exceedingly rare. The association between a hearing loss and an anomalous facial nerve has never been touched deeply in the literature. The aim of this study is to report facial nerve anomalies in patients presenting with congenital hearing loss (COHL) and/or facial nerve palsy. ...
Yu Kathy K - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The study goals were (1) to determine if the degree and pattern of semicircular canal dysmorphology and the presence or absence of a cochlea in patients with congenital sensorineural hearing loss predict audiologic outcome, severity, or the frequencies involved and (2) to review the recent advances in molecular genetics ...
Palla A - - 2003
AIM: To study the prevalence of peripheral vestibular deficit in male and female patients with Fabry disease and to assess the effect of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) on peripheral vestibular function using quantitative head-impulse testing. METHODS: Using dual search-coils the vestibulo-ocular reflex during rapid rotational head thrusts to both sides ...
Frasnelli J - - 2004
Many patients with olfactory dysfunction not only experience quantitative reduction of olfactory function, but also suffer from distorted olfactory sensations. This qualitative dysfunction is referred to as parosmia (also called "troposmia") or phantosmia, with the major difference that distorted olfactory sensations are experienced in the presence or absence of an ...
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